The Impact Of Internal Auditing On Corporate Management (A Case Study Of Falcom Nigeria Limited, Port Harcourt, Rivers State)

Project and Seminar material for Accountancy

Project and Seminar material for Accountancy


Abstract


This study on “The impact of internal auditing on corporate management” was carried out with reference to Falcom Nig. Ltd. It was discovered in this study that internal audit report most especially to management poses a serious threat to their decision if improper and inaccurate report is given to management.

Some problems gave rise to this research work and it includes amongst others, misinterpretation of auditors report by management and other company heads, hindrance to financial data, embezzlement of funds and inadequate training of internal auditors which give rise to incompetence in the discharge of auditors duties and mismanagement of funds by corporate management.

Questionnaire was computed in tabular form and analysis of data was used in order to gather the necessary information needed.

The result of the analysis showed that internal auditing has great benefit and impact on corporate management, it helps in minimization of expenses, avoidance of fraud and accurate financial records that are inline with standard.

Adequate training of internal audit staff, non interference in their (internal auditors) duties, free access to all financial books and records can curb the problems of internal auditing and lastly management should adhere to the advisory, reporting and testing role of internal auditors so that the beneficial impact of internal audit would be greatly achieved.


Table Of Contents


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title Page
  • Approval Page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table Of Contents

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.4 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.2 Objectives of the Study
  • 1.3 Research Questions
  • 1.5 significance of the study
  • 1.5 Scope of the Study
  • 1.6 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.7 Definition of Terms

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Historical Background of Research Problem
  • 2.2 Concept of the impact of Internal auditing on Corporate Management
  • 2.3 Purpose of Internal Auditing
  • 2.4 Problems associated with Internal auditing on Corporate Management
  • 2.5 Essential Features of Internal auditing
  • 2.6 Areas Where Internal Auditing is Usually Useful

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Design and Methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Research design
  • 3.3 Sources/methods of Data collection
  • 3.4 Population and sample size
  • 3.5 Sampling technique
  • 3.6 Methodology

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Analysis of Data

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data according to Research Question
  • 4.3 Analysis of Data
  • 4.4 Interpretation of Results

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary of Findings
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • 5.4 Area for Further Study
  • Bibliography
  • Appendix

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

The term audit is defined from the Latin word “audio” meaning to hear. The origin of an audit dated back from ancient times when the land owners allowed tenants farmers to work on their farm while the land owners themselves does not involve in the business of farming. The land owners relied on an overseer who listened to the account of the stewardship given by the tenants of the farm. According to (Johnson 1002,63) an audit is the independent examination and expression of opinion on the financial statement of an enterprise by an appointed auditor in pursuance of that with any relevant statutory obligation.


1.2 Objective Of The Study

The objective of the research work includes the following;

  1. To find out the impact of internal auditing on corporate management of Falcom Nig. Ltd.
  2. To know how lack of information in Falcom Nig. Ltd affects the internal audit work.
  3. To determine the extent to which the independent of the internal audit work is being impaired.
  4. To ascertain whether internal auditing is an instrument for effective management.

1.3 Research Questions

To guide this project (six) research questions were generally formulated as follows:

  1. Does lack of information in industries affects the impact internal audit work?
  2. Is the internal auditor a qualified professional accountant?
  3. Is internal auditing an instrument for effective management in industries?
  4. Does the manager report consider the internal auditor?
  5. Is the internal audit department independent in terms of running of the activities of the department and responsibilities assigned to it?
  6. Does inability to identify the function of internal audit department affect organization / industry?

1.4 Statement Of The Problem

The study titled “the impact of internal auditing on corporate management” attempts to determine the ways by which internal auditing has impacted corporate management.

The internal auditor by the nature of his job is often treated with suspicion by members of staff. This places the burden on his shoulder to show his colleagues after all he is not a blood hound but one who is implementing management procedures in a manner that he will help achieve the target goals and objectives of the organization. In lack of information, the internal audit has a task of receiving an authenticating financial decision taken by management. His (auditor) attempt to make enquiry, have in many cases placed him in a collusion course with his supervision.

It is usually observed by the auditors that there is always reliance on the part of the employed especially those concerned with recording and documentation of financial transaction and accounting for custody to assets of the business organization, to discuss freely with auditors or make disclosure to the auditors without reservation, this is because employees are totally ignorant or have little knowledge of the duties of the auditors during normal audit exercise at this, the internal auditor is not given free hand in terms of independence in the running of the activities of the department and responsibility assigned to it


1.5 Scope Of The Study

The scope of this study focuses on the impact of internal auditing on corporate management using Falcom Nig. Ltd. as a case study. The study is meant to cover the whole Falcom Nig. Ltd since studying the organization as a whole would entail sampling data from both their head office and other collected from the chosen branch would form good representation of the whole company. Also factory of the company was chosen because of nearness and easy collection of data.


1.6 Limitation Of The Study

This project work no doubt has some constraints, the major limitations are the time needed to carry out this and fund to embark on a better work. This is because of the very high cost of living due to the present economic squeeze, coupled with high transport fares engaged in serious activity or exercise of this very nature definitely pose a lot of financial problems.


1.7 Definition Of Terms

Internal Auditing:

This is a type of audit that is performed within the organization and it is done on a continuous basis unlike external audit that is done once (1) in a year.

Internal audit can be defined as an independent examination of, and expression of opinion on the financial statements of an enterprise by an auditor working within the enterprise.

Corporate Management

: It is the management of companies which are registered with the corporate affairs commission and also those that are quoted on the stock exchange these companies deals with funds, belonging to outsiders (shareholders/debenture holders) and also a great deal of control has been exercised over them to ensure that public funds are not this appropriated by those in charge.

An Auditor:

An independent criterion appointed to verify and investigate the books of accounts and vouchers of a business prepared by others. He approaches his tasks in a critical frame of mind; Mejia Mejia (1982:22). An auditor is someone that is a member of one of the recognized Accountancy bodies resident in Nigeria and who is a carrying out a professional accounting practice.

Audit Evidence:

this refers to all the relevant and reliable data obtained and recorded by the auditor which is sufficient to help him in arriving at conclusions on which he bases his independent opinion on the financial statements.

True And Fair View:

This means items in the accounts taken individually or collectively do not present a fair view if they are misleading.

External Audit:

An audit arrangement that is conducted by an external auditor. It is an independent appraisal examination of financial statements of an enterprise by an appointed auditor in compliance with any relevant statutory authority.

Fraud:

A crime of obtaining money by deceiving people.

Embezzlement:

This is the misappropriation of the property entrusted to one’s care. It involves taking money which belongs to the organization. It is punishable only by statutory law.


Chapter Five


5.0 Summary, Conclusion And Recommendation.

5.1 Summary Of Findings

There is findings which reduced personality clash among the staff of this department. In other words, there is effective discharge of duties of this department which reduces conflict of interest, meaning that the duties of the staff of this department are defined. In discharge of its duties, the internal audit department of this organization have access to her records such as book of accounts, production and sales information etc. Reporting role and routine testing is the reason of the role of this department as an instrument for effective control as there is efficiency and effectiveness in the operation of the internal control system of the organization.

Finally, internal audit through its reporting function guides the management in making decision thereby having a beneficial impact on corporate management.


5.2 Conclusion

Internal auditing as an entire study has been appraised and as such was served as an instrument for corporate management in an organization. Emphasis were laid on the role of information to internal audit department in terms of access to organization, records, books and documents needed to discharge this duties.

The role of the internal audit department in terms of advisory, reporting and routine testing role is reviewed.

The system and control which the internal audit is a sub-system can be making the management. The effectiveness of the internal audit is the sole responsibility of management coupled with the willingness and ability of the internal auditor to discharge his duties without fear or favour.

From findings in this study, it can be concluded that sound internal control system, access to all records and information, cordial relationship among staff, training of internal audit staff and segregation of duties in the internal audit department contributes to the efficient performance of internal auditor duties and moves their stead as an indispensable tool to every management of the modern establishment.


5.3 Recommendation

As the internal auditing department can play such vital role in corporate management, the following recommendations have been made.

  1. FREE ACCESS TO FINANCIAL RECORDS: Internal auditor should be allowed free access to financial records to assist in efficient and effective discharge of their duties, this also enables detect and avoidance of fraud and error.
  2. STAFF TRAINING: Staff of internal audit department should be adequately trained and updated to the modern trend of technology to perform their duties efficiently and effectively.
  3. CORDIAL RELATIONSHIP AMONG STAFF: This should be embraced and encouraged among staff of the internal audit department and other staff of internal audit and other staff of the organization. Other staff should not see internal audit staff as fault finders rather than there should be cordial relationship to achieve organization goal.
  4. Finally, management should adhere to advisory, reporting and routine testing role of the internal auditor is making decision.

5.4 Area For Further Study

I would like to suggest to any other researcher to carryout a research on “the importance of the external auditor’s report on corporate management”.

Furthermore, the researcher should make use of oral interview with that of questionnaire to get more fact from the respondents.


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