The Impact Of Corrupt Practices On Organizational Productivity In Nigeria Public Service (A Case Of Imo State Civil Service Commission)

Project and Seminar material for Public Administration

Project and Seminar material for Public Administration


Abstract


It examined the nature cause of corruption, consequences of corruption control and measure for corruption. It discovered that while corruption is at base as the nation problems and that Nigerians are not doing enough to reduce or eradicate corruption among the public service.

Many programmes and policies has been made to fight these ugly monsters called (corruption) programmes like servicom, economic financial crime commission (EFCC), independent corrupt practice commission (ICPC) etc. low productivity and poor governance persisted. It is the opinion of this work that corruption has adversely affected the image of Nigeria and its public service.

Consequently, in analyzing this topic, the literature review outlines various area where corrupt practices are been carried out through data collected from questionnaires, magazines and textbooks. I discover that poverty has been a stumbling issued in the Nigeria policy. Secondly greed has contributed to the downfall of productivity in Imo state public service.


Table Of Content


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Approval page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of content

Chapter One

1.0. Introduction

  • 1.1. Background of study
  • 1.2. Statement of the problem
  • 1.3 objective of the study
  • 1.4 research questions
  • 1.5. Statement of hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the study
  • 1.7 Scope of the study
  • 1.8 limitation of the study
  • 1.9 Definitions of terms

Chapter Two

2.0. Literature Review

  • 2.1. Introduction
  • Reference

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2. Research design
  • 3.3. Sources/method of data collection
  • 3.4. Population and sample size
  • 3.5. Sample technique
  • 3.6. Validity / reliability of measuring instrument
  • 3.7. Method of data analysis

Chapter Four

4.0. Presentation and Analysis of Data

  • 4.1. Introduction
  • 4.2. Presentation of data
  • 4.3. Analysis of data
  • 4.4 Test of Hypothesis
  • 4.5 Interpretation of result

Chapter Five

5.0. Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

  • 5.1. Introduction
  • 5.2. Summary of findings
  • 5.3. Conclusion
  • 5.4. Recommendations
  • References
  • Appendix

Chapter One


1.0. Introduction

1.1. Background Of The Study

This concept corruption is a disease to governance and in any organization. We are going to look into what and how corrupt practices are being carried out in an organization. Most of us have an idea of what corruption is, but we don’t necessary share the same idea. That is why we need to ask the question about what corruption is. For example,

  1. Do you believe giving money to seep up the procession of an application is corruption?
  2. Do you think awarding contracts to those who gave large campaign contribution is corruption?
  3. Do you think using government construction?

Corruption is not just the clearly “Bad” cases of government official skimming off money for their own benefit. It includes cases where the system don’t work well and ordinary people are left in a bind needing to give a bribe for the medicine or the licenses they need.

All of the above examples of public corruption they all involve the misuse of public office for private gain in other words, they involved a government officials benefiting at the example of the tax payer or at the expense of the average person who comes into contact with the government.

No matter how the word “corruption” is perceived it denotes “decayed” and actions that borders on immorality, dishonesty, disparity, imparities or debasing actions.

The Longman dictionary of contemporary English defines corruption as “dishonesty” illegal or immoral behaviour especially from someone with power: Agoha C. (2994:129-130) posits that if a person of integrity condescends by doing things unexpected from him, he becomes corrupt.

Bribery which is both corruption and moral perversion constitute corruption what construes as corruption may be regarded otherwise by another that is to say that corruption is in the eyes of the condemned and not the beneficiary.

Corruption of course has two phases, the good and the bad, it is good to him that benefits from it and bad when is unfavorably affected by corruption.

Agoha also sees corruption “as a virus of mind need for materialism competition setting fear of denial of reward after honesty service to private and government institution, poor corruption of service”. Corruption also facilitated unemployment, poverty, extended social responsibilities as it is cased by the privileged rich.
Agbese (1994) in his book corruption is the society page 103 states “that corruption afflicts a society with the urgent need for individual material success in a development society.

Sen (1999:274) view corruption or corrupt behaviour as the violation of established rules for personal gain and profit”

Nye (1967:103) defined corruption as “a behaviour which deviate from formal duties of a public role because of private gain and regarding close family pecuniary etc”.


1.2 Statement Of Problems

Corruption is such a sensitive issue that has destroyed the successful running of organizational productivity in Owerri civil service commission. In the course of research work several problems emerged which are not only fundamental but their proper understanding is very necessary. Those problems are as follows.

  1. Corruption
  2. Poor conditions of service generally resulted to the loss of managerial and professional expertise from the civil service commission.
  3. Godfatherism
  4. Nepotism
  5. Absence of clear objective at agency level and weak leadership at administrative level.
  6. There is lack of predictable and transparent regulatory procedure for the private sector.

1.3 Objectives Of Study

The objectives of this research work are as follows;

  1. To examine how corrupt practices have contributed in great measure to the failure of the public service in Nigeria.
  2. To examine how top officers enrich themselves from the organizational fund.
  3. To first fight corruption from minds of the people with the lender showing good example in probity and accountability.
  4. To ensure that laws are not only created but are implemented to fight against corruption.
  5. To strengthen the independent investigation and prosecuting agencies such as ICPC, EFCC, NIA etc. to ferret out corruption in government regardless of the rank and official involved.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. What are the causes of corruption in the public service?
  2. Why do people engage in corruption?
  3. What are the strategies used to fight corruption?
  4. Why are these strategies not winning the war against corruption?
  5. Can civil service commission get out all of the glamour of corruption?
  6. What can be done to reduce corruption to a minimum level in such a way that will not hinder development?

1.5 Statement Of Hypothesis

This is a statement of facts given to research study or a research problems which is to be stated for either acceptance or rejection. Here the researcher states the hypothesis of the study by making use of alternative and null hypothesis.

  1. Ho: There is no relationship between corrupt practices and underdevelopment of the nations economy.
  2. Ho: There is a relationship between corrupt practices and under development of the nations economy

1.6 Significance Of The Study

  1. This research work aims at exposing the causes of corruption in any organization so that when one is involves in the act an observer realized that he is in the act (corruption)
  2. It goes a long way revealing that corruption brings about under development, poverty to nations and it is well seen as an evil winds that blows no society good.
  3. It also aim at identifying the consequences of corruption in any economy and in Nigeria public service.
  4. This research work also aim at the researcher to know why people engage in corrupt practices in Nigeria.
  5. This research work also aims at the researcher all the necessary medicines to effective control of corruption.

1.7 Scope Of The Study

The scope of this research work is limited within Imo state (civil service commission)


1.8 Limitation Of The Study

The following are constraints/limitation to this research work.

Finance:

This research work is limited by short supply of finance which is needed for my transportation to various respondents or interview to the researcher and also for the course of interview.

Time:

This research work is also limited by time which is required for interview of the respondents and movement for collection of data and the time given for corruption of this research suspicion of the respondents. It is also limited by the suspicious of the response who may not give objective answer to the question thrown to them because of fear of being implicated.


1.9 Definition Of Terms

Corruption:

This is the act of falling rectitude through indecent behaviour and bribery.

Organization:

These are processing units transform certain input from the environment into specified output desired society.

Productivity:

Efficiency in production of life and properties or in societal measure by comparing the amount of peace produced with the time taken.

Public Service:

This is the service of the federation or state in respect of any capacity including staff of national and state assembly, judicial and commission established by government, statutory corporation, government, educational institution, government owned companies, armed forces police and staff.

System:

A group of things or parts working together as a whole. A set of ideas, theories, procedure etc according to which it is done.

Mismanagement:

To manage wrongly or badly by destroying things.

Inefficiency:

An organization or a country failing to make best used of the available time and resources.


Chapter Five


5.0 Summary, Conclusion And Recommendations

5.1 Introduction

Having identified the impacts of corrupt practice on the organizational productivity in Imo state public service using various techniques and methods, the researcher find out various types of corruption (political corruption, bureaucratic and electoral corruption) which go on within the ministries and various commissions. With the aid of questionnaires and survey investigation information were gathered and analysis made to determine the remained to corruption within our public service.

This data as an information was analyzed and tested with hypothesis test in order of acceptance or rejection of the values from the respondents. There are questions and response in regard to the impact of corruption on developed nation economy and under developed nation economy.


5.2 Summary Of Findings

From the analysis and examination of various response made by the members of the state among the members of public service.

The researcher made useful findings which are stated below:

  1. That corruption has grown so wide and sophisticated that is threatens to undermine the fabric of society.
  2. The corruption has no good intention, all its products is evil and destruction.
  3. That corruption leads to outright under development and leaders to lack of trust among the public service.
  4. Corruption leads to inefficiency and ineffectiveness of the public service.
  5. Corruption is such a sensitive issue that has destroyed the successful running of the people or (nation)

5.3 Conclusion

It is observed that corruption will thrive in the face of poverty, adversity and hardship. It is therefore as a whole to create an enabling environment for improvement on social welfare system through the payment of appropriate wages and general improvement in the condition of people. Obasanjo – ie government in Nigeria deserves Kudos for introducing a minimum living wages or assumption of offices and several poverty education and eradication programme it had instituted. It is now left for the present administration to take advantage of these programmes in eradicating corrupting and improve resources management and service delivery.

There should be also be also a more conscious effort for government to encourage genuine leadership. Leadership by example should be watch word by government elites. Nigerians are very hard working people when properly motivated through a dedicated leadership will make them put their best to salvage the system, Africans need a new type of man, a dedicated, modest, honest and devoted man, man submerged self in service to his nation and mankind. Furthermore, nepotism, tribalism, greed and corruption in Nigeria political system should be reduced if it cannot be avoided.

Also, Nigerians should be given equal opportunities to excel in any profession they find themselves.


5.4 Recommendation

In view of the investigation carried out this research, it has been confirmed among the people how corrupt practices has affected productivity in Imo state civil service commission as a case study based on the findings on this research. In hereby recommend the following.

  1. Poverty has been a stumbling issue in the Nigerian policy, on this effect the government should work hard to reduce poverty. Hence, poverty make people to sell their conscience by doing what is not right in order to eat or improve their standard of living.
  2. Greed has contributed to the downfall of production in the public service in Imo state de to live for material things (money) people in our current public servants try to man over and trade in their right and conscious in order to maximize profit. A corrupt society or nation cannot benefit from the fruits of democracy. There is no aspect of life that is not touched by corrupt practice and it is not only being made acceptable to the citizenry but glorified and honoured everyone is stealing and cheating. The small man steals but the authorities “take” the monster as corruption and we cannot build a happy society.
  3. Finally, the issue of corruption cannot be over flogged until the desired result is achieved even after that, the issue remains hotly in focus in order to protect and safeguard the victory won against relapse.

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