Impact Of Collective Bargaining On The Services Industry (A Case Study Of P.H.C.N)

Project and Seminar material for Public Administration

Impact Of Collective Bargaining On The Services Industry (A Case Study Of P.H.C.N)


Table of Content


  • Title page
  • Certificate
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of content

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Problem of the research
  • 1.3 Aim and Objective of the study
  • 1.4 Scope and limitation of the study
  • 1.5 Research hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the study
  • 1.7 Research Methodology
  • 1.8 Plan of the study
  • 1.9 Definition of terms

Chapter Two:

Literature Review

  • 2.1 Definition of local government
  • 2.2 Features of local government
  • 2.3 Local Government Objective
  • 2.4 Sources of Local Government
  • 2.5 Financial Management Role
  • 2.6 Impact of financial management in local government
  • 2.7 Impact of financial management in local government

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Data collection instruction
  • 3.3 Random sampling
  • 3.4 Population sampling
  • 3.5 Organization structure Ilorin West Local Government

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Analysis of questionnaire
  • 4.3 Interpretation of the finding

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary of findings
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • Bibliography

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

It has been recognized that financial management plays a catalytic role in the process of economic growth and development. As the economy growth the financial become on increasingly deep and broad its structure also become increasingly sophisticated. The operation of government accounting is governed by certain rules and regulations which are subjected to review or amendment in line with polities social or economic changes. Some of these rules and regulation include, Financial Control and Management Act 1950 as amended by the Audit Act of and Constitution framework.

In the past local government have less to perform probably among other reason because the people were not all that conscious of their right of having a fair share of government resources. Nowadays, the political awareness of the people has greatly improved.

Consequently they have becoming more conscious of the heeded for better environment and good condition of living these community continue to put pressure or to pressurize of the local government for more social amenities.
Unfortunately, the local government is concentrated by law to satisfy the people needs since its resources and search in relation to their increased demand.

All the same local government in duly bound and under the obligation to provide it citizens with certain basic services this task gave rise to the ineluctable question of efficient financial management. The measurement of public accountability.

In addition, to access the impact of leadership in the development of an area, and also to access the management in the operation of both human and non human resources.


1.2 Problem of the Research

This research work is carried out in order to establish the fact that financial management make contribution into local government administration.

There is usually inefficiency in the financial management and as a result into confusion which inappropriate in local government. This cause set back in financial management central. In some organization which does not allow the research to have enough information about the financial statement of accounting system, there is not yet proper understanding in appropriate derived from financial management is greater than to providing this information for the research.

The major problem encountered as regard this research is from responded.

Most local government are not willing to disclose information, especially because of the fact that, it has to do with accountings. They do not want to give any information about their accounting system they feel it may have an implication on them.


1.3 Aims and Objectives of Study

The sole aim of this research is to consider efficiency of the financial management control measure in local government administration. However, the purpose of the study is to sole efficiency and deficiency of the financial management, the local government administration is the system that is to encourages all the local government administration to practice the efficient of financial management. And other purpose of the study is to show some impact of the leadership in the development of an area.


1.4 Scope and Limitation of the Study

This study will mainly focus in the financial management in Nigeria local government as at 2009 to 2010 both negatively and positively. However, certain limitation need to be recognized from the on set.

This research is confined to only local government in Kwara State Ilorin West Local Government, but since that method of random sampling was used in choosing the local government, the conclusion and generalization will be applied to all local government in Nigeria.

However, it is noteworthy for the research to give me assurance that all effort I made to overcome the constrain, or limitation stated.

  1. The research is focus on the financial management control measure in local lack of experienced offices to handle vital duties of revenue.
  2. Delay is release fund to the local government by the federal and the state governments.

There are seven hundred and seventy four (774) local government in Nigeria but this study will be restricted to only Kwara State, it will be restricted to a selected local government which is Ilorin West Local Government.


1.5 Research Hypothesis

The analysis of the data was based on the descriptive approach of the question are distributed the descriptive analysis was need to analyze the secondary data collection such as financial management.

In order to make the analysis more clearer to the researchers and the public, the data gathered would be represented in form of a tabular representation for easy and accurate understanding, to enable everybody arrive at a reasonable conclusion.

  • Ho: Local government do not contribute to economic growth of the nations.
  • Hi: Local government contribute to economic growth of the nations.

1.6 Significance of the Study

The sources of any local government council depends to a great deal on the management of financial obviously. Money is the life and blood of all government activities likewise over body.

It is in realization of this fact management tired to adopt effective financial administration order to achieve the aim and objective of the local government.

In summary, the administrative role of local government is concerned with how decision are made and implemented. The existence of local government facilitate and efficient and effective planning recruitment of capable personal and payment of wages and salaries to the local government workers.

It is duty of local government to see that the revenue and other find of local government is applied to administrative development and welfare of the inhabitants and to see that financial policy of the local government is carried out accordingly.


1.7 Research Methodology

The research methodology in this chapter involves all the methods and ways which financial management can be evaluated (Ilorin West Local Government as the case study). As the economic growth the financial aspect became an increasingly deep and broad and its structure also become increasingly sophisticated the financial operation of local government account is governed by certain rules and regulation which are subjected for amendment or review in line with politics social and economic changes. These are other financial issues of local government is comprehensively discussed in this project.


1.8 Plan of the Study

The research work has been divided into five chapter for case presentation of the fact and figure gathered.

  • Chapter one contain the introduction, problem of the research, aim and objectives, scope and limitation of the study. Significance of the study, research methodology, research hypothesis, plan of the study definition of terms.
  • Chapter two treats past and current literature review which includes, definition of local government, local government objective, source of local government revenue, financial management role impact of financial management in local government.
  • Chapter three highlight research method and case study effort on the topic which includes, research methodology, method of data collection, random sampling, population sampling.
  • Chapter four discusses the presentation and structural of Ilorin West Local Government, data analysis and presentation of finding, interpretation of findings, result of hypothesis.
  • Finally, chapter five throw light on the summary of finding recommendation.

1.9 Definition of Terms

i. Financial Management:

Financial management deal with all the method adopted to make sure local government is judiciously spend.

ii. Accounting Information:

This deal with all the records available that shows how revenue is generated and how its been spart i.e. the revenue and expenditure will be analyzed.

iii. Administrative Role of Local Government:

This is concerned with how decision are made and implemented in the local government level.

iii. Finance:

This is refers to the total money that belong to the local government which came from different. Sources e.g. allocation from the state government marriage registration fees, birth registration fees etc.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary of Findings

The study deals with quite a number of issue of which the project was divided into five main chapters.

The chapter one highlight the instruction of the study it gives a general problem of financial management in local government having commended.

And also the chapter highlight the problem facing the local government finance the chapter also touched aims and objectives and scope and limitation of study. The chapter also take research methodology and significant of the study, the chapter also take research hypothesis and definition of the terms, the chapter contain plans of the study.

In chapter two the review of related literature are shown on definition of local government. And also chapter emphasized the features of local government and chapter also highlight financial role in the chapter and shown impact of financial management in local government.

Chapter three highlight the research method

ology method of data collection the chapter shows the random sampling and population sampling.

Chapter four emphasized on the various method used in collecting data organization structure of local government.
The chapter focused on the revenue mobilization and the central of expenditure and other method of financial control as well as budgeting system and estimate of local government and lastly.

Chapter five is divided into summary and of finding and also chapter make conclusion and recommendation with references.


5.2 Conclusion

The local government should intensify their effort in collecting the existing revenue they should by all means provide services like more market stalls. Improvement on child delivery, erection of more drainage and other services that will boost the moral of the people at the realizing the importance of local government and that their revenue collected are been properly used.

Finally, I am optimistic that if the highlighted problems in this study and their possible solution are followed the poor services rendered by the local government and judicious utilization of resources would be improved.

Areas for Further Study

For further research study on this topic local government financing problem and solution, and as a result of time factor and money constraint that hinders me from making a through research work upon the revenue generation of local government he or she should lay emphasis on internally generated revenue because this will enable the council to stand on their own without the assistance of federal government allocation.

When federal government allocation drops this will hinder the performance of local government in the sesce that local government. Depend so much on this allocation local government might have budgeted for the grant which they are expecting but that they are expecting.


5.3 Recommendation

Having gone through the summary of finding there is need to make useful recommendation that will case the problems of financial management in the local government.

The recommendation are as follows:

The head of department being the officer controlling the vote of the department should be responsible and accountable for any mismanagement of the revenue of the local government funds entrusted in him with this.

The office of the supervisory councilor and council activities should be restricted in such a manner that a committee system can be carry out. It the secretary and head of department fail to carryout their duties satisfactory then they should be held responsible and accountable for any short coming the treasurer and the head of the other department should be in fell control of their department.

And grant arrangement need to be re-examined as point of review of the federal relationship between state and local government the grant arrangement should be made promptly as to meet local government objectives. Staff development should be giving emphasis as staff training is of paramount important in any given organization.

Local government should try to explore new was of raising revenue to strengthen their finances.


Impact Of Collective Bargaining On The Services Industry (A Case Study Of P.H.C.N)


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