The Impact Of Local Government In The Society (A Case Study Of Ilaje Local Government Area)

Project and Seminar Material for Political Science

The Impact Of Local Government In The Society (A Case Study Of Ilaje Local Government Area)


Abstract


This research work was carried out with the view to investigate the impact of local government in the society using Ilaje Local Government Area as a case study.

The research work is divided into five chapters, chapter one works on the background of the study, the statement of the problem, objective of the study, scope of the study, purpose of the study, significance of the study, statement of hypothesis and definition of terms.

Chapter two centered on the literature review in order to provide future use with the knowledge and framework for understanding of the impact of local government in the society.

Chapter three looks at research methodology, i.e. method of data collection and analysis. The primary and secondary data were administered so as to have a successful and reliable research.

Chapter four deals with data presentation, analysis and interpretation while chapter five looks at the summary of findings, recommendation and conclusion.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

It has been observed that the way to have good and safe government is not to trust it all to one, but to divide it among many, distributing to every one exactly the function he is competent to. This is why local government as the third tier of government is very important.

In recent times, local governments in Nigeria have been assigned specific development roles by the constitution. But this should not be taken to suggest that in the past local governments did not contribute to economic development. For example, between 1955 and 1965, local governments were responsible for an average of 12% of total public expenditure in the country.

A local government may be defined as government at the local level established by law to perform specific function within defined areas. Local government is vested with substantial powers to take control over local affairs.

It is the integration agent, indeed, the tendon that joints the rural people, their problems, aspirations and progress, to the central government.

Local Government, “simply and precisely, is the government at the local level.” Put in another way, Local Government is a system of devolution of power to the local authority to provide services of a 1961 nature. It is an autonomous or independent body created by law and charged with the responsibility of administering and dealing with matters of local importance within the area defined by that law. Today however, the local government is constitutionally recognized as the third tier of government.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Local government authorities in Nigeria are faced with so many problems that make them incapable of carrying out their functions effectively.

However, there are problems that will be itemized later, some of which have been addressed by different administrations.

Prominent among them include the following:

  1. Can embezzlement or misappropriation of funds by the official of the rural people contribute to the development of the local government?
  2. Can the inflow of the rural people to the urban centers because of lack of social amenities bring about economic development in the local government?
  3. How to carry the rural dwellers along with the modern trends of the system of local government?
  4. How to ensure full utilization of resources available to the local government?
    This research has the above as the statement of the problem.

1.3 Research Questions

In order to achieve meaningful result from this research, the following research questions have been formulated as a guide to the research and shall be examined:

  1. Does the performance of Ilaje local government as one of the Local Government in Nigeria measure up to its legal responsibilities?
  2. Does weak financial base, limits the capacity of Ilaje local government area to meet its goal in development?
  3. Does morale among the staff of Ilaje local government area militates against the realization of its economic development responsibilities?

1.4 Objective of the Study

  1. To know the system Local Government in Nigeria within the context of Ilaje Local Government area.
  2. To improve the weak financial base which limits the capacity of Ilaje Local Government Area to meet its goals of development?
  3. To see how Ilaje Local Government Area has helped in economic development.

Since it is conviction of the Federal Military Government as emphasized in the guidelines for the Local Government, the objective of this study is also based on Federal Government Objectives.

The result of such an empirical research would place us in advantageous position to inquire whether the Local Government has achieved any significant level in its performance at the grassroots level of development. We will look into the problem hindering such goal attainment.


1.5 Significance of the Study

The significance of this research is for its outcome to throw more light on the system of Local Government and the problems facing Local Government within the context of Ilaje Local Government Area.

  1. To ascertain the usefulness of the performance and ascertain the solution to these problems. We also hope that the result will be of interest to policy makers on the country.
  2. They are also intended to be beneficial to the residents and indigence of Ilaje Local Government who are the target group of the development activities of the Local Government, who may be ignorant of the problems facing the Local Government.
  3. Finally, a critical and careful observation into this research work will further help disclose the factors responsible for a go slow in the performance in Ilaje Local Government and possible ways of tackling such problems.

1.6 Scope of the Study

The area to be covered by this research work is limited to Ilaje Local Government of Ondo State.

The research intends to critically examine the system of the Local Government in the area of its performance in development in the local area as well as Ondo State at large.


1.7 Limitation of the Study

During the conduct of this research work, some factors posed as constraints to the determined efforts of the research to carryout the research study to such a depth and in such a manner that it ought to have been carried out judging from its relevance to management, such factors include:

a. Management Restriction:

Management more often than now allow access to information that are considered very confidential in nature like detail information of organization of the organizational corporate profile. As a result of the restrictions the author was able to work with only the information that he has access to.

b. Time Constraint:

Time is also another factor tat acts as hindrances in carrying out this research study. This is as a result of the fact that other things were still being attended to in the course of carrying out this research work.

c. Financial Constraint:

Money also acts as a problem in the conduct of the research work. Traveling expenses were incurred in getting the materials for the research work. Also incurred, were expenses for the typing and distribution, building and a lot of other expenses.


1.8 Definition of Terms

It is pertinent to clarify the following concept used in the project work, namely:

Local:

Rural areas, unsophisticated.

Government:

The machinery by which the will of state is being carried out.

Empirical Research:

It is a type of research that is been carried out in order to get information or to know things about something you are looking for example Local Government, communities etc.)

Cause:

It is a kind of knowing or finding out the problems facing a particular situation or a thing.

Effects:

This can be defined as the effect of a situation or a thing. It could be a positive effect or negative effect.

Inadequate:

It is a situation where there is an insufficient or inappropriate amount of something in relation to another.

Financial Capacity:

It is the level of finance or amount of money available for an organization, individual or government.

Economic Development:

This is an increase in the creativity as well as productivity of an organization, state, or a country. Economic development brings about the wealth of an area, state, or a country.

Economic Development:

Can be defined as the full utilization of all the available resources in every sector of a particular area, state, or country in such a way that will increase the standard of living and economic growth of that area, state, or a country.


Chapter Five


Summary of Findings, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary of Findings

The local government system in Nigeria has experienced several reforms since the early 1950s. During that period, the system was modernized and constituted on a representative basis. Colonial local administration revolved around traditional rulers, with the unit of local administration referred to as the native authority. Executive authority lay with the district officer. The authorities at that time created administrative organizations that were ad hoc in nature.

The term ‘Local Government’ is seen variously from perspectives and schools of thought. This research seeks to give a definition to the Local Government. The research is also aimed at discovering how and why Local
Governments came into being.


5.2 Conclusion

The 1976 reforms resulted in a fundamental change in the development of Local Governments in Nigeria. More importantly, the reforms initiated statutory allocations of revenues from the federation account and from state government revenues to local governments. Local governments began to receive direct allocations from both the federal and state governments in 1977.

As have been stated, the Local Government is also created to serve as the presence of the Federal and State governments amongst the local people. It is a channel through which policies are communicated and implemented.
Local Governments are created to bring about meaningful development in the rural areas.

Nigeria has 774 Local Government Areas. Each local government area is administered by a local government council consisting of a chairman who is the Chief Executive of the LGA and other elected members who are referred to as Councilors. The functions of the local government as has been stated in this research are detailed in the Nigerian Constitution.


5.3 Recommendation

As we have seen and understood what the researcher means by saying ‘the system of local government in Nigeria. At this point I recommend that as agents of rural development, Local Governments should use the funds made available to them by both Federal and State Governments and their internally generated revenue to improve on the lives of the people within their areas of operation.

I also recommend that the Ilaje Local Government Area should Initiate and attract developmental projects to the Local Government such as provision of access roads, water and rural electricity. The Local Government should embark on community development which will lead to a general development in their local area so that the reasons for the creation of Local Government will be fulfilled.


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