The Impact Of Information And Communication Technology On Today’s Business Environment

Project and Seminar Material for Office Technology and Management OTM

Project and Seminar Material for Office Technology and Management OTM


Abstract


The research work has been carried out to find “the impact of information and communication technology on today’s business environment”. From the research carried out, it was found out that with the help of ICT, information has been disseminated without stress.

Chapter one of the research work contains the introduction, background of study, statement of problem, research questions etc.

While chapter two is the literature review, chapter three contains the research methodology, chapter four presentations and interpretation of data. Finally chapter five contains the summary of findings, conclusion and recommendation.


Table Of Content


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Approval page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of content

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of the problem
  • 1.3 Purpose of the study
  • 1.4 Significance of the study
  • 1.5 Research questions
  • 1.6 Scope of the study

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 General Impact of information and communication
  • 2.2 Technology in respect to its existence
  • 2.3 Level of knowledge / skills needed by the undergraduates
  • 2.4 In the area of information and communication tech
  • 2.5 Hindrance to technology and learning information
  • 2.6 Communication technology

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Design of study
  • 3.2 Area of study
  • 3.3 Population of the study
  • 3.4 Sample and sampling techniques
  • 3.5 Instrument for data collection
  • 3.6 Method of data collection
  • 3.7 Method of data analysis

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation, Analysis and Interpretation of Data

  • 4.1 Discussion of findings

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary of Findings, Conclusion and Recommendations

  • 5.1 Summary of findings
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendations
  • 5.4 Suggestions for further research
  • References
  • Appendix I
  • Questionnaire.

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

In this fast growing and moving world faced with globalization, the core of economic development today depends on knowledge and technology but successful economic excel at generating and disseminating knowledge, as well as exploiting it.

Technology is the engine that change transforms resources based economy to knowledge – based economy. But at the macro level, technology enables national leverage in the modern world and it brings about wealth and better welfare for the people.

In as much as development is concerned, this is now a new trend of religion that is sweeping across the world like a wild fine in both length and breath and hereby transforming across the entire world as a global unit. Information and communication technology (ICT), the information and communication technology (ICT) has been defined by many elites from different perspectives thus, Lacy (1990) defined it as term involving the process of acquisition, processing, storage and dissemination of local pictorial textual and numeric information.

Information and communication technology (ICT) is not merely seen as hardware development but also as software, which is advantageous in the changing works, attitude to work, in establishing efficiency in business transaction, in achieving efficiency in communication, increasing profits in creating new jobs and effective in mass education, Ohakwe (2001).

Information Technology (ICT) has applications in almost all spheres of human endeavours. Akpore (2005) states that developing suitable economy through information technology implies that applying information and communication technology in all the main sectors of the economy hence the world is transiting from being a resource based one into a knowledge based one. Such natural resources can provide as much s it can be realized from the output of a society that has truly become a knowledge – based society. Sadly enough, our schools. The (learning environment is a shadow of itself in terms of quality and quantity of items of information and communication technology) the result being that we are using yesterday’s knowledge, skills abilities and competencies in this era.

Consequently, the introduction and use of such technologies in communication and information such as internet, computers, micro-electronics, telecommunication tools as the email, e-commerce, e-banking just to mention but a few, even many educators and students in higher institutions are yet to be in abreast with some of these soft and hardware. What an education tragedy. (Ohakwe 2001). Recently, in e-learning, that is electronic learning, project embarked by Zinox Technology across 40 institutions of higher learning with the aim to train Nigerian undergraduates to international acceptable students.

Coming to the heels of computerizing, Nigeria thereby taking this venture to all the nook and crannies of this country, hence the establishment of information and communication technology parks in institutions of higher education with Imo State inclusive therefore, it becomes increasing to determine the information and communication technology in today’s business environment in Imo State.


1.2 Statement Of The Problem

The information and communication technology (ICT) as a new trend in linking several African university to the global village with ultra modern world class information and communication technology tool is aimed at capacity building, youth empowerment, expert information and technology skills in the country and in the long run as a lunch pad from attracting global out-sourcing opportunities for Nigerians with graduates in particular.

Therefore, this approach towards capacity building as an effective model to bring training, technology and digital access to people within these geographical education and the need for effective global competitiveness. But in higher institution in Imo state, especially the universities polytechnics, this approach towards capacity building seems to be a far coy. As much information and communication technology (ICT) is not seen either to be talked about or thought, its existence and usage among the students are nothing to write home about. Even the skills required in the application is very shaking on its foundation thereby using the yesterday’s knowledge abilities, competence in today’s educational sector. Therefore, learning their undergraduates grouping as far as modern and the things t information and communication technology (ICT) is concerned.

Based on the foregoing, the researcher was motivated on ascertain the information and communication.


1.3 Purpose Of The Study

Generally, the study was designed to examine the information and communication technology (ICT) in today’s business environment in Imo state and implicating for national development.
Specifically, the objectives of the study are as follows:

  1. To identify areas of sustenance of information and communication technology (ICT) opens to the students of today’s business environment.
  2. To determine the level of knowledge and skills needed by undergraduates in the area of information and communication technology (ICT) in today’s business environment.
  3. To identify hindrances to teaching and learning information and communications.
  4. To determine the implications of information and communication technology (ICT) for nation development.

1.4 Significance Of The Study

The study will be of great benefits and assistance to institutions of higher learning. The government and other state holders and in education in Imo State through their position in the global world as far as information and communication technology (ICT) is concerned as to impact the greatest information and communication technology skill in their undergraduates.

It also highlighted the numerous benefits according to information and technology, which will encourage the population under study to enable full information and communication technology (ICT) system. More so, it will help in guiding the national board for technical education and national institution where office workers like secretaries and trainees. The information obtained will enable them update their curriculum and increase their training facilities.


1.5 Research Questions

The following research question will help guide the study.

  1. What are the areas of existence of information and communication technology (ICT) in today’s business environment in Imo State?
  2. What is the level of knowledge and skills needed by undergraduates in the areas of information and communication technology (ICT) in today’s business environment in Imo State?
  3. What are the hindrance to the teaching and learning information and communication technology (ICT) in today’s business environment in Imo State?
  4. What are the implications of information and communication technology (ICT) for national development?

1.6 Scope Of The Study

This study is restricted to information and communication technology (ICT) in universities and polytechnics in Imo State and implications for national development.


Chapter Five


Summary Of Findings, Conclusions, And Recommendation

5.1 Summary Of Findings

In this study, an attempt has been made to determine the information and communication technology in polytechnic and universities in Imo state and the implications for national development.

  1. The findings relied that most respondents were of the opinion that information and communication technology exists in polytechnic and universities in Imo state.
  2. Some student have skilled and knowledge of information and communication technology.
  3. Consequently, students from the institutions under study benefits from the usage of information and communication technology tools (computer).
  4. But there are hindrances in teaching and learning of information and communication technology in polytechnics and universities in Imo state as a result of lack of findings.
  5. Also the implication of information and communication technology for national development, which implies that ICT is disseminated without stress.

5.2 Conclusion

Based on the findings and results so far obtained the researcher draws the following conclusions:

  1. That information and communication technology exists in these selected institutions of higher learning in Imo state.
  2. That the students in polytechnics and universities in Imo state have the skill and knowledge of information and communication technology.
  3. That the student in polytechnics and universities in Imo state benefits from the usage of computer.
  4. That lack of funding is the major hindrance to teaching and learning information and communication technology in polytechnic and universities in Imo state
  5. That with the help of ICT, information has been disseminated without stress.

5.3 Recommendation

From the collection, the researcher made the following recommendation:

  1. Information and communication technology should exist in polytechnics and universities in Imo state to enable the student posses the skills and knowledge of information and communication technology.
  2. The student in polytechnic and universities in Imo state should have adequate knowledge and skills of information and technology to enable them to face my computerized organization in the labour market.
  3. The student in polytechnic and universities in Imo state should benefit from the usage of information communication technology has tool (computer)
  4. The polytechnics and universities in Imo State should ensure that the necessary funding is up to date for it not to affect the ICT of these institutions.
  5. The polytechnic and universities in Imo state should ensure that information and communication technology has been disseminated without stress.

5.4 Suggestions For Further Research

Based on the findings of this research work, the following suggestions were made as areas for further research.

  1. Similar research can be carried outside polytechnic and universities in Imo state.
  2. A study on information and communication technology can be carried out in other organization to determine its implication for nation development.

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