The Impact Of Modern Material Handling Equipment On Productivity

Project and Seminar Material for Purchasing and Supply PS

The Impact Of Modern Material Handling Equipment On Productivity


Abstract


This project should be seen in a glare gradually by appreciating the impact of modern materials handling equipment on productivity. It has been chosen in order to bring into focus the explicit importance of materials handling in any business environment and contribution, it make to organization profitability.

The effectively movements of materials is being seen as a business in its own right materials handling is a feature of most modern industries although it has for many years been explore areas.

In recent times, this has been many changes and which continues to change. Now equipment and machine are appearing on the market and most industries now operate complex system for efficient movement.

This research project is desired to open up some of the basic elements and aspects of the subject. It is also an attempt to relate materials handling equipment employed to operate to the reset of the organization.

The essence of this project is to put together in one thought as many of all facts of materials handling equipment on productivity and its management as possible.


Table Of Contents


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title
  • Approval
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of Problem
  • 1.3 Objectives of Study
  • 1.4 Significance of the Study
  • 1.5 Scope the Study
  • 1.6 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.7 Definitions of Terms

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Stages of Material Handling
  • 2.2 Basic Consideration in Handling Materials
  • 2.3 Importance of Materials Handling
  • 2.4 Efficiency in Materials Handling
  • 2.5 Types of Materials Handling Equipment
  • 2.6 Rules for Materials Handling

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Design and Methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Research Design
  • 3.3 Sources of Data
  • 3.4 Population and Sample Size
  • 3.5 Sample Techniques
  • 3.6 Data Analysis Techniques

Chapter Four

4.0 Data Presentation, Analysis and Interpretation

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Data Presentation
  • 4.3 Analysis of Data
  • 4.4 Interpretation of Data

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary, Recommendation and Conclusion

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendations
  • References
  • Appendix
  • Questionnaire

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

The flow of materials and finished goods is being seen as a business in its rights. It is also seen as the means of minimizing the market.

As development in material handling progresses, companies are engaged in sophisticated methods of material handling for storage and distribution.

It has been noted that manufacturers spends thousands of money on stores, warehouse and production areas. These raw materials are such as maize, corn, sorghum, semi-manufactured materials and finished products, parts and finished goods through the production chain comes increasingly under a total materials management philosophy simultaneously, which are major changes.

Most organizations maintain some handling equipment that are varying in size, complexity and ranging from simple wheelbarrows to forklifts, cranes to computerized and integrate handling system.


1.1 Background Of The Study

It is not an overstatement to say that materials handling has an important role in the effective performance of operational activities of material oriented company or service company even government establishment. As the recognition is so accordance the functions in materials oriented companies that are becoming even more popular in the materials handling such as Government establishment.

Materials as it sound is money and these materials should properly handled and if these materials are not properly handled and adequate care must be taken.

The intended need for which they were purchased would be defeated which in long will affect the operations of any establishment. Material handling is paramount not only in the storehouse and warehouse but throughout the production process and it is responsible for materials from the moment a product is conceived.

Customers order is received until the moment the material reaches production shop floor and there again; from the time, the finished leaves the production pipeline and is delivered to the ultimate consumer. It therefore covers an activity that goes in the storage place, i.e. warehouse or at the construction site of project where materials and equipment are pickup and moved. This equally applied to raw materials and suppliers in the process, inventories, maintenance, repair and operations materials and equipment and finished goods.

According to the British institute of material handling, he said that materials handling could be sub-divided into two separate but closely interlinked disciplines – material handling management and materials handling technology and engineering. The former is applied to system covering such matters as productions manage and control by storage and distribution.

The second applies to the technological aspects for example, technical and mechanical means of handling and movement of the commodity be it either in solid, liquid or gaseous form.

It has been variously estimated that about 20 – 50% of the labour cost and 40 – 60% of the distribution cost are associated and storage industries, today, are using many types of materials handling equipment on productivity.
Therefore, it is not uncommon that a great deal of time and energy as well as money is spent in studying the material handling problems, in other to find out suitable techniques. As a result, combinations of materials handling equipment on productivity are extensively used since every operation involves picking up, moving, lowering and sorting of materials.

In modern mechanized industry, the design of plants and machinery depend on methods by which materials are supplied and moved away. A handling system organized on improved quality, reduces costs and increase materials productivity. However, the servicing of materials has grown faster due to competition, quick physical distribution and advertisement.

More and more companies are therefore, systematically, trying to cope with thus complex phenomenon of controlling and managing materials from original source through production and distribution so that the total cost of production and final distribution may be kept to the minimum.


1.2 Statement Of Problem

The problem of material handling equipment on productivity is complexity of the manufacturing process. This has been an age long problem. The layout of the building in which the system is installed is to be examined as well as the maximum leads carried.

Another problem is that of designing an organization structure suitable for the materials handling equipment. This difference is simply because each industry is somewhat unique in terms of its specific problem. Consequently, some industries do not include all of the materials handling equipment on productivity in the material handling department.

Lack of coordination is another problem of materials handling equipment in which this project work is based include.

  1. The determination of materials handling equipment needed
  2. The problem of cost reduction, which involves the design, manufacture, installation, commissioning and servicing of the material handling equipment.
  3. The problem of determining production process accordingly.
  4. The problem of moving materials between different point or destination of delivery or storage or use or delivery to customers.

1.3 Objectives Of Study

The objective of study is to prove that materials handling equipment is highly profitable in productivity and it also has the following objectives.

  1. It analyzes the extent to which the manufacturing firms have succeeded in keeping the cost of products low.
  2. It also recommends measures for effective material handling in productivity.
  3. It also evaluates the impact of materials amendment in productivity.
  4. It also examines the effect of good, materials handling in the production.

1.4 Significance Of The Study

The study will be beneficial to a number of stakeholders in the productivity process who have the opportunity to assessing the extent in which they have performed their materials handling roles.

Potential investors/entrepreneurs will also find this study as a useful guide in the business endeavours.


1.5 Scope The Study

This research work will be restricted to the impact of materials handling in productivity. It covers such areas the role of a purchasing manager, storage (warehouse), distribution, buying or procurement as well as expediting and distribution of finished goods. Hence, the scope of this research work is restricted to productivity.


1.6 Limitation Of The Study

1. Time:

A study of this nature needs a relatively long time duration which information for accurate references could be drawn but if the period of the study is short, then the time pose as a constraints to the researcher.

2. Cost:

The researcher would extend the survey to other areas at the empirical level but limitation to here includes cost of transportation to source for materials and the cost of typesetting the complete work.

3. Attitude:

Since questionnaire method of data collection is relied upon a major source of data collection and in view of an average Nigeria negative attitude towards questionnaire matters, the ills of this method constitute serious limitations of the study.


1.7 Definitions Of Terms

This research has a definition terms which differential different terms into meaning.

1. Modern materials handling equipment:

Confederacy of traditional materials activities bound by a common idea.

2. Materials:

Commodities used directly or intently in producing a products or services.

3. Productivity:

Driving down the cost of doing the job of materials handling.

4. Warehouse:

The management of materials whole that are in storage.

5. Crane:

A crane is power driver and it can be operated independently without movement of the chassis.


Chapter Five


5.0 Summary, Conclusion And Recommendations

This chapter was fashioned to bring summary of the finding and conclusion to the project, recommendations will also be made thereafter.

The study attempts to examine the impact which modern material handling equipment has on productivity.


5.2 Summary Of Findings

The researcher would like to summarize by emphasizing on the impact of materials handling on productivity, which concerned itself with effective management of materials and handling equipment.

The modern automated technology that is now available with its other sophisticated equipment can help materials handling manager to handle complex movement of materials efficiently, thus, the efficiency of purchasing in controlling reducing cost of bought out is as important to the control of product cost as it is the operation.


5.3 Conclusion

The materials handling functions are not regarded as a major function in some industries and as such, are not accorded the recognition that they require. On the other hand, industries that organized materials handling functions saved some money as a result of efficient handling method employed in the raw-materials and other finished product by the handling staff.

The researcher wished to submit that only a well thorough and properly programmed material handling activities of industries would help make profit with reduced costs. Efforts were made during the finding to look into the problems of determining the materials handling equipment needed for industry the problem cost reduction by engaging in efficient purchasing of equipment, the handling method and scheduling the manufacturing process accordingly.


5.4 Recommendation

Efficient material handling activities call for a systematic approach to materials handling methods aimed at achieving adequate practical day-to-day activities connected with unloading and distribution of materials.
After critical surveying the activities and problems of materials handling functions in industries, the researcher decided to make the following recommendations:

  1. Supervisory stage of the Nigerian Institute of Purchasing and Supply Management (NIPSM).
  2. ND in Purchasing and Supply obtained from any of the accredited institutions and they should possess some years of experience in a related job.
  3. Due to the importance of material handling in relation to the operation of these organizations, there is need for these organizations to computerize materials handling system in a good condition for better service and to avoid accident in the service.

The Impact Of Modern Material Handling Equipment On Productivity


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