Impact Of School Library On Achievement And Learning In Primary Schools

Primary Education Project and Semina Material

Impact Of School Library On Achievement And Learning In Primary Schools


Abstract


The research work examined impact of school library services on achievement and learning in primary school in the Odeda Local Government Area of Ogun State. It was revealed that library services in schools has helped pupils immensely on the upliftment of their cognitive domain. Therefore, both the government and the private sector should build more libraries for schools at various levels, stock. It with adequate materials such as book etc. in order to facilitate effectiveness in teaching and learning in primary schools.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

The impact of school library services on achievement and learning in primary schools has helped pupils immensely on the upliftment of their cognitive domain.

In October 2001, the task group setup under the auspices of department for education and skills to implement action outlined in the Government response to “Empowering the learning community” (2001), commissioned a critical review of the literature examining the links between educational attainment and school library use in secondary schools.

The reported literature review indicated that much of the evidence of impact of the school library on achievement and learning has been generated at the primary and early secondary level. As a result of this finding, the task group requested a supplementary report considering the impact of library provision on attainment and learning on primary level pupils. The task group recognizes the importance of learning in its widest sense and therefore the review sought a broad definition of learning to encompass not only academic attainment but also the aspects of reflected in processes and attitudes. Thus the key questions for this review, examine impact on attainment and learning in comparative terms which take account of the current variation in services, roles and background staff. The task group agreed to limit the review to documents published after the introduction of the National Curriculum in 1998.

Further, the use of library can also be used for information, educational and recreational needs of the public in general for it can promotes or encourage the education of the citizenry. Library also educates citizens on their rights, responsibilities and their personal development generally. Therefore, the researcher seeks to investigate the impact of school library services and achievement and learning in primary schools.


1.2 Statement of Problem

This study is concerned with the impact of school library services and its achievement in primary school because library constitutes pupils progress. In the sense that pupils who visit the library before and during examination that is “Common Entrance Examination” performs beyond expectation if not excellently, pupils who make use of library participate in the class brilliantly and the school at large and which might lead to the development of the nation.

The impact of school library services in primary schools enhances the cognitive development of pupils. This discussion will focuses on library as a delivery devices and educators viewed library in various ways that library can be viewed as a means amplify the teacher’s message.

Moreso, library services would revolutionize schools and change the way pupils learn, if properly implemented and stock with adequate and relevant books develops pupil’s mentality.


1.3 Purpose of the Study

This study will as far as possible bring to lime light the impact of school library services on the achievement and learning in primary schools selected from Odeda Local Government.

There might be several impacts, the researcher would identify the major impacts and recommend the probable influences of the library on primary schools.

Library services can greatly influence the learning achievement of the pupils either positive or negative. The researcher will also identify these positive influences and negative influences.


1.4 Research Question

The research is geared towards the validation of the following questions:

  1. Do library motivate learners to learn more?
  2. Do your library have sufficient books?
  3. Do library have impact on the development of the learners?
  4. What are the important of library on the cognitive development of the learners?

1.5 Significance of the Study

The study will help to give an understanding of impact of school library in primary schools. The main significance of this study is examining the achievement of the importance of library on the mental development of pupils in primary schools.


1.6 Scope of the Study

This study was limited to only one local government council within Abeokuta Metropolis that is Odeda Local Government Council.

This is because of finance and time constraint. This study is mainly concerned with impact of school library and its achievement on the pupils.


1.7 Definition of Terms

School:

Is a place where children are taught.

Library:

Is a room or building containing books that can be looked at or borrowed.

Services:

Is the official system for providing something, especially something that someone needs to have.

Achievement:

Is something important that someone succeed in doing by its own efforts.

Learning:

Is the knowledge gain through reading and study.

Primary Schools:

It is the elementary stage of education consisting of nursery and primary one to six.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

This chapter presents the summary of the study findings, conclusions, recommendations based on the research findings. Finally it suggests areas for further research.


5.2 Summary of the Study

The study was conducted to explore the contribution of Libraries to achievement and learning in primary school.

The study adopted Qualitative and quantitative research approaches to facilitate the study, using an exploratory mixed method design as a researcher’s research design. A total number of 100 were the sample of the study.

Instrument used to collect data were questionnaires, interview guide and documentary reviews. Data was analyzed by using descriptive statistics procedures to establish facts related to research questions of the study.


5.2 Summary of the Main Findings

Based on the findings as to respond to the research questions, it was found that, most of the primary Schools in Odeda Local Government Area of Ogun State had no libraries. The study also observed lack relevant materials including books to those secondary schools with libraries. Most of the shelves of the existing libraries were open with no books and very few supplementary books, which do not correlate with the need of curriculum. Thirdly secondary schools had no trained librarians. More over teachers who assisted students to access library books had no skills to offer the services. It was also identified that, almost all libraries were not connected to internet and there were no any efforts taken in the municipal to motivate and encourage the use of library services.


5.3 Conclusion

The study had the following conclusions

  1. There were no libraries in most of the Odeda Local Government primary Schools.
  2. Availability of library services and use increased academic Performance of students in their national examinations.
  3. There was no culture of reading books in the Schools.
  4. (Students were not motivated to learn, as a result did not invest the necessary time and energy needed to learn, as well as application of appropriate SRL skills and hence increase their Performance.

5.4 Recommendations

To Administrators

  1. Primary Schools in the study area should be encouraged to establish libraries as to improve their academic performance especially to rise the result.
  2. Heads of schools and the regional librarians should collaborate to make sure books are available in their school library and are utilized by both teachers and students to improve their performance.
  3. Culture of reading books in secondary schools should be emphasized.
  4. Both regional and district educational officers should not keep themselves distantly to make sure that libraries in their area of jurisdiction had enough and up to date books.

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