The Impact Of Kaduna International Trade Fair On The Development Of The Nigerian Economy

Project and Seminar Material for Business Administration and Management BAM

The Impact Of Kaduna International Trade Fair On The Development Of The Nigerian Economy


Abstract


The research on “The Impact of Kaduna international trade fair on the development on Nigerian economy” under taken to ascertain the Impact of the Kaduna trade fair on the economy of Nigeria, however, the aims or objectives of the research is to find out: what effect does Kaduna trade fair have on Nigerian economy. Among the research instruments used was questionnaire to collect data or information which was analyzed. Based on the arithmetic means population, it was discovered from the data analyzed that trade fair have effect on Nigerian economy. In conclusion, the researcher recommended that Kaduna international trade fair was seen as an instrument for the development of the Nigerian economy.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

In any economy, the impact of trade fair can not be over emphasized as it play a vital role in the over all economic, social and industrial development of a nation economy. Trade fair is a periodic gathering of manufactures and producers of goods and service exhibiting their latest products for promotional and sale purposes, but it has been hijacked by Nigeria wholesale and retailers and turned into a show of already exhibiting goods for their selfish aim of selling at an exorbitant price and making as much profit as they could.

Kaduna as well as the other states of Nigeria are blessed with basic natural resource and intellectually that can make any geographical unit great. But however it is very unfortunate that most of these resources and intellects are yet to be harnessed and utilized. As much that trade fair show should come to play it should be a show that could identify, help to tap and develop these resources to mark an enviable and cohesive economy.

The researcher is therefore out to find out how Kaduna international trade fair has affected the economy of Nigeria.


1.2 Historical Background Of Kaduna International Trade Fair

Kaduna international trade fair is the most important annual events in the calendar of Kaduna chamber of commerce and industry, the events which was first of it kind started as domestic fair emphasing on agricultural sector in 1974 on a biannual basis the event continued until 1978 respectively in1979 the trade became internationally organized on annual basis, the firs Kaduna international trade fair was held in February 1979 at Murtala Mohammed square where a total of 205 exhibitors participated, from that period, the event continued to grow bigger providing avenue for:

  1. The provision and encouragement of development of industries and industrial inputs.
  2. The promotion of all aspects of economic sectors through national and international co-operation
  3. The provision of access to research finding new technologies and ideas for actualization by industrialist and policy in when is through face to face interaction.
  4. The creation of conducive atmosphere between Nigeria and other nation for joint venture project in all facet of the economy.
  5. The provision of channel through which the government policies and programmes are made know and consequently attract international and local investors.

1.3 Statement of the Problem

the Kaduna trade fair, both domestic and the international trade fair are about thirty eight years old today with the Kaduna international trade fair celebrating 34th years anniversary last march 2008.

As old as it seems to be, Kaduna trade fair is embedded with the following problems

  1. The inability of the organizers to enlighten other state of the federation to participate in the fair so as to show case their potentialities.
  2. The inability of Kaduna trade fair to encourage the exhibition of new products and technology, is not different from what is obtainable in the central market.
  3. The organizers have failed to educate the manufacturing and producing firms on the value and benefit associated with these fair.

1.4 Objective of the Study

The objective of this research will be to find out the followings

  1. To examine the impact of Kaduna international trade fair on the Nigerian economy
  2. To find out whether Kaduna trade fair have succeded in creating on avenue for the introduction of new products into the market
  3. To ascertain whether Nigeria small and medium scale enterprises have been participating at the Kaduna international trade fair.

1.5 Significance of the Study

The research work if successfully concluded will be relevant to the following group.

a. Manufacturing and producers of goods and services,

It is important to this group because it will enlighten them on how to take advantage of trade fair shows in Nigeria by exhibiting what they have in stock, their creativity and innovation in other to attract both local and foreign investors whom may want to invest in them, convincing them and of course it will lead to a boost in the economic development.

b. The State

This research work will also be important to the state because it will educate them on how to show case their abundant resources to attract foreign investors.

c. The Researcher

The research will broadened the knowledge of the researcher on the trade fair and its impact on the Nigeria economy

The Trade Fair Organizers

The research will be important to the organizers because it will make them to realize that their duty is not only to provide exhibition space, lay down rules of the show and provide security, but are equally responsible for organizing work shops, seminars e.t.c. to both state and other exhibitors on what trade fair is all about and how to go about it if it must contribute any value to the economy of Nigeria.


1.6 Research Questions

  1. Has there been any impact of Kaduna international trade fair on the development of Nigeria economy?
  2. To what extant has Kaduna international trade fair create an avenue for the introduction and exhibition of new products?
  3. Has Nigeria small and medium scale enterprises benefit in their participation at the fair?

1.7 Scope of the Study

The research topic” the impact of Kaduna international trade fair on the development of the Nigeria economy” will focus more on the years 2002 to 2010 it is for data and information generation, Also the research will focus more on trade fair and other relevant and related subjects.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

The researcher encountered some problem during the conduct of the research, below are some of the problems.

a. Lack of co-operation from the respondents:

Some of the respondents were not ready or willing to respond as expected, this they do by asking the researcher to call back some other time, some pay little attention while others delay the filling of the questionnaire

b. Financial constraint:

Due to the economic situation in the country, financial support and so on the researcher was facedwith the problem and lack of enough educational materials, transportation like and other inputs needed to carry out the research work, this went a long way in affecting the research will.


1.8 Definition of Terms

Trade fair:

Is exhibition of manufacturers produced and occasion when manufacturers and producers of goods exhibits their products are take to potential customers.

Manufacturers:

They are producer of goods, is factory person or organization that produce finished goods, from raw material.

Wholesaler:

A wholesaler may be defined as the trade who buys, goods in large quality to the retailer, the wholesaler is also called the middleman because he is in between the manufacture and the retailer.

Economy:

Is the realized economic system of a country on other area, it includes the production, exchange, distribution and consumption of goods and services of that area.

Development:

Means provision of infrastructures and increase in per capital income or group. It is the improvement of product techniques, level of output and the general welfare of the people.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1 Summary

In this chapter, the researcher focus on the summary of the major finding of this study of the impact of Kaduna international trade fair, the trade fair which is a periodic gathering of manufacturers and producers of good and services exhibiting their latest product for promotion and sales.

The researcher tends to summaries the various chapters of the project. The first chapter covers the background of Kaduna trade fair statement of problem, objectives, significance of study. Scope research methodology, definition of terms and research question.

The researcher also write about the literature review of the project. The motility of buying and selling or exchanging goods and services, it also explain the research methodology which shows the types of data collection and prevention and analysis.

Chapter four present the data collected and it was analyzed through questionnaire and personal observation.
Finally summary, conclusion and recommendation were made to the organizers of trade fair in Kaduna.


5.2 Conclusion

The observations on the impact of Kaduna trade fair on the Nigerian economy made the research to conclude as follows:

  1. That the Kaduna trade fair have not done proper research especially towards the promotion of new products introduction and have not made test marketing such new products when finally introduced.
  2. That the organizers of Kaduna trade fair are not interested in the value added margin of trade fairs to Nigerian economy, so long as they are making enough profit to their satisfaction.
  3. That the Kaduna trade fair have tries in the areas of product awareness creation and the promotion of certain culture in Nigeria.

The researcher wishes to conclude here also, that the organizers of Kaduna international trade fair and organizers of trade fair across Nigeria should set up a research and feasibility study department to enhance the expertise of the officials to handle trade fair and offer consultancy services with regards to business transactions especially with foreign investors, more so, Kaduna trade fair have positively affected the economy of Kaduna state and Nigerian in general.


5.3 Recommendations

After though investigation has been conducted, analysis and interpretation of data as will as conclusion drawn on the topic “The impact of Kaduna international trade fair on the Nigerian economy” the researcher therefore made the following recommendation.

  1. In order to enhance the attainment of corporate goals in organizing trade fair in Nigeria, the management staff of Kaduna chamber of commerce industry, mines and agriculture should enlighten and educate trade fair participant on what exactly to come to trade fair with and what to look out for especially state government who comes to trade fair and display items in their pavilion but could not meet orders made by interested buyers abroad.
  2. Seminars and workshops should be organized to lecture entrepreneurs on how to relate and contract transaction with foreign investors.
  3. Incentive schemes should be arranged as a promotional tool for creative and innovative entrepreneurs especially those who were able to create and develop new products.
  4. The organizer of trade fair should try as much as they could to curtail the high in prices of goods and services normally experienced during the days of the trade fair shows even if it means using the pricing control board for it will go along in smoothing the image of Kaduna trade fair which have been tagged big man market and should not be so.
  5. The number of market women and hawker should be minimized to the bearest minimum this will enhance the decongestion of the fair and permit free movement of participants.
  6. The federal government should be better than performing the opening ceremony only, they should be able to introduce more than one local product for a period of five years running. This will serve as a motivator to other there by enticing the nation and improving on our level of technology.
  7. There should be improvement on the fair ground especially communication facilities etc, this is to ensure conformability of both national and international exhibitors.
  8. The trade fair organizers (KADCCIMA) should also make proper arrangement be fore the arrival of foreign investors, this is to make sure that no local entrepreneur or organization will into the hands of dupe or fake alien partnership.

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