Impact Of Information Communication Technology (ICT) On Secondary School Education

Project and Seminar Material for Computer Science Education

Impact Of Information Communication Technology (ICT) On Secondary School Education


Abstract


The study investigates the impact of ICT on Anambra secondary schools. Information communication technology (ICT) has no doubt changed the face of teaching and learning globally. The study observed that, though Anambra is also making efforts to join the ICT fray, these efforts appear to be ineffective. Anambra still experience a lag in its implementation due to general neglect and other factors, comprising corruption etc, and this continues to be the major challenge facing access to ICT-driven instructional aids facilities in most Anambra secondary schools. The study concludes that despite the roles ICT can play in education, Anambra schools are yet to extensively adopt them for teaching and learning. Efforts geared towards integration of ICT into the school system have not had much impact. Problems such as lack of Teachers’ Professional knowledge and technical know-how and poor information infrastructure militate against these efforts. The study recommends that efforts should be made by government to post and provide teachers skilled in ICTs to each school in Anambra State as to impact ICT skills to the students.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses
  • 4.5 Discussion of Findings

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Information communication technologies (ICTs) are information handling tools that are used to produce, store, and process, distribute and exchange information. These different tools are now able to work together, and combine to form networked world-which reaches into every nook and cranny of the globe (UNDP Evaluation Office, 2001). It is an increasingly powerful tool for participating in global markets, promoting political accountability; improving the delivery of basic services; and enhancing local development opportunities (UNDP, 2006). According to Ogunsola (2005) ICT “is an electronic based system of information transmission, reception, processing and retrieval, which has drastically changed the way we think, the way we live and the environment in which we live”. It can be used to access global knowledge and communication with other people (Ogunsola, 2005). Students who use ICTs gain deeper understanding of complex topics and concepts and are more likely to recall information and use it to solve problems outside the classroom (Apple Computer, 2002).

In addition, through ICT, students extend and deepen their knowledge, investigation, and inquiry according to their needs and interest when access to information is available on multiple levels (CEO Forum on Education and Technology, 2001). Information communication technology (ICT) has no doubt changed the face of teaching and learning globally. And serious nations are taking the advantages inherent in ICT to impact on the educational sector. Though Nigeria is also making efforts to join the ICT fray, these efforts appear to be ineffective. Computer laboratories are largely non-existent in many public schools across the country. And where they exist, they are nothing to cheer. Due to this general neglect and other factors, comprising corruption, outdated curriculum, ill-motivated teachers, materialism and academic laziness on the part of Students and Teachers, the nation has been reaping mass failure in public examinations. Arising from this, stakeholders are calling on government to provide basic facilities including ICT-driven teaching aids for the nation’s educational system (The Punch Newspaper 2012).
Therefore, the Impact of ICT in Nigeria and any other developing society especially in Anambra Secondary Schools can’t be overemphasized. It is very pertinent if one can note that technological advancement has shown lights to the dark paths of students all over the globe.

As part of the IT curriculum, learners are encouraged to regard computer as tools to be used in all aspect of their studies. In particular, they need to make use of the multimedia technologies to communicate ideas, describe projects and order information in their academic work.

It also has been shown that if some secondary schools in Ogbaru like the ones selected;Victory comprehensive secondary school Atani, Community Secondary School, Atani and Ogbaru High school, Ogbakuba advance by using ICT tools, educational development will be enhanced in the schools and student’s academic output, performance and societal impact will be on the increment. Therefore, it is important to state that government at all levels needs to do a lot in the area of ICT development on our educational sectors.

Robinson(1991:100) stated that information technology (ICT) can be used to serve three main purposes which are:

  1. To deliver all or part of the learning content to learner
  2. To supplement and extend content provided in a different form
  3. To provide a 2 way channel of communicaton for exchange between tutors and students with their peers for feedback, debates, support and for solving learning problems.

1.2 Statement of the Problems

Obviously, there is a rapid increase in the implementation of ICT tools in so many sectors of the nation and globe. This rapid increase of computer (ICT) usage points to the needs of improving the literacy of students especially in their secondary school education level. Problems and challenges faced by secondary education without the help of the tools of ICT are therefore numerous.

Prior to the present century where the advance of Information communication Technology has taking the lead in reducing the stress of human beings especially students, people suffer in educational researches and productivity. Meanwhile, one could have just logged into an information search website (www.google.com) to update him or herself with whatsoever research information he or she seeks if one is ICT equipped. Our students are faced with High stress and cost of Information search and retrieval in the offline library system (OLS) where no computer exists. Consequently, the time it will take a secondary school researcher to conduct his or her research in the offline mode tends to a period of 1 to 2 years.

Furthermore, the processing of student’s results manually has been the major challenge faced by form teachers of our secondary schools which cumulate to poor students’ result management.

Lots of files are also being misplaced through the manual record system used in our secondary schools instead of the Database Management System (DBMS) which has the ability to store and retrieve data in an automated form with access authentication and low redundancy functionality. These summed up to the reason why the researcher embarked on this research work “Impact of Information Communication Technology (ICT) on secondary school education” in order to expose and justify the impact of ICT on secondary schools in Anambra state and procure viable recommendations to evoke the responses of the three tiers of government to equip our secondary schools with ICT-Driven education technological tools such as; E-Library, Computer Laboratory, Online Research Center, Projectors etc.


1.3 Purpose of the Study

The purpose of the study is to verify or find out:

  1. The extent to which computer is needed in planning and implementing educational programs
  2. The extent to which computer enhances the quality of education
  3. The usefulness of computer in school administration
  4. The problems associated with the use of computer by secondary school students
  5. The negative effect of computer usage in instruction and learning
  6. The academic impact of computer on secondary school students

1.4 Research Questions

  1. To what extent is computer needed in planning and implementing educational program?
  2. To what extent does computer enhance the quality of education?
  3. What is the usefulness of computer in school administration?
  4. What are the problems associated with the use of computer by secondary school students
  5. What are the negative effect of computer usage in instruction and learning?
  6. What are the academic impacts of computer on secondary school students?

1.5 Hypothesis

  • H1: The impact of ICT on education will bring about positive change in secondary schools in Anambra State.
  • H0: The impact of ICT on education will bring no change and positive influence to secondary schools in Anambra State.

1.6 Significance of Study

This research “The impact of ICT on Secondary Education in Anambra State” is quite significant in that there is need to improve the quality of teaching and learning in schools within Anambra State using Ogbaru Local Government Area as a reference point. Therefore, the significance of this study can be channeled thus;

To Teachers

The use of various ICT-based software and Computer Based tutoring programs can aid the teachers in teaching the students and also aid them in student’s assessment and testing.

To Parents

The joy of every parent is to see the child perform wonderfully well both in school and at home. Since ICT tool can positively aid students’ learning outcome, it will foster the happiness and wellbeing of the parents at home. This study can also influence the ICT literacy level of parents at home since they would want to procure ICT tools for the student’s practice at home thereby having computers installed and used at home.

To Students

ICT knowledge and computer education will help the child to be literate otherwise informed and belong to this present innovative and ICT-driven society. It will also help him to be equipped for the future challenges envisaged in the digitized future century. Hence, the child will be able to fit in appropriately into our highly, dynamic and enthusiastic modern world. It will also help the teachers to develop online libraries through which useful educational books and materials can be accessed using the internet. The students will also be exposed to the uses of computer for information search and retrieval using the e-library or the internet (Cyber Cafe) which will foster their level of information literacy.

To School Administration

ICT is presently useful in administrative settings. Since the computer was designed to make our Job easier and lighter, its use and efficacy in administrative job execution is numerous ranging from teacher’s salary schedule computation to result computing system which drastically reduces the sufferings of the teachers and administrators.

To Curriculum Planners

ICT is presently a useful tool in promoting and enhancing qualitative curriculum planning. ICT tools are being used to determine the best input for the students so as to aid a reasonable learning outcome which will enhance the realization of the purpose and goal of education.


1.7 Scope of Research

This research work “The impact of ICT on Secondary Education in Anambra State” is limited to the three selected schools which are Victory comprehensive secondary school Atani, Community Secondary school Atani and Ogbaru High school Ogbakuba all in Ogbaru LGA of Anambra State. The schools were covered with a particular reference to problems confronting ICT implementation and its suggested solutions, administration of schools, their educational planning and implementation.


1.8 Limitation of Study

Finance, inadequate materials and time constraint were the challenges the researchers encountered during the course of the study.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Information Technology

Information communication technology is the acquisition, processing, storage and dissemination of vocal, pictorial, textual and numerical information by a micro-based combination of computing and telecommunication. It is the newest source of information students applied in solving their academic problems in the schools.

Utilization

This is the making use of information communication technology in solving academic problems by students in tertiary institutions in Lagos State.

Assessment

This refers to the act of assessing and valuing of information through the accessibility of materials derived from ICT.


1.10 Organizations of the Study

The chapter one consist of the introductory part of the study which includes the study background, the statement of the research problem, the study objective and scope of the study.

The second chapter is a critical review of other literatures relevant to the study and its objectives including the theoretical framework for the study. While the third chapter is methods of data collection, sampling and data analysis used in conducting the study. The fourth chapter centres around the research findings including an analysis of how it relates to previous findings. The fifth chapter consists of the summary of findings, conclusion and recommendations base on the study objectives


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion, Implications, Limitations, Recommendations and Suggestions for Further Studies

5.1 Summary

This study investigated the impact of information communication technology (ict) on secondary school education in Anambra State. The research centered on some selected schools within Ogbaru Local Government Area of Anambra State.

Six research questions were formulated to guide the research, one hundred questionnaires were designed and adopted to collect data and one hundred respondents were given the questionnaire.

Mean and standard deviation were used in the analysis of the data. The result of the findings showed that;

  1. The respondents identified five ways computer can help in planning and implementation of educational program.
  2. A total of five factors were identified that helped in enhancing the quality of education.
  3. A total of five factors were also identified as the usefulness of computer in school administration.
  4. Five problems associated with the use of computer were also identified by respondents.
  5. Five negative effects of computer usage were also identified by the respondents.
  6. The respondents also identified five academic impact of computer on secondary schools.

5.2 Conclusion

From the result obtained, the researcher concluded that computer, plays significant role in the educational development of Anambra State. This is because computer makes for timeliness of information access and retrieval. With the use of computer, processing, management and storage of information can be easily carried out in our secondary schools. Computers also enable accuracy in information management. With the use of ICT tools, educational planning will be eased. Computer education will also help out teeming youth to be effectively empowered to face the challenges of today’s digital world. It will also help the State and the nation to realize its vision of technological advancement as well as meeting the goals of vision 202020. This is because education is the anchor upon which any meaningful development in any society rests.


5.3 Recommendations

Computer as had been noted helps in facilitating the educational development in society. If accurate, reliable and fast information must be obtained, computerization becomes a necessity. Based on the findings, the following are recommended.

  1. ICT professionals should be employed in the secondary schools in Ogbaru Local government Area so that they will conduct computer training to teachers and staff of the schools.
  2. Every school within Ogbaru Local government should be computerized.
  3. Computer systems should be installed in these schools as to enhance the quality of education and information management of the schools.
  4. In house training on the use of computer should be conducted for teaching staff of these schools.
  5. Standby generating set should be provided for these schools. This will help to simplify the problem of erratic power supply.
  6. Computer systems should be installed with relevant educational software that will help to simplify teaching and learning and make for effectiveness.

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Frequently Asked Questions


What is the importance of Information Communication Technology in education?

Research findings reveal that using information and communication technology is effective in increasing educational motivation, improving questioning skill, improving research spirit and raising school marks. It is generally effective on third grade high school students’ educational improvement to a great extent.

What is the impact of ICT on academic performance?

Research conducted by Achuzie (2009), has shown that any secondary school which uses ICT tools to foster learning produces computer literates and potential wonderful researchers.

Does information and Communication Technology enhance educational motivation of third grade students?

Using of information and communication technology has an impact on increase in educational motivation of third grade high school students. Using of information and communication technology has an impact on increase in question-making skill of third grade high school students.

What is the role of ICT in education?

Information and communication technology have changed the traditional learning approaches to modern and interactive environment. ICTs are the keys of the revolution in education. ICTs in this study were divided into five parts: theory and practice, infrastructure, techniques and methods, devices and tools and educational applications. 

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