The Impact Of Policy Making And Implementation As A Major Factor In Achieving Organisational Productivity And Profitability (A Case Study Of Ebere Links Filling Station Owerri)

Project and Seminar Material for Business Administration and Management (BAM)

The Impact Of Policy Making And Implementation As A Major Factor In Achieving Organisational Productivity And Profitability (A Case Study Of Ebere Links Filling Station Owerri)


Abstract


Policy making and implementation is one issue that cannot be over emphasized because of the important role it play in the life of any organization worship to survive and to grow in the face of the changing world. Based on the need organization to achieve their objective the researcher decided to conduct a research study in the topic policy making and implementation as a tool for an effective organizational goals realization, with a particular reference to Ebere Links Filling Station Owerri,Imo state.

The objective of this study is to show the importance to policy making and implementation in achieving the objective the organization, in chapter two, the researcher revealed to the literature of some emanated scholar that are related to the topic under study, in chapter three, the researcher discussed on the research methodology in which the various method applied such as primary and secondary method the random sampling and chance method which were used in selecting the organization.

In chapter four, the research analyzed and interprets the responses of the respondent by using the tabular form for easy understanding and interpretation. Finally in chapter five the researcher made the summary of the finding, conclusion recommendation and suggestion.


Table Of Content


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title Page
  • Approval page
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of contents

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Significance of the Study
  • 1.5 Research Questions
  • 1.6 Scope of the Study
  • 1.7 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.8 Definition of Terms.

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Overview of Policy Making and Implementation
  • 2.3 Definition of Policy
  • 2.4 Impact of Policy Making on Workers Behaviour and over all Performance

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Population and Determination of Sample Size
  • 3.3 Method and Sources of Data Collections
  • 3.4 Validity and Reliability of Instrument
  • 3.5 Method of data analysis

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Analysis of Data

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Method of Data Analysis

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary of Findings, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary of findings
  • 5.2 Conclusions
  • 5.3 Recommendations
  • 5.4 Suggestion
  • Reference
  • Appendix
  • Questionnaire

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

The task of achieving the objective on an organization has for many years remained a hard nut to create by the management of most organization either dead or stagnant. This task, which is so much important in the life of any organization which to survive and grow, cannot be over-emphasized considering the dynamic nature of the world we are in today.

However, for any management system to effectively carry out this task of achieving the objectives of an organization, that management system must arm itself with the tool of policy adjustment to the environment changes or react to the demand of the environment.

It is based on this important note that the researcher is conducting research on the topic! Policy making and implementation as a tool of accomplishment of organizational goals.

The selected establishment was established as a specialized organization by the federal government of Nigeria to carry out the objective of encouraging the advancement of learning and to hold out to all people without distinction of race, creed, sex or political background.

Also to develop and after academic and professional programmes leading to the award of diplomas, first degrees, post graduate research and higher degree which emphasized planning, adaptive, technical, maintenance, development and adaptive skills in agriculture, agricultural engineering and allied professional discipline which will produce socially mature person with a capacity to improve on these disciplines and develop new ones and also to contribute to the scientific transformation of agriculture in Nigeria.

This organization act as agent and catalyst through post graduate training, research and innovation for the effective and economic utilization, exploration and conservation of Nigeria’s natural, agricultural, economy and human resources and to offer to the general population as a form of public service, the result of training and research in agriculture and allied discipline and to foster the practical application of result. It also establish appropriate relationship with other national institutions involve in training, research and development of agriculture and to identify the agriculture problems and needs of Nigeria and find solution to them within the text of overall national development.

It also provide and promote sound basic scientific training as a foundation for the development for agriculture and allied discipline taking into account indigenous culture, the need to enhance national unity, need to vastly increase the adequate preparation of graduation of self-employed in agriculture and allied profession. It also promotes and emphasizes teaching; research and extension service and out-reach programmes.

In service training, containing education and on form adaptive research. Also offers academic programme in relation to the training of manpower for agriculture Nigeria and organizations research relevant to training in agriculture with emphasis on small scale farming. It also organizes extension services and out-reaches programmes for technology and integration for training research and extension activities. It also establish appropriate relationship with other national tertiary institutions and identity and possibly proper solution to such a problem.

Finally, to undertake and see to the actualization of any other activities appropriate for university of agriculture.


1.2 Statement Of The Problem

The management of most organization in the world today have been taking the problem of not knowing how they could achieve the objective of their organization in the face of the changing world so that their organization can survive and grow. This problem which has defied many management approaches is what the researcher is aimed at solving.


1.3 Objective Of The Study

The objectives of the study by the researcher as follows;

  1. To find out whether the objective of the organization are well defined.
  2. To ascertain the type of policy made in the organization
  3. To investigate whether the policies made is in line with the objective of the organization.
  4. To examine if the policies made in the organization is effective enough to achieving the objective of the organization.

1.4 Significance Of The Study.

The important of these studies is to enable practicing management to know the important role. Policy making and implementation, plays in the achieving the objective of an organization.

Secondly, it will enable management student to know the process of policy making and implementation and the important role it plays in achieving the objective of an organization.

Thirdly, it will enable public policy makers to provide guidelines for the achievement of the objectives of government establishment or institution.

Finally, it will enable the general readers to know the process of policy making and the implementations, the important role it plays in achieving the objective of an organization.


1.5 Research Hypothesis

Hypothesis I

Ho: There is no relationship between Policy Making and Organizational Productivity
Hi: There is relationship between Policy Making and Organizational Productivity

Hypothesis Ii

Ho: Firms has not been able to rise successfully to policy making and implementation.
Hi: Firms has been able to rise successfully to policy making and implementation.


1.5 Research Question

It is the aim of the researcher to find answers to the following questions.

  1. What type of policy is made by the management to achieve the objective of the organization
  2. Who are responsible for making the policy in the organization
  3. Are those who made the policy effective

1.6 Scope Of The Study

The study is limited to the topic policy making and implementation, as a tool for an effective organizational goal realization and to the selected establishment in the course of this research works, the researcher encounters a lot of problem which include critical unwillingness of the authorities of the organization to allow the researcher to conduct the research for fear of revealing their secrets.

The unwillingness of some of the employees to foil the questionnaire for years of being victimizing queried or asked.


1.7 Limitation Of The Study

Despite the limited scope of this research, it was affected with certain constraints, which are as follows.

Time

In research of this type, a lot of time is required but given the short time allowed for this study, it was not possible to do all was required and necessary.

Non-available of research materials

which limited the researcher from getting enough information for the literature review.

Financial constraint,

which limited the researcher from putting up more comprehension approach to the study.

Information constraint,

getting the needed information was not easy, this is probably because of stingy manner in which manager handle information especially those bordering the life of the organization.


1.8 Definition Of Terms

Objectives:

– They are the base economic and social purpose for which an organization exist they also defined the ends an organization seeks to achieve.

Policy:

– A plan of action achieved and objective.

Efficient:

– The ability to achieve a result with minimum input.

Management:

– The efficiency utilization of the achieved objective of the organization

Organization:

– A business unit, set up to achieve certain objective.

Policy Making:

– Is the process of developing an effective policy, the ability to achieve a result with minimum input.

Policy Implementation:

– Is the process of implementing a chosen policy

Tools:

– Is an instrument for achieving an objective.


Chapter Five


5.0 Summary Of Findings, Conclusion, Recommendation And Suggestion

5.1 Summary Of Findings

From the analysis and interpretation of the response made by the staff of Ebere Links Filling Station Owerri,Imo state, the researcher was able to make some useful finding, which are stated below;

  1. That the objective of the organization is well defined to enable the policy makers to have a sense of direction of know the appropriate policy to make and appropriate policy to make and to achieve the objective of the organization
  2. The policies are made in the organization by a body known as Board of Directors which is regarded as the highest policy making body in the organization which is made up of the personnel who are qualifies effectively in their duty of policy making, to ensure that the objective of the organization are achieved
  3. That the policies made and implemented in the organization are programmed policies and that the policies are normally in line with the objective of the organization and that before the policies are implemented. They normally communicated to the personnel of the organization. That the management system of the organization use policy making and implementation to achieve the objectives of the establishment.

5.2 Conclusion

In this project work, the researcher had despite his limitation and constraints, discussed the idea of policy making and implementation as a tool fro an effective organizational goal realization, with a particular reverence to Ebere Liks Filling Station Owerri, Imo State.

During the course of the study, the researcher visited the organization a good number of times for approval and distribution of questionnaire the researcher also visited the FPNO library to obtain relevant information that could be of help to the study. However, despite an the difficulties encountered in the course of the study, one must say that the exercise has been an interesting one very educative and full of formation revealing to the practicing manger, students of public and business administration and practicing manger, students of public and business administration and management, government, industrialist and individual on the policy making and implementation in the final analysis we can still contend that organization would be better off if policies were made prior to active taken some authority has been cited to support the contentious with an overview of the researcher work, more light is thrown on how it is done and how it could be done to help improve organizational effectiveness.


5.3 Recommendation

From the findings and conclusion made the researcher is making the following recommendation.

  1. That the management system of any kind of organization should endeavour to be efficient in the use of the resources of the organization to achieve the objective of the organization.
  2. That management of an organization should employ policy making and implementation as a tool for an effective organization goal realization.

5.4 Suggestion

For due to the various constraint and limitation that affect the researcher from carrying out extensive and comprehensive study in the topic; The impact of Policy making and implementation. The researcher is therefore making the following suggestions.

  1. That the study of the effect of policy making and implementation in other organization be done.
  2. That further study is conducted in the policy evaluation.
  3. That further study is carried out on the process of policy making and it implementation.

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Frequently Asked Questions


What is the impact of employee non participation on organizational productivity?

Employees non participation result to conflict between management and employees and also lead to indifferent to the decision making reached by the organizational productivity. its impact on their productivity or performance in some selected private organization.

Does employee participation in decision making affect organizational performance?

Ho: There is no relationship between employees participation in decision making and organizational performance. H1: There is relationship between employees participation in decision making and organizational performance. Ho: Workers participation in decision making negatively affect their moral.

How does non participation in decision making demoralize employees?

Non participation in decision making demoralize employees. Employees non participation result to conflict between management and employees and also lead to indifferent to the decision making reached by the organizational productivity. its impact on their productivity or performance in some selected private organization.

How does poor strategic planning affect the performance of an organization?

Poor productivity in most organization’ s performance. The non-systematic strategic planning process, the inability to to contend with. The formulation of the strategy of an organization involves elaborate analysis of technological, environmental and organizational human resources in particular. Therefore, higher performance.

Why is employee participation in decision making important in an organization?

Employees’ participation in decision making positively affect their morale and enhances productive efficiency in the organization. The level of education guarantees workers participation in decision making process.

What is the impact of employee engagement on productivity?

What’s The Impact Of Employee Engagement On Productivity? Most organizations focus on their deadlines and getting work done instead of focusing on the level of employee engagement in their organization. They tend to forget that it is also important for employees to be enthusiastic about what they are doing.

What does participation mean in management?

Is the act of taking part in an activity or event. It also a style of managing in which the supervisor gives the direction but decision is made by consensus (Eke 2008) participation as a management style was adopted in 1961 by Rensis Likert of the University of Michigan.

Does employee non-participation in decision making affect organization performance?

Employees non participation result to conflict between management and employees and also lead to indifferent to the decision making reached by the organizational productivity. The major objective of the study is to examine the impact of employees participation in decision making on organization performance.

Why is employee participation in decision making important in an organization?

Employees’ participation in decision making positively affect their morale and enhances productive efficiency in the organization. The level of education guarantees workers participation in decision making process.

Does employee participation in decision-making affect firm performance in Nigeria?

The findings from the result showed that employee participation in decision making had great impact on the performance of hotels in Nigeria. Abdulrahman (2016) examined Employee Participation in Decision-making (PDM) and Firm Performance. questionnaire which were administered through mail to Three Hundred and Fort y One (341) manufacturing firm.

Does employee participation in decision making influence organizational performance of SMEs?

The study used Product-moment Correlation and Simple Regression as the mode of analysis. The study revealed that employee participation in decision making have highly influence on the impact of organizational performance of the SME s. Nigeria, a study of s elected hotels in the federal capital territory in Abuja.

What are the effects of non participation in organizational decision making?

its impact on their productivity or performance in some selected private organization. Employees non participation in organizational decision making may lead to low performance in an organization. Non participation in decision making demoralize employees.

What is the relationship between employee’s participation in decision making?

The findings arrived at include, the relationship between employee’s participation in decision making lead to a sense of belonging and create cooperation and unity in the organizational productivity. Employees’ participation in decision making positively affect their morale and enhances productive efficiency in the organization.

What are the disadvantages of employee participation and involvement?

Participation and involvement is time consuming and decisions making will be slow due to involvement. Training or retraining of employees can be expensive. Once participation is introduced to the employees it will be difficult to withdraw from the employees.

What do you mean by participative decision making?

Participative decision making is when employee are allowed to contribute their opinion in matters that relates to them and their work in the organization. However, cases abound where managers took unilateral decision even in cases that concern the employees. 

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