Impact Of Reading Culture On The Academic Performance Of Agricultural Science Student
In the time past reading was a culture cultivated by school children at primary and secondary which facilitated their academic achievement at these levels and their entry into tertiary institutions. Reading culture among school children and even adults is fast being eroded and is giving way for television, home video viewing and internet exploration for phonographic pictures. This study therefore, is aimed at surveying the impact of reading culture and academic performance of secondary school students in Odeda Local Government Area of Ogun State. To achieve this, 3 hypotheses were formulated and tested. 100 students were used for the study. Two (2) separate research instruments were used to collect data and Pearson product moment correlation analysis was employed. The findings were that reading culture in terms of time habit, and ability to concentrate was significantly related with academic achievement or performance. Students should cultivate healthy reading culture if they must do well in and outside the school. Effective reading habits, time keeping and concentration are recommended for the students for improved academic performance. Parents, teachers and counsellors have important roles to play to help inculcate good reading habits in the children to promote satisfactory academic performance.
Table Of Content
- Title Page
- Table of Content
- 1.1 Background To The Study
- 1.2 Statement Of Problem
- 1.3 Purpose Of The Study
- 1.4 Research Questions
- 1.5 Research Hypothesis
- 1.6 Scope Of Study
2.0 Literature Review
- 2.1 Conceptual Review
- 2.2 Agricultural Science Education
- 2.3 Teaching And Learning Of Agricultural Science
- 2.4 Challenges Of Agricultural Science Education In Nigeria
- 2.5 Definition Of Reading
- 2.6 Importance And Benefits Of Reading
- 2.7 Reading Habits Among Secondary School Students
- 2.8 Factors Affecting Reading Habits
- 2.9 The Effects Of Reading Habits On Academic Performance Of Students
3.0 Research Methodology
- 3.1 Research Design
- 3.2 Research Area
- 3.3 Target Population
- 3.4 Sample
- 3.5 Instrument Of The Study
- 3.6 Data Analysis
4.0 Results And Discussion
- 4.1 Results
- 4.2 Discussion
5.0 Conclusion And Recommendation
- 5.1 Conclusion
- 5.2 Recommendations
1.1 Background To The Study
Reading culture is well-planned and deliberate pattern of study which has attained a form of consistency on the part of students toward understanding academic subjects and passing examinations. Reading habit determines the academic performance of students in Agricultural science to a great extent. Both reading and academic performance are interrelated and dependent on each other. Students often come from different environments and localities with different levels of academic performance. Therefore, they differ in their pattern of reading habits. Some students have good reading habit while others tend to exhibit poor reading habit. Academic achievement means how much knowledge the individual has acquired from the school (Bashir and Mattoo, 2012).
A creative and pragmatic education involve the habit of personal investigation. The act of personal investigation requires self-study to be followed by self-thinking and analysis. Self-study otherwise refers to as reading at one’s own accord, requires a habit which is known as reading habit. Reading makes way for a better understanding of one’s own experiences and it can be exciting voyage to self-discovery. Reading habit is best formed at a young impressionale age in school, butn once it is formed it can last one’s life time (Green, 2001).
Reading and academic performance are essential for research workers and educationists to know that every child whether he/she is gifted, average, normal etc should be educated in his/her own way but if he/she possesses good study habit, he/she can perform well in Agricultural Science and in every situation. It is the reading habit which helps the learner in ob training meaningful and desirable knowledge. Good reading habit acts as a strong weapon for the student to excel in life (Bashir and Mattoo, 2012).
According to Pelani (2012), reading habit is an essential and important aspect for creating a literate society in this world. It shapes the personalities of individuals and it helps them to develop proper thinking methods and creates new ideas. Pelani (2012) is of the opinion that effective reading is important avenue of effective learning and reading is interrelated with the total educational process and hence, educational success requires successful reading habit. Before the advent of television, both the old and the young found enough time to read but nowadays, reading habit has lost its importance as both the old and the young are glued to the television. As far as educational institutions are concerned, coaching students for the examinations seems to be the be-all and end-all of our educational system.
Research on the correlation between study habit and students’ academic performance in Agricultural Science has for long received attention from scholars and educational agencies. In Nigeria, there are so many factors that influence the ability of students to cultivate effective and efficient reading or study habit in Agricultural Science. Such factors that are capable of influencing the academic performance of students of Agricultural Science are state of health, motivation, anxiety, their environment, adequacy of infrastructures like textbooks and well equipped library.
Nuthana and Yenagi (2009) have examined the causes of poor academic performance among the students. Some of the factors identified are intellectual ability, poor study habit, achievement motivation, lack of vocational goal, low self concept, low socio-economic status of the family, poor family structure and so on.
Factors responsible for the students’ poor performance are problem of teachers, problem of inadequate facilities in the school, problem traceable to the students, problem caused by parents and the society at large and problem of government policies and low funding of educational sector (Ajila and Olutola, 2007). In the same vein, Ichado (1998) also argued that the environment in which the student comes from can greatly influence his/her performance academically in the school.
The term study or reading habit can be as the students’ way of study whether systematic, efficient or inefficient. It literally means that good study or reading habit produces positive academic performance in Agricultural Science while inefficient study or reading habit leads to academic failure.
Study or reading habit can be measured directly through report, examination, assessment and rating. Students attitude and reading habit towards any subject, such as Agricultural Science, has been described as a function of their belief about the subject and implicit evaluative responses with those beliefs. Study attitude according to Hussain (2000) referred to predispositions which students have developed towards private reading through a period of time. Study attitude also offers great possibilities for successful achievement in studies.
Students’ academic performance occupies a very important place in education as well as in the learning process. It is considered as a key criterion to judge one’s total potentialities and capacities which are frequently measured by the examination results (Nuthana and Yenagi, 2009).
A literature review by Nagaraja (2004) pointed out that for good academic success to be achieved, good study or reading habit and attitude are important.
Research on the correlation between reading habit and students’ academic performance in Science subjects has for long received attention from Scholars and Educational Agencies. For instance, the National Assessment of Education Progress (NAEP) in 1994 conducted a study to find out the relationship between reading habits and academic performance of students. Findings of the reading revealed a positive correlation between reading habit and academic achievement. Similarly, Onwuegbuzie (2001) conducted a series of study to find out the relationship between academic success and reading habit and reported positive relationship between the two variables.
A major reason for students’ under-developed potentialities may be in their lack of learning strategies. Emily and Betty (2004) posit that it is not an infrequent occurrence that students who spend inordinate amounts of time memorizing reading materials, are still barely getting by.
Reading habit is learning tendencies that enable students to work privately. Azikiwe (1998) describes the reading habit as the adopted way and manner a student plans hi/her private reading after classroom learning so as to attain mastery of the subject. Good reading habit is good assets to learners because it assists students to attain mastery in areas of specialization and consequent excellent performance in Agricultural Science while opposite constitute constraints to learning and achievement leading to failure. Ozmert (2005) emphasized the importance of environmental influence as a major factor in the development of students reading habit. In the same vein, Adetunji and Oladeji (2007) submit that the environment of most children is not conducive for reading; it is in the light of this that made some parents to prefer their children to go to boarding school for proper discipline and to inculcate be better reading habit.
Achievement is generally a pedagogical terminology used while determining learners’ success in formal education and which is measured through ratings with numerous factors of variables exerting influence. Essentially, the National Policy on Education (Federal Republic of Nigeria, 2004) has identified school achievement contents according to school subjects which are classified as core or elective subjects. Although, studies abound on the causative and predictive nature of factors of reading habit on students’ academic performance, all factors of the variables tend to focus on poor reading habit.
Therefore, the importance of reading habit especially at primary and secondary schools cannot be over emphasized considering its effect on the development of intellectual skills and the performance of students.
1.2 Statement Of Problem
The problem most students have that contributes to their poor performance in tests and examinations in Agricultural science is lack of proper reading habit. For an excellent performance, there is the need for the student to form good reading and study habits. One of the many issues confronting students nowadays is perhaps not their inability to read, but their lack of interest. From the assertion above, this work was conducted to examine the reading culture among students and the effect on their academic performance in Agricultural science in secondary schools.
1.3 Purpose Of The Study
The aim of the study is to examine the impact of reading culture on students’ academic performance in Agricultural science in secondary school. Specifically, the study intends to:
- Assess the reading habit of Agricultural science students.
- Compare the academic performance of students who have developed a reading habit and those who do not have a reading habit.
- Examine factors influencing students’ reading habit.
- Investigate the effect of reading habit on students’ academic performance in Agricultural science subject.
1.4 Research Questions
The following questions were raised to guide the study:
- Is there any relationship between students’ reading habit and academic performance?
- What is the nature of relationship between students’ reading habit and their family background?
- How important is the method of reading on academic performance of students?
- Do the school environment, student personality and peer group affect the reading habit of students?
- Are there any differences between male and female students in their performance in Agricultural science?
1.5 Research Hypothesis
These hypotheses were formulated based on the research questions:
HO1: There is no significant relationship between reading culture and academic achievement.
HO2: There is no significant relationship between student’s reading schedule and academic achievement.
HO3: There is no significant relationship between the student’s concentration ability and academic achievement.
1.6 Scope Of Study
The study, “Impact of Reading Culture on Academic Performance of Students in Agricultural Science”, would be conducted in secondary schools in Odeda Local Government Area of Ogun State.
5.0 Conclusion And Recommendation
There is no effort towards the promotion of literacy and academic performance that can suffice without acquiring reading skills. Reading is the centre stage of education, which means that nothing of value can be achieved if a child cannot read. No child can know any subject in school since each has to be read. It is not surprising therefore, to register the decline in academic performance today since most school children cannot read and write. They depend on cheating by copying from already prepared scripts or from the few students who can read and write.
The quality of development of any nation depends on the type of education it has. Nigeria cannot produce competent people or experts in differently fields if the foundation is poorly laid. The essence of education is in ability to read and write. To cultivate and propagate reading culture in our school children is to promote literacy and quality education, which determines the state of national development. If school children are inducted into the reading culture at the primary school, then strong based education would have been laid. Poor performance in examinations may be reduced drastically and standard of education in Nigeria will rise once again.
The following are recommendation
- Culture is a way of life of a people, let Nigeria children imbibe the universal culture, that of reading.
- Reading should be compulsorily taught at all levels of education, it should be part of pupils and students evaluation at the primary, secondary and tertiary tiers of education.
- At the primary, the pupils at commencement of every term should be given the pupils’ companion, what was called the “reader” in those days. That is the class English reading textbook. This they should be made to read a position or section in school and at home each day
- If in the different traditions we have parents show concern on how the younger generation can be initiated into them and form part of the children. Therefore, parents have a vital role to play to develop the reading culture in their children. Let them establish a monitoring mechanism to assess the state of readership of their children. They should create conducive reading homes for the children.
- Sale of books should be reintroduced in schools by the book sellers as it was in the time past. The sight of books can motivate students to buy them and if they buy books, they will be motivated to read.
- Yes, scientific and technological advancement are good but should not be the bane of people’s reading culture.
- Government’s attempts to producing books for school is a welcome development, but the books should be distributed to the pupils and students free of charge and they should be made to own these books. The practice now where the books are given to the students in payment of school fees or token is not healthy. Government must not pay lip-service to its people, “free education, free books” when nothing is actually free.
- School children should be de-emphasized outdoor activities. They are necessary for recreation but are harmful if there is over indulgence.
- School pupils and students should practice to read texts outside the recommended text books. Devote time to read a piece of text every day, every week, every month and every year. If this practice is sustained, good reading culture will certainly evolve; and academic performance will rise to the pride and joy of the students and happiness of the adults.
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Frequently Asked Questions
How does reading habit affect academic performance?
The study confirmed that reading habit has influence on academic performance and there is a relationship between reading habit and academic performance. The study recommended among others that lecturers should be advised to stop providing handouts to students but rather
What research is being done on the future of agricultural education?
Secondly, two different research project are underway. One is exploring student retention from Ag Ed programs and their continued decision to remain in their career choice of agricultural education. This study is ongoing and a manuscript will soon be sent to a journal for publication.
How many students have poor reading culture?
To elicit the necessary information, a questionnaire was randomly distributed to 200 students from 100 – 500 level and a response rate of 100% was achieved. Using simple percentage response rate to analyze the data, the results showed that only 21% of the respondents have poor reading culture, while majority of them (59.5%) read for interest only.
Do students read for their academic achievement?
The respondents agreed that they read for their academic achievement as they believe that reading habit is directly connected to their academic achievement. As cited in Daniel et al. (2017), a majority of students read with the sole purpose of passing their examination.