Impact Of Indiscipline On Academic Performance Of Pupils In Public Primary School In Yenagoa Local Government, Bayelsa State

Primary Education Project and Semina Material

Impact Of Indiscipline On Academic Performance Of Pupils In Public Primary School In Yenagoa Local Government, Bayelsa State


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine the impact of indiscipline on academic performance of pupils in public primary school in Yenagoa Local Government, Bayelsa State. The study was carried out to assess the prevalence of indiscipline in public primary school in Yenagoa Local Government of Bayelsa State, determine the forms of indiscipline acts common in public primary school in Yenagoa Local Government of Bayelsa State, ascertain whether indiscipline affects students participation, and concentration during teaching and learning in primary schools, and find out whether indiscipline affects students learning quality and academic performance in public primary school in Yenagoa Local Government of Bayelsa State. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprise of teachers of some selected public primary schools in Yenagoa Local Government, Bayelsa State. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 41 respondents and 35 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables and mean scores. While the hypotheses were tested using Pearson correlation statistical tool, SPSS v23. The result of the findings reveals that the prevalence of indiscipline in public primary school in Yenagoa Local Government of Bayelsa State is high. The study also revealed that indiscipline affect students learning quality and academic performance in public primary school in Yenagoa Local Government of Bayelsa State. Therefore, it is recommended that rules of classroom and forms of punishment must be discussed with the whole class and consensual agreement must be reached before enforcement. To mention but a few.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Indiscipline is the most common challenge faced by teachers all over the world. Researchers have been studying various ways of managing discipline and the studies will continue for as long there will be schools. Maphosa (2011) assert that the issue of learners’ indiscipline has taken centre stage for a long time both internationally and nationally. According to these authors in the United Kingdom, for example, there are many cases of classroom disorders. A lesson depends on many factors to reach at an acceptable level of success, discipline takes the lead. In a classroom, discipline is prerequisite if meaningful learning is to take place. Nakpodia (2010) defines discipline as methods of modelling character and teaching self-control and acceptable behaviour. It implies self control, restraint, and respect for self and others.

Indiscipline on the other hand, is disrespect for school authority, disobedience of set rules and regulations and non-maintenance of established standards of behavior. School rules are usually associated with classroom management and school discipline. However, rules also define ways of thinking about oneself and the world. Rules are guidelines for actions and for the evaluation of actions in terms of good and bad, or right or wrong, and therefore a part of moral or values education in school. School discipline can be described as all the strategies that can be used to coordinate, regulate and organize individuals and activities in the school (Thornberg, 2008).

Discipline aims at helping an individual to be well adjusted and happy (Nakpodia, 2010). In order to maintain an academically focused environment for teaching and learning in the classroom, some standard of behavior must be encouraged. Zubaida (2009) asserts that one purpose of discipline is to provide conditions which promote learning. Discipline is meant to discourage disorderly conduct that may threaten safety in the classroom.

Most common behavioral problems among learners include truancy, fighting, shouting, snatching other learners’ property, bullying, cheating, viewing pornographic materials, threatening teachers among others (Zubaida, 2009). Boroffice (2004) believes that factors such as biological social, view of self, attitudes, beliefs, sense of his future are some of the factors that predispose pupils to unhealthy behaviours and this is collaborated by Etesi (2012) who has consistently shown that suspensions, expulsions and other punitive consequences are not the solution to indiscipline. Out-of-school suspension is ineffective in remediating discipline problems because many learners do not view it as punishment. Removing the offending learner from the classroom prevents him or her from learning and provides no means for preventing or reducing future misbehavior.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Indiscipline have been growing canker in Nigeria, which threatens the cohesiveness of peaceful co-existence of students. According to Maphosa & Mammen (2011), basic schools of today are noted for disrespecting authorities, going to school late, fighting among themselves, refusing to do homework and dressing indecently. Some of the pupils go to the extent of vandalizing school property and assaulting teachers for taking disciplinary actions against them or a colleague. The causes of these acts of indiscipline among pupils can be attributed to the home and school environment, teacher related factors in addition to the other emerging phenomenon outside our Nigerian culture. Intolerance and indiscipline behaviour brings about disorder, destruction and anxiety among the pupils. Indiscipline behaviours therefore do not create conducive environment for learning but leads to poor academic work.’

There is a general notion that standard of education in Nigeria is falling and this has been attributed to internal, external, political constraints and human factors (Inglehart & Welzel, 2005). Indiscipline behaviours could be one of the human factors that might have contributed to the falling standards of education. Despite the threat and negative impact of indiscipline on students’ learning, few researches have been done to assess the effects of indiscipline on students’ academic performance in primary schools.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The purpose of the research work is to examine the impact of indiscipline on academic performance of pupils in public primary school. Specifically, this study seek to;

  1. Assess the prevalence of indiscipline in public primary school in Yenagoa Local Government of Bayelsa State.
  2. Determine the forms of indiscipline acts common in public primary school in Yenagoa Local Government of Bayelsa State.
  3. Ascertain whether indiscipline affects students participation, and concentration during teaching and learning in primary schools.
  4. Find out whether indiscipline affects students learning quality and academic performance in public primary school in Yenagoa Local Government of Bayelsa State.

1.5 Research Questions

  1. What is the prevalence of indiscipline in public primary school in Yenagoa Local Government of Bayelsa State?
  2. What are the forms of indiscipline acts common in public primary school in Yenagoa Local Government of Bayelsa State?
  3. Does indiscipline affect students participation, and concentration during teaching and learning in primary schools?
  4. Does indiscipline affect students learning quality and academic performance in public primary school in Yenagoa Local Government of Bayelsa State?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

  • Ho: There is no significant relationship between indiscipline behavior and pupils academic performance.
  • Ha: There is a significant relationship between indiscipline behavior and pupils academic performance.

1.6 Significant of the Study

The result of the study will be beneficial to pupils, parents, teachers, counsellors, government and other researchers.
The result of the study will be beneficial to pupils because the research focus on them and the solution will bring a positive development about their behaviour problem.

The result of the study will be beneficial to parents in terms of the outcome of the research, they will know their roles as parent and nurture their children in godly manner.

The result of the study will be beneficial to teachers that will make them know the role they are playing negatively in the schools that could bring about indiscipline in the pupils.

The result of the study will also help the counsellors to find solution to the problems of indiscipline as regards to the incidence and effects on primary school pupils which will help in the management of pupils both in schools and their respective homes.

The result of the study will expose the governments to where they have neglected their duties which has resulted in indiscipline in primary schools and how it can be rectified.

The result of the study will guide other researchers who may wish to conduct similar related research on the field under study in providing useful information.


1.7 Scope of the Study

The scope of this study boarders on the impact of indiscipline on academic performance of pupils in public primary school. Geographically, this study will be delimited to some selected public primary schools in Yenagoa Local Government, Bayelsa State.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

Like in every human endeavour, the researcher encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. Insufficient funds tend to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection, which is why the researcher resorted to a limited choice of sample size. More so, the researcher simultaneously engaged in this study with other academic work. As a result, the amount of time spent on research will be reduced.

Moreover, the case study method utilized in the study posed some challenges to the investigator including the possibility of biases and poor judgment of issues. However, the investigator relied on respect for the general principles of procedures, justice, fairness, objectivity in observation and recording, and weighing of evidence to overcome the challenges.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Incidence:

The occurrence of something that is undesirable.

Indiscipline:

This is a mode of life not in conformity with rules and regulations, capable of obstructing the smooth and orderly functioning in the school system.

Primary School Pupils:

Children who are between the ages about (5) to about eleven (11) years receiving elementary educational in a school.


1.10 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows.

  • Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study.

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the impact of indiscipline on academic performance of pupils in public primary school in Yenagoa Local Government, Bayelsa State. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was to examine the impact of indiscipline on academic performance of pupils in public primary school in Yenagoa Local Government, Bayelsa State. The study is was specifically carried out to assess the prevalence of indiscipline in public primary school in Yenagoa Local Government of Bayelsa State, determine the forms of indiscipline acts common in public primary school in Yenagoa Local Government of Bayelsa State, ascertain whether indiscipline affects students participation, and concentration during teaching and learning in primary schools, and find out whether indiscipline affects students learning quality and academic performance in public primary school in Yenagoa Local Government of Bayelsa State.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 35 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent were teachers of some selected public primary schools in Yenagoa Local Government, Bayelsa State.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher concluded that;

  1. The prevalence of indiscipline in public primary school in Yenagoa Local Government of Bayelsa State is high.
  2. The forms of indiscipline acts common in public primary school in Yenagoa Local Government of Bayelsa State includes: Absenteeism/Truancy, Fighting, Bullying, Stealing,Use of foul language.
  3. Indiscipline affect students participation, and concentration during teaching and learning in primary schools.
  4. Indiscipline affect students learning quality and academic performance in public primary school in Yenagoa Local Government of Bayelsa State.

5.4 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. Rules of classroom and forms of punishment must be discussed with the whole class and consensual agreement must be reached before enforcement.
  2. Each school should develop a mentorship scheme, which provides for every disruptive child to be accompanied by his form teacher or a surrogate.
  3. Counseling activities in schools should be intensified and done by qualified persons.
  4. There should be regular Parent-Teacher Association (PTA) meetings for the discussions of students’ indiscipline behaviours.
  5. Parents should be educated to be responsible and work hard to meet the educational needs of their wards.
  6. School rules should be restated, reviewed periodically and reinforced without fear or favour.

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