Impact Of School Environment And Peer Group Influence On Students’ Academic Achievement

Project and Seminar Material for Education

Impact Of School Environment And Peer Group Influence On Students’ Academic Achievement


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine impact of school environment and peer group influence on students’ academic achievement in Ikeja Local Government, Lagos State. Specifically, the study determine the impact of school environment on students’ learning outcomes, b. To examine the relationship between peer group influence and learning outcome of students in economics in Lagos State, identify the current challenges to students’ academic achievement in economics, provide plausible recommendations on how to improve students’ academic achievement in economics.

The study employed the survey descriptive research design. A total of 120 responses were validated from the survey. From the responses obtained and analysed, the findings revealed that Peer group influences student to form cliques in school, Peer group influences each other whether good or bad, Peer group influence may lead to aggressive behaviour such as rioting in school, There is significant impact of school environment on students’ academic achievement, There is significant relationship between peer group and academic achievement of students in economics

The study recommend .Parents, Teachers and Administrators should be on watch-out to identify the types of peer their students move with both in school and outside the home, Parent should do their best to see that their children relates with friends who can positively influence them and have good impact on their academic performance, Counselors should play a prominent and leading role in the matter by organizing lectures, seminars, career talk and symposiums that can create positive awareness on influence of peer group on academic performance of students.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

Environment plays major role in the life of every individual whether a student, teacher, employer or employee. Though, some people are yet to believe that environment brings about better performance. The school environment, which includes the classrooms, libraries, technical workshops, laboratories, teachers’ quality, school management, teaching methods, peers, etc are variables that affect students’ academic achievement (Orlu, 2013). Hence, the school environment remains an important area that should be studied and well managed to enhance students’ academic performance.

The issue of poor academic performance of students in Nigeria has been of much concern to the government, parents, teachers and even student themselves. The quality of education not only depends on the teachers as reflected in the performance of their duties, but also in the effective coordination of the school environment (Owoeye and Yara, 2011).

When children move out from the family to child care centres, schools, and the community at large, they begin to form attachments, and friendships emerge through their play. Even infants and toddlers are observed reacting to other infants by touching them, by crying when others cry and later by offering nurturance or comfort. But about age three; early friendships begin to form and children’s peers begin to have a more lasting influence (Barbour, Barbour and Scully, 2002). These children begin to think and act like their friends and they begin to see that there are other values, opinions, and rules besides those set by their parents (Ajuba, 2011).

Young people in their adolescence, join different peer groups and identify themselves with these groups by participating in their activities in order not to be rejected. A peer group is a source of great influence during the time of adolescence (Majeed, 2010). In a contemporary society, peer groups have become an increasingly important context in which adolescents spend time. Modernization has led more and more to age segregation-in schools, work place, and in the community. How much time one spends with friends will play a great part in the development of the adolescent into the mature adult (Barbour, Barbour and Scully, 2002).

The adolescent spends much of his time with the members of his peer group. He follows the ideals of the group; he would want to be fully accepted. Nothing can be more devastating to the adolescent than to be rejected by his age mates (Vishala, 2008). Adolescents are mainly influenced by their peers in such a way that their attitudes, beliefs and behaviors are conditioned by what is conceived to be okay by other people (Dewey, 2008). According to Castrogiovanni (2002), a peer group is defined as a small group of similar age, fairly close friends, sharing the same activities. It is against this backdrop that this research seeks to examine the nexus between school environment and peer influence on students’ academic achievement in economics with a special reference to some selected secondary schools in Alimosho LGA of Lagos State.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Many of the studies on school environment, peer influence and students’ academic achievement were done outside Nigeria. Moreover, in Nigeria, most of the few available studies about school environment and peer influence and its possible effect on students’ academic achievement were theoretical studies whose findings were subjectively based on researchers’ personal opinions. It is noted that the past studies did not give adequate attention to the problem under investigation. Hence, this study will fill in the gap by empirically examine the relationship between school environment, peer influence and students’ academic achievement in economics in Lagos State.

When it comes to poor academic performance by students in economics, people are being too quick to blame parents and their students. But the fundamental problems facing education in Nigeria since independence are largely school environmental factors, ranging from inadequate school structures, poorly equipped classrooms, high rate of school enrolment, inadequate instructional materials, high drop-out unto inadequate facilities; all these culminating to mass failure in public examination in economics. These challenges led to the introduction of the renowned 6-3-3-4 system. However, the problem of poor academic performance in economics still persists.

Another fundamental problem to students’ academic performance in economics at the secondary school level is the dynamics of peer pressure. Research has shown that over the last 50 years, peer pressure has emerged as the chief source of values and behavioural influence in adolescence, replacing the influence of parents (Oni, 2010). Along with this new trend has come an unprecedented rise in antisocial behaviours, as students now tend to be directly or indirectly manipulated and controlled by the party of friends they keep without a care for academic excellence.

In this vein, Abd-Elhamid et al (2014) carefully warned that friends play an important role in both harmful and positive activities, and that peer pressure predisposes adolescents to many forms of deviance, including alcoholism, gangsterism, robbery and violent secret cult activities even to the detriment of their academic dreams and eventual outcomes. Given the foregoing, it can be expected that some of the social vices and poor academic achievement that are recorded yearly in Nigerian senior secondary schools in subjects like economics are the result of poor school environment and peer group influence on adolescents.


1.3 Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study is to explore the impact of school environment and peer group influence on students’ academic achievement in economics. Other specific objectives are:

  1. To determine the impact of school environment on students’ learning outcomes.
  2. To examine the relationship between peer group influence and learning outcome of students in economics in Lagos State.
  3. To identify the current challenges to students’ academic achievement in economics.
  4. To provide plausible recommendations on how to improve students’ academic achievement in economics.

1.4 Research Questions

Based on the problems discussed above, the study provided answers to the following research questions:

  1. What is the impact of school environment on students’ academic achievement?
  2. What influence does peer group have on academic achievement of students in economics?
  3. Does teaching environment and peer pressure have any impact on students’ academic performance?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

The study tested the following hypotheses at 0.5 level of significance:

H01: There is no significant impact of school environment on students’ academic achievement.

H02: There is no significant relationship between peer group and academic achievement of students in economics.


1.6 Significance of the Study

The significance of this study cannot be underestimated as:

  1. This study will examine impact of school environment and peer group influence on students’ academic achievement
  2. The findings of this research work will undoubtedly provide the much needed information to government organizations, ministry of education and academia.

1.7 Scope of the Study

The study examines impact of school environment and peer group influence on students’ academic achievement. Hence will be delimited to schools in Ikeja local government.


1.8 Limitations of the Study

This study was constrained by a number of factors which are as follows:

Just like any other research, ranging from unavailability of needed accurate materials on the topic under study, inability to get data

Financial constraint , was faced by the researcher ,in getting relevant materials and in printing and collation of questionnaires

Time factor: time factor pose another constraint since having to shuttle between writing of the research and also engaging in other academic work making it uneasy for the researcher


1.9 Operational Definition of Terms

School Environment:

The set of relationships that occur among members of a school community that are determined by structural, personal, and functional factors of the educational institution, which provide distinctiveness to schools

Peer Group Influence:

Particularly group members, become important social referents

Academic Achievement:

The extent to which a student or institution has achieved either short or long term educational goal


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

In this study, our focus was to examine the impact of school environment and peer group influence on students’ academic achievement using selected secondary schools in Ikeja as case study. The study specifically was aimed at highlighting the the impact of school environment on students’ learning outcomes, examine the relationship between peer group influence and learning outcome of students in economics in Lagos State, identify the current challenges to students’ academic achievement in economics, provide plausible recommendations on how to improve students’ academic achievement in economics.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 120 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are drawn from teachers and student in Ikeja.


5.2 Conclusion

Based on the finding of this study, the following conclusions were made:

  1. Peer group influences student to form cliques in school
  2. Peer group influences each other whether good or bad
  3. Peer group influence may lead to aggressive behaviour such as rioting in school.
  4. There is significant impact of school environment on students’ academic achievement.
  5. There is significant relationship between peer group and academic achievement of students in economics

5.3 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. Parents, Teachers and Administrators should be on watch-out to identify the types of peer their students move with both in school and outside the home.
  2. Parent should do their best to see that their children relates with friends who can positively influence them and have good impact on their academic performance.
  3. Counselors should play a prominent and leading role in the matter by organizing lectures, seminars, career talk and symposiums that can create positive awareness on influence of peer group on academic performance of students.

Complete Material For Impact Of School Environment And Peer Group Influence On Students’ Academic Achievement


Project Material Download

3,000 Naira


The Complete Material will be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make a Mobile Transfer or POS Payment of ₦3,000 to any of the Account Below

Access Bank PlcAccount No.: 0811003731
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current
Zenith BankAccount No.: 1225513212
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card

FOR CLIENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card ($15)
GHANA – Make Payment of 60 GHS to MTN MoMo, 0553978005, Douglas Osabutey 

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  • Payment Details
  • Email Address 
  • Impact Of School Environment And Peer Group Influence On Students’ Academic Achievement

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To Your Email Address After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search



Get A Complete Business Plan For Any Business In Nigeria

Business Plan for Businesses in Nigeria

  Business Plans in Nigeria


Disclaimer


This research material “Impact Of School Environment And Peer Group Influence On Students’ Academic Achievement” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as samphina.com.ng will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”.

samphina.com.ng is only providing this material “Impact Of School Environment And Peer Group Influence On Students’ Academic Achievement” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.


Frequently Asked Questions


How does peer influence affect student performance?

Peer Influence can be either positive or negative. If a student is influenced negatively by peer, it affects his or her academic performance. Nevertheless, stronger student do have an impact on their peers and actually help improve their overall academic performance.

Does peer group influence matter in chemistry achievement?

There is no significant difference between the academic achievements of male students as compared to female students in chemistry that are involved in peer group. Ho 3: Peer group influence has no significant relationship with chemistry achievement.

How do other children and adults affect a child`s academic achievement?

Other children as well as adults can have a great impact on a broad range of issues in the child`s life including achievements in school. The kind of group a particular child identifies with will sometimes determine the kind of influence the group will have on his academic achievement.

What is the importance of peer groups in education?

Peer groups are significant in students’ academic achievement at different stages of RESEACH METHODS education. It is highly influential for, pre-reading, The study was survey type and descriptive linguistic skills and high level of commitment for in nature.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.