The Impact Of Home Economics Studies In Higher Institutions Of Learning

Project and Seminar Material for Home Economics

The Impact Of Home Economics Studies In Higher Institutions Of Learning


Abstract


The main focus of this study is to examine the impact of home economics studies in higher institutions of learning. Survey design was employed for the study with the aid of aid of convenience sampling method, 147 participant was selected from the department of vocational education in University of Ibadan in Oyo State for the study. Well structure questionnaire was issued to the enrolled participants of which 141 of the instrument were retrieved and validated for the study. The study made use of of descriptive analysis and inferential statistics where data from field survey was analyzed using simple percentage, mean and standard deviation presented in frequencies and tables. Findings of the study reveals that Home Economics has thus become that field of study that prepares individual family members to maximize their society’s productivity and help people adjust to change and change their future. It equips man with knowledge of how to adapt to his own environment by effectively making use of human and material resources. It is mostly concerned with using and managing human and material resources for the benefit of individuals, families and society. Home economics offers multidisciplinary content and environment for students to apply and practice skills and knowledge from a variety of areas, in situations related to everyday life. The study therefore recommends that Government should equip tertiary institutions with physical facilities, modern equipment and laboratories in the different areas of home economics. More so Teachers in the system should be trained, and retrained to be updated with new skills, new methodology and technology in the Home Economics teaching and learning.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

The development in students of the attributes of productivity, creativity, entrepreneurship and lifelong learning is recognized internationally as a common goal of education systems. The field of Home Economics — is no exception to this trend as it is highly relevant to individual, family and societal development. The study of home economics has increased overtime in Nigeria; home economics as a subject play a significant role in the life of many in most of the Nigeria societies. Home economics can be seen to contribute to life in different ways; home economics as an aspect of vocational and technical education plays significant roles in the growth and development of the national economy through an improved teaching and learning skills (Chibuzor,2014).

According to Azubuike (2014), Home economics as an aspect of vocational education is a skill oriented subject and requires the contributions of both human and material resources. The introduction of formal education in Nigeria has partially neglected vocational and technical education. Despite all efforts made to recognize it, yet little or no attention was given to it. For many years, there was no cogent development in the area of vocational education until 1981, when the National policy on Education was published. Due to this partial neglect in our educational system, vocational and technical education has suffered a major decline in quality, policy and directive in the country. Osuala (1999) emphasized that the term either technical or vocational education has no single universally accepted definition but what is common is the various definitions is its goals and objectives that remain the same. Technical education has been defined as a phase of education designed to help the people, students and learners to acquire technical or manipulative skills required in industrial arts or applied sciences.

According to Uko-Aviomoh (2005) stated that home economics as an entrepreneurial-based and skill-oriented field of study is expected to equip learners with saleable skills that make for self-reliance and paid employment. Home economics as a field of study is divided into three major groups which are:Food and nutrition, Clothing and textile and Home Management.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Home economics has been seen as: that body of subject matter which has to do with the application of the natural and social sciences and arts to the problems of the home and the problems growing out of homes and their interrelation-ships. It is the field of knowledge and service primarily concerned with strengthening family life through: educating the individual for family living; improving the services and goods used by families; conducting research to discover the changing needs of individuals and families and the means of satisfying these needs; furthering community, national, and world conditions favourable to family living. However, the above mention groups of home economics cannot be properly taught without the provision of both human and materials resources. Even with the contributions of home economics to the growth and development of the national economy there are still some problems associated with home economics which is the problem of teaching the subject “home economics”.

Over the years there have been series of challenges faced by most teachers in teaching home economics in schools and colleges. According to Arubayi (2010) stated that without funds these material resources cannot be made available and this will lead to poor quality teaching which in turns have a negative effect on learning abilities of the individual, poor motivation and frustration on the part of the students. It is against the backdrop that this study seeks to examine the problem of teaching and learning home economics in tertiary institution. The study the challenges of teaching home economics in Nigeria schools and colleges can be of no impact as a result of poor performance of students in home economics. These challenges is found mostly in tertiary institutions most as some of the schools does not have economics laboratory; this has had significance effect on the teaching and learning of home economics especially in the area of clothing and textile and food management; this aspect of home economics requires the use of materials such as sewing machine, cloth materials etc. for demonstration; at times the materials will be available but will not be enough to accommodate the students and this becomes a problem. This and many more lapses impede the effective teaching and learning of home economics in tertiary institutions. Thus is against the backdrop that this study seeks to examine the impact of home economics studies in higher institutions of learning.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The main focus of this study is to examine the impact of home economics studies in higher institutions of learning.

Specifically the study seeks:

  1. To examine the nature of home economics
  2. To determine the impact of teaching home economic
  3. To examine the factors that affects the effective teaching and learning of home economics in tertiary institutions.
  4. To proffer solutions to the problems of teaching and learning of home economics in tertiary institutions.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. What is the nature of home economic subject ?
  2. What is the impact of learning home economic on student ?
  3. What are the problems that affects the effective teaching and learning of home economics in tertiary institutions?
  4. What are the solutions to the problems of teaching and learning of home economics in tertiary institutions?

1.5 Significance of the Study

The study will be of immense benefit to the entire Ibadan local government area, the schools and colleges; it will also help teachers to understand what is obtainable in the teaching and learning home economics. This study if need be, will direct the home economics teachers’ attention to the need for them to adopt more appropriate teaching method in order to bring about desirable experience in the students. Finally the study will serve as a reference material to other student and scholars that wishes to carry out similar research on the above topic.


1.6 Scope of the Study

The scope of this study borders on the impact of home economics studies in higher institutions of learning. The study is however delimited to University of Ibadan in Oyo State.


1.7 Limitation of the Study

The researcher was faced with the constraint of getting adequate information from students in the state due to the fact that most of them were not willing to reveal adequate information about their perception of the topics in the subject as some of them thought that the researcher might be seeing them as unserious students. More so, Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).


1.8 Definition of Terms

Challenges:

The situation of being faced with something that needs great mental or physical effort in order to be done successfully and therefore tests a person’s ability

Home Economics:

This is a field of study that deals with the economics and management of the home and community. It deals with the relationship between individuals, families, communities, and the environment in which they live.

Learning:

Is the act of acquiring new or modifying and reinforcing existing knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences which may lead to a potential change in synthesizing information, depth of the knowledge, attitude or behavior relative to the type and range of experience.

Teachers:

Persons who help others to acquire knowledge, competences or values. Informally the role of teacher may be taken on by anyone.

Teaching:

The process of attending to people’s needs, experiences and feelings, and making specific interventions to help them learn particular things.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

The main focus of this study is to examine the impact of home economics studies in higher institutions of learning. The study specifically examined the nature of home economics. It determined the impact of teaching home economic. It examined the factors that affects the effective teaching and learning of home economics in tertiary institutions. It proffered solutions to the problems of teaching and learning of home economics in tertiary institutions.

Survey design was employed for the study with the aid of aid of convenience sampling method, 147 participant was selected from the department of vocational education in University of Ibadan in Oyo State for the study. Well structure questionnaire was issued to the enrolled participants of which 141 of the instrument were retrieved and validated for the study. The study made use of of descriptive analysis and inferential statistics where data from field survey was analyzed using simple percentage, mean and standard deviation presented in frequencies and tables.


5.2 Conclusion

Home Economics is a skill acquisition that demands adequate infrastructures for its effectiveness in an institution. However, the issue of adequacy and relevance of Home Economics facilities is still neglected in most tertiary institutions in Nigeria today. Since no nation can develop meaningfully, without infrastructural facilities in her institution of learning. The study, establishes the facts, that investment in a vocation oriented course as Home Economics is an investment on individual, family and the society at large, which enhances technological advancement in the nation.

Findings of the study reveals that Home Economics has thus become that field of study that prepares individual family members to maximize their society’s productivity and help people adjust to change and change their future. It equips man with knowledge of how to adapt to his own environment by effectively making use of human and material resources. It is mostly concerned with using and managing human and material resources for the benefit of individuals, families and society. Home economics offers multidisciplinary content and environment for students to apply and practice skills and knowledge from a variety of areas, in situations related to everyday life.

Findings from the study revealed that factors such as inadequate lecturers, inappropriate and ineffective method of teaching lack of well equipped laboratories and poor attitude of study by student are all problems that impedes the effective teaching and learning of home economics in tertiary institutions.


5.3 Recommendation

Based on the above, the researcher therefore, recommends as follows:

  1. There should be adequate provision of Home Economics facilities such as laboratories, equipment and instructional materials.
  2. All the four aspects of Home Economic (Clothing & Textiles, Food and Nutrition, Home Management and Child Development) should have a separate laboratory with equipment.
  3. Qualified teachers that can teach all the aspects of Home Economics should be employed.
  4. Staff and students should be careful with the facilities to ensure proper management and maintenance of available tools and equipment.
  5. Proprietors or the administrators should support Home Economics programmes financially.
  6. The basic requirements of N.C.C.E accreditation should be met for effective teaching and learning of the course.
  7. Momentous intervention will require that all stakeholders in education should look inward and address these challenges; by adequately funding monitoring and supervising the teaching and learning of Home Economics Education programmes in the Universities in Nigeria.
  8. Government should initiate a loan scheme for students in home economics programmes where they can assess some financial assistance towards meeting their needs to purchase equipment as future entrepreneurs.
  9. Institutions of higher learning should have a working relationship with industries where experts can sometimes come in to share practical experiences with students;
  10. Students should also be made to spend one year in the industrial training programme.
  11. Teachers in the system should be trained, and retrained to be updated with new skills, new methodology and technology in the Home Economics teaching and learning.
  12. Government should equip tertiary institutions with physical facilities, modern equipment and laboratories in the different areas of home economics

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