Impact Of Exchange Rate Fluctuations In Value Added Tax On Economic Growth Of Nigeria

Project and Seminar Material for Economics

Impact Of Exchange Rate Fluctuations In Value Added Tax On Economic Growth Of Nigeria


Abstract


This study was carried out on the impact of exchange rate fluctuation and value added tax on economic growth of Nigeria. The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 50 responses were validated from the participants where all respondent are staff of Federal Inland Revenue Service, Benin City, Edo State. The research work adopted the convenience sampling technique in selecting the respondents from the total population. The data were collected by using two methods of data collection which are primary source and secondary source. The secondary source was used to collect data. The primary source was the exchange rate, and the secondary source is the foreign exchange rate. The main findings of the study were as follows: a. Exchange rate fluctuations have an impact on the economy of Nigeria; c. Value added tax has an impact. The government should influence the foreign currency, by positive economic reforms that will reduce the adverse effect of unstable foreign exchange rates on the Nigerian economy with respect to trade flow. Government should maintain close surveillance on the VAT able persons to enhance prompt remittance of VAT revenue and submission of VAT invoice for proper tax audit by the FIRS to ensure adherence to tax Laws as at when due. This study will be a contribution to the body of literature in the area of the effect of personality trait on student’s academic performance, thereby constituting the empirical literature for future research in the subject area.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

Exchange rate is the price of one country’s currency expressed in terms of some other currency. It determines the relative prices of domestic and foreign goods, as well as the strength of external sector participation in the international trade. Exchange rate regime and interest rate remain important issues of discourse in the International finance as well as in developing nations, with more economies embracing trade liberalization as a requisite for economic growth (Obansa, Okoroafor, Aluko and Millicent, 2013). In Nigeria, exchange rate has changed within the time frame from regulated to deregulated regimes. Ewa, (2011) agreed that the exchange rate of the naira was relatively stable between 1973 and 1979 during the oil boom era and when agricultural products accounted for more than 70% of the nation’s gross domestic products (GDP).

In 1986 when Federal government adopted Structural Adjustment Policy (SAP) the country moved from a peg regime to a flexible exchange rate regime where exchange rate is left completely to be determined by market forces but rather the prevailing system is the managed float whereby monetary authorities intervene periodically in the foreign exchange market in order to attain some strategic objectives (Mordi, 2006). This inconsistency in policies and lack of continuity in exchange rate policies aggregated unstable nature of the naira rate (Gbosi, 2005).

One of the means by which government increases its internally generated revenue is Value Added Tax (VAT). This is a tax on the supply of goods and services which is eventually borne by the final consumer, but collected at each stage of the production and distribution chain. Exchange rate fluctuation do have significant effect on prices of goods and services, hence, the value added tax is affected by exchange rate fluctuation.

Exchange rate fluctuation had its bitter toll on the Nigerian economy, and monetary and fiscal policies among others have been developed to reduce it. The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has the statutory responsibility of formulating and implementing monetary policy with an emphasis on exchange rate stability. The inflationary trend has been cyclical since the mid-1970s, peaking in 1988, 1989, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 2001 and 2005.

Aliyu (2011) asserted that appreciation of exchange rate results in increased imports and reduced export, and then reduced income will be generated from value added tax to drive economic growth while depreciation would expand export and discourage import. Also, depreciation of exchange rate tends to cause a shift from foreign goods to domestic goods, in this case, more income will be generated by the government through the value added tax to drive economic growth. Hence, it leads to diversion of income from importing countries to countries exporting through a shift in terms of trade, and this tends to have impact on the exporting and importing countries’ economic growth.

In the same vein, Hossain (2002) agreed that exchange rate helps to connect the price systems of two different countries by making it possible for international trade and also effects on the volume of imports and exports, as well as country’s balance of payments position. Rogoffs and Reinhartl (2004) also opined that developing countries are relatively better off in the choice of flexible exchange rate regimes.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Previous research on the impact of exchange rate and value added tax on economic growth has reached contrasting results. For instance, Empirical evidence showed that real exchange rate variations can affect growth outcomes. Edwards and Levy Yeyati (2003) found evidence that countries with more flexible exchange rate with increased value added tax grow faster. Faster economic growth is significantly associated with real exchange rate depreciation argued that real undervaluation promotes economic growth, increases the profitability of the tradable sector, and leads to an expansion of the share of tradable in domestic value added. A real exchange rate undervaluation works as a second-best policy to compensate for the negative effects of these distortions by enhancing the sector’s profitability. Higher profitability promotes investment in the tradable sector, which then expands, and promotes economic growth.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The following are the objectives of this study:

  1. To examine the impact of exchange rate fluctuation on economic growth of Nigeria.
  2. To examine the relationship between exchange rate fluctuation and the value added tax.
  3. To examine the impact of value added tax on the economic growth of Nigeria.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. What is the impact of exchange rate fluctuation on economic growth of Nigeria?
  2. What is the relationship between exchange rate fluctuation and the value added tax?
  3. What is the impact of value added tax on the economic growth of Nigeria?

1.5 Hypothesis

HO: There is no significant relationship between exchange rate fluctuation and value added tax

HA: There is significant relationship between exchange rate fluctuation and value added tax


1.6 Significance of the Study

The following are the significance of this study:

This study will educate the stakeholders in the financial sector and the general public on the relationship between exchange rate fluctuation and value added tax and how both of them influence the economic growth of Nigeria.

This research will be a contribution to the body of literature in the area of the effect of personality trait on student’s academic performance, thereby constituting the empirical literature for future research in the subject area.


1.7 Scope / Limitations of the Study

This study will cover the relationship between exchange rate fluctuation and value added tax and how the duo influence economic growth in Nigeria.

Limitation of Study
Financial constraint

Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint

The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the impact of exchange rate fluctuations and value added tax on economic growth of Nigeria. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was onthe impact of exchange rate fluctuations and value added tax on economic growth of Nigeria.The study is was specifically set to; examine the impact of exchange rate fluctuation on economic growth of Nigeria, examine the relationship between exchange rate fluctuation and the value added tax, and examine the impact of value added tax on the economic growth of Nigeria.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 50 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are staff of FIRS Benin city, Edo State.


5.3 Conclusions

In the light of the analysis carried out, the following conclusions were drawn.

  1. Exchange rate fluctuation has an impact on economic growth of Nigeria.
  2. There is no relationship between exchange rate fluctuation and the value added tax.
  3. Value added tax has an impact on the economic growth of Nigeria.

5.4 Recommendation

Based on the findings the researcher recommends;

  1. The government should develop effective export promotion strategies in order to encourage domestic industries to produce and export more. This would strengthen the country’s export base against its import base resulting in a surplus balance of trade.
  2. The government should focus its attention on developing policies that will impact the country’s balance of payment, thus creating a favorable balance between the domestic and foreign sectors.
  3. The government should influence the foreign exchange rate, by positive economic reforms that will reduce the adverse effect of unstable foreign exchange rate on the Nigerian economy with respect to trade flow.
  4. Governments agencies, corporations and ministerial departments are advised to be loyal, disciplined and judiciously utilize public funds derived from VAT by providing infrastructural facilities needed to improve the economic activities of Nigeria and thus improve GDP.
  5. Government should make deliberate efforts to widen the economic activities to enhance improved standard of living because the standard of living is improved with higher per capital income.
  6. Government should maintain close surveillance on the VAT able persons to enhance prompt remittance of VAT revenue and submission of VAT invoice for proper tax audit by the Federal Inland Revenue services (FIRS) to ensure adherence to tax Laws as at when due.

Get Complete Project Material

5,000 5000

The Complete Material Will Be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make Payment (Through Transfer) of ₦5,000 to the Account Below

Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card


FOR STUDENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Purchase Material ($15)

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  1. Payment Details

  2. TOPIC: Impact Of Exchange Rate Fluctuations In Value Added Tax On Economic Growth Of Nigeria

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To You On WhatsApp After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


Need a Different Topic? Perform a Quick Search



List of Related Works

Click on Any Topic to Preview the Content

samphina.academy

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.