The Impact Of Ritualism On National Security

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The Impact Of Ritualism On National Security


Abstract


This study reviews the Effect of teamwork on organizational productivity. As such the literature reviewed the concept of teamwork in an organization and indicates that teamwork is an integral part of an organization that involve everyone working together to support the organization in order to attain the organization goals. This implies that team work involves joint action and synergy that facilitate right yield through joint human resources and effort of team members. But in spite of the Effect of teamwork on organizational productivity, teamwork is constraint by issue of conflate arising from misunderstanding among team member, poor or ineffective communication, inability of team work to harmonize their pace of work and lack of cooperation among some team members arising from their nonchalant attitude.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Teamwork is usually an integral part of the work place. Basic teamwork involves everyone working together to support the organization and complex forms of teamwork could involve “work teams” chosen to complete a project by working closely. Teamwork enhances productivity through joint and collective effort. Allowing team members to bring their specific education and training to a project or a work task, which maximizes the variety of work the team can accomplish as well as the number of tasks completed without additional research. It is true that more minds can sometimes work better than a single one (Okoh, 2006).

Team can be described as a group of people who work together to achieve the same goals and objectives for the good of the service users and organizations in order to deliver a good quality of service. Team building, planning events and activities have the potential to bring the people you employed to a strong sense of direction, workable plans and solutions, a powerful feeling of belonging with and on the team and clear strategic customer-focused values. Poor team building and planning sessions bring disillusionment, low morale and negative motivation of the entire organization. They fail to deliver the results expected. Organizations flounder with little strategic direction.

Everyone works hard, but, usually on the wrong tasks and goals. Employees take baby steps toward accomplishing key action items and nothing important is finished (Husain, 2011). Team work is the ability to work together towards a common vision. Teamwork is a fuel that allows common people to attain uncommon results. Collective action is widely recognized as a positive force for teamwork in any organization or institution to succeed. Teams enable individuals to empower themselves and to increase benefits from cooperative work engaged on as a group. Getting together with others also can allow individuals to better understand the importance of teamwork and how the organization operate as well as promote the culture of teamwork success. Without teamwork houses take long to build, government collapse and companies are outshined by their competitors in the market and lastly without teamwork people lose their inspiration (Husain, 2011). According to Wageman (1997) “company’s teamwork is the only way anything gets accomplished with quality and efficiency and a major reason why economic growth is under control and company’s success is scrutinized by top management to achieve the desired goals”. McShone (1998) said that teams are replacing individuals as the basic building blocks of organization – French language television programs has shifted to team-based projects and giving more recognition to teams than to individuals. Companies are not just looking for technical ability but looking for people who can work on teams and solve problems.

According to Steiner (1972) teams and teamwork are not novel concepts; teams and team thinking have been around for years at companies such as Procter and Gamble; and Botany. In the 1980s the manufacturing and auto industries embraced a new team-oriented approach when United States firms retooled to combat Japanese competitor who were quickly gaining market share. Brown et al (1996) examined that managers discovered the large body of research indicating that teams can be more than the tradition corporate structure for making decisions quickly and efficiently. He further said that teams needed for the restructuring and reengineering processes of the future giving instances that simple changes like encouraging input and feedbacks from workers on the line make dramatic improvements. Even from time of creation, God applied the concept of teamwork when he said, ‘‘Let us make man in our own image’’ (Genesis1:26, KJV). This statement brings out the fact that God in the 4 creation process work with other heavenly beings hence the essence of team in bringing productivity, ‘Man’.

Hence companies have to encourage teamwork in order to gain competitive advantage because its base where new ideas come from. To employees teamwork is seen as constituting a larger group of people than what job position describes. The essence of teamwork is that workload is reduced and broken into pieces of work for everyone to take part. The backward development in organizations today can be attributed to inadequate teamwork among workers in an organization which in the long run affects the performance of the organization. Huge amount of money is also lost due to teamwork inadequacies which to say the least, drains the organization’s meager resources with its far-reaching and attendant consequences on the development of the organization.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Teamwork is the actions of individuals, brought together for a common purpose or goal, which subordinate the needs of the individual to the need of the group. In essence, each person on the team put aside his or her individual needs to work towards organizational objectives. The interaction among the members and the work they complete is called teamwork. Effective teamwork is essential to the success of any business. As “no man is an island”, the positive effects of productive teamwork can energize an entire organization, just as the negative effect of a lack of team work can cripple an organization. An essential ingredient to effective teamwork is attracting and keeping the right team members that would facilitate productivity in an organization. As such most human resource approaches lay so much emphasis on teamwork due to its importance to organizational productivity. Hence the need to conduct an extended study on the Effect of teamwork on organizational productivity.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The main objective of the study is to examine the Effect of teamwork on organizational productivity. The specific objectives are;

  1. To identify the relationship between teamwork and productivity.
  2. To identify the sources militating against teamwork in workplace
  3. To proffer recommendation to the identified problem as reviewed in the literature.

1.4 Research Hypotheses

The study formulated and developed for testing the following hypotheses:

H0: There is no significant relationship between teamwork and productivity.

H1: There is asignificant relationship between teamwork and productivity.

H02: There is a negative relationship that exists between the provision of necessary resources and effective teamwork.

H12: There is a positive relationship that exists between the provision of necessary resources and effective teamwork.


1.5 Significance of the Study

The study would be beneficial to corporate organization as it would enhance policy formulation as regard teamwork in workplace. The study would also be beneficial to the general public, as it will educate them on the Effect of teamwork on organizational productivity. The Study will also contribute to the existing knowledge on organizational teamwork. The study will be a useful material to incoming students who may wish to use this study as a reference material to undertake their own extended Study.


1.6 Scope / Limitation of the Study

The study will cover an extended Study on the Effect of teamwork on organizational productivity. The Study reviews opinions of authority on the concept of teamwork in workplace as well as the key factors influencing team effectiveness and factors militating against teamwork in workplace.


1.7 Delimitation of the Study

The study is constraint with limitation arising from inadequate material on the subject matter as well as inadequate time due to the inability of the writer to combined lectures with this extended Study, adequate finance is also a great limitation to this extended Study.


1.8 Organization of the Study

The study is divided into five chapters. Chapter one deals with the study’s introduction and gives a background to the study. Chapter two reviews related and relevant literature. The chapter three gives the research methodology while the chapter four gives the study’s analysis and interpretation of data. The study concludes with chapter five which deals on the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1 Summary

The extended Study reviews the Effect of teamwork on organizational productivity. As such the literature review the concept of teamwork in organization and indicates that teamwork is an integral part of an organization that involve everyone working together to support the organization in order to attain the organization goals. This implies that team work involves joint action and synergy that facilitate right yield through joint human resources and effort of team members. But inspire of the Effect of teamwork on organizational productivity, teamwork is constraint by issue of conflate arising from misunderstanding among team member, poor or ineffective communication, inability of team work to harmonize their pace of work and lack of cooperation among some team members arising from their nonchalant attitude.


5.2 Conclusion

In spite of some challenges militating against the effectiveness of teamwork in an organization. The Study indicate that teamwork increase productivity in an organization through joint action that enables an organization to put together human resources as well as human effort (labour) through synergy which increase yield in production (output) as such it is observed that by numerous authorities cited in the literature that teamwork facilitates productivity in organization.


5.3 Recommendation

The following recommendations at offer and it adhered to, will help in alleviating the problems militating against effective teamwork in organization;

  1. To improve a team effectiveness, it is first necessary to understand these factors you can determine when and where team development is needed. In other for team o function effectively they must manage how they work together and how they interact with rest of the organization. As a result teams that effectively manage these are as function more effectively.
  2. Organization should design remuneration policy that reward teamwork against individual contribution this will go a long way in enhancing team effectiveness.
  3. Members of team should spend time discussing and defining roles and responsibilities. As the team develops, it is topical for individuals to build expectation and assumptions of others which are seldom anywhere.
  4. Managers need to take active roles soothing relationship during times of conflict. This will foster unity foster team effectiveness in no small way.
  5. Team can improve resources utilization by leveraging time to their advantage, performing work asynchronously helps organizations effectively bridge delay gap.
  6. Manager should promote trust among team, members. This can be achieve through having smaller groupings and making tenure together a longer period of time this permits the team members to know each other better in comparison to a system in which the team are constantly shifting.
  7. Manager must also pay strong attention to facilitate the proper balance the level of structures and trust developed among team members.

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