The Impact Of Social Media On Modern Journalism Practices In Nigeria With A Focus On Journalists

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The Impact Of Social Media On Modern Journalism Practices In Nigeria With A Focus On Journalists


Abstract


This study is on the impact of social media on modern journalism practices in Nigeria with a focus on journalists. The total population for the study is 200 members of Nigeria Union of Journalists. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made news correspondents, broadcasters, old members and new members were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


Table of Content


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title Page
  • Declaration
  • Approval
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of Content

Chapter One

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the study
  • 1.4 Research Hypotheses
  • 1.5 Significance of the study
  • 1.6 Scope and limitation of the study
  • 1.7 Definition of terms
  • 1.8 Organization of the study

Chapter Two

Literature Review


Chapter Three

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 sources of data collection
  • 3.3 Population of the study
  • 3.4 Sampling and sampling distribution
  • 3.5 Validation of research instrument
  • 3.6 Method of data analysis

Chapter Four

Data Presentation, Analysis and Interpretation

  • 4.1 Introductions
  • 4.2 Data analysis

Chapter Five

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendation
  • Appendix

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

The surprising ability of new media technologies to transform journalism practice cannot be overemphasized. Many scholars have demonstrated how the internet provides media personnel with unrivalled access to information for research purposes. Berger (1997) notes how internet technology has enabled journalists to tap into the collective brain, wit and wisdom of thousands of knowledgeable journalists and non-journalists” (Berger, 1997:124). Like the newspaper and broadcast industries themselves, there is not a lot of investment in journalists in Africa. In most cases, newspaper organizations are under-resourced and most journalists in Nigeria echoed their problem of economic stagnation by not being paid regularly. Yet they continue to engage with modern technology. For a long time, there has been a debate about the impact of the rise of internet technology on traditional news media, such as newspapers. However, the influence of internet and other digital technologies on news reporting is often formulated in terms of threats to the existing order in traditional journalism practice and the need to examine and modernize journalists’ routines in Africa. Pavlik (2000) notes that the dominant focus in earlier studies of new media and journalism has been technologically themed based on the argument that new content is crucially determined by the available technology. There is no doubt that technological innovation driven by internet technology pose a challenge to journalism profession in Africa. However, the rise of internet technology offers a platform for transformation, as new possibilities provided by the internet lend credibility to content. Hence, the importance of the internet as a news-gathering instrument is no longer questioned, since news accuracy is backed by new technology. This study addresses two key questions: Would the new technology improve the overall quality of news and the ensure credibility of the system? Earlier studies suggest that differences occur between journalists in terms of how, and to what extent, they use the internet in their daily work. While this has changed the daily practice of journalists but, are journalists positive about the changes brought about by the internet?


1.2 Statement Of The Problem

In most cases, newspaper organizations are under-resourced and most journalists in Nigeria echoed their problem of economic stagnation by not being paid regularly. Yet they continue to engage with modern technology. For a long time, there has been a debate about the impact of the rise of internet technology on traditional news media, such as newspapers. However, the influence of internet and other digital technologies on news reporting is often formulated in terms of threats to the existing order in traditional journalism practice and the need to examine and modernize journalists’ routines in Africa. On this background the researcher wants to investigate the impact of social media on modern journalism practices in Nigeria with a focus on journalists in Nigeria with a focus on journalists.


1.3 Objective Of The Study

The objectives of the study are;

  1. To ascertain the impact of social media on modern journalism
  2. To ascertain the relationship between social media and modern journalism
  3. To ascertain whether social media influences Nigeria than journalism

1.4 Research Hypotheses

For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;

  • H0: there is no impact of social media on modern journalism
    H1: there is impact of social media on modern journalism
  • H02: there is no relationship between social media and modern journalism
    H2: there is relationship between social media and modern journalism

1.5 Significance Of The Study

This study will give clear insight on the impact of social media on modern journalism practices in Nigeria with a focus on journalist. The study will beneficial to students, journalists and the general public. It will also serve as a reference to other researchers that will embark on this topic.


1.6 Scope And Limitation Of The Study

The scope and limitation of the study covers the impact of social media on modern journalism practices in Nigeria with a focus on journalists. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

a) Availability Of Research Material:

The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study

b) Time:

The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.

c) Organizational Privacy:

Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities


1.7 Definition Of Terms

Social Media:

Social media are computer-mediated technologies that facilitate the creation and sharing of information, ideas, career interests and other forms of expression via virtual communities and networks.

Modern Journalism:

Journalism refers to the production and distribution of reports on recent events. The word journalism applies to the occupation (professional or not), the methods of gathering information and organizing literary styles. Journalistic mediums include print, television, radio, Internet and in the past: newsreels.

Practice:

The actual application or use of an idea, belief, or method, as opposed to theories relating to it.


1.8 Organization Of The Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

  • Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion And Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain the impact of social media on modern journalism practices in Nigeria with a focus on journalists. In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of social media on modern journalism practices in Nigeria with a focus on journalists


5.2 Summary

This study was on the impact of social media on modern journalism practices in Nigeria with a focus on journalists. Three objectives were raised which included: To ascertain the impact of social media on modern journalism, to ascertain the relationship between social media and modern journalism, to ascertain whether social media influences Nigeria than journalism. In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 members of Nigeria Union of Journalists.

The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made news correspondents, broadcasters, old members and new members were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


5.3 Conclusion

The employment of online networking organizing instruments has made journalistic exercises less demanding and acceptable for reporters. Albeit a few reporters still require the fundamental computer training to end up familiar with online networking organizing instruments, the dominant parts of journalist are utilizing the online networking organizing devices. These have colossally improved their journalistic abilities and emphatically impacted their journalistic exercises. The findings of this study demonstrates that an extraordinary number of reporters in Nigeria have admittance to the web and are presented to online networking organizing apparatuses and larger part of writers in Nigeria favor Facebook as their systems administration devices for various reasons, one of which was its wide scope. Online networking upgraded the efficiency of columnists in Nigeria and has widened their news sourcing and scattering.


5.4 Recommendation

Against this backdrop the study recommends that:

  1. Media houses and press bodies ought to sort out courses and workshops to sharpen and teach reporter on the effect of online networking apparatuses so they can grasp social networking and utilize interpersonal interaction devices to enhance their aptitudes and
  2. Journalists ought to conduct research on the accessible online networking organizing apparatuses to check which one of them is more dependable and solid keeping in mind the end goal to guarantee the validity of sources.
  3. Additionally, institutions, media associations, press bodies, and the government ought to provide facilities for preparing and retraining of reporters on the new media and Information Communication Technology (ICTs) with a specific end goal to guarantee demonstrable skill and offer of professionalism and good services modern media consumers

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