Impact Of Infertility On Marriage Success Among Married Couples In Vwang Community

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Impact Of Infertility On Marriage Success Among Married Couples In Vwang Community


Abstract


This study was carried out on the impact of infertility on marriage success among married couples in Vwang community. The study was carried out to determine whether infertility results to martial dissatisfaction among married couples, determine whether married couples experiences abusive treatment from spouse as a result of infertility, determine whether couples experiences physical and mental health challenges as a result of infertility, ascertain whether couples experiences termination of marriage as a result of infertility, ascertain the extent infertility affects the tranquil and success of marriages in Vwang community. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprised of married couples in Vwang community. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 70 respondents and 70 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables, while the hypotheses will be tested using Pearson Correlation statistical tool, SPSS v23. The result of the findings reveals that infertility result to marital dissatisfaction among married couples in Vwang community. The study also revealed that the extent infertility affects the tranquil and success of marriages in Vwang community is high. Therefore, it is recommended that most of the childless married couples have financial problems to receive medical treatments, hence government should give due attention in developing short term plans and programs that create affordable and accessible medical treatments for infertility and that guarantee old age security for the socially disadvantaged elderly childless married couples. To mention but a few.


Table of Content


Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organizations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Reproduction is known as an essential humai, and Hashemi, 2009]. According to WHO, infertility is defined as a disease of the reproductive system in which pregnancy does not occur after years of continued intercourse [Masearenhas, and Flaxma, 2012]. Infertility is considered as a global concern which affects many aspects of life in both genders [Sumera, and Raafay, 2010]. The rates even go up to 186 million people around the world [Inhorn, and Patn desire so that infertility may cause a great deal of psychosocial impairment [Khodakaramrizio, 2015].Infertility may work as a painful emotional experience [Dural,&Yasa, 2016]. It can cause a lot of psychological issues including stress, anxiety, depression, diminished self-esteem,declined sexual satisfaction, and reduced quality of life [Kamel &Remah, 2010]. The resulted psychosocial issues affect the female gender adversely more than her spouse [Patrizio, 2015], especially in societies where there are prejudices against women [Balen, and Bos, 2009]. As such, an infertile couples may show a relatively high level of frustration and anger which affect their relationship with family, friends and even spouse. Likewise, infertile married couples are likely to develop mental illnesses, marital dissatisfaction, and impaired quality of life compared to the individuals of fertile group [ Farrokh and Eslamlou, 2014]. Attitudes toward married couples infertility are often influenced by ethnic and cultural groups [Aliyeh, and Laya, 2007]. In the eastern societies, the community mainly expects women to play a role as a mother. Thiswill cause many psychosocial concerns and many other challenges if pregnancy does not occur for any reason [Choobfroushzadeh, 2013]. Therefore, more studies are required among eastern societies to reveal the impact of social, cultural and individual factors on an infertile couples of life [Daniluk, 2002].

Furthermore, while the infertility is not a disease, it and its treatment can affect all aspects of married couples lives, which can cause various health, psychological, and emotional disorders or consequences including turmoil, frustration, depression, anxiety, hopelessness, guilt, and feelings of worthlessness in life (Maroufizadeh, 2015). For instance, a quantitative study in Iran revealed that infertility treatment is amongst the most stressful factors for the infertile couples (Ghaheri, 2015). However, according to Isiugo-Abanihe, (1998), infertility can be wholly accepted and managed by the couple as a marital challenge in their enduring love but pressure from society/extended family weaken the relationship. In line with the above, this study is focused on unveiling the impact of infertility on marriage success among married couples in Vwang community.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

There is increasing recognition in the social science literature that infertility is a devastating problem for married couples, particularly in the high-fertility context of sub-Saharan Africa. Regardless of the medical causes of infertility, married couples in most African societies suffer grief, social stigma, ostracism and often serious economic deprivation. There is ample documentation that the consequences of infertility are borne primarily by women, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. As Inhorn (1994, 1996) has shown for Egypt, in most of these cultures women receive the major blame for reproductive mishaps. For example, Feldman-Savelsberg (1999) reports that in Cameroon infertility is grounds for divorce among the Bangangte, causing a woman to lose her access to her husband’s land. Infertile women are treated as outcasts and their bodies are buried on the outskirts of the town among the Ekiti Yoruba of Nigeria (Ademola, 1982). Women undoubtedly contain various challenges in the surface of infertility, and those challenges can be subjected to husbands belief and cultural values, family influence, the society etc. In the light of these, this study seek to investigate the impact of infertility on marriage success among married couples in Vwang community.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The overall aim of this study is to critically assess the impact of infertility on marriage success among married couples in Vwang community. Hence, the study will be channeled to the following specific objectives;

  1. Determine whether infertility results to martial dissatisfaction among married couples.
  2. Determine whether married couples experiences abusive treatment from spouse as a result of infertility.
  3. Determine whether couples experiences physical and mental health challenges as a result of infertility.
  4. Ascertain whether couples experiences termination of marriage as a result of infertility.
  5. Ascertain the extent infertility affects the tranquil and success of marriages in Vwang community.

1.4 Research Question

This study will be guided by the following questions;

  1. Does infertility results to martial dissatisfaction among married couples?
  2. Does married couples experience abusive treatment from spouse as a result of infertility?
  3. Does couples experience physical and mental health challenges as a result of infertility?
  4. Does couples experience termination of marriage as a result of infertility?
  5. What is the extent infertility affect the tranquil and success of marriages in Vwang community?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

H0: There is no significant relation between infertility and marriage success among married couples in Vwang community.

Ha: There is a significant relation between infertility and marriage success among married couples in Vwang community.


1.6 Significance of the Study

This study will serve as a material for enlightenment for mostly married couples, and the society at large. To a very great extent, this study will educate families on the need and how to manage family and societal pressures which are associated with the issue of infertility especially among married couples. The study will further caution the society on the implications of intruding into family matters as delicate as infertility, and the need to offer relevant support to victims of infertility not to add fire to the smoke. This study will add to the existing body of knowledge on medical sociology. It will create room for further research on the impact of infertility on marriage success among married couples in Vwang community.


1.7 Scope of the Study

This study is examines the impact of infertility on marriage success among married couples in Vwang community, determining whether infertility results to martial dissatisfaction among married couples, determining whether married couples experiences abusive treatment from spouse as a result of infertility, determining whether couples experiences physical and mental health challenges as a result of infertility, ascertaining whether couples experiences termination of marriage as a result of infertility, ascertaining the extent infertility affects the tranquil and success of marriages in Vwang community. Hence this study will be delimited to married couples in Vwang community.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

Finance for the general research work will be a challenge during the course of study. Correspondents also might not be able to complete or willing to submit the questionnaires given to them.

However, it is believed that these constraints will be worked on by making the best use of the available materials and spending more than the necessary time in the research work. Therefore, it is strongly believed that despite these constraint, its effect on this research report will be minimal, thus, making the objective and significance of the study achievable.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Childless:

The absence of children in a family resulting from the inability to conceive a child by married couple or death of existing children.

Couples:

This refers to a man and woman united and legally bounded in marriage.

Culture:

The arts, customs, beliefs, values, behavior and material objects that constitute peoples’ way of life.

Fertility:

The condition, or the degree of being fertile

Infertility:

The inability to conceive after a period of 12 months of uncontrollable and unprotected sexual intercourse.


1.10 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows.

  • Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study.

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

In this study, our focus was on the impact of infertility on marriage success among married couples in Vwang community. The study is was specifically carried out to determine whether infertility results to marital dissatisfaction among married women, determine whether married women experience abusive treatment from spouse as a result of infertility, determine whether married women experience physical and mental health challenges as a result of infertility, ascertain whether married women experience the termination of marriage as result of infertility, and ascertain the extent infertility affects the tranquil and success of marriages in Vwang community.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 70 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent were married couples in Vwang community.


5.2 Conclusion

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher concluded that;

  1. Infertility result to marital dissatisfaction among married couples in Vwang community.
  2. Married couples experiences abusive treatment from spouse as a result of infertility
  3. Couples experiences physical and mental health challenges as a result of infertility.
  4. Couples experiences termination of marriage as a result of infertility.
  5. The extent infertility affects the tranquil and success of marriages in Vwang community is high.

5.3 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. Mass enlightenment of the public could help increase the knowledge of the causes of infertility among involuntary childless couples and also reduce feeling of inferiority complex among childless couples.
  2. Childless couples should seek for medical treatment jointly.
  3. Most of the childless married couples have financial problems to receive medical treatments. Government should give due attention in developing short term plans and programs that create affordable and accessible medical treatments for infertility and that guarantee old age security for the socially disadvantaged elderly childless married couples.

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Frequently Asked Questions


How does infertility affect marriage and relationships?

Infertile individuals experienced greater dissatisfaction with themselves and their marriages. Females experienced greater discontent over time and had greater emotional investment than males. Infertile couples, labeled non communicators, were found to be affected even more by infertility.

How to deal with the challenges associated with infertility?

A lot of fertility clinics refer people to couples or individual therapy to deal with the challenges associated with infertility. If you are struggling, or you and your partner need to get on the same page, there is no shame in reaching out for help. There is a Turkish proverb that says, “No road is long with good company.”

Can nurses help infertile couples?

Infertile couples, labeled non communicators, were found to be affected even more by infertility. Nurses can play vital roles in counseling infertile couples. 

Is infertility affecting your mental and physical health?

Infertility can be a lonely road, but you don’t need to walk it alone. There’s no denying the fact that infertility can take a major toll on your mental and physical health. The hormones, the disappointment, the needles and tests all impact your well-being. 

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