Impact Of Manpower Planning On Organisational Development

Project and Seminar Material for Business Administration and Management BAM

Impact Of Manpower Planning On Organisational Development


Abstract


Organisations tends to be hierarchical with a finite number of levels (ranks). Humans are considered as the most crucial, volatile and potentially unpredictable resource which an organization utilizes. If an organization fails to place and direct human resources in the right areas of the business, at the right time, and at the right cost, serious inefficiencies are likely to occur creating considerable operational difficulties or even business failure.

The situation is more crucial in Nigeria, where there is scarcity of qualified manpower to fill existing positions. Manpower planning is very compelling to effectively and efficiently utilize whatever personnel that is available.

In this research work, manpower is viewed as a vehicle for organisational development. This Project work identify the impact of manpower planning on organizational development, it identified the challenges faced by organizations in Nigeria in deploying a proper manpower planning, and suggested solutions would be recommended.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Historical Background Of The Study

In the early 1970s many companies were planning significant expansion. During this period such companies were quick to realise that the key to success was an adequate supply of appropriately skilled people. This led to the emergence of human resource planning as a personnel management tool. Manpower planning is the process of ensuring that the correct number of human resources are available at the right time at the right place. Companies attempt to forecast their human resource requirements for the medium, to long term. In order to do that they need appropriate analytical tools. Much effort was devoted to developing tools and techniques to assist managers with their planning. Many of these were based on the theory of stochastic processes and more specifically the concept of Markov chains [Bowel, 1974].

In large organisations the flow of individuals between the various ranks is a task which requires careful and detailed monitoring. Over a number of years patterns of behaviour may emerge and in many cases the role of manpower planning is to build a picture of such resource flows. In a stable environment where the features and characteristics of product and labour markets are expected to evolve in a predictable and orderly fashion, a model of long-term patterns of employment within the organisation would emerge. This would show the expected number of retirements, the expected turnover of staff, within departments and the average number of staff which leave for involuntary reasons. This can give a broad and rather basic picture of staff turnover. Hence it can also be used to provide valuable information on timings and rates for replenishing staff. To sum up, to maintain stable levels of employees over time management, required data on where, when and how many employees need to be recruited.


1.2 Introduction

One of the major problems confronting the Nigerian nation is lack of effective management. It is not less stating the fact, if we say we lack effective management of the Nigerian economy because we fail to develop our management manpower. Quite a number of people are put in responsible management positions with little or no formal or even management education, even at the rudimentary level Umoru-Onuka (2001a) placed emphasis on the need to give adequate management education to those who are either put in management positions or who aspire to become managers. Invariably, therefore, the need for well-educated management personnel, in an era of globalisation hardly needs being emphasized, unless the economy wants to remain perpetually underdeveloped. It is also noteworthy that management, according to Umoru-Onuka (2001b), is largely a communicative profession and is to very large extent information based.

Organisations tend to be hierarchical with a finite number of levels (ranks). Humans are considered as the most crucial, volatile and potentially unpredictable resource which an organisation utilises. If an organisation fails to place and direct human resources in the right areas of the business, at the right time, and at the right cost, serious inefficiencies are likely to occur creating considerable operational difficulties or even business failure.

The situation is more crucial in Nigeria, where there is scarcity of qualified manpower to fill existing positions. Manpower planning is very compelling to effectively and efficiently utilize whatever personnel that is available. It is mainly in this way that people in the organization who need more training could be identified to upgrade their skill in order to assume more responsible position. It would also aid the organization to start very early to seek and find capable hands to replace those about to retire to cushion the effect of their departure from the establishment.

This Project work intend to identify the impact of manpower planning on organizational development, this would require identifying the challenges faced by organizations in Nigeria in deploying a proper manpower planning, and suggested solutions would be recommended.


1.3 Statements Of Problem

The problems associated with this study in no doubt constitutes major hindrance on effective manpower utilization in Nigeria. These problems includes the followings;

Poor Reward System:

In Nigeria, youths are usually underpaid for their skills becausethere is excess supply of labour in the labour market. If employees are not adequately rewarded for their jobs, it will serve as disincentive to work and development.

Population Growth:

The paucity and unreliability of the demographic statistics of developing countries like Nigeria is well-known. However, although population data has been insufficiently accurate for planning purposes, the concept and measures of population change used by demographers in the developing countries are logically sound. In each case a special situation can be created which determines the manpower structure of this country .

Surplus and Shortage of Manpower:

It may be mistakenly thought that Nigeria as anover-populated country must have abundance of labour. But unfortunately Nigeria manpower planner does not make provision for educating the active population leading to abundance of unskilled workers which could be interpreted as shortage of semi-skilled or skilled workers, or both.

Urbanization Crisis:

This is as a result of rural-urban migration and natural population increase. In Nigeria, rural-urban immigration is high because government developmental policies do not give room for even development across the country.

Corruption:

High level of corruption in the country has been a detriment to manpower development. The younger generations are no longer interested in human capacity building. There is “get rich quickly” syndrome among the youths which inhibits skill development; rather, youths prefer to engage in politics where there will be free access to public funds.

Colonial Experience:

There have been several arguments regarding the distortions in manpower development of national growth in Nigeria as a result of colonialism which was fashioned towards economic exploitation. As a result, this problem account for a lack of adequate attention given to labour as a critical part of the production process in Nigeria.

Poor Political Leadership:

Closely related to the problem of colonial experience as a problem of colonial experience in Nigeria is a poor political leadership which is further deepening the problem of manpower development in Nigeria. This factor has manifested itself in poor funding of education over the years, disparity or class in manpower development between the rich and the poor.


1.4 Research Objectives

Manpower planning does not only analyses the current human resources but also makes manpower forecasts and thereby draw employment programmes.

The objective of this project work is to find out if;

  1. Manpower planning has effect on growth and diversification of businesses in organization
  2. Recruitment and selection programmes in Dangote Sugar Refinery Plc. are truly based on manpower planning.
  3. Manpower planning helps to reduce the labour cost.
  4. Manpower management helps to identify shortages and surpluses
  5. Manpower Planning helps to identify the available talents in a concern and to develop those talents.

1.5 Research Questions:

Research questions are those interrogative statements that arise often from the course of study or alternatively they can be defined as research objectives stated in interrogative form. Research questions are meant to generate possible answers to different aspects of the research problem and they should be clearly stated such that they act as guides in identification, collection and analysis of relevant data. In order to achieve the purpose of this research study, the study will attempt to provide answers to the following research questions.

  1. Does manpower management enhance the growth and development of organizations?
  2. Does manpower management reduces labour cost of an organization?
  3. What are the strengths and weaknesses of organizations to meeting manpower planning in Nigeria?
  4. How could overstaffing and understaffing be mitigated.

1.6 Research Hypotheses

Hypothesis is a tentative answer to a research question. It is a conjectural statement about the relationships that exist between two or more variables which needs to be tested empirically before they can be accepted or rejected. In a research work, hypotheses are never proved or disproved, they are either supported (i.e. accepted) or rejected. To provide answer to the research questions arising from this study, the following hypotheses are postulated.

Hypothesis One
  • Ho: Manpower planning has no significant effect on the growth and development of organization
  • H1: Manpower planning has significant effect on the growth and development of organization
Hypothesis Two
  • Ho: There is no relationship between labour cost of an organization and Manpower planning.
  • H1: There is relationship between labour cost of an organization and Manpower planning.

1.7 Model Specification

Human resource planning has generated a lot of interests among scholars and personnel management practitioners to the extent that there are many models of manpower planning available today. Some of these models are complex and sophisticated while some are at the same time simple to comprehend.

Determining manpower needs involve complete manpower inventory which will eventually show areas of surplus or shortage within the organization. It is just a form of stock-taking exercise by the personnel department in order to determine the preset and future manpower requirements of the organization. A number of methods can be adopted in an attempt to determine the current position of human resources in an organization. This can be done by age, skill levels or group and by managerial potential.


1.8 Significance Of The Study

This research study is aimed at critically and carefully making a consideration of the impact of manpower planning on the growth and development of organizations such as Dangote Sugar Refinery Plc., hence considering the extent to which its effect and purpose, importance and functions can influence and contribute to the company. The significance of this study includes;

  1. Manpower planning is a Key to managerial functions i.e., planning, organizing, directing and controlling which help human resources in the implementation of all these managerial activities.
  2. Manpower planning provides Efficient management of personnels. Setting of large scale enterprises require management of large scale manpower.
  3. With proper Manpower planning the best out of staff could be derived when motivated, and by so doing right men would be placed on right job, but it also comprises of motivational programmes, i.e., incentive plans to be framed for further participation and employment of employees in a concern. Therefore, all types of incentive plans becomes an integral part of staffing function.
  4. Manpower planning provides for a better human relations- A concern can stabilize itself if human relations develop and are strong. Human relations become strong trough effective control, clear communication, effective supervision and leadership in a concern. Staffing function also looks after training and development of the work force which leads to co-operation and better human relations.
  5. Manpower planning increases productivity level of organization when resources are utilized in best possible manner. higher productivity is a result of minimum wastage of time, money, efforts and energies. This is possible through the staffing and it’s related activities (Performance appraisal, training and development, remuneration)

1.9 Scope / Limitation Of Study

The major scope of this study is to evaluate the impact of manpower planning on organization development with specific reference to Dangote Sugar Refinery Plc. Effort are made to investigate problems and factors planning. The study focus on the appropriate method to be adopted in an attempt to determine the current position of human resource, assess the effect of losses on good labour. The study would be limited by the influence of environment and variables and resistance by trade union, employers and employees on manpower planning. Both environmental factor and resistance by trade union will constitute an important aspect for future research.


1.10 Methods Of Data Collection

Research methodology deals with the procedure used by the researcher to conduct the study. It contains the different activities performed and methods employed by the researcher in the study. For the purpose of collecting necessary data for this research work, primary and secondary data collection method will be used. The primary data collection method will be through the following:

  1. Structured questionnaire
  2. Personal unstructured interview
  3. Observation

The secondary data will be collected from reports and documents from the company. Also, reports outside the company and from library and desk research literatures will be used.

In this study, descriptive method will be used to analyze data and also in resting hypothesis, chi-square (X2) will be employed. Findings from this research study will be discussed in the light of the research problem hypothesis, purpose research questions, literatures of the research and other relevant issues conclusions will be drawn and recommendations and suggestions also will be made.


1.11 Organisation Of The Study

In this project work, manpower planning is viewed as a vehicle for national development that enables the Nigerian nation to meet up with the rest of the world in the context of globalization. The project would defines planning, management and management manpower education. It therefore, posits that the effective use of management planning cannot be downplayed. The project will reports an assessment of human resources department of Dangote Sugar Refinery Plc through a structured questionnaire, and interview. The data garnered will be analysed and adequate recommendation would suggested.


1.12 Contributions To Knowledge

The major contribution of this research study is to assist in understanding the pivotal role of manpower planning in organizations.

It will also contribute by proffering some recommendations which will help organizations in implementing effective manpower planning.

Finally, this research work will be a vital reference material for scholars and researchers who want to carry out research on this subject matter.


Impact Of Manpower Planning On Organisational Development


Project Material Download

3,000 Naira


The complete material will be sent to you in just 2 steps.

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make payment of ₦3,000: through USSD Transfer, Bank Mobile App, ATM Transfer, or POS Transfer to:

Access Bank PlcAccount No.: 0811003731
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current

Or Click Here to pay with Debit Card

FOR CLIENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA:
Click Here to pay with Debit Card ($15)
GHANA – Make Payment of 60 GHS to MTN MoMo, 0553978005, Douglas Osabutey 

  PAY WITH CRYPTOCURRENCY


Step Two Purchase

Send the following details through Text Message or WhatsApp Messenger | +234-8143831497

  • Payment Details 
  • Email Address 
  • Impact Of Manpower Planning On Organisational Development

The complete material will be sent to your email address after receiving your payment information | T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


You may also like:

⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search



Get A Complete Business Plan For Any Business In Nigeria

Business Plan for Businesses in Nigeria

  Business Plans in Nigeria


Impact Of Manpower Planning On Organisational Development


Disclaimer

This research material “Impact Of Manpower Planning On Organisational Development” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as samphina.com.ng will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”.

samphina.com.ng is only providing this material “Impact Of Manpower Planning On Organisational Development” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.


How to defend your research work


This is a general guide on how to defend your research work:

1. Prepare For Questions:

If you are preparing for questions that may be asked during your defense, then your answers will flow smoothly and effectively. This will prove your knowledge on the subject e.g “Impact Of Manpower Planning On Organisational Development“, and strengthening your argument. Ask friends and family, read your work for them to listen to your presentation, and write down questions. You may be lucky the panel will ask you those you have already prepared on.

2. Strong Summary:

Summarizing your chapters will help keep your audience focused because it is easy for a mind to drift, so providing summaries will ensure your panel will follow along, even if they lose focus for a brief moment. Visual aides, such as graphs and power-point presentations can be very helpful. If you are going to use these, make sure you will practice your presentation with them.

3. Be Confident in Your Research Work:

Not knowing your topic “Impact Of Manpower Planning On Organisational Development” inside out will cause you to struggle and ultimately fail with your defense. You need to know the subject from every angle to ensure you are fully prepared for any question that may come your way.

4. Conclusion:

Reinforce your findings to conclude your defense. The finale of your presentation should focus on proving the work that has been done. You may need to recap on what has changed and remained unchanged, if is necessary.

5 . Listen:

Before you get defensive or recite a particular answer, make sure you truly understand the question being asked. Being a good listener is an important quality, because providing an inaccurate or off-topic answer will also weaken the validity of your paper.


Frequently Asked Questions


Is manpower planning a vehicle for Organisational Development?

In this research work, manpower is viewed as a vehicle for organisational development. This Project work identify the impact of manpower planning on organizational development, it identified the challenges faced by organizations in Nigeria in deploying a proper manpower planning, and suggested solutions would be recommended.

What is the impact of lack of Manpower Development on organization?

Without deviate training the employee morale and organizational productivity while drop employee skill and innovative ability decline and hence the whole organization suffers some organization do handle manpower development with lackadaisical and incident care attitude.

Why emphasis is placed on manpower development in every organization?

Emphasis is placed on manpower development in every organization because of the improvement in the level of productivity that accompanies it. Thus any organization that does not place emphasis on the development of its manpower is encouraging failure.

What are the objectives of the Manpower Development Policy Study?

The main objective of the study is to examine the manpower development policy in federal capital Development Authority as it affects the staff performance and retention specific objective include To ascertain the staff training policies and programmers in the organization

What is Manpower Planning?

Manpower planning is very compelling to effectively and efficiently utilize whatever personnel that is available. In this research work, manpower is viewed as a vehicle for organisational development.

Is manpower planning focused too much on forecasting?

Manpower planning has in the past relied too much on the forecasting of manpower requirements in an organization or a society. It should be more concerned with gaining a better understandi… Manpower planning and development in an organization – Fyfe – 1988 – Public Administration and Development – Wiley Online Library

Who should be involved in the formulation of manpower policy?

Employees should be involved in the formulation of manpower policy objectives. Manpower planning involves a ‘stocktaking’ of the workforce and its skills; forecasting the future demand and supply of skills; and diagnostic approach so that adjustments can be made to meet organizational and/or country objectives.

How to determine manpower needs?

Determining manpower needs involve complete manpower inventory which will eventually show areas of surplus or shortage within the organization. It is just a form of stock-taking exercise by the personnel department in order to determine the preset and future manpower requirements of the organization.

Why Manpower Planning is important in an organization?

It was found that manpower planning is very important in an organization by making positive impact on employee’s performance and contributing to the growth and development in an organization. The research equally found that employees are motivated to perform better.

Why emphasis is placed on manpower development in every organization?

Emphasis is placed on manpower development in every organization because of the improvement in the level of productivity that accompanies it. Thus any organization that does not place emphasis on the development of its manpower is encouraging failure.

What is the importance of manpower awareness in the public sector?

It will also help the government and organization in policy making on manpower planning on productivity of employees. Truly the awareness of this work is to create and stimulate productivity of employees in public sector.

What are the objectives of the Manpower Development Policy Study?

The main objective of the study is to examine the manpower development policy in federal capital Development Authority as it affects the staff performance and retention specific objective include To ascertain the staff training policies and programmers in the organization

What is the objective of Manpower Development?

Manpower development objective: Can be defined as those results that the training hopes to achieve. Effective training and development policy and programs implied the achievement of the purpose to which the training policy or programs in this work is effective if it is consonance with the needs of the individual staff and the organization a whole.

What is the importance of Manpower Planning in HRM?

Manpower planning is counted as the most important function of the human resource management of the organization. It helps in managing the maintenance of the business goodwill by providing value to the man, material, machine and money.

What is the impact of lack of Manpower Development on organization?

Without deviate training the employee morale and organizational productivity while drop employee skill and innovative ability decline and hence the whole organization suffers some organization do handle manpower development with lackadaisical and incident care attitude.

What is the meaning of manpower?

Manpower: this implied the total number of pensionable employee of federal capital Development authority. Manpower development: an extensive definition of this concept has been done in chapter two (literature review) of this work.

What are the objectives of Manpower Development?

The basic objectives of any manpower development programme are two-fold. First, it provides a plan to strengthen the present effective­ness of management personnel within the company, and, secondly, it assists in meeting their long-term management needs.

What is Manpower Planning in macro-level?

Manpower Planning at Macro-Level (National Level): Manpower planning is done on the national level as a part of the planning for overall economic development. The objective behind this is to provide more and more opportunities of employment, while utilizing the human resources of the nation most efficiently.

How can manpower planning help in recruitment and selection?

Right person can be placed at the right job and at right time through manpower planning. Because future need can be predicted by manpower planning. Therefore, effective recruitment and selection can be achieved so that no need to spend much amount on the training and labour turnover can be reduced.

Why is manpower planning a two-phased process?

Manpower Planning is a two-phased process because manpower planning not only analyses the current human resources but also makes manpower forecasts and thereby draw employment programmes. Manpower Planning is advantageous to firm in following manner: 1. Shortages and surpluses can be identified so that quick action can be taken wherever required. 

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.