The Impact Of Intergovernmental Relation On Local Government Administration In Nigeria

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The Impact Of Intergovernmental Relation On Local Government Administration In Nigeria


Abstract


The essay work examines the impact of intergovernmental relations on local government administration in Nigeria. The essay argues that Local Government is not mutually exclusive of other levels of government and that as such there is bound to be an interaction between the local and other levels of government. The study reveals that intergovernmental relations among the levels of government were in disarray due to the conflicts over issues of tax jurisdiction, revenue allocation, intergovernmental relations, fund transfers, overconcentration of power at the centre, illegal removal of government officials, among other factors. The essay posits that for cordial relationship between the local and other levels of government to take place, the constitutional status of local government must be clearly spelt out, the issue of joint state -local government account should be reversed, election rather than appointment should be the means of choosing leaders at the local level, judiciary should be made to be independent and the undue interference on the local government by the state or federal government has be properly addressed. Also, there should be direct disbursement of federation allocation to all the levels of government.


Table Of Contents


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title Page
  • Declaration
  • Approval
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of Content

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the study
  • 1.4 Research Hypotheses
  • 1.5 Significance of the study
  • 1.6 Scope and limitation of the study
  • 1.7 Definition of terms
  • 1.8 Organization of the study

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review


Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology

  • 3.1 sources of data collection
  • 3.3 Population of the study
  • 3.4 Sampling and sampling distribution
  • 3.5 Validation of research instrument
  • 3.6 Method of data analysis

Chapter Four

Data Presentation, Analysis and Interpretation

  • 4.1 Introductions
  • 4.2 Data analysis

Chapter Five

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendation
  • Appendix

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

The primary purpose of teaching at any level of education is to bring a fundamental change in the learner (Tebabal & Kahssay, 2011). To facilitate the process of knowledge transmission, teachers should apply appropriate teaching methods that best suit specific objectives and level exit outcomes. The concept of intergovernmental relations is associated with states having a Federal Administration System where the relationships between the Federal Central on National Governmental and major sub-national unit (Province, regions or state) formally spent out in constitution. Intergovernmental relations have been seen as a system of transactions among structured levels of government in a state. It is also seen as registration in which the parties are negotiating advantageous positions for power, money and problems. Solving responsibility (Colugbemi: 1980).

The goal of intergovernmental relations are said to promote peace and harmony among the three tiers of government which are the Federal State and Local Government, in order to accelerate the achievements of a self-reliant economy. In so doing intergovernmental relations will help to minimize inter-jurisdictional conflicts among the various level of government and also to boost greater natural economic integration through the activities of three levels of government. Again to enhance the emergence of co-operative rather than competitive federation there is also need to enhance effective and efficient utilization of available human and material resources among the three levels of government also help solve the problem of rural and urban poverty. To achieve a situation where there is special need for integrating programmes on a nationwide scale. To look into the situation where states, Local Government unit of the Federal set up have responsibilities with on resources base to perform them (John Nwafor: Unpublished work). The achievement of the objectives of intergovernmental relations is dependent on some social factors within the Nigerian social system. Some social factors include the political setting and the state of two economies in the nation. Looking at the political setting, the intergovernmental relation is basically based on the three tiers of government that is the Federal, State and Local Government. But come to look at that, the Federal and State Government is said to have more autonomy than the Local Government due to the fact that they are the last tier of government (John Nwafor: Unpublished Work). The other tier of government still tell them that what to do, how to make their own policies, how to elect/appoint those to rule them like the chancellor or chairman and so on. Local Government is still dependent on the other tier of government making them too subordinate and loyal for my liking (Nwoked, Palph 2002).

To this, there should be greater independent of the state and the Local Government in the Federal Government for their survival and performance of fundamental responsibilities. There should be several reforms which should let to the recognition of the Local Government as the third tier of government with relative autonomy and jurisdictional powers as provided for the constitution.

Another problem is the state of the nation’s economy. The nation’s economy really influenced the nature and scope of intergovernmental relations in the Local Government in Nigeria. The wealth of any nation is a key factor in determining its pattern of material relation. Between 1960 and 1970, the basis o fiscal relation between the Federal, State, and Local Government were richer and more power full than the Local Government. But this problem will come to an end if the Local Government has greater control of the tax revenue. The Local Government should control 50% of the tax revenue allocation of its area without the Federal or State Government Interference. They should also receive grant and aids from outside and within the country, making them powerful and independent of their own. Their Federation Allocation Accountant should be granted to them annually or monthly as the case may be. They should be allowed to run their affairs especially when it comes to monetary matters (F Okoll and Anah O. 2002).In so doing channel, of communication should be at its high level between the Federal, State and Local Government in order to produce effectiveness due to the fact that an intergovernmental relation is relationship between the three theirs of government.


1.2 Statement Of The Problem

To appreciate the depth of courses in the Federal System in Nigeria, one has to follow the recent trend of the raging controversy between the Federal and State Government over the exercise of power or control of revenue resources of Local Government and how not to have assumed the undue prominence given to it as a constitutional question if Nigerian leaders, particularly the Federal level and adhered strictly to the norms of federalism and followed the precedents established by the past democratic government in Nigerian Federation. In Nigeria, the issue of sharing resources among the three levels of government has remained controversial due to lack of acceptable sharing formula. It generates tension and bat blond among the three tiers of government. This has resulted in setting up of different committees or commissions to prescribe the formula to be used. Also there exists a conflict between the Federal State and Local Government area acceptable form was for sharing revenue. For instance, the conflict is usually whether the principal of derivation, need, natural interest of landmass should be used as a basis for the purpose. These principles are generally accepted as the main basis for working out the revenue allocation formula. Conflict might arise following as to which of the principles takes precedence over other as the main outrival for sharing the revenue.

This is the problem of tax jurisdictional which refers to the problem of which aspect of government should collect what revenue over a particular area. These have been serious problems between the Federal, State and Local Government. They are the lowest level of government likewise they collect the least amount of tax revenue, which makes them still stagnant. Another problem is the existence of control of one level of government by another in any aspect (Abonyi 2005). Local Government is dominated by the Federal and State Government. They do not have their own autonomy making them too dependent on the other levels of government. Mention must be made of the problem of finding the best method of channeling to another especially from the Federal to the Local Government. (Ugwu, 1998:90)


1.2 Objective Of The Study

The specific objective of the study in impact of intergovernmental Relations on Local Government Administration in Nigeria, with particular reference to Kaduna North Local Government Area of Kaduna State The general objectives are;

  1. To examine the relevance of inter-governmental relations in Nigeria
  2. To review the interaction between the kaduna north local government and other levels of government
  3. To examine and determine the sources of conflict among the various levels of government and the consequences of the relationship between local government and other levels of government in Nigeria.
  4. To suggest ways of improving the relationship between local government and other levels of government and relevant measures required for an improved inter-governmental relations in Nigeria.

1.3 Research Hypotheses

Hypotheses One
  • Ho: Intergovernmental relations does not minimize inter-jurisdictional conflicts among the various level of government
  • Hi: Intergovernmental relations significantly minimize inter-jurisdictional conflicts among the various level of government.
Hypotheses Two
  • Ho: Local Government is not mutually exclusive of other levels of government
  • Hi: Local Government is mutually exclusive of other levels of government.

1.3 Significance Of The Study

This study will be useful to the government in planning and decision making. It will help in policy formulation, formulation and re-evaluation in Kaduna north local government. The study will be of great benefit to Kaduna north Local Government Area of Kaduna State because it will be exposed to the challenges it is facing in inter-government relations.

It would also be of great significance to researchers by way of making them aware of problems that have been uncovered by these researchers, so that they would know where to start from in their subsequent research work in the area of inter-governmental relations in Nigeria. The study would be significant to policy makers and policy implementers, as they would make use of the findings and recommendations of this study. It will also serve as a reference material to other researchers who intend to embark on this or similar topics.


1.4 Scope And Limitation Of The Study

The study is in the Impact of Intergovernmental Relations in Local government administration in Nigeria. But due to the fact that there are many local governments in Nigeria, the researcher decided to center the research in Kaduna north Local Government Area of Kaduna State as the case study. The researcher encountered some constraints, which limited the scope of the study.

These constraints include but are not limited to the following.

a) Availability of research material:

The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study

b) Time:

The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.


1.5 Definition Of Terms

In the course of this research work, some concepts were used and for easy and comprehensive understanding of the entire work, these concept shave been explained.

Local Government:

This is the third tier of government within the State and is charged with the responsibility and administration of the people at the grass-root. It is also a government established at the local level through an Act of Parliament to deal with specific matters as it affects the local people.

Central Government:

This is not only the first but the mega-government which exercise exclusive powers and its superior to both the State and Local Governments.

Government:

This is the agency of the ruling class which is charged with the responsibility of exercising the state powers on behalf of the people.

Objectives:

This is the end-result to which an organization or government’s activity is to be directed. Objectives are hierarchical in nature and are determined or formulated after economic social and political forces affecting the organization have been appraised.

Development:

It is the qualitative and qualities, self-improvement of man that applies to whole societies and people. It means the removal of obstacles to the progressive or qualitative transformation of man and such obstacles include hunger, poverty, ignorance, disease, mal-nutrition, unemployment, to mention but a few.

Administration:

Administration is determined action taken in pursuit of conscious purpose. It is the systematic ordering of affairs and the calculated use of resources, aimed at making those things happen which we want to happen and simultaneously preventing developments that fail to square with our intentions. It is the marshaling of available labour and materials in order to gain that which is desired at the lowest cost in energy, time and money.

Inter-Governmental Relations:

The interactions that exist among various levels/tiers of government within a state.


1.8 Organization Of The Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

  • Chapter one is concerned with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion And Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to reiterate that the objective of this study was to examine the Impact of Intergovernmental Relation on Local Government Administration in Nigeria. In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in evaluating the Impact of Intergovernmental Relation on Local Government Administration in Nigeria.


5.2 Summary

This study was undertaken to examine the Impact of Intergovernmental Relation on Local Government Administration in Nigeria. The study opened with chapter one where the statement of the problem was clearly defined. The study objectives and research hypotheses were defined and formulated respectively. The study reviewed related and relevant literatures. The chapter two gave the conceptual framework, empirical and theoretical studies. The third chapter described the methodology employed by the researcher in collecting both the primary and the secondary data. The research method employed here is the descriptive survey method. The study analyzed and presented the data collected in tables and the hypotheses were tested using the chi-square statistical tool,While the fifth chapter gives the study summary and conclusion.


5.3 Conclusion And Recommendation

The goal of intergovernmental relations is said to promote peace and harmony among the three tiers of government which are the Federal State and Local Government, in order to accelerate the achievements of a self-reliant economy. In so doing intergovernmental relations will help to minimize inter-jurisdictional conflicts among the various level of government and also to boost greater natural economic integration through the activities of three levels of government. Again, to enhance the emergence of co-operative rather than competitive federation there is also need to enhance effective and efficient utilization of available human and material resources among the three levels of government also help solve the problem of rural and urban poverty. From the findings of the study we can conclude that Intergovernmental relations significantly minimize inter-jurisdictional conflicts among the various level of government. Also, Local Government is mutually exclusive of other levels of government


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