Impact Of Managerial Techniques On The Growth And Development Of An Organization

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Impact Of Managerial Techniques On The Growth And Development Of An Organization


Abstract


This study was carried out on the impact of managerial techniques on the growth and development of an organization using Nigeria Breweries Plc. Lagos State as case study. To achieve this 3 research objectives were formulated. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprise of all the administrative staff of Nigeria Breweries Plc. Lagos State. In determining the sample size, the researcher purposively selected 63 respondents while 50 respondents were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables and percentage. The result of the findings reveals that; there is a significant relationship between managerial techniques and organizational development. Which implies that the growth and development of an organization is dependent on the effect implementation of managerial techniques; Team building, Quality circles, Process consultation, ,Sensitivity Training and Brain Storming are the identified managerial techniques required by managers to ensure the development of an organization; Material Element, Financial Element, Human Element, and Information Element are the organizational elements which must be brought to play for effective accomplishment of organizational developmental goals by managers.The paper recommends that organizational managers should not prohibit to make optimum use of these organizational element in the pursuit of achieving organizational development. More so, managers in an organization should understand that no man is an Island of knowledge, so therefore it is recommended that managers should attend and enroll more on periodic training and seminars that will enlighten and update them on the measures to put in place so as to enhance the implementation and efficiency of notable skills and techniques for the development and growth or an organization.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

An organization can only survive in today’s dynamic and competing business environment by being able to achieve their goals. Each level of organizational activity has its goals which will culminate into one global or overall organizational goal. To be able to coordinate all these activities it is the manager who act as a “link” between each level of organizational activity and the external groups or bodies to achieve expected results. It is good managers at every level that can make the organization prosper and grow, without a good manager such an organization would just die a natural death (fold up or lose down indefinitely).

By this many renowned management writers have recognized the need for a manager in an organization and that is why Joseph Schum Peter term “managers” as the engine growth while Peter Drucker consider management as “the life giving organ of the enterprises body”.

The growth of an organization faces many strategies of evolution through the phases of problems: who is going to lead the organization out of confusion and solve the management problems confronting the organization? The manager who can be able to pull and put the organization together must have the basic managerial techniques. It is this that organization depends on and the managerial talents which will carry out the four managerial functions without which the goal of such an organization cannot be attained.

Organizations are guided and directed by the decisions of persons who are designated managers. These involve the process of getting activities of the organization done through and with people by designing and maintaining an environment conducive for people working together to do so on a cooperative manner. By so doing, managers can utilize the four organization’s elements such as material, financial, human and information, to effectively and efficiently accomplish the overall goals of the organizations.

Also, managers are seen as an initiator of change, an organizer of economic venture or promoter of activity of some sort. He constantly envisions new ideas, new opportunities and new methods to adopt to suit the prevailing conditions in order to enhance performance. He is the activator of a change to involve new products, new plants, improvement upon existing product, etc, – all in an effort to improve performance. The decisional roles are very significant in the performance of a manager’s daily activities. Every step a manager takes involves decision making. For the organization to attain its goals, the manager has the responsibility of making sure that his decisional roles are carried out in a manner that these roles enhance the performance of the workforce and aid in achieving the goals of the organization.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

This study intends to examine the impact of managerial techniques on the growth and development of an organization. Hence, what managers need to do is to acquire training programmes and seminars which will positively make them attained the organizational goal. A critical examination of the questions below will aid the researcher in assessing the impact of managerial techniques on the growth and development of an organization.


1.3 Objective of the Study

This study will examine the impact of managerial techniques on the growth of an organization. To achieve this, the following specific objectives emerged;

  1. Examine the correlation between managerial techniques and organizational development.
  2. Identify the managerial skills necessary for organizational growth and development.
  3. Identify the organizational elements managers must utilize for effective accomplishment of organizational developmental goals.

1.4 Research Question

The following organized questions guild this study;

  1. Is there any significant relationship between managerial techniques and organizational development?
  2. What are the managerial skills required by managers to ensure organizational growth and development?
  3. What are the organizational elements which must be brought to play for effective accomplishment of organizational developmental goals?

1.5 Significance of the Study

This study will add more knowledge to an existing body of literature on the concept of management techniques and organizational development. The study will shed more light on the relationship between managerial techniques and organizational development. The outcome of the study will be useful to the scholars, academicians and researchers invalidating previous research facilitating theory building in the area of managerial skills (techniques) and organizational development. This will also be a source of reference material for future studies to those who undertake research study in similar topic. The findings from this study may further be used by policy makers in an organization to design policies that promote responsible and effective managerial skills for the grow of an organization.


1.6 Scope of the Study

This study in an attempt to evaluate the impact of managerial techniques on the growth and development of an organization, further examines the correlation between managerial techniques and organizational development; Identifies the managerial skills necessary for organizational growth and development and Identifies the organizational elements managers must utilize for effective accomplishment of organizational developmental goals. Hence this study is delimited to Nigeria Breweries PLC, Lagos state.


1.8 Limitation of Study

Financial Constraint

Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time Constraint

The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.

However in the midst above mentioned limitation the researcher devotedly ensured that the purpose of the study was actualized.


1.8 Definition of Terms

Manager:

A person responsible for controlling or administering an organization or group of staff.

Management:

This is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a non-profit organization, or government body.

Management includes the activities of setting the strategy of an organization and coordinating the efforts of its employees (or of volunteers) to accomplish its objectives through the application of available resources, such as financial, natural, technological, and human resources.

Techniques:

These are skills and strategies required for the effect accomplishment of organizational development.

Development:

This is the process of coming into existence of or making a progress in a particular area.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings into the impact of managerial techniques on the growth and development of an organization using Nigeria Breweries Plc. Lagos State as case study. Respondents for this study were obtained from social media users resident in the area of the study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was to investigate the impact of managerial techniques on the growth and development of an organization using Nigeria Breweries Plc. Lagos State as case study. The study specifically was aimed at examining the correlation between managerial techniques and organizational development; Identify the managerial skills necessary for organizational growth and development; Identify the organizational elements managers must utilize for effective accomplishment of organizational developmental goals.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 50 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are active staff of Nigeria Breweries Plc. Lagos State.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher made the following conclusion.

  1. There is a significant relationship between managerial techniques and organizational development. This implies that the growth and development of an organization is dependent on the effect implementation of managerial techniques.
  2. Team building, Quality circles, Process consultation, ,Sensitivity Training and Brain Storming are the identified managerial techniques required by managers to ensure the development of an organization.
  3. Material Element, Financial Element, Human Element, and Information Element are the organizational elements which must be brought to play for effective accomplishment of organizational developmental goals by managers.

5.3 Recommendations

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher recommended that organizational managers should not prohibit to make optimum use of these organizational element in the pursuit of achieving organizational development. More so, managers in an organization should understand that no man is an Island of knowledge, so therefore it is recommended that managers should attend and enroll more on periodic training and seminars that will enlighten and update them on the measures to put in place so as to enhance the implementation and efficiency of notable skills and techniques for the development and growth or an organization.


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