The Impact Of Information Communication Technology On Student Academic Performance In Office Technology And Management Department

Project and Seminar Material for Office Technology and Management OTM

The Impact Of Information Communication Technology On Student Academic Performance In Office Technology And Management Department


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine the impact of information communication technology on student academic performance in office technology and management department using public tertiary institution in Ekiti State as a case study. The study was specifically set to examine the impact of the accessibility of ICT resource on students’ performance in office technology and management department, assess the impact of the availability of ICT resource on students’ performance in office technology and management department and investigate the impact of the usability of ICT resource on students’ performance in office technology and management department. The study employed the survey descriptive research design. A total of 141 responses were validated from the survey. The population size comprise of O.T.M students in the selected public tertiary institution, Ekiti State.From the responses obtained and analyzed, the findings revealed that accessibility of ICT resource affects the students’ academic performance in tertiary institutions. Furthermore, availability of ICT resource affects the students’ academic performance in tertiary institutions. The study thereby recommend that the training in ICT skills should be intensified in the curriculum for schools to help offer the potential to improve on the learning and teaching using the modern technology. To mention but a few.


Table of Content


Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organizations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Four:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is a technological tool (such as computer digital media and internet) used to facilitate learning and teaching by storing, manipulating and conveying data in an electronic form when teacher is inaccessible as alternative interactive knowledge environment. In the higher institution of learning, ICT has had a major impact in the organization and in teaching and learning methods. ICT makes learning more personalized, flexible and simple by offering alternative methods of delivering higher education through broadened possibilities for the learning processes that are independent from space and place (Adel and Mounir, 2008).
ICT technology has the potential to accelerate, enrich, and deepen skills; influence and absorb students in learning; help to correlate school experiences to work practices; help to create economic sustainability for tomorrow’s workers; contributes to drastic changes in school; provides opportunities for connection between the school and the world. According to Aleksander (2012), Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is one of the most veritable tools for economic growth.

ICT helps student to learn independently the real world situation to impact on their academic performance. Academic performance is mainly a function of students’ study lifestyles which refer to the student’s way of study whether organized, efficient or inefficient (Abid, 2006). The study lifestyles that impact on the academic performance of a student include: time management, setting academic goals, workload, surfing, revision, organization of materials, and notes taking during lectures (Fontana, 1995; Good and Brophy, 1986). Academic performance refers to the scores obtained by the students of higher education in their semester examinations. The academic performance is measured by grade point average (GPA) and this varies among the students.Students’ learning remains central in any academic achievement debate. ICTs provide an ample window of prospect for educational institutions to harness and use technology to complement the teaching and learning process. In most tertiary institutions in Nigeria, there is deficit in ICT resources which affect their availability and accessibility. The unavailability, accessibility and low usability of ICT has limited the student performance in higher institutions. The institutions are faced with the challenge of how to enhance students learning process in this vigorous, information-rich, and incessantly changing environment.


1.2 Statement of Problem

ICT has had a major impact in higher institutions of learning, in organizations and in teaching and learning methods. ICT has impacted on students, administrators and teachers respectively in the following ways: serve as extra reference materials to deepen understanding of the subjects taught in classrooms, computer software is used to track progress of students‟ performance and record grades, it changes pedagogical approaches, help to motivate and improve teacher-student interactions, increased self-confidence and increased excitement about teaching. In other words, high extent of ICT utilization can facilitate instructional improvement. In the context of this study, instructional improvement refers to the act of making progress in instructional delivery for better academic achievement. The effective utilization of information and communication system would not only improve students‟ learning but promotes teachers‟ instructional delivery and effective school management for sustainable educational system.

As enormous as the benefits and roles ICT are to every level of educational system, a lot of challenges abound. These challenges militate against effective and efficient teaching and learning with ICT. The most significant of these appears to be poor usage of ICT facilities among students‟, unavailability and inaccessibility of ICT facilities for students‟ learning, lack of good educational and ICT policies among others. Irrespective of the present jet age, some students‟ still find it difficult to excel in examinations conducted with electronic device like computer based test (CBT) which may be due to poor skill in application and utilization of ICT facilities for learning.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The overall aim of this study is to critically examine the impact of information communication technology on student academic performance in office technology and management department. Hence, the study will be channeled to the following specific objectives;

  1. Examine the impact of the accessibility of ICT resource on students’ performance in office technology and management department.
  2. Assess the impact of the availability of ICT resource on students’ performance in office technology and management department.
  3. Investigate the impact of the usability of ICT resource on students’ performance in office technology and management department.

1.4 Research Questions

The study will be guided by the following questions;

  1. Does accessibility of ICT resource affects the students’ academic performance in tertiary institutions?
  2. Does availability of ICT resource affects the students’ academic performance in tertiary institutions?
  3. Does usability of ICT resource affects the students’ academic performance in tertiary institutions?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

Ho: There is no significant relationship between the use of ICT and students academic performance.

Ha: There is a significant relationship between the use of ICT and students academic performance.


1.6 Significance of the Study

This study will be beneficial to the following:

Students will benefit from the findings and recommendations of this study because it will help them to be more aware of the information communication technology in the school. This study will enable students to get more involved in the utilization of information communication technology due to the benefits derivable from it.

Teachers will find this study beneficial because with the findings and recommendations of this study, teachers would avail themselves of the opportunity to get involved in the use of information communication technology because of the numerous benefits that can be derived from it.

Parents would benefit from this study because it will enable them to know the benefits their children/wards derive from using the information communication technology in their academic work or activities. Parents themselves, will avail themselves of the opportunity of knowing the importance of information communication technology through this study and those who do not use information communication technology would start to use it as it is beneficial to all human activities.

The School Authority will assist the school authority to be able to know more about information communication technology and its functions especially in the life of the full-time student. The recommendations of this study will enable the school authority to expand its policy on the availability and usage of information communication technology in the school system in Nigeria.

The society will benefit from this study, because it will assist the society to be information communication technology friendly due to the advantages it has. This study will afford the society to know more about information communication technology and its functions in the world today.


1.7 Scope of the Study

The scope of this study is to examine the impact of information communication technology on student academic performance in office technology and management department. The study will delve into examining the impact of the accessibility of ICT resource on students’ performance in office technology and management department, assessing the impact of the availability of ICT resource on students’ performance in office technology and management department, and investigating the impact of the usability of ICT resource on students’ performance in office technology and management department. The respondents for this study will be obtained from a selected public tertiary institution in Ekiti State.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

Like in every human endeavour, the researchers encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. The significant constraint was the scanty literature on the subject owing to the nature of the discourse thus the researcher incurred more financial expenses and much time was required in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection, which is why the researcher resorted to a limited choice of sample size. Additionally, the researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. More so, the choice of the sample size was limited as few respondent were selected to answer the research instrument hence cannot be generalize to other secondary schools. However, despite the constraint encountered during the research, all factors were downplayed in other to give the best and make the research successful.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Information Technology

Information communication technology is the acquisition, processing, storage and dissemination of vocal, pictorial, textual and numerical information by a micro-based combination of computing and telecommunication. It is the newest source of information students applied in solving their academic problems in the schools.

Utilization

This is the making use of information communication technology in solving academic problems by students in tertiary institutions in Lagos State.

Assessment

This refers to the act of assessing and valuing of information through the accessibility of materials derived from ICT.


1.10 Organization of the Study

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the impact of information communication technology on student academic performance in office technology and management department using public tertiary institution in Ekiti State as a case study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary

In this study, our focus was the impact of information communication technology on student academic performance in office technology and management department using public tertiary institution in Ekiti State as a case study. The study specifically was aimed at to examine the impact of the accessibility of ICT resource on students’ performance in office technology and management department, assess the impact of the availability of ICT resource on students’ performance in office technology and management department and investigate the impact of the usability of ICT resource on students’ performance in office technology and management department.

A total of 141 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are drawn from O.T.M students in the selected public tertiary institution, Ekiti State.


5.3 Conclusion

Based on the finding of this study, the following conclusions were made:

  1. Accessibility of ICT resource affects the students’ academic performance in tertiary institutions.
  2. Availability of ICT resource affects the students’ academic performance in tertiary institutions.
  3. Usability of ICT resource affects the students’ academic performance in tertiary institutions.

5.3 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. The institutions must invest massively on ICT resources (such as computers and related technology) as this will solve the accessibility problem.
  2. There is need to maintain an effective internet connectivity in the institution to tackle the problems associated with internet accessibility.
  3. The training in ICT skills should be intensified in the curriculum for schools to help offer the potential to improve on the learning and teaching using the modern technology.

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Frequently Asked Questions


Does information and communication technology curriculum enhance standardized academic test performance?

The purpose of this study was to determine if implementing Information and Communication Technology (ICT) as a curriculum resource in inclusion classrooms enhanced the standardized academic test performance of fifth grade Exceptional Student Education (ESE) inclusion students. 

Does information and communication technology affect academic learning gains for inclusion students?

The study was designed to examine whether Information and Communication Technology (ICT) as a resource affected academic learning gains for Exceptional Student Education (ESE) inclusion students in the mainstream classroom.

What is the importance of Information Communication Technology in education?

Research findings reveal that using information and communication technology is effective in increasing educational motivation, improving questioning skill, improving research spirit and raising school marks. It is generally effective on third grade high school students’ educational improvement to a great extent.

Does ICT use affect students’ academic performance?

Those students who do not use ICT as a resource. The alternative, research hypothesis was that ESE inclusion students exposed to ICT in their classrooms would show significantly higher academic performance than students who lacked ICT exposure. 

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