The Impact Of Social Media On Adolescent Sexuality In Nigeria

Sex Education Project and Seminar Material

The Impact Of Social Media On Adolescent Sexuality In Nigeria


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine the impact of social media on adolescent sexuality in Nigeria using Owerri Muncipal, Imo State as a case study. The study was carried out to find out the extent of adolescents exposure to social media, find the extent of sexual content are displayed on social media, ascertain the extent at which adolescents engage in social media sexual content, and find out the effects of adolescent engagement on social media sexual content. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprised of adolescent residing in Owerri Muncipal, Imo State. In determining the sample size, the researcher purposefully selected 147 respondents and 141 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables. While the hypotheses was tested chi-square statistical tool. The result of the extent of adolescents exposure to social media is high. Furthermore, the study revealed that the effects of adolescent engagement on social media sexual content is negative. Therefore, it is recommended that all the stakeholders and especially Communication Commission of Nigeria and network providers’ needs to come up with means of filtering information that reaches the young people through social media platforms. This will help minimize exposing them to pornographic and other unwarranted materials. To mention but a few.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of Study

Social media is a type of internet application that can be accessed via smartphones and computers. Social media platforms such as Facebook, WhatsApp, Twitter, Instagram, YouTube, and Snapchat have grown in popularity to the point where it is difficult to find a teen or young person in a city who does not use one or more of them (Lindsay, 2011; France, & Roberts, 2015). It is undeniable that these applications are changing everything now, more than ever before. Prior to this period, making friends and starting a relationship was done solely through traditional methods of face-to-face social interaction in specific settings such as schools, churches, parties, and clubs can now interact and form friendships with people who are physically apart from them (Ajayi, 2010; Bailey & Barbara, 2014). Adolescence is a period of self-discovery, growing social freedom, and personal growth. While classmates, parents, and instructors have a direct influence on adolescents during everyday face-to-face encounters, Internet-based entities are increasingly important during this vital life period. In recent years, internet use for social purposes has risen substantially, with 95 percent of US adolescents aged 12 to 17 frequently ‘going online,’ and 80 percent using some form of social networking website. SNSs are a relatively new phenomenon that is becoming increasingly popular among teenagers. These are websites that allow users to communicate socially and build online profiles that may (or may not) mirror their real-life identities. Users can add images, audio, and text to pro-file pages, as well as designate “friends” and other relationships. Adolescents are drawn to these websites because they allow for personalised self-promotion as well as acceptance into a group that is not always possible in real life. Social media allows adolescents to create an image they want the world to see at a time when it is just as vital to stand out as it is to blend in.


1.2 Statement of Problem

Social media sites are quickly becoming a hazardous zone, particularly for teens, whose online profiles are frequently targeted by violent sexual predators. Adolescents are encouraged to compete for attention on social media in order to raise their ‘likes’ and self-worth. If a teen’s ‘post’ or ‘photo’ does not receive enough comments, he or she is pushed to’share’ it in order for it to become more newsworthy.When the audience applauds the performer’s acts, bolder and more daring behavior is praised, and the cycle continues. These seemingly harmless online activities can be quite harmful, and they can easily be translated into a dangerous offline reality.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The main purpose of this study is to examine the impact of social media on adolescent sexuality in Nigeria.The study will be guided by the following specific research objectives;

  1. Find out the extent of adolescents exposure to social media.
  2. Find the extent of sexual content are displayed on social media.
  3. To ascertain the extent at which adolescents engage in social media sexual content.
  4. Find out the effects of adolescent engagement on social media sexual content.

1.4 Research Question

The following research questions were raised;

  1. What is the extent of adolescents exposure to social media?
  2. What is the extent sexual content are displayed on social media?
  3. What is the extent at which adolescents engage in social media sexual content?
  4. What is the effects of adolescent engagement on social media sexual content?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

The following hypotheses are generated by the researcher and was tested in this study:

  • Ho: Social media has no negative impact on adolescent sexuality in Nigeria,
  • Ha: Social media has a negative impact on adolescent sexuality in Nigeria.

1.6 Significance of the Study

This study revealed that most parents do not normally engage their children in sex education, and that children do not feel comfortable discussing sexually-related matters with their parents, a big gap in the family that teenagers are attempting to fill at all costs. Parents, guardians, and teachers will find this study useful because it emphasizes the importance of teaching young adolescents about sex education and the importance of not ingesting sexual information from the internet. This study revealed that most parents do not normally engage their children in sex education, and that children do not feel comfortable discussing sexually-related matters with their parents, a big gap in the family that teenagers are attempting to fill at all costs. Parents, guardians, and teachers will find this study useful because it emphasizes the importance of teaching young adolescents about sex education and the importance of not ingesting sexual information from the internet.


1.7 Scope of the Study

This study focuses on examining the effect social media has on the sexuality of adolescents. The study will be delimited to adolescent residing in Owerri Muncipal, Imo State.


1.8 Limitations of the Study

In the course of carrying out this study, the researcher experienced some constraints, which included time constraints, financial constraints, language barriers, and the attitude of the respondents. However, the researcher were able to manage these just to ensure the success of this study.

Moreover, the case study method utilized in the study posed some challenges to the investigator including the possibility of biases and poor judgment of issues. However, the investigator relied on respect for the general principles of procedures, justice, fairness, objectivity in observation and recording, and weighing of evidence to overcome the challenges.


1.9 Definition of the Terms

Social Media:

Social media are interactive technologies that allow the creation or sharing/exchange of information, ideas, career interests, and other forms of expression via virtual communities and networks.

Adolescent:

This is a transitional stage of physical and psychological development that generally occurs during the period from puberty to legal adulthood (age of majority).

Sexuality:

Sexuality is about your sexual feelings, thoughts, attractions and behaviours towards other people.


1.10 Organization of the Studies

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the impact of social media on adolescent sexuality in Nigeria using Owerri Muncipal, Imo State as a case study.The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was to examine the impact of social media on adolescent sexuality in Nigeria using Owerri Muncipal, Imo State as a case study. The study specifically was aimed at to find out the extent of adolescents exposure to social media, find the extent of sexual content are displayed on social media, ascertain the extent at which adolescents engage in social media sexual content, and find out the effects of adolescent engagement on social media sexual content.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 141 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondents areadolescent residing in Owerri Muncipal, Imo State.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher made the following conclusion.

  1. The extent of adolescents exposure to social media is high.
  2. The extent sexual content are displayed on social media is high.
  3. The extent at which adolescents engage in social media sexual content is high.
  4. The effects of adolescent engagement on social media sexual content is negative.

5.4 Recommendations

Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations are proffered.

  1. The adolescent need to be trained on better usage of the social media so as to minimize time wastage on chatting and other irrelevant engagements that are not of major importance on their lives.
  2. All the stakeholders and especially Communication Commission of Nigeria and network providers’ needs to come up with means of filtering information that reaches the young people through social media platforms. This will help minimize exposing them to pornographic and other unwarranted materials.
  3. Parents and security agencies should monitor activities of the young people on social media in order to protect them from sex pest and paedophiles.
  4. In order to communicate effectively to the young people schools and government agencies should adopt social media as one of their means of communication.
  5. To avoid having a generation that does not have face to face communication skills, all the stakeholders should consider organizing social events that the youth will use to interact and mingle with each other physically.
  6. The findings of this study should be used in policy formulation at levels of learning that the youths are inclusive such as high schools and universities and in government agents that deal with the youth.

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