The Impact Of Motivation On The Productivity Of Workers

Project and Seminar material for Public Administration

The Impact Of Motivation On The Productivity Of Workers


Abstract


The research on IMPACT OF MOTIVATION ON THE PRODUTIVITY OF WORKERS with references to NATIONAL POPULATIO COMMISSION (NPC) ENUGU HEARDQUARTER as my case study was intended to determine the effect of motivation on the performance of workers in national population commission (NPC). In conducting the research therefore reference was made to research including some related literature. Furthermore, questionnaire end interview methods were extensively employed to gather the necessary data for the study. These were supported with forms of collecting data such as personal observation. After collection of data tables and charts were used to present, analysis that Npc ministries healthy and applandable welfare sonic like the staff canteen. Coupled with other maturational variable, which help to propel workers to perform their duties efficiently and effectively. It was also discover during the course of this study that NPC Enugu was owed arias of salary since 2001. Based on the findings condition were drawn including recommendations for improvement.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

National population commission was formerly known as national population board/it was inaugurated by military regime on April, 22 1988 with a three ijeur mandate to conduct a national census. The inauguration ceremony was performed by the former vice- president, Admiral Augustus Aikhomu. The commission had alhaji shehu musa as a chairman. After the inaugurations and mandate national population commission was assigned the responsibility of enumerating the nations population periodically – through census and sample survey among other function there staff are made up professional expertise of demographers, statisticians, public relation practitioners, contograhens and computer experts put together to make a success of a head count. The national population commission (NPC) is a corporate body with perpetual success it operates like an independent ministry of the federal government with the chairman as the chiey executive- it reports directly to the president and enjoys autonomy on census related matters. 1991 census was conducted and the figure according to 1991census was about 88.9m for the nation. Hence national population commission (NPC) Enugu state headquarters had the following function to perform and this was applicable to every other NPC office throughout the 36 state of the federation the functions one as follow. a) Undertake the enumeration of the population of Nigeria periodically through census, sample survey or other wise. b) Establish and maintain machinery for continuous and universal registration of birth and death throughout the federation c) prepare and maintain a national frame work for delineation exercise for census and sample surveys, d) collect collate and publish data on migration statistics, e) research and monitor the national population policy and set up a national population data bank, f) arrange for the appointment and training of enumerators and all other categories of staff of the commission, g) provide information and data on population for purpose of facilitating national planning and economic development, h) advice the federal government on any population and related programmers and problem. Etc


1.2 Statement of the Study

Productivity was the underlying impetus of the federal government resolve to undertake the police of some public corporation. Non- chilling attitude to work contributed to low productivity output and this study affected our economy –for the purpose of this study, it is weak because the management staff one weak as well, they have not fully utilized the tool of motivation to improve the efficiency and productivity of the work force. The management staff are having difficult times in coping with employees ignoble attitudes of lateness work as mentioned earlier, informal relationships with visitors and staff during official homes of work, leaving official post without permission to attend to other personal business engagement, international misplacement or permanent loss of personal file for dubious motives-mutilation and impropriation of account, carrying out personal works and sale of personal items in offices low out due to non- chalet attitude to work removal of official document blue pint files and drawings and making same available to external bodies in exchange of money, destruction of office equipment. There is irregularity payment of salaries non provision of certain basic staff welfare services like free medical services transportation, and abandonment of social responsibilities and monthly deduction of money from work salaries in name of transporting accountant to Abuja before salaries could be payed to workers. And other motivation variable by the management of national population commission Enugu head office. There lay credence to kludge’s opinion that “it is lack of motivation on the part of management that brings inefficiency and productivity hence the title-of this study, impact of motivation on the productivity of workers in national population commission (NPC) Enugu headquarter.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The following objectives are set by the research to admirer

  1. To investigate the reason for employee unhappiness at work
  2. To find out why employees show little interest in management policies and programmers.
  3. To find out the reasons for employee non- challent attitudes towards the want on damage to and lose of offices equipment.
  4. To investigate the effect of motivation on workers’ productivity in the national population commission Eungu headquarters.

1.4 Research Hypotheses

For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;

  1. H0: there is no reason for employee unhappiness at work.
    H1: there is reason for employee unhappiness at work.
  2. H02: there is no effect of motivation on workers’ productivity in the national population commission Eungu headquarters.
    H2: there is effect of motivation on workers’ productivity in the national population commission Eungu headquarters

1.5 Significance of the Study

The finding of this study would certainly be useful to management in the office of motivation population commission Enugu headquarter. These in private sector economy would also evadible themselves of the study as a guide to the formulation of policies relation to employee welfare. The research work would also provide a database for future research in employee motivation and would also be useful addition to the motivation already existing in the library. The study would also be of immense significances to the readies will be able to realize the importance of motivation in an organization and how it helps the production of employee in the private and public organization.

The research of work would also help the management in formulation of strategies of their employee thereby making them more productive. Improvement in productivity is the focal point of this study and this hinges on the level of motivation workforce. To the government generally, this research work would assist them in for-casting and periodically reviewing their various policies and plans as they affect the moral upliftment of the entire work force for effective utilization. The concept “motivation “ as a management technique for increased productivity has for so many years generated extensive discussions, research and arguments. Nevertheless, it still holds universally, that provision of motivation devices to employee could guarantee lasting organization harmony and high productivity.


1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study

The scope of the study covers the impact of motivation on productivity of workers. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

a) Availability of Research Material:

The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study

b) Time:

The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.

c) Organizational Privacy:

Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities.


1.7 Definition of Terms

Motivation:

Motivation is the reason for people’s actions, desires, and needs. Motivation is also one’s direction to behavior, or what causes a person to want to repeat a behavior.

Productivity:

Productivity describes various measures of the efficiency of production. A productivity measure is expressed as the ratio of output to inputs used in a production process, i.e. output per unit of input

Worker:

A person who does a specified type of work or who works in a specified way, a person who achieves a specified thing


1.8 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

  • Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain the impact of motivation on productivity of workers. In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of motivation on productivity of workers


5.2 Summary

This study was on the impact of motivation on productivity of workers. Four objectives were raised which included: To investigate the reason for employee unhappiness at work, to find out why employees show little interest in management policies and programmers, to find out the reasons for employee non- challent attitudes towards the want on damage to and lose of offices equipment, to investigate the effect of motivation on workers’ productivity in the national population commission Eungu headquarters. In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 staff of National population commission in Enugu state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made directors,computer operators, senior staff and junior staff were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


5.3 Conclusion

In conclusion, it is evident that motivation is inbuilt within oneself and all that is needed is for individuals to realize this and to address it. Nobody can motivate another, but one can inspire another person to make the changes that are necessary to become motivated. Motivation has been seen to have a great influence on the productivity of the organization and hence this should be taken with the seriousness it deserves.


5.4 Recommendation

  1. There should be more consultation between the board and the managers on one hand, and the managers and the workers on the other. The use of the internal memo as the channel of resolving crisis or communicating grievances with the staff by the line managers should be discontinued;
  2. Staff development to enhance productivity and promote self fulfillment should be encouraged as a matter of deliberate policy
  3. There should be a review of the reporting system and reporting staff should be inducted in the act of reporting to make the grading in the reports more uniform
  4. There should be a searchlight on the leadership style in the organization and efforts should be made to promote only productive and effective workers. If this is to be achieved, appointment to leadership positions in the organization should weigh more towards capability of the staff that have attained the basic conditions, rather than on brotherly relationship or god father

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