The Impact Of Radio Broadcast On Nigeria Political Development

Project and Seminar Material for Mass Communication

The Impact Of Radio Broadcast On Nigeria Political Development


Abstract


Throughout the world, radio is used for many purposes; news, entertainment, education, information and music. In Nigeria, one can consciously employ radio for the purpose of helping people to better their lives. Radio could be used educationally, or in community development, religion or for economic purposes to bring about the required development. Against this background, this paper therefore examines the impact of radio broadcast on Nigeria political development. The primary and secondary method of data collection was used in collection data for the study. Primary data were obtained through the use of questionnaires and interview while the secondary data were obtained through review of relevant literature. The population of the study comprises all the staff members of Radio Nigeria, Enugu station, of which the researcher adopted a simple random sampling technique, thereby choosing 200 respondents from the study.

Simple percentage method and chi-square were used in analyzing the data collected. The study revealed that the relevance and significance of radio broadcast include but not limited to information dissemination; creation of awareness; voter education; civic education; and a means of constructively criticizing the government.
Also, that the political development of Nigeria is very significant.

Similarly, that the impact of radio broadcast on Nigerian political development include but not limited to information dissemination; creation of awareness; voter education; civic education and a means of constructively criticizing the government. With respect to the findings arrived at, the study recommended that the Government should equally ensure that only qualified personnel work in radio broadcasting stations.

In addition, there should be proper orientation of the stakeholders on the need to enhance the effectiveness of radio broadcast station to play a better role in Nigeria’s political development.


Table of Contents


Chapter One

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objectives of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • References

Chapter Two

Literature Review

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Literature Review
  • 2.4 Constitutional Role of the Media
  • 2.5 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.6 the Present Broadcast Media in Nigeria
  • 2.7 Bringing Change Through Radio in Nigeria
  • 2.8 Communication and Development
  • References

Chapter Three

Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sampling and Sampling Technique
  • 3.4 Instrument/method of Data Collection
  • 3.5 Validity and Reliability of the Instrument
  • 3.6 Method of Data Analysis

Chapter Four

Presentation and Analysis of Results

  • 4.1 Demographic Information of the Respondents
  • 4.2 Answers From the Research Questions
  • 4.3 Test of Hypothesis

Chapter Five

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendations
  • Questionnaire

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

The broadcast media is statutorily obligated to inform the people of political development. But when this function is politicized and directed to favour certain individuals or groups then the generality of the masses are led to uncertainty. The national Broadcasting commission mandates that political coverage should be carried out in line with extant laws. According to Section 7. 8. 2 of the code, political coverage should be conducted under the principle of fairness and balance. It also prevents the monetization of political broadcast. Section 4. 4.7. Stipulate the need for objectivity and fairness in the production and reporting of political news and programs. It is the duty of the broadcast media to inform the people of political developments. However, the present reality shows a complete violation of the extant laws of NBC. Many politicians have misused and abuse their privileges in the process of broadcasting their programs and activities. They deceive the electorate and disregard the principle of social fairness. Many broadcast media Have been bought over to report news that favour certain groups and individuals and victimize their opponents thereby underming political development in the country. The study seeks to appraise the impact of Radio Broadcast on Nigeria political development.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

It is essentially the obligation of the broadcast media to inform the electorate of political developments. But when this function is politicized and directed to favor certain individuals or groups then the generality of the masses are led to uncertainty. The national Broadcasting commission mandates that political coverage should be carried out in line with extant laws. The national Broadcasting commission mandates that political coverage should be carried out in line with extant laws. According to Section 7. 8. 2 of the code, political coverage should be conducted under the principle of fairness and balance. It also prevents the monetization of political broadcast. Section 4. 4.7. Stipulate the need for objectivity and fairness in the production and reporting of political news and programs. But this is the area where the broadcast media has failed. The present dispensation shows the exertion of influence by wealthy politician on the broadcast media to report news to their favour. Most appalling is the neglect of the grassroot in the dissemination of information. Akin Mabogunje (1991), stated that 95% of Nigerians in the rural areas are illiterates and 70% of Nigerians live in the rural areas .This indicate that a large segment of the population lie in the rural area and are neglected in the political process due to information misrepresentation. Consequently the attainment of political development is a mirage if institutions such as the family units, the cultural institutions and Traditional political institutions are neglected in our local communities. In the light of the existing challenges confronting the mass media a review of the extant laws is recommended to reflect the realities of the modern day politics. Therefore the problem confronting the study is to appraise the impact of radio broadcast on Nigeria political development.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The main objective of the study is to investigate the impact of radio broadcast on Nigeria political development. The specific objectives of the study include;

  1. To determine the relevance and significance of radio broadcast.
  2. To appraise the significance of political development.
  3. To determine the impact of Radio Broadcast on Nigeria political development.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. What is the relevance and significance of Radio Broadcast?
  2. What is the significance of political development?
  3. What is the impact of radio broadcast on Nigeria political development?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

  • Ho1: There is no significant impact of radio broadcast on Nigeria political development.

1.6 Significance of the Study

The study shall proffer relevant information on the impact of impact of radio broadcast on Nigeria political development.

It shall serve useful purpose to political actors at all levels.


1.7 Scope of the Study

The study focuses on the appraisal of the impact of radio broadcast on Nigeria political development.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

The study was confronted with logistics and financial constraints.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Governance Defined

Governance defines the political power used to administer the country’s economic and social resources for development.

Broadcasting Defined

Broadcasting is defined as the distribution of audio or video content through the radio or television to a wide number of audiences.

Politics Defined

Politics can be defined as those activities associated with the election and governance of a nation.

Conflict Defined

Conflict is the disagreement involving individuals, opinion, needs, community or nation


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1 Summary

This study focused on the impact of radio broadcast on Nigeria political development. The study was set to address three research objectives.

The objectives which include:

  1. To determine the relevance and significance of radio broadcast.
  2. To appraise the significance of political development.
  3. To determine the impact of Radio Broadcast on Nigeria political development.

Based on the above stated objective and the study carried out, the following findings were made:

  1. That the relevance and significance of radio broadcast include but not limited to information dissemination; creation of awareness; voter education; civic education; and a means of constructively criticizing the government.
  2. That the political development of Nigeria is very significant.
  3. That the impact of radio broadcast on Nigerian political development include but not limited to information dissemination; creation of awareness; voter education; civic education and a means of constructively criticizing the government.

5.2 Conclusion

The main purpose of this study is to assess the impact of radio broadcast on Nigeria political development. Three research questions guided the study.

In this study, a survey research design was adopted, the population comprises all the staff of Radio Nigeria, Enugu station, a simple random sampling technique was used to select 200 respondents for the study and a questionnaire was the instrument for data collection. Relevant literatures were reviewed which guided the objectives and methodology of this study. As result of the field study and analysis of results, the following findings were made:

  1. That the relevance and significance of radio broadcast include but not limited to information dissemination; creation of awareness; voter education; civic education; and a means of constructively criticizing the government.
  2. That the political development of Nigeria is very significant.
  3. That the impact of radio broadcast on Nigerian political development include but not limited to information dissemination; creation of awareness; voter education; civic education and a means of constructively criticizing the government.

5.3 Recommendations

Based on the findings of this study, the following recommendations are made:

  1. Efforts should be made to reduce the proliferation of fake news through the promotion of sound radio broadcasting.
  2. Government should equally ensure that only qualified personnel work in radio broadcasting stations.
  3. There should be proper orientation of the stakeholders on the need to enhance the effectiveness of radio broadcast station to play a better role in Nigeria’s political development.

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