The Impact Of Inefficient Waste Management To Oceans In Nigeria

Project and Seminar Material for Environmental Science

The Impact Of Inefficient Waste Management To Oceans In Nigeria


Abstract


This study aims to study the impact of inefficient waste management to oceans in Nigeria. A total of 134 respondents were selected from the population figure out of which the sample size was determined. The primary source of data collected was mainly the use of a structured questionnaire which was designed to elicit information on waste management. Data collected will be analyzed using frequency table, percentage and mean score analysis while the nonparametric statistical test (Chi-square) was used to test the formulated hypothesis using SPSS (statistical package for social sciences). The results showed that there is no significant influence of poor waste management on human health. There is a significant relationship between amount of waste generated and socio-economic characteristics of the people. The results also show that the present solid waste management system is insufficient for Rawalpindi city due to lack of proper equipment and funding. The findings of this study will serve as channel of enlightenment to the urban dwellers who generate and dispose waste indiscriminately.


Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Waste or household waste is the waste generated by households. It must be discerned from municipal solid waste, which is the waste collected by the municipal collection system. Waste can be divided mainly into paper and cardboard, glass, plastic, organic fractions, hazardous waste and bulky waste (Giusti 2002). Giusti (2002) described further that wastes are useless, unwanted or discarded materials resulting from everyday items that man consumes and discards. It predominantly includes food wastes, yard waste, containers and product packaging, and other miscellaneous inorganic waste. Example of inorganic household waste are appliances, newspapers, clothing, food scrapes, boxes, disposable tableware, office and classroom paper, furniture, wood pallets, rubber tires and cafeteria wastes. Others include medication, paints, chemical, light bulbs, fluorescent tubes, spray cans, fertilizer, pesticide container, butteries, shoe polish etc,

According to Datol (2005), Daily household and commercial activities generated around 400kg of waste per person in 1996. This included both mixed household rubbish and separately collected waste such as paper and glass factor in the trend towards increased waste generation since 1996 and it becomes clear that the 300kg limit will not be reached without significant cuts in household waste generation. He added that as household activities increase so would the generation of refuse or waste increases especially in the urban communities.

It would not occur that waste generation and disposal being reduced in 1998-2003 over 822 millions tones in UK and other part of African countries, the mean reduction of daily household and commercial waste in cities have increased significantly, which demands for effective domestic waste control and management. Domestic waste generation and disposal is hazardous to human health, which need the use of technology for proper management. Waste management is the collection, transportation, processing, recycling or disposal and monitoring of waste materials. The term usually relates to materials produced by human activity and is generally undertaken to reduce their effect on health and environment. Waste management is also carried out to discover resources from it. Waste management can involve solid, liquid, gaseous or radioactive substances, with different methods and fields of expertise for each. The more solid, liquid and gaseous waste generated daily, the more professional personnel and technologies needed for effective domestic waste management (Okafor 2002).

Waste management practices differ for developed and developing nations, for urban and rural areas and for residential and industrial producers. Management for non-hazardous residential and institutional waste in metropolitan areas is usually the responsibilities of local government authorities while management for non-hazardous commercial and industrial waste is usually the responsibilities of the generator (Emehorale, 2000).
Integrated waste management using Life cycle analysis (LCA) attempts to offer the most acceptable options for waste management. For mixed Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) a number of broad studies have indicated that waste administration, then source separation and collection followed by reuse and recycling of the non-organic fraction and energy and compost /fertilizer production of the organic waste fraction via an aerobic digestion to be the favored path. Non-metallic waste resources are not destroyed as with incineration, and be reused/recycled in a future resource depleted society. Some domestic and chemical waste generated and disposed of can be recycled and processed chemically as useable products. This also involves productive waste management (Kola 2008)


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Visit to some corners and areas in Oron metropolis revealed that commercial waste generated from food items, broken glasses, plastics, shop and restaurant refuse/waste, hazardous waste and bulky waste are heaped on road sides and some are dumped in the gutters indiscriminately. This creates rooms for the breeding of vector and rodents such as rats, mosquitoes, flies and has facilitated the spread of communicable diseases like cholera and malaria among the urban dwellers. The worst of it all that urban dwellers have shown ignorant attitude to proper disposal and management of waste

A closed observation of Ocean bank indicated that management of waste disposal is poor, because the government has not provided better technologies as seen in developed cities for effective control of waste. Technologies are needed to improved upon waste generation and management procedure. Again community dwellers have not been enlightened in respect of control, management and hazardous waste generation and disposal.


1.3 Aim / Objective of the Study

The specific objectives are as follows:

  1. To examine the level of the waste deposited in the Ocean.
  2. To examine the influence of poor waste management on the health of the people in the riverine area.
  3. To investigate the relationship between levels of waste generation and socio – economic characteristic of the people.
  4. To evolve a model for efficient waste management in Oron Metropolis.

1.4 Research Questions

The following are the research questions used for this study:

  1. What is the level of the waste deposited in the ocean?
  2. To what extent does poor waste management affect human health?
  3. What is the relationship between the level of waste generation and socio – economic characteristic of the people?
  4. What model could enhance efficient waste management on human health in?

1.5 Hypothesis of the Study

Below are the research hypotheses of this study:

  1. There is no significant influence of poor waste management on human health.
  2. There is no significant relationship between amount of waste generated and socio-economic characteristics of the people.

1.6 Significance of the Study

A study of waste generation and management is of great importance to the government in the sense that it informs the local government of its social responsibilities in the provision of better waste management technologies and tool for effective or proper waste control and management

Also, the findings of this study will serve as channel of enlightenment to the urban dwellers who generate and dispose waste indiscriminately. This with help to improve on disposal of waste knowing that it brings hazard to human health.


1.7 Delimitation of the Study

The study is limited to Oron metropolis in Akwa Ibom State. However, only wastes will be included in the study.

Complete Material Available


Get Complete Project Material

5,000 5000

The Complete Material Will Be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make Payment (Through Transfer) of ₦5,000 to the Account Below

Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card


FOR STUDENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Purchase Material ($15)

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  1. Payment Details

  2. TOPIC: The Impact Of Inefficient Waste Management To Oceans In Nigeria

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To You On WhatsApp After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


Need a Different Topic? Perform a Quick Search



List of Related Works

Click on Any Topic to Preview the Content


Conclusion


Most of the developing countries are not able to provide proper facilities for collection and disposal of communal solid waste to whole population. In Rawalpindi city, solid waste is being dumped openly along roadsides. Like other cities of Pakistan, in Rawalpindi, diverse solid waste management systems are in practice. Open dumps are responsible for the blockage of drains, breeding of flies and spread of epidemic diseases. Due to lack of proper equipment and funding, the present solid waste management system is insufficient for Rawalpindi city. Remote areas of the city are mostly ignored and the collection efficiency is very low. Hospital and other hazardous waste materials are being treated as ordinary waste. Considering the overall negative impacts associated with open dumping and open burning, these practices must be strongly discharged.

samphina.academy

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.