The Impact Of Motivation Of Teachers On Student Academic Performance

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The Impact Of Motivation Of Teachers On Student Academic Performance


Abstract


This research work, attempt to investigate the impact of motivation of teachers on students’ academic performance with some selected secondary schools in Nkanu West L.G.A of Enugu state. The purpose of this study specifically is to determine the dilapidated school resources and efficiency, to find out how the school management and government motivate teachers to carry out their job as accepted, how teachers contribute to students examination malpractice and the parents role in motivating teachers to bring out the best in their children.

In conclusion, based on the finding which point out that the government and teachers has played important role in motivating the teachers and also contributed in examination malpractice. In this, the researchers therefore suggest that non-motivation of teachers has great effect on student academic performance and society at large. Poor motivation as a tool for enhancing teacher. The researchers thereby recommend that teachers should be given adequate motivation for them to be loyal and dedicated to their job. If all this problems and factors are been tackled, Nigeria education will be bed of roses, and quantity graduates be produced.


Table Of Content


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Approval page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgment
  • Abstract
  • Table of content

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the study
  • 1.4 Research Hypotheses
  • 1.5 Significance of the study
  • 1.6 Scope and limitation of the study
  • 1.7 Definition of terms
  • 1.8 Organization of the study

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review


Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology

  • 3.1 sources of data collection
  • 3.3 Population of the study
  • 3.4 Sampling and sampling distribution
  • 3.5 Validation of research instrument
  • 3.6 Method of data analysis

Chapter Four

4.0 Data Presentation And Analysis And Interpretation

  • 4.1 Introductions
  • 4.2 Data analysis

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendation
  • References
  • Questionnaire

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

The strength of any educational system largely depends upon the study of its teachers, it is a teacher who helps to transform an individual into a person of imagination, wisdom, human love and enlightenment, and institutions into lamppost of posterity and the country into a learning society. The national policy on Education 1990 has rightly remarked; “the status of the teacher reflects the socio-cultural ethos of a society”. It is in this context that today a teacher occupies a unique and significant place in any society. It is observed that, with the expansion of schools over the fears in terms of number of secondary school, universities, and colleges and the students’ strength, its quality and standard have fallen. This issue has engaged the attention of educationists for several years and various committees and commissions have suggest measures for improving the quality of education.

The Rad- hakrishnan commission in 1991, kothari commission in 1984 1990, the National Commission of teachers in higher education, the policy on Education 1990 and the review committee of the NPE 1991, expressed their concern over the deterioration of the standards of education and recommended several steps for bringing about improvement in the quality of education at every stage among all the factors responsible for the deteriorating standards of Education. The “teacher” has been identified as the key factor. His characteristics, qualifications, his attitude towards the profession, his competency, his professional skills, his capacity for leadership and motivation to work affect the quality of education. The modern society very badly needs teachers who are not only knowledgeable but also highly motivated and committed to their profession and sincere in their efforts for doing well the society. Teachers are evaluated according to what they are able to accomplish. If they see motivation as hindering their potential and achievement in their jobs. It often becomes difficult for them to remain and maintain a sense of purpose, goal and accomplishment at work. Camp bell and Printchard (1990), defined work motivation in terms of a set of independent/dependent variables, relationships that explains direction, aptitude, and persistence of an individual’s behaviour holding constant effects of aptitude, skill and understanding of the task and the constraints operating in the environment.

Steers –R, porter L (1991) defined work motivation as that which drives and sustains human behaviour in working life. Pinder (1998) described work motivation as a set of internal and external forces that initiates work related behaviour and determines its form, direction, intensity and duration. The not worthy feature of this description is that motivation is defined as an energizing force. It is what induces actions in employees and secondary, this force has an implication for the form, that is, what the employee is motivated to accomplish, direction, that is, low they will attempt to accomplish it, intensity, that is how hard they will attempt to accomplish and duration, when they will stop that behaviour. Work motivation is an action that stimulates the teachers to take a course of action, which will result in attainment of some goals or satisfaction of certain psychological needs of the students, and the forms this basis of this research work.


1.2 Statement of Research Problem

Nwadiani (1998), acknowledged that schools in Nigeria are fast decaying. The “rot” in the system ranges from shortage of all teaching and learning resources, expect students, to lack of effective leadership and proper motivation of teachers. Ozigi (1992) pointed out that teachers in Nigeria were unhappy, frustrated, uninspired and unmotivated. The school environment is dotted with dilapidated buildings equip with or without dated laboratory facilities and equipment. Teachers at times have to work under the most unsafe and unhealthy conditions. It is not unusual to find teachers and students interacting academically under collapsed school building. Likewise student are sometimes left with no option but to receive lessons under shades and open roofs while teachers make with the little available outdated materials at their disposal to teach. This has no doubt, translated into teachers low morale which in turn translated into students poor performance in external and internal examinations, their involvement into examination malpractice, cultism and other negative dispositions (vices).

The whole education system is a tale of woe. For example, in some states, teachers are owed salaries which run into months. Yet every parents want his child or children to acquired education and skill through teachers but apparently none seem to worry whether teachers can cater for their families educate their children, settle health bills and contribute meaningfully to community development.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The purpose of the study was to examine the impact of motivating teachers on the academic performance of the students; specifically the study will investigate.

  1. To find out how dilapidated school resources and facilities discourage teachers efficiency.
  2. To find out how school management and government motivate teachers to carry out their jobs as expected.
  3. To determine the inadequate teachers motivation contribute to students’ examination malpractice.
  4. To identity Parents role in motivating teachers to bring out the best in their children.

1.4 Research Hypotheses

The study developed the following hypotheses to guide the findings of the study:

  1. H0: Poor school infrastructure does not motivate the teachers to deliver effectively.
    H1: Poor school infrastructure motivates the teachers to deliver effectively.
  2. H0: Teachers’ poor motivation does not affect the academic performance of students.
    H1: Teachers’ poor motivation affects the academic performance of students.

1.5 Significance of the Study

This study is significant in many respect as it will contribute immensely in enabling the teachers to stay focused and committed to their profession. It will help to unlock the teachers’ potentials and the expected achievement in their job. The study in effect will also enable the school management and government to see the importance of motivating, encouraging and inspiring teachers. So that they can discharge their duties with real and efficiency in order to produce sound and qualitative students and graduates.


1.6 Scope of the Study

Due to the impossibility of covering the whole schools in Enugu state the researchers in effect were limited to three selected secondary school in Nkanu West Local Government Area.


1.7 Definition of terms

Teachers:

A person who teaches, especially in a school

Motivation:

Motivation is the reason for people’s actions, desires and needs. Motivation is also one’s direction to behavior, or what causes a person to want to repeat a behavior.

Students:

A student is primarily a person enrolled in a school or other educational institution who attends classes in a course to attain the appropriate level of mastery of a subject under the guidance of an instructor and who devotes time outside class to do whatever activities the instructor assigns that are necessary either for class preparation or to submit evidence of progress towards that mastery.


1.8 Organization of the study

The study is divided into five chapters. Chapter one deals with the study’s introduction and gives a background to the study. Chapter two reviews related and relevant literature. The chapter three gives the research methodology while the chapter four gives the study’s analysis and interpretation of data. The study concludes with chapter five which deals on the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion And Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to reiterate that the objective of this study was to examine the impact of motivation of teachers on students’ academic performance.

In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in supporting the view that motivation of teachers go a long way in affecting the academic performance of students.


5.2 Summary

The study opened with chapter one which dealt on the motivation of taechers and the need for them to be motivated. The study continued with a literature review. Taking into account what other authors and researchers has done about the subject of discussion. The chapter three deals with the research methodology describing the method of analysis and the method of data collection. Chapter four deals with the presentation of data and its analysis and also gave its findings.


5.3 Conclusion

The student inferred to the conclusion based on the research conducted above and the respondents ‘repercussion of the questionnaire supplied, that motivation indeed has a momentous effect on students’ academic performance. From the data analysis presented above we can clearly come to the decision that the factors taken into account during the survey (Extrinsic factors, Job enrichment and performance appraisal, Relationships and job security, Authority in decision making, Growth opportunity etc.),pragmatically dominates teachers’ will to perform and achieve goals of the respective organization. The factors considered under Extrinsic motivation are salary, monetary incentives and compensation package; the factors considered under Job enrichment and performance appraisal are work environment, responsibility, promotion and recognition and appreciation for work done; the factors considered under Relationships and security are relationship with superiors, peers and job security; Moreover, Authority to make decisions, Growth opportunity and future prospects were also taken into account. The result evidently represented the tangible sorting of how motivation is responsible for upliftment of employee performance. From what the researchers found it can easily be stated that the connection between motivation and performance is quite natural if not obvious. When the teachersget some extra drive and exertion, it is bound to ameliorate students’ academic performance.


5.4 Recommendation

The results obtained from this research can certainly be used very effectively to improve the present scenario of motivation in different sectors of our country. It will help to establish a more firm grip on teachers’ behavior and psychology. Motivating teachers is a delicate and purposeful challenge that requires more than an annual review or jotting a few notes in someone’s personnel file. The following can be suggested on the basis of the research and survey conducted above

  1. Teachers’ motivation programme should be review at least bi-annually.
  2. The promises made to teachers as concerning their motivational packages should be redeemed.
  3. The teachers’ motivation package should be reasonable enough to keep the teachers’ mind at rest to affect the academic performance of the students.
  4. The teachers’ motivation should come timely .

The Impact Of Motivation Of Teachers On Student Academic Performance


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