The Impact Of Internet And The Way It Influence Students Reading Culture
This study aims to investigate the impact of internet and related technologies on the reading culture of Nigerian students in homes and schools. A descriptive survey was employed for the study and used five (5) research questions to guide the study while a questionnaire was used to elicit data from the respondent. The study revealed that the three basic categories of ICTs that promote reading culture among Edo state undergraduate students are: GSM phone with internet facility, internet and Laptop Computer. Also three empirical studies that relate to this study were reviewed. The results revealed that students who had more experience of Internet use (more than five years) were more likely to be classified as addictive users than those who had less experience. The amount of time spent on the Internet has been reported to be an influencing factor for influencing students reading culture. The findings of this study will educate the administrators in the education sector and the general public on the effect of internet technology on the student’s reading culture in Nigeria.
Table of Content
- 1.1 Background of the Study
- 1.2 Statement of the Problem
- 1.3 Objectives of the Study
- 1.4 Research Questions
- 1.5 Hypothesis
- 1.6 Significance of the Study
- 1.7 Scope / Limitations of the Study
- 1.8 Organization of the Study
Review of Related Literature
- 2.1 Introduction
- 2.2 Internet and its Use
- 2.3 Nature of Internet Users
- 2.4 Concept of ICTs
- 2.5 Concept of Reading and Reading Culture
- 2.6 Reading Skill
- 2.7 The Need for Development of Reading Culture Among Students
- 2.8 Problems Associated with Poor Reading Culture
- 2.9 Categories of ICTs that Promote Reading Culture
- 2.10 Ways which ICTs Enhance Reading Culture
- 3.1 Introduction
- 3.2 Sources of Data Collection
- 3.3 Population of the Study
- 3.4 Sample and Sampling Procedure
- 3.5 Instrument for Data Collection
- 3.6 Validation of the Research Instrument
- 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
Presentation Analysis Interpretation of Data
- 4.1 Introduction
- 4.2 Data Analysis
- 4.3 Test of Hypotheses
Summary Conclusion and Recommendation
- 5.1 Introduction
- 5.2 Summary
- 5.3 Conclusion
- 5.4 Recommendations
1.1 Background to the Study
Reading is an essential tool for lifelong learning. It is important for everyone to develop the rudiments of reading and the culture of reading always so as to survive in life. Reading according to Holte (1998) adds quality to life and provides access to culture and cultural heritage. He pointed out that reading empowers and emancipates citizens and bring people together. Okeke (2000) reaffirms that the art of reading is a priceless instrument for everyone. It is one of the most important activities of life through which we enter into the life and experiences of others and extend our knowledge, scope of experience and enjoyment. It has critical role to play in the overall development of an individual and the nation at large. Reading experience can be obtained in the library. The school library is a gateway to knowledge and will serve as a starting point or road map to reading and the promotion to reading culture. The library provides books and other resources which will help shape thoughts and influence the actions of students throughout life with active supervision by an experienced librarian.
Due to technological development, reading habits are changing. In our society today, while technology is slowly taking a steady control over individual lives, the reading habit is fast vanishing into thin air (The Hindu, 2004). Students now lack the skill of reading. Instead they spend more hours on the internet. Browsing the net, playing with funky handsets and passing non-stop SMSs and chatting with friends seem to be the order of the day, thereby making reading a book or any other piece of written material in a quiet or peaceful corner of a library or home become an archaic idea for most school children and adults (The Hindu, 2004). Obama (2008) in his speech pinpointed that children cannot achieve unless they raise their expectations and turn off television sets. Shabi and Udofia (2009) noted that active learning from books is better than passive learning such as watching televisions and playing games.
Students are rarely interested in reading for pleasure and enjoyment instead they read only to pass examination. The declining interest in reading culture among our children (especially those in primary and secondary schools) is a cause for alarm and a challenge to all and something need to be done to alleviate this yawning problem. Unfortunately, reading is not taught or included in school curriculum. Reading is not a subject and cannot be taught separately as most other subjects in the curriculum rather it is subsumed in every other subject and is regarded as a tool facilitating many other types of learning. Nowadays, due to the rat race syndrome, parents pay little or no attention to their children’s reading ability, parents themselves lack the skill and the culture of reading such that some do not read to their kids.
Mefor (2010) urged all Nigerians schools to launch a readership promotion campaign which will help to inculcate the culture of reading in children. It is also important to start early to inculcate the culture of reading early enough in a child. Also Olukemi (2010) advised Nigerian youths to imbibe the reading culture in all their endeavors. She lamented that lack of reading culture among youths nowadays has greatly affected quality of graduates being produced by the nation’s higher institutions. It is against this background that this study tries to investigate on the influence of internet on the reading culture of pupils in homes and schools. Improving access to relevant information and promoting a reading culture are prerequisites for strengthening literacy skills, widening education and learning opportunities, and helping people to address the causes of poverty (Makotsi, 2005).
1.2 Statement of the Problem
Reading is the springboard of any literacy programme. It does not only give learners an active place, but also places them in the centre of pedagogy and the curriculum (Corcoran and Evans, 1987). Reading is very powerful and indispensable equipment for learning and acquisition of the varied skills and experiences needed by man to develop a satisfactory personal life. It is important that pupils/students should develop positive habits towards reading of books as a life-long learning experience. Gradually, the advent of internet has led to the development of various applications for games and chatting which has continue to take students time leaving reading books as old fashioned. However, the researcher is examining the impact of internet on the student’s reading culture.
1.3 Objectives of the Study
The following are the objectives of this study:
- To examine the impact of internet on the student’s reading culture.
- To examine the impact of internet on student’s academic achievement.
- To examine the advantages and disadvantages of internet on students academic performance.
1.4 Research Questions
- What is the impact of internet on the student’s reading culture?
- What is the impact of internet on student’s academic achievement?
- What are the advantages and disadvantages of internet on students academic performance?
- HO: There is no significant relationship between internet and the student’s reading culture
- HA: There is significant relationship between internet and the student’s reading culture
1.6 Significance of the Study
The following are the significance of this study:
The results from this study will educate the administrators in the education sector and the general public on the effect of internet and other related technologies on the student’s reading culture in Nigeria.
This research will be a contribution to the body of literature in the area of the effect of personality trait on student’s academic performance, thereby constituting the empirical literature for future research in the subject area.
1.7 Scope / Limitations of the Study
This study will cover the relationship between internet technology and student’s reading culture.
Limitation of Study
Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work
1.8 Organization of the Study
This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows
- Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), statement of problem, objectives of the study, research question, significance or the study, research methodology, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
- Chapter two highlight the theoretical framework on which the study its based, thus the review of related literature.
- Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
- Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
- Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study.
Summary Conclusion and Recommendation
It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to investigate the impact of internet and the way it influence students reading culture.
In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the impact of internet and the way it affect student reading culture.
This study is of the opinion that students who had more experience of Internet use (more than five years) were more likely to be classified as addictive users than those who had less experience. This contradicts Young (1996) who found that new Internet users (using the Internet for less than six months) were more prone to be internet addicted (IA) than experienced users. Very little research exists that examines the relationship between experience with the Internet and addiction, thus further research is warranted. The amount of time spent on the Internet has been reported to be an influencing factor for influencing students reading culture. Several studies reported Internet addicts tended to spend at least twice the amount of time online more than they do with their study.
Information and communications technologies are indispensable tools for the success of every academic endeavor in the contemporary age of information and technology revolution. The reading culture of Nigerian students and the educational sector in general can be enhanced via the provision of the necessary resources that will assist students to appreciate the unrestricted access to knowledge that comes with ICTs. The researcher employed descriptive survey for the study and used five (5) research questions to guide the study while a questionnaire was used to elicit data from the respondent. Some literatures were revealed on the concept of perceptions, concept of reading and reading culture, concept of ICTs and it categories that promote reading culture, ways which ICTs enhance or boost reading culture, influence of ICTs utilization on students‟ reading culture, problems associated with the use of ICTs in reading and strategies for enhancing the use of ICTs for the promotion of reading culture. Also three empirical studies that relate to this study were reviewed. The study revealed that the three basic categories of ICTs that promote reading culture among Edo state undergraduate students are: GSM phone with internet facility, internet and Laptop Computer.
Haven completed the study, the researcher therefore recommend that:
- Government should implement a standardized “safe Internet use and harm minimization” educational program
- Educational programs about “safe Internet use and harm minimization” should be provided for community members, such as Develop resources for people to recognize at risk signs and how to identify and IA
- Educational programs “safe Internet use and harm minimization” should be provided to the public in each community to train parents and teachers about IA, how to recognize and respond to problems from Internet over-use and provide support services to those with IA; and Encourage the empowerment of communities to enhance social support including self-help groups.
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