The Impact Of Government Regulatory Agencies Of National Development In Nigeria: A Case Study Of National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA)
This study is designed to x-ray the activities and the impact of government regulatory agencies on national development. In the course of this research work, the researcher adopted the survey method. 100 questionnaires were distributed to the sample of 100 selected respondents in some department of the agencies. So, out the questionnaires distributed analyzed by the aid of simple percentage. On the course of the research findings, the investigator discovered that the agency was in the business of the research finding, the investigation discovered that agency was in the business of elimination and preventing drug addiction and safeguarding the health of the nation.
Similarity, the activities of the agency are impeded by unexpected drug traffickers activities, insecurity of staff, low level of education, betrayal or sabotage from the public and inability to report drug traffickers among others. in the light of the findings, the researcher commended that laws on drug addiction and most important, the agencies and banks should partner with NDLEA to checkmate to drug traffickers. The agencies and its antecedents should embark on massive enlightenment campaign to forestall dry traffickers and quackery. In conclusion, all hands must be on desk, follow Nigerians to put a stop to drug trafficking and spread of sub-standard product in Nigeria market.
Table of Contents
- Title page
- Certification page
- Table of content
- 1.1 Background to the Study
- 1.2 Statement of problems
- 1.3 Purpose of the Study
- 1.4 Research Question
- 1.5 Significance of the Study
- 1.6 Scope of the Study
- 1.7 Limitation of the Study
- 1.8 Definition of Terms
Review of Literature
- 2.1 Meaning of Drug Law Enforcement Agency
- 2.2 The Structure of NDLEA
- 2.3 The Structure of the Nations Drug Law
- 2.4 The Theoretical Framework of Government
- 2.5 Regulatory Policies of NDLEA
- 2.6 Regulations and Standards Exhibited
- 2.7 The Role NDLEA Among Others
- 2.8 Achievements and Gains Recorded
- 2.9 Summary of the Literature Review
- 3.1 Brief Outline of the Chapter
- 3.2 Design of the Study
- 3.3 Area of Study
- 3.4 Population of the Study
- 3.5 Sample of Study
- 3.6 Validity of the Instrument
Data Presentation and Analysis
- 4.1 Data Presentation and Results
- 4.2 Presentation of Data
- 4.3 Analysis of Data
Summary of Findings, Recommendation and Conclusion
- 5.1 Summary of Findings
- 5.2 Recommendation
- 5.3 Conclusion
There is no gain saying the fact that government regulatory agency are fundamental to the sub-stratum of national development.
The historical antecedent of the country Nigeria has already shown that the functionality of the government of the day is manifested via the activities of its agencies. In as much as government cannot operate in isolation. Therefore, government agency is an engine and bedrock for national development.
According to merrian websters collegiate dictionary, government agency is an establishment engaged in doing business for another or an administrative division of government.
Government agency equally entails any executive department, commission, independent establishment and corporation, wholly or partly owned by the government. Be that as it may, in order to conduct the business of government effective, the tasks of government are broken down into different parts and tasks assigned to a ministry will then put up institution or corporation or boards that will be assigned particular functions geared towards the achievement of the goals of the ministry.
These ministries, departments or bureaus and their derivative agencies will then be the instruments for the provision of the major functions of government which include maintenance of law and order, maintain of territorial integrity of the country.
Provision of basic infrastructure, provision of certain goals and services which private organization will not be able to provide. In all intents and purposes government agencies have recorded break through in all sectors of the economy. Supplying in those areas where government is having some lapses. National drugs law enforcement agency as one of the agencies of government have refurbished our battered image vis-à-vis the menace of putting a stop to drug and drug addiction in Nigeria has been eliminated.
They have really served as veritable impire in the or against the activities, processing, sale, trafficking and use of hard drugs in the country.
However, their activities towards attaining national development have been bedeviled with so many challenges which this master pieces hope to forestall via it’s recommendations.
1.1 Background of the Study
The National Drug law Enforcement Agency is Nigeria’s sole body that regulates and eliminates the growing, processing, manufacturing, selling, exporting, and trafficking of hard drugs.
It is a parastatal of the federal ministry of health. NDLEA was established via decree 48 of 1989 and the decree prescribed stiffer penalties for convicted offenders. Section 11(2a) of the decree provides a jail term of not less than 15years for any person who conspires with, AIDS, Abets, counsels or attempts to council” Any of these offences through policing of drugs did not commence until 1990 although Babangida had abolished the death penalty for convicted drug dealers. By the end of the decade there were public calls to restore it.
Sticker security measures were introduced to Lagos international airport in 1989 and a plan was instituted in August 1989 to control black market activities.
The NDLEA maintains a presence at international airport, making regular seizure of hard drug from individual couriers and conducts raids at seaports and border checkpoints. Efforts to eradicate cannabis cultivation focused and destruction is isolation plantings, the NDLEA has attempted to shift the focus of operations from the arrest of the couriers to the prosecution of controlling members of narcotics and money laundering organizations.
Despite counters narcotic effort by the NDLEA, increasingly large quantities of drug pour through Nigeria’s land and sea boarders. Nigeria’s extensive land boarders are poorly patrolled and relevant law enforcement agencies are rife with corruption.
To help pilot the activities, it was agreed that fearless leadership was not to compromised Mr. Fidelis Oyachilome, then a police commissioner and former governor of Rivers state was assigned the privilege responsibility of becoming the agency’s first chairman. Although NDELA efforts have created at least some risk that couriers may be caught at the air port traffickers continue to use air cargo and express mail services, Nigeria trafficking networks rely increasingly on bulk shipments by land and sea smuggle drugs into and out of country.
In common parlance, the agency was saddled with the responsibilities of controlling interdicting and intercepting the trafficking peddling and usage of hard drugs in and out the country. It also educates the public on the effect of hard drugs on the nation and on the people.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
Government regulatory agencies have over the years been identified as necessary ingredients for national developments. The regulatory, agencies, national drug law enforcement agency was established to eradicate drug trafficking in order to safeguard public health by ensuring eradication of drug addition.
However, on the course of discharging all these important function, a harmful of problems have been encountered ranging from unexpected drug traffickers activities, in security of staff, lack of co-operation from a sister agency among others.
These problems have actually hindered the progress of the regularity agencies from operating as a veritable instrument for national development. This as a matter of fact informs the focus of this researcher and also intends to establish empirical evidence and proffer solutions to the problems, using national drug law enforcement agency.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
This study is geared towards identifying the activities and workings of NDLEA as a government regulatory agency in attempt to foster socio-economic development.
Moreso, the study looks into the impacts or contributions the agency has made on the economy and the generality of the public.
The research work however, hope to Marshal out staccato of problem / challenges faced by this Regulatory Agency (NDLEA) on the course of discharging their core task of eradicating drug trafficking and to safeguarding the national health.
Finally, the study is equally aimed at exposing litany of opportunities and strategies to be adopted by government regulatory agencies to enable the generality of the public live in drug free country and in attain national development.
1.4 Research Question
- What projects has NDLEA undertaken in their efforts to encourage sustainable development of nation?
- To what extent does administrative and environmental factors militated against the agency in the provision of services to the people?
- To what extent does NDLEA impacted on the lives of the people of Nigeria?
1.5 Significance of the Study
The researcher has also made in calculable attempt to reveal the bottlenecks that hinder government agencies from attaining their policy objectives of national development it has equally educated the generality of the pubic on the relevance of government agency in fostering economic growth and development, it is intended and unintended consequences.
Moreso, it has equally showed that government agency is a veritable tool to improving efficiency in public services.
However, the researcher work has laid a foundation for further research in NDLEA.
The scholar are not left behind towards exploring the benefits of these research findings. Consequently, it will service a reference material to students who may want to research on the topic in our great institution, institution of management and technology, Enugu and rest of the students at the diasporas.
To the students of public administration who may work in different ministries and parastatals, this may serve as a eye opener to them thereby using their agencies to beef up the lapses or disfunctions of their ministries.
Moreso, the study would equally add to the existing knowledge on government agency and its’ relevance to national building. Finally, the study will show case how these agencies as a machinery of government helped in ensuring conveniences in decision making and implementation and sub subsequently how government partners these agencies together with the millennium development goes (MAGS). In attaining national development and welfarism of the citizenry.
1.6 Scope of the Study
The scope of the study was restricted to the relevance and roles of government agency as a veritable tool for National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA). The target population for the study involved workers in some selected sections and departments of the agency under study.
A set of questionnaires were administered to the respondents and the response elicited with strict confidence using descriptive analysis.
However, in conducting this research work the researcher made NDLEA his choice of study.
1.8 Definition of Terms
Some of the terms used in the researcher work which may not be easily understood by the reader are here under made explicit according to their contextual meaning.
1. Political Actors:
These are policy makers who are found in governmental positions e.g governors, presidents etc.
It entails that which is fundamental to foundation of an exercise of agreements.
It is organizational charts and structures.
4. MDGS: Millennium Development Goals:
Eight points agenda put together by 149 world leaders to stem the problem of poverty and hunger among other things.
5. Bureaucratic Resistance:
This is unnecessary cog or blockage constitutes by some government officials to avoid losing their political influence and economic power.
6. Inter-Agency Co-operation:
It is a net work of relationship that exists among the agencies of government aimed at achieving a target objective and for administrative convenience
Summary of Findings, Recommendation and Conclusion
Summary of Findings
On the course of the research finding, it becomes empirically evidenced that government agency is a veritable tool for national development as justified by national Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA).
The agency as a matter of necessity is into the business of safeguarding the health of the nation and as such purging the nation from unintended consequences of hard drugs and psychotropic substances, among other things.
However, the researcher discovered that the greatest of that challenges faced by this agency is that the drug traffickers activities, insecurity of the staff, low level of education, betrayal on the part of the public inadequate provision of relevant machines, among others. be that as it may the problem of hard drug traffickers is widespread with a high global prevalence report from NDLEA clearly indicated that the methods and channels used by drug traffickers are now more sophisticated, thus making drug traffickers difficult to defect.
This survey shows that majority of the respondents have experienced stocking some drug addiction in their premised. These findings, is very encouraging as it suggests that the respondents are aware of the high occurrence of drug traffickers and are motivated to check for security measured in order to identify them.
Consequently, this study reveals that few of the respondents however, reported as a case of drug traffickers to the authorities. This is disheartening considering the fact that majority of the respondents have had encounter with drug traffickers in their practices action of the respondents after an encountered was to release the drug traffickers rather than making a report to the regulatory authorities. This prevents any possible arrest or prosecution of the culprit.
Amidst all these, the respondents suggest that the agency NDLEA can still succeed and thrive of they can still insist on continuous visionary, proper remuneration of the staff of the agency, guaranteeing security, to the staff, enlightenment of the public and sister agencies, regular staff training and reorientation with this the ugly practices in the agency be reduced drastically and this will pave way for hard drug eradication and creation of a strong regulatory environment which in turn will safeguard the health of the nation.
The objectives of this study is to authenticate the fact that government regulatory agency is an indispensable instrument for national development. It is not worthy that several challenges have been militating against this core task of national development.
However, the researcher wish to recommend that if the below principles are strictly and religiously adhered to, the idea of attaining national development via government agency will be a success.
In the first instance, the country laws on drugs trafficking should be severs enough make laws prohibiting drug trafficking activities and quackery. Most importantly they should articulate stringent measures to bring the culprit to book.
This will be a lesson to very many who are into such unhealthy and illicit business.
Moreso, there is need for more proactive approach on the part of the other agencies of government in addressing the issue of selling, trafficking and use of hard drugs. The traffickers should not be spared.
On the other hand, the banks agency collaborate with agency to ensure that hard drugs, dealers do not process their financial import documents from banks.
Also, importing countries should also put in place effective regulatory measures to prevent dumping of hard drugs. From experience, massive public enlightenment has proved to be a successful tool in anti trafficking.
The researcher therefore recommended that NDLEA in collaboration with other agencies of the government should intensify effort in public enlightenment campaign hence, it is a sure way of breaking the culture of “silence and secrecy” which covers the trafficking problem and its anttedents.
Finally, if NDLEA along side the sister agencies should adequately utilize the above recommendations, their challenges will curbed and the agency made more formidable to trigger of national development made more formidable to trigger-off national development and healthy environment.
The researcher work has x-rayed litary of idea ranging from the attaining national development, their challenges and the way forward.
At this juncture, owing to the knowledge and information gathered on the course of the investigation the greatest monster to attainment of national development pose a great danger to every society and the less the awareness, the more it gains root into the system. The first step in combating the manace is getting people to know that it exists with all its consequences, hence it is necessary to create awareness by tackling it whenever and where ever the opportunity arises.
Finally, the guest for national development and psychotropic substances requires a global network co-operation among all nations and agencies of government just as the international community is doing for HIV/AIDS polio etc.
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