The Impact Of Early Marriage On The Academic Attainment Of Women In Amuzi Community In Obowo L.G.A Of Imo State


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Project and Seminar Material for Education


Dedication


This project is dedicated to God Almighty who gave us the grace and strength to complete this work.
We also dedicate this work to our beloved husbands Mr. Jude Ebesike and Mr. James Nwachukwu for their limitless love and affection.


Acknowledgment


We wish to express our sincere gratitude to all who helped to make the completion of this work possible.
Much thanks go to our able project supervisor Dr. Mrs. O. Oku, for not only approving the topic for us , but who painstakingly read and corrected every piece of this work. We equally show gratitude to the lecturers, friends, colleagues and well wishers who showed concern during this strenuous period of work. Special thanks go to Rev. Fr. Prof. F.J Nwachukwu for his assistance.

Above all, glory is to God who gave us the grace and strength to complete this work.


Abstract


The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of early marriage on the academic attainment of women in Amuzi Ikeneazizi in Obowo Local Government Area of Imo State.

Questionnaire was used to obtain information from women about early marriage.

To direct the collection of data the following research questions were asked:

  1. To what extent is early marriage associated with the decline of enrolment of women in tertiary institution of this state?
  2. What is the impact of early marriage on the level of educational attainment of women in Amuzi?
  3. To what extent does early marriage affect the privileges and right of women in Amuzi?
  4. What is the impact if early marriage on the role of women in the development of Amuzi?

During the analysis of data, scores and percentage were used.

  1. 46% of the population married between the ages of 12-15 years.
  2. 52% of the women completed their schooling 18% did not complete due to early marriage while 30% did not go to school at all.

Finally, it was recommended that the government should fashion out ways of empowering the less privileges so as to eradicate poverty in the society, as poverty leads to parents giving out their female children in the name of marriage at the tender age.


Table Of Contents


  • Title Page
  • Certification Page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table Of Contents

Chapter One

  • 1.0 Introduction
  • 1.1 Background of study
  • 1.2 Statement of problem
  • 1.3 Scope of the study
  • 1.4 Purpose of the study
  • 1.5 Significance of study.

Chapter Two

  • 2.0 Review of related literature
  • 2.1 introduction
  • 2.2 definition and origin of marriage
  • 2.3 Effects of early marriage
  • 2.4 Academic Attainment
  • 2.5 Summary.

Chapter Three

  • 3.0 Research Methodology’
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Research design
  • 3.3 Area of study
  • 3.4 Population of the study
  • 3.5 Sample and sampling Techniques
  • 3.6 Instrument for data collection
  • 3.7 Validation of the instrument
  • 3.8 Reliability of the instruments
  • 3.9 Administration of the instrument
  • 3.10 Method of data analysis

Chapter Four

  • 4.0 Data analysis
  • 4.1 Data collection
  • 4.2 Summary of findings

Chapter Five

  • 5.0 Discussion of findings, Recommendation and Conclusion
  • 5.1 Discussion of findings
  • 5.1.1 Decline of enrollment of women in tertiary institution in association to early marriage.
  • 5.2.1 The impact of early marriage on the level of educational attainment of women in Amuzi
  • 5.1.3 The effect of early marriage on the privileges and right of women in Amuzi Obowo.
  • 5.1.4 Impact of early marriage on the role of women in the development of Amuzi
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Educational implication
  • 5.4 Recommendation
  • 5.5 Limitation of study.
  • 5.6 Suggestion for further studies
  • 5.7 Summary of the entire work
  • Bibliography
  • Appendix

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

Marriage is the relation between married persons, it involves the action or act of marrying in which two persons are made husband and wife. ( the Webster Reference dictionary of English Language Volume 1). Marriage is a union between a mature man and woman for the purpose of companionship and procreation.

It is a noble institution recognized by God and man. According to the Holy Bible in second chapter of Genesis verse 24. It is written that “a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined together with his wife and the two shall become one flesh.

This institution is meant for reproduction and fruitfulness and is for mature minded individuals that are mentally, emotionally, economically and psychologically balanced Faoya (2002). This prerequisite is necessary because the individuals need to understand because the individuals need to understand one another and be capable to live peacefully with one another for a lifetime.

Igwe (2003) stated that marriage is the first oldest institution in the Bible that God Instituted with the intent to make life meaningful and fulfilling and therefore should not be approached without adequate preparation knowing that the consequences of the life long relationship could be very grave.

Diehl Lampe and Laton (2002) commented that from generation to generation marriage has been considered a sacred issue and it was being entered into with respect, caution and dignity, both with time, all these values depreciated and are no longer respected . Diehl, et al (2002) also emphasized the legality of marriage.

The further explained that a marriage of two people is a legal contract with each country having laws that define the right and obligations of each party in marriage. Young people thinking of marriage should therefore be sure they that understand the legal aspects, as well as the personal and social aspects of marriage. Marriage can be made in a Christian or Muslim way, law court and traditional way. There are different forms of marriage such as monogamy, polyandry, liverate, sourrate.

(igwe 2003)In Obowo local government, most families due to greed, lust for wealth and selfish tendencies give their daughters for marriage even with or without their consent.

The issue of early marriage is assuming alarming dimension in Obowo Local Government Area. Women who are lured into early marriage are deprived of educational pursuits and when this happens their major attention becomes how to nurse children and face challenges affecting a new family setting. As we know, education starts from birth and ends in the grave. It is a continuous process in the life of an individual. It shapes the total outlook and behaviors of an individual and enhances its status in society.`

The right and privileges of a woman as discussed in 1989 women conference in Atlanta U.S.A, stressed the importance of educating young girls and women generally before allowing them settle in their husbands home. The inability of most women to take advantage of educational opportunities account for the uneven representation of women in the scheme of things in Nigeria and especially in Obowo Local Government Area, where most important official position were given to men to the neglect of women.

This study has been motivated by the number of factors inherent in the people’s culture, which brought about a well institutionalized early marriage syndrome in Obowo. Parents who gave their female children Western education were treated with disdain.

One of the objectives of this study therefore is to highlight the various environments in which early marriage strives in Obowo and to identify the advantages and disadvantages of the system in the overall development of the community.


1.2 Statement Of Problem

The practice of early marriage is a common experience in Obowo Local Government Area in Imo State. Girls as young as (16) sixteen years are given to marriage by their parents.

The practice is even assuming and alarming proportion as almost every compound or nuclear family as now being affected by the practice. Girls abandon their education in preference to making a home under such situation. The schools cannot produce reasonable number of educated women and the problem of women marginalization deepens.

Efforts by the state Government to correct the situation through Public Enlightenment as well as the federal government Programme on universal Basic Education which enjoins all children of school age irrespective of their gender, creed, social origin etc have not improved the status quo.

If the practice of early marriage in Amuzi Obowo is not addressed properly now, most girls will still remain uneducated and illiteracy and its attendant problems continue to deepen. The problem which this study sets out to investigate is delineated in this question. What could be the possible consequences of early marriage on the education of the women in Obowo Local Government Area?


1.3 Scope Of The Study

The study is to identify the impact of early marriage in Obowo Local Government Area of Imo State. The Research is limited to Obowo Local Government Area. The study will take into account the rural women and the social clubs in the area with a view to getting oral information on their views on early marriage in the area.


1.4 Purpose Of The Study

The purpose of this study is to;

  1. Ascertain whether early marriage has any bearing with the decline of enrollment of women in tertiary institutions of the state.
  2. Establish the impact of early marriage on the level of educational attainment of the women in Obowo.
  3. Examine the extent early marriage affected privileges and right of women in Obowo.
  4. Find out the impact of early marriage on the role of women in the development of Obowo Local Government Area.

1.5 Significance Of Study

Since the focus of this study is on women in Obowo, it implies that the primary beneficiary of the study is the women group in the community. The study will create awareness to the evils of early marriage and therefore make them to be in better position to decide when to maturely get involved in marriage.

Besides, the entire community will also benefit because an appraisal of this study will enlighten the men who have the habit of being involved in marrying young girls within the age limit of this study to desist from doing so.
Since Obowo is an integral part of a larger community Viz the Local Government Area, the state and nation in general, this study will therefore be of immerse significance to the general public as it is intended to discourage early marriage an therefore enable the women tap full potentials such as education, industry and commerce.
The study will also raise a higher interest in academic pursuits as it may attract more research interest in problems associated with women.


1.6 Research Questions

The following research questions will be used in carrying out this study.

  1. To what extent is early marriage associated with the decline of enrollment of women in tertiary institution of the state?
  2. What is the impact of early marriage on the level of educational attainment of women in Obowo?
  3. To what extent does early marriage affect the privileges and right of women in Obowo?
  4. What is the impact of early marriage on the role of women in the development of Obowo?
  5. What are the possible ways of curbing the problems associated with early marriage?

I bet you, the complete material is fully loaded. This is just an excerpt. The Material is in MS-Word Format which you can easily edit and is comprehensive for a complete research work for this topic


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How to nail it on the head during your project defence


You are through with writing that project. Now what?

You have found yourself at that point where you have to defend what you have written. Of course you have to stand in front of your supervisor and other literary personalities to prove that you know what you wrote in your project paper. Unfortunately, the more you think about it, the more it looks like you are about to face a legion. It is not a war. But the emotion of dread welling up inside of you makes it look like one. So now you are asking yourself questions.

  • How am I going to start?
  • I hope I will do well enough to get an A.

You really want to nail it, but you need to come to terms with exactly how to get everything in perfect control. Especially your emotions of fear that seem to make a wreck of you every time you think about public speaking.
So here is the deal. I want to help you avoid that feeling that would ruin your precious moment if you dare to let it. And we are going to do it together.

I am going to highlight some very important tips to help you get in control for you to be comfortable enough to move from that feeling of DREAD to CONFIDENT; and making an awesome Impression for that great rating your supervisors should be giving to you so freely.

Consider these tips as you prepare for your defence. We will be taking them one after the other so here we go.


Watch Your Body Language And Keep It Confident:

Can you tell that a person is falling apart if they look confident? … If I can second guess you rightly, am sure you answered no to that question. Remind yourself that you need to come out that way. Now this might seem like a huge big deal when you are dealing with the foreboding. Maintaining a poise of confidence is very important. So find your most comfortable position, sitting or standing and draw up your body. You must exude confidence. It is something you need to do for yourself. People can only see what you allow your body language to show. So you must endeavour to put that out. Remember the story of David and Goliath? … At the end of your defence day, you want to be David.


Dress In Your Most Comfortable And Impressive:

Am sure this one is a no brainer. However I must highlight that you choose comfortable pieces. You don’t want to look so good and yet look like you were forced to wear something that does not belong to you. It’s great to ensure that as impressive as your clothes are on you, that they are also very comfortable.


Speak With Authority:

Going hand to hand with that aura of confidence is your most powerful asset:your words. If you look that confident, your words must not come out like whimpers. To be able to pull this off, you definitely need to speak as deliberately as possible in expressing yourself. Let them also hear what they see.


Use, Your Gestures:

I have often found this to come to my rescue in dealing with shyness and conveying my confidence. Usually it gives you an edge to also drive home your point. You must, however, ensure that you do not over use it. It doesn’t mean that your hands should be flying all over the place. That would be absolutely unnecessary. If you do this well, after a while you will realize that you are not as self-conscious as you used to be at the very start. For most situations, it would have completely disappeared altogether; leaving a really confident you talking.


Have A Good Opening And Closing Line:

Make sure you have perfected a good opening line. You should also be armed with a good closing line too. Try and rehearse it to a friend. If for the first time you presented it, your friend does not say “wow, that’s beautiful” or something like that; just know you need to keep refining it until you get the perfect line. Both opening and closing lines will go a long way in how impressed your panel gets to rate you high.


Make Sure You Know Your Work:

Certainly you should understand how important it is to know your own work from start to finish. Not having in-depth knowledge of your own work is tantamount to a suicide mission. Why should you kill yourself?
When all is said and done, this is what you came to defend in the first place. You should know your work from A to Z.


Prepare For The Questions:

Now this part is truly essential. You must be sure you do not floor all the good work you did on your presentation by not answering correctly. You must pay attention to the questions you are asked to be sure you will give the right answer. Many people get it wrong at this stage and spoil their good presentation. When you do not understand any question do endeavour to ask the person to expatiate what they mean before you answer.


These tips are by no means exhaustive, but applying these tips will give you some necessary advantage you need for a great outcome. Of course that outcome would mean that you eventually earn all your points on this project.


The structure of a good project work


Undergraduate projects in Nigeria is a prerequisite for graduation amongst Nigerian tertiary students who will which to obtain bachelors degree in their respective courses of study such as accounting, banking and finance, business administration and a host of others. Writing an undergraduate project in Nigeria for final year students entails a lot both financially and otherwise. Being able to develop any final year project depends on getting a researchable topic whether it is Accounting Undergraduate project topics, Banking and Finance research topics or banking and finance project topics and materials and it all requires diligent hard work of students who are willing to develop best undergraduate projects in Nigeria and graduate in flying colors.

A typical Undergraduate project in Nigerian tertiary institutions can be said to be divided into five or six chapters depending on the format of the school and course of study which are


1. Introduction

The introduction of an undergraduate project states the main research problem and research argument. What precisely the study is all about and why it is important. It looks at the originality of the research work and how it will fill the gap in other studies. Justification for a research undergraduate topic should not be lengthy before it has been explicitly stated.

Below are the contents in chapter one of an undergraduate research project which includes;

  • Background of the study,
  • Statement of the problem,
  • Objectives or aims of the study,
  • The research questions,
  • Research hypothesis,
  • Significance of the study,
  • Scope of the study,
  • Limitations of the study and
  • Operational definition of terms.

2. Literature review

Literature review of any undergraduate research work, be it business administration project topics or Economics project topics just to mention a few is very critical to securing a high grade in one’s project work. The literature review of a research process uncovers what other writers have written about the student’s topic. A student’s undergraduate research work should include a discussion or review of what is known about the subject and how that knowledge was acquired. The review could conclude with a brief summary of the literature and its implications. The contents of the literature review are the theoretical review, conceptual framework, empirical review and summary of literature review.

3. Research Methodology

This section includes a description of the research methods used in the undergraduate research work such as the sample size, data collection methods, measurement instruments, research data analysis procedures and the population from which the sample was selected.  This section also describes the method used in selecting the sample or samples, validation and reliability of the instruments used in the research work. There are different research statistical techniques used in undergraduate research work such as SPSS, e-views etc.


4. Results & Discussion

This section presents and discusses the data analysis results used in an undergraduate research work, the results of each analysis is being summarized, tabulated, and then discussed for each research question.  Then for each research hypothesis, the statistical test of significance selected and applied to the data is briefly described, followed by a statement indicating whether the hypothesis was supported or not supported.  In presenting the result analyses/summary in an undergraduate project tables and figures and or graph are used to add clarity to the presentation.


5. Summary, Conclusions And Recommendations

This section summarizes the findings of the study in an easy to understand manner.  It also explains the practical implications of those findings, and points to recommended directions for future research in that area.


References:

This is where every source cited in the undergraduate research work is being included. Every undergraduate research work must be properly referenced for its authenticity.


Choosing A Good Project / Research Topic


Students in Nigerian universities these days wish to choose a very simple project topic/material. There is no issue choosing a simple project topic; the only problem is your ability to choose a good project or research topic that your supervisor will easily approve for you.

Most project supervisors really want to see how good his or her project student understands his or her surrounding through the kind of topic he or she chooses for their project work.

There are some project topic that are not reject-able; for instance in Nigeria of today; what do you think is the major issue on ground now?

If a project student can choose or craft a topic on the effect of dollar increment on the economy of Nigeria. Such project topic will be very interesting to write on.

Now what are the qualities of a good project topic?

  1. The materials for the project topic must be easily assessable.
  2. The project topic itself must be meaningful.
  3. The variables must be able to give a clear aim of the project topic.

What do I mean by variable?

Well I am deriving my point from the area of project writing; the variables here are those main words in the project topic.

Like the above project topic; the effect of dollar increment on the economy of Nigeria. You can see the main variables that really define this project topic are:dollar, increment and economy.

Before you present your topic to your project supervisor, first of all understand your project topic, and then secondly try to do some research for your topic to see if at least you can get up to 60% of what you need to write the complete project.

I said that above because you might have a very nice topic that the materials are not available online and there are no books as regard the topic; in this case the project topic becomes difficult for you even though the topic is catchy.

What do I mean by your topic being assessable?

Well what I mean is very simple and easy to understand. Simply pick your project topic, type it on google and see if you will have at least a good background for the topic you are writing on.

If you can have a good background for your project topic and you can understand the problem associated with the project topic, then I believe the aim of the project is not far-fetched.

SAMPHINA ACADEMY

SAMPHINA ACADEMY

Samuel Obiora Blessed is the CEO and founder of Samphina Academy (samphina.com.ng) a.k.a Nigeria Students Media, the youngest engineering graduate of Federal Polytechnic Nekede in 2017 and the engine brain behind this great platform. He is the man behind the scene, filled with many potentials, a musician as well as a pro developer with the interest of Nigerian students at heart.

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