The Impact Of Education On The Development Of Rural Areas

Project and Seminar material for Public Administration

The Impact Of Education On The Development Of Rural Areas


Abstract


For there to be any meaningful development in any society or state, it must involve an effective embracing education sector in such a society. Couple with this, is the need for this research exercise which is the impact of education on the development of rural areas in Kogi State. The fundamental purpose of this research work is to ascertain and examine the impact of education on rural development. This research work is also influence by some factors which are political instability, finance which hold a high degree of influence on educational sector in Kogi State and the country in general. Another factor that led to this research work is the need for an effective policy that will positively affect and regulate the educational sector in Kogi State. Finally, this study will also help in identifying the various ways how education can develop rural areas.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Education is believed to be the mother of knowledge, one is made to agree that a well-educated society is likely to solve its problems with ease. The role of education to humanity could not be exaggerated after all. This is because it is believed to be connect ‘’drug’’ that is used to head the ailments in the society.

More than half of the world’s population and more than 70% of poor are to be found in the rural areas where hunger, illiteracy, and low school achievement are common. Education for a large number of people in rural areas is crucial for achieving sustainable development.

Education is seen as instrument of development in all ramification of our life. Effort have been made by Nigeria government to bring about good education to Nigeria innovations have made and huge amount of many have been expended on the executive of education policies, which yield title or no result. Although several government and individual efforts are daily proposed, the Kogi State government is seen as not meaning up to the standard in complementing the teacher’s efforts towards bringing up good citizens that would make Nigeria conducive for both political and economic development.

Rapid expansion of the Nigeria education system at all levels compounded by rapid policy change and the shrinking economy has constituted constraints to educational development in the state and the country at large. It is not a surprise that the standard and quality of education in the country is seen by many to delaying. Aghanta (2001) asserted that, the Nigeria educational system, have been ineffective in accelerating national development due to the policies adopted, and access and quality issues.

While the problems are perceived as being general, they are said to be more acute in the rural areas. The rural areas are seen as having greater challenges concerning educational development than the urban centres due to some socio-economic and institutional structures of the rural areas. From the view of the research work is being carried out in order to find out the impact of education on the development of rural areas. By this, Kogi State government and local government will know the role that education plays in enhancing rural development.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Successive government in Nigeria has failed to realize the impact of education as a tool for development. This failed to tackle the problems associated with implementing education policies.

The problems of how to effectively implement educational policies, and the techniques to be used in implementing these policies must be identified and pursued with vigor. Over the years there seems to be more decay in the education sector despite different policies put in place by government. Hence, this research work is embarked upon to address the following research problems;

  1. Governments have failed to bridge the gap between the educational policy and its actualization at the local government level.
  2. Non availability of infrastructural facilities has equally hindered teaching and learning in the rural areas.
  3. Government seems to have been more concerned about tertiary education more than primary and secondary school where basic knowledge is acquired.

1.3 Objective of the Study

At the end of this research study, the researcher intends and wishes to achieve the following objectives;

  1. To reveal how education can be used as a tool for rural development
  2. To assess the impact of education on social development of rural areas in Kogi State.
  3. To examine the impact of education on economic development of rural areas in Kogi State
  4. To reveal the techniques to be used in implementing educations policies in Kogi State.
  5. Finally, to show how to effectively implement education policies in order to develop rural areas.

1.4 Research Hypotheses

Hypotheses one
  • Ho: Education is not a tool for rural development in Kogi state
  • Hi: Education is a tool for rural development in Kogi state
Hypotheses Two
  • Ho: Education is not hampered by educational policies in kogi state.
  • Hi: Education is hampered by educational policies in kogi state.

1.5 Significance of the Study

The significance of this study is to show hoe education can be used as a tool for developing rural areas and how effective policies can be formulated and implemented in the educational sector. This study is designed to show the following significance;

  1. The research work when completed will be useful in bringing the gap in knowledge and help stakeholders to bring about new ideas that will facilitate the expansion of the footers of knowledge.
  2. It will also enhance policy makers on education to formulate effective policy.
  3. This research will be a useful point of reference and consultation to other students who may want to carry out a research on the same topic
  4. And finally, this research work when completed will make some useful recommendations that will help the educational sector to development and have impact on the rural area.

1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study

This study is primarily concerned with the impact of education on the development of rural areas. This study covers the impact of education on the development of rural areas. The researcher encountered some constraints, which limited the scope of the study. These constraints include but are not limited to the following.

a) Availability of Research Material:

The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study

b) Time:

The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.


1.7 Definition of Terms

Education:

Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits. Educational methods include storytelling, discussion, teaching, training, and directed research.

Development:

Development is a process that creates growth, progress, positive change or the addition of physical, economic, environmental, social and demographic components.

Rural Areas:

Rural areas are areas which are not towns or cities. They are often farming or agricultural areas. Theseareas are sometimes called “the country” or “countryside.


1.8 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

  1. Chapter one is concerned with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  2. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  3. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  4. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  5. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to have a critical analysis of the impact of education on the development of rural areas.

In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations are made, which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefit in addressing the challenges of development in the rural areas.


5.2 Summary

This study aimed at having a critical analysis of the impact of education on the development of rural areas. Five objectives were raised to guide the research. These objectives include: To reveal how education can be used as a tool for rural development, to assess the impact of education on social development of rural areas in Kogi State, to examine the impact of education on economic development of rural areas in Kogi State, to reveal the techniques to be used in implementing educations policies in Kogi State and to show how to effectively implement education policies in order to develop rural areas.


5.3 Conclusion

Based on the above findings pertaining to the objectives of the study the following conclusions are drawn.
It can be seen that previous rural developmental efforts have not exactly been a roaring success. This is largely a consequence of the failure to passionately explore the cornucopia of resources readily available in the rural areas. Nigeria has been blessed with these resources and it is nothing short of blatant irrationality not to make use of them in uplifting the areas and the nation in general from its current woes.


5.4 Recommendation

  1. Community and religious leaders should intensify efforts in motivating teachers, parents and larger society on the need to educate rural populace in Nigeria for national development. There is also need for government to evolve a participatory poverty alleviation programme that will take into consideration of the needs of poor parents especially in the Nigeria rural areas. Also, more realistic approach needs to be employed in order to empower the rural populace so as redeem them from poverty and its consequential effects.
  2. There is need for all the stakeholders in education to intensify effort in the provision and maintenance of equipment in the rural schools as well as infrastructure such as classroom buildings, office and staff residential accommodation, also rural schools need to be adequately staffed.
  3. Government at all level needs to make much more serious effort in the provision of basic social infrastructure and social amenities such as good roads, health facilities and services, electricity and so on to the rural populace, so that rural areas can be conducive for both students, teachers as well as general society
  4. There is need for intensive public awareness on the significance importance of education to the rural areas. Rural schools should be made more children friendly in terms of good teachers, adequate teaching and learning materials, good class rooms and office accommodation.

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