The Impact Of Poor Revenue Generation On The Development Of Local Government Areas (A Case Of Umuahia North Local Government)
It is often the view of my any good revenue generation. This research consist of two (2) sections, section one (1) is primary section including the title page, acknowledgement, abstract and table of content, while section two (2) is the main body of the report which have five chapters.
This chapter one (1) cover the introduction, statement of problem, background of study, objective of study, research question, scope, significance of study, limitation and definition of terms. Chapter two (2) deals with literature review. Other subsequent chapter reveals the research methodology and theoretical framework.
For the instrument used in the study, one hundred and twenty (120) questionnaires were administered and distributed to the staff of Umuahia North local Government.
In the last chapter (5) which reveals or deals with summary, conclusions and recommendations of the study were made as to ensuring the impact of poor revenue generation on the development of local governments areas.
Table Of Contents
- Approval page
- Table of content
1.0 Introduction / Background of the study
- 1.1 Statement of the problem
- 1.1.1 Research Questions
- 1.1.2 Objective of the study
- 1.2 Significance of the study
- 1.3 Definition of terms
2.0 Theoretical Framework / Literature Review
- 2.1 Theoretical Framework
- 2.2 Literature Review
- 2.2.1 Development of local government in Nigeria
- 2.2.2 Sources of review generation in local government
- 2.2.3 The purpose of tax
- 2.2.4 Problems associated with tax collection in Umuahia north local government area
3.0 Methodology / Research Design
- 3.1 Research design
- 3.2 Population of study
- 3.3 Sample size
- 3.4 Sample and sampling techniques
- 3.5 method of data collection
- 3.6 Method of data analysis
- 3.7 Measurement and operationalization of variables
- 3.8 Validity and reliability of Measuring Instrument
- 3.9 Scope / Limitation of study
4.0 Data Presentation and Analysis
- 4.1 Data Presentation
- 4.2 Data analysis
5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
- 5.1 Summary
- 5.2 Conclusion
- 5.3 Recommendation
1.0 Introduction / Background Of Study
Development is a sine qua non for modern civilization. In a crusade and struggle to carryout development at all nooks and crannies of the society, the local government as the tier of government that is nearest to the people is saddled with the responsibility of direct development of the people to a certain level.
Development is highly associated with fund, much revenue is needed to plan, execute and maintain infrastructures and facilities at the local government level. The needed revenue generated for such developmental projects. Like construction of accessible roads, building of public schools, health care centers, construction of bridges among others are soles generated from taxes, royalties, haulages, fines and grants from states, national and international governments.
Thus, the Local government cannot embark, execute and possibly carryout the maintenance of these projects and other responsibilities without adequate revenue generation.
This is the basic reason why development is skeletal at some Local Government councils in Nigeria. The issue of poor revenue generation is not exceptional to local government in Abia State. This has been one of the problems encountered by Umuahia North Local Government.
1.1 Statement Of The Problem
The Local Government Council take direct care of the grassroots people, that is the people in the rural areas. This group of people sometimes lack essential facilities and condition of modern civilization. They lack pipe bore water to drink, do not have electricity, accessible roads, poor educational infrastructure and facilities to mention but a few.
This is one of the major reasons of rural – urban migration of movement. This has made our cities to be congested and increase in many criminal activities. Based on the above and foregoing assertions, it is oblivious that the impact of poor revenue generation on the development of the rural area is a serious problem. This might be as a result of poor revenue generation. If Nigeria is to achieve her desired goal of vision 2020 and possibly meet the millennium development goals (MDGS) target, the issue of revenue generation must be addressed squarely.
Hence the researcher is bothered to find out the impact of poor revenue generation on the lives of people at the rural area and how it has affected development in general especially in Umuahia North Local Government Area.
1.1. 1 Research Questions
- What are the impacts of poor revenue generation on the development of Umuahia North?
- Are there adequate modern social amenities in Umuahia North?
- Is the poverty level of the rural people high has a result of poor development?
- Has poor revenue generation in Umuahia North contributed to rural-urban migration?
- How can revenue generation in Umuahia North be improved?
1.1.2 Objective Of The Study
The broad objective of the research is to evaluate the impact created by poor revenue generation on the development of Umuahia North in Abia State.
The other objective of this study includes:
- To determine the level of modern social amenities available in Umuahia North.
- To find out the level of poverty associated with the rural people as a result of poor development
- To find out the degree of rural-urban migration.
- To make useful suggestions to solve the problem of poor revenue generation as development depends on revenue generated.
1.2 Significance Of The Study
The significance of any human endeavour is measured by its relevance to solving human problems. The findings of this study would help Umuahia North Local Government to identify the problems associated with revenue generation and its consequences on development.
1.3 Definition Of Terms
Some concepts require proper explanation to enhance our understanding of the theme where necessary opinion of scholars will be cited to explain the terms. The researcher will also give some fundamental definition of terms.
According to Lawal (2000) Local Government as a political sub-division of a nation in Federal system which is constituted by law and has substantial control of local affairs which includes the power to impose taxes or exact labor for prescribed purpose.
According to William Robson (2006) Defined Local Government as involving the conception of territorial, non-sovereign community possessing the legal right and the necessary organization to regulate its own affairs.
Public revenue could be defined as the funds generated by the government to finance its activities. In other words revenue is the total fund generated by government (Federal, state, local government/ to meet their expenditure for a fiscal year.
This refers also to the grand total of money of income received from the source of which expenses are incurred. Revenue could be internal or external revenue.
This is the process of sourcing revenue for the local government in carryout their aim and objectives.
Public expenditure refers to the expenses which the government incurs for its own maintenance, in the interest of the society and the economy in order to help other countries.
Tax can be defined as a compulsory levy by government on goods, services, income and wealth. It provides definite source of revenue for government expenditure. (Udeh O.S. 2008).
It is the way by which government obtain extra money. It spent from income of individual and companies. Tax could be direct or indirect tax. A tax is a payment made by the taxpayers and used by the government for the benefits of all the citizens.
Tax evasion means illegal reduction in one’s tax liabilities, thereby paying less than the appropriate amounts and not paying at all.
Tax avoidance is the act of streamlining one’s financial affairs within the law so as to minimize the tax liabilities.
According to Ake (2001) Development is thus the process by which people create and recreate themselves and their life circumstances to realize higher levels of civilization in accordance with their own choice and values.
It also a type of social change in which new ideas are introduces into a society in order to produce higher per-capital income and levels of living through more modern production methods and improved social organization.
5.0 Summary, Conclusion And Recommendation
The researcher discovered that the impact of revenue generation on the development of the local government areas could be rated below average which has resulted to poor development of the rural areas.
The researcher also found out that the revenue generation within Umuahia North local government area was grossly inadequate for the provision of modern social amenities.
Due to poor revenue generated to provide basic social amenities, such as accessible road, schools, portable pipe-bore water, electricity among others it was impossible for rural people to sell the agricultural crops, drink portable water, pay school fees. Thus the poverty is very high.
The researcher also discovered that due to poor revenue generation to provide basic social amenities especially in the rural areas. There was exodus of rural dwellers to the urban centers.
Included in the researchers findings was that the major method to be adopted by the local government in order to improve revenue generation base should be the enlightenment of the citizens on the need and important of regular payment of taxes.
In the research, it is clear that poor revenue generation by local government in Nigeria have affected the spread of development to all the nooks and crannies of the country. Thus local government councils and their management should strategically plan on proper measures to generate revenue as to meet with their functions as provided by the constitution of the country.
This will enhance their financial ability to implement their constitutional functions or responsibilities to the rural peoples.
Based on the findings, the following recommendations have been made.
- The efforts of local government should not only be directed toward the revenue yielding alone but also to the provision of social amenities such as basic health facilities, accessible roads, town halls, electricity and water supply which will help to improve the socio-economic of life of the rural people. These facilities provided by Umuahia North Local government should be of high quality by doing this; the people’s interest will be geared towards giving their maximum support to the government which will lead to the development of the area.
- There should be constant campaign and awareness programme within Umuahia North local Government to enlighten the rural peoples on the benefits of prompt payment of taxes to the government as when due, it will go a long way in improving the revenue generation.
- The local government should embark on the establishment of small scale industries which will provide employment opportunities for the youths in the rural area to tackle the problem of rural-urban migration.
- There should be improvement and development with agricultural sector, such improvement will encourage participation of the rural people within Umuahia north local government which will improve their standard of living of the people.
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