The Impact Of Co-Operative To Overall Well Being Of Industrial Employees (A Case Study Of Anammco Multi-Purpose Co-Operative Society)
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This project work is dedicated to God Almighty, my great provider and my lovely parents Mr. and Mrs. J. A Ihuoma.
Special thanks to Almighty God, the author and finisher of our faith, the solid rock on which I stand. He made all things beautiful in his time. The emergence of this project work at this time is a testimony of his providence.
My inestimable gratitude goes to HOD and also my project supervisor LiLian Ugwuanyi for finding time, despite difficulties to read through the script and offering advice that were highly contributed to this work.
I also recognize my parents Mr. and Mrs J.A. Ihuoma who went through sweet pains and whose encouragement has contributed immensely to lift me to this academic height, and my unreserved gratitude goes to my brothers and sister for their care and love which was stimuli to excel.
My special appreciation to the members and workers of ANAMMCO multi-purpose co-operative society for their ability to give information that helps to achieve this project work.
I am greatly indebted to my friends franca, Lilian, Tochukwu, Anayo, Jennifer, Chuks, marvelous, Emeka, OC and special my lovely king Engr. Chinedu Chieke for his moral support.
My sincere prayer is that the Almighty God should reward you all abundantly.
This research is on appraisal of the impact of co-operatives to overall well-being of industrial employees. A case study of ANAMMCO multi-purpose co-operatives society. In other words, it is designed to find out how the existence of co-operative society has been of economic benefit to industrial workers at ANAMMCO in Emene, Enugu.
Primary and secondary data for the study were collected and analyzed using oral interview, structured questionnaire and presented in tables using percentages.
Analysis of data collected revealed that ANAMMCO multi-purpose co-operative society has been of great benefits to it’s members. Through the co-operative, members obtain loans at low interest rates to meet up with their needs, buy goods at cheaper prices from the bulk purchase made by the association, save part of their income through the association, have a share in the profits generated by the co-operatives and get necessary encouragement in other self- help projects.
Management do not interfere with the activities of the co-operative society. It however, suggested that proper education training should be given to members and non-members by the appropriate authorities. This will help to create necessary awareness, and ensure the contained existence of the co-operative with the attraction of more members.
Table Of Contents
- Title page
- Table of content
- 1.0 Introduction
- 1.1 Background of the study
- 1.2 Statement of problem
- 1.3 Objective of the study
- 1.4 Statement of hypothesis
- 1.5 Significance of the study
- 1.6 Scope of the study
- 1.7 Limitation of the study
- 1.8 Definition of terms
- 2.0 Review of related literature
- 2.1 The meaning of co-operative society
- 2.2 History of the first co-operatives society
- 2.3 Objectives and plans of this society (Rochdale Equitable pioneers)
- 2.4 The principles of this society (Rochdale pioneers)
- 2.5 Co-operative values
- 2.6 Historical background of workers co-operative movement in Nigeria
- 2.7 Types of co-operatives
- 2.8 Economic social and other benefits of cooperative society
- 2.9 Historical background of ANAMMCO EMENE, ENUGU
- 3.0 Research design and methodology
- 3.1 Research design
- 3.2 population of study
- 3.3 Sample size
- 3.4 Method of data collection
- 3.5 Methods of data analysis
- 4.0 Data Presentation and Analysis
- 4.1 Data Presentation
- 4.2 Data Analysis
- 4.3 Test of hypothesis
- 5.0 Summary, Recommendations and Conclusion
- 5.1 Summary
- 5.2 Recommendation
- 5.3 Conclusion
1.1 Background Of The Study
The modern co-operative movement being in England during the first part of the 19th century. There were many years of experimentation, and many failed attempts, before successful cooperative was established. The turning point came in 1844, when the first successful cooperative called the Rochdale society of equitable pioneer, was established in Rochdale City, an individual town close to Manchester.
Okonkwo (1989,6) describe the cooperatives movement as “an invention of necessity originating from the evils of the industrial revolution” the device exploited by the suffering working classes of the industrial revolution to alleviate their pitiable condition.
It is a fact that the Rochdale Pioneers organized their society in the day of the industrial Revolution 1750 – 1850, when factory owners or capitalists exploited workers bitterly in order to maximize profits. Workers retaliated with violence and strikes. Unemployment was high life-wages were extremely low, often below subsistence level.
Wages were so low that child labour was common, children working to supplement the income of their parents. Workers had to survive on a weekly wage of six pence. Skilled workers may be paid two shilling a week. Life was hard that the decade become known as “the Hungry Forties”.
During this Hungry 40’s shop keepers on their own part make profits through adulteration of goods they sold.
Workers hired in over crowded shanties under the most in sanitary conditions. They worked for more than (12) hours a day in ill-ventilated factory buildings design to look like prison houses and under conditions they were close to slave labour.
The anti-social effect of the industrial revolution resulted in widespread poverty and destitution described as “Pauperism”. With many depending on charity, while others died of malnutrition diseases and starvation.
In this respect, notable people like Robert Owen in England, William King, Charles Fouries, Lonis Blan both of France and Ernest Bader. These were the great Pioneers of industrial cooperatives in the world. Most of them were factory owners who formed at capitalism turn their factories into co-operative organization to enhance the quality and working relationship of both the employers and employees.
Industrial employees were most at times converted in to co-operative members and asked establish cooperative communities to fine together, work together share together, and help one another.
The aim of these great pioneers was to totally eliminate the exploitation of the workers by owners of capital and to permit the workers to reap fully the fruits of his or their labour.
That is why co-operatives are reap fully the fruit of his or their labour.
That is why co-operatives are regarded as a weapon to fight capitalism diversify the economy of a nation.
All over the world workers are known to have had long history of exploitation. From their employers and the business as community, under the capitalistic society, as the saying have it that necessity is the mother of invention workers then with the motivation of some social reformers.
Notable Robert Owen (1771-1858) and Dr william king (1786-1865) had no choice other than to co-operate in order to protect themselves, therefore, co-operative society can be regarded as the weapon to oppress an economic system.
In the above basis, co-operative movement was inspired by the following deals which include self help, self reliance, self independence, eliminates of exploitative middlemen. Equality, fairness service, justice and equity or economic relations. Onuoha (1986).
1.2 Statement Of Problem
Workers in a typical industrial company are often required to carryout routinized work for a long period.
With the aim of achieving a certain production target everyday. The workers salary are often not regular and some of them may have no other alternative other than to seek for services of extortionist money lenders at cut the root rate of interest just to make ends meet.
Also the relationship between the workers and the management is more or less official with little or no room for other personals of the workers. The employees of such an organization have no choice other than
funding a means for better interaction among themselves.
In this light, it is believed that ANAMMCO being an industrial establishment/manufacturing company the employees must be facing similar problems as portrayed above, if so then they must be contributing significantly to the economic well-being of its members.
1.3 Objective Of The Study
The main objective of this research work is to critically analyze the impact of co-operative to over all well-being of industrial employees. A case study of ANAMMCO, multi-purpose cooperative society.
The specific objectives are to find out
- If ANAMMCO employees in line with other similar establishments operate any kind of co-operatives
- The objective of such co-operative society
- The existence of such association in the establishment (ANAMMCO).
1.4 Statement Of Hypothesis
As a guiding principle to achieve the aims already stated, and basis for empirical judgment to establish that action is not without purpose, it becomes imperative to have hypothetical statement which is to accept or reject at the conclusion, of this research.
- Ho! The impact of cooperative to over all well being of industrial employees is not recognized in the industry.
Hi, The impact of cooperative to over all well- being of industrial employees is recognized in the industry
- Ho! The actions of cooperative societies influence industrial employees Negatively.
Hi! The actions of cooperatives societies influence industrial employees positively.
- Ho! Adequate training is of no use to industrial employees.
Hi! Adequate training is very useful to the industrial employees.
1.6 Significance Of The Study
A co-operative is a voluntary organization formed primarily to serve the interest of members. This interest is usually economic and in addition at times, social in the first instance, people must be socially linked by circumstance, such as same work place which makes it a fertile ground for group formation to thrive.
Our interest is to examine how the existences of multi-purpose co-operative in the company contribute to the economic well being of their members. The findings of this research work believed, will be a useful guide to the employees of other companies, who are contemplating forming an organizational stand to benefit from the findings.
1.7 Scope Of The Study
The broad topic of this project is on the impact of co-operative society to the over all well- being of industrial employees, the main focus however is on ANAMMCO multi- purpose co-operative society.
As multi-purpose co-operative society” by definition involve engagement in more than one activities engaged by the ANAMMCO multi cover all the activities engaged by the ANAMMCO multi-purpose co-operative society.
1.8 Limitation Of The Study
Research work by its nature requires finance in other words, money is required to gather relevant reference materials, type the completed works as well as to meet – up with other contingencies. As a student the required amount, may be hard to come by.
Another limiting factor is likely to be time. Time is very essential in any research work. The more the project, the more likely some vital information could be left out, because of the rush to meet up with the time schedule.
The third and perhaps the major limitation is the attitude of the respondents workers especially those working in a big company such as ANAMMCO, from the work ethics are not always free with information.
In other words, it may not be easy to elicit the necessary information from the members of the society, especially within the work environment.
All these factors have been taken into full consideration there possible negative effects not with standing, the research would be dutifully carried out to meet up with required standards.
1.9 Definition Of Terms
The definitions of some of the basic terms as used in the text are as follows.
A Co-Operative Society:
This is an association of person who have voluntarily joined together to achieve a common end though the formation of a democratically controlled organization, making contribution to the capital controlling organization, making contribution to the capital required and accepting a fair share of the risk and benefits of the undertaking in member actively participate.
Economic Well Being:
This means those benefit that help to improve the welfare and standard of living of individual members.
These are workers employed and working in a particular company.
Is the production of goods and services for house needs and or industrial needs they make use of factors of production such as land, labour, capital and management.
Anambra State motor manufacturing company. It is joint ventures between federal government of Nigeria and Daimler Benz Zone Ag/Mercedes of Germany.
This means common association of persons for common benefits.
Equitable Distribution Of Surpluses:
This means that the economic end result arising out or the operations of a society belong to the members of that society and shall be distributed in such a manner as would avoid one member gaining at the expense of the rest.
Each For All:
This is the condition that obtained in any genuine co-operative, which means the desire to seek freedom and salvation not for oneself alone, but for others.
All For Each:
This is the desire by all to seek salvation for each member of the group and for all the members of the same group.
Multi-Purpose Co-Operative Society:
The term multi-purpose denotes that the society is legally qualified to carry on more than one function (business activity).
The small town where co-operative was found.
This has been defined as “the sense of actions and endeavors of a body of persons for a specific objective i.e. the pursuit of an ideal.
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How to nail it on the head during your project / seminar defence
You are through with writing that project / seminar. Now what?
You have found yourself at that point where you have to defend what you have written. Of course you have to stand in front of your supervisor and other literary personalities to prove that you know what you wrote in your project paper. Unfortunately, the more you think about it, the more it looks like you are about to face a legion. It is not a war. But the emotion of dread welling up inside of you makes it look like one. So now you are asking yourself questions.
- How am I going to start?
- I hope I will do well enough to get an A.
You really want to nail it, but you need to come to terms with exactly how to get everything in perfect control. Especially your emotions of fear that seem to make a wreck of you every time you think about public speaking.
So here is the deal. I want to help you avoid that feeling that would ruin your precious moment if you dare to let it. And we are going to do it together.
I am going to highlight some very important tips to help you get in control for you to be comfortable enough to move from that feeling of DREAD to CONFIDENT; and making an awesome Impression for that great rating your supervisors should be giving to you so freely.
Consider these tips as you prepare for your defence. We will be taking them one after the other so here we go.
Watch Your Body Language And Keep It Confident:
Can you tell that a person is falling apart if they look confident? … If I can second guess you rightly, am sure you answered no to that question. Remind yourself that you need to come out that way. Now this might seem like a huge big deal when you are dealing with the foreboding. Maintaining a poise of confidence is very important. So find your most comfortable position, sitting or standing and draw up your body. You must exude confidence. It is something you need to do for yourself. People can only see what you allow your body language to show. So you must endeavour to put that out. Remember the story of David and Goliath? … At the end of your defence day, you want to be David.
Dress In Your Most Comfortable And Impressive:
Am sure this one is a no brainer. However I must highlight that you choose comfortable pieces. You don’t want to look so good and yet look like you were forced to wear something that does not belong to you. It’s great to ensure that as impressive as your clothes are on you, that they are also very comfortable.
Speak With Authority:
Going hand to hand with that aura of confidence is your most powerful asset:your words. If you look that confident, your words must not come out like whimpers. To be able to pull this off, you definitely need to speak as deliberately as possible in expressing yourself. Let them also hear what they see.
Use, Your Gestures:
I have often found this to come to my rescue in dealing with shyness and conveying my confidence. Usually it gives you an edge to also drive home your point. You must, however, ensure that you do not over use it. It doesn’t mean that your hands should be flying all over the place. That would be absolutely unnecessary. If you do this well, after a while you will realize that you are not as self-conscious as you used to be at the very start. For most situations, it would have completely disappeared altogether; leaving a really confident you talking.
Have A Good Opening And Closing Line:
Make sure you have perfected a good opening line. You should also be armed with a good closing line too. Try and rehearse it to a friend. If for the first time you presented it, your friend does not say “wow, that’s beautiful” or something like that; just know you need to keep refining it until you get the perfect line. Both opening and closing lines will go a long way in how impressed your panel gets to rate you high.
Make Sure You Know Your Work:
Certainly you should understand how important it is to know your own work from start to finish. Not having in-depth knowledge of your own work is tantamount to a suicide mission. Why should you kill yourself?
When all is said and done, this is what you came to defend in the first place. You should know your work from A to Z.
Prepare For The Questions:
Now this part is truly essential. You must be sure you do not floor all the good work you did on your presentation by not answering correctly. You must pay attention to the questions you are asked to be sure you will give the right answer. Many people get it wrong at this stage and spoil their good presentation. When you do not understand any question do endeavour to ask the person to expatiate what they mean before you answer.
These tips are by no means exhaustive, but applying these tips will give you some necessary advantage you need for a great outcome. Of course that outcome would mean that you eventually earn all your points on this project.
The structure of a good project work
Undergraduate projects in Nigeria is a prerequisite for graduation amongst Nigerian tertiary students who will which to obtain bachelors degree in their respective courses of study such as accounting, banking and finance, business administration and a host of others. Writing an undergraduate project in Nigeria for final year students entails a lot both financially and otherwise. Being able to develop any final year project depends on getting a researchable topic whether it is Accounting Undergraduate project topics, Banking and Finance research topics or banking and finance project topics and materials and it all requires diligent hard work of students who are willing to develop best undergraduate projects in Nigeria and graduate in flying colors.
A typical Undergraduate project in Nigerian tertiary institutions can be said to be divided into five or six chapters depending on the format of the school and course of study which are
The introduction of an undergraduate project states the main research problem and research argument. What precisely the study is all about and why it is important. It looks at the originality of the research work and how it will fill the gap in other studies. Justification for a research undergraduate topic should not be lengthy before it has been explicitly stated.
Below are the contents in chapter one of an undergraduate research project which includes;
- Background of the study,
- Statement of the problem,
- Objectives or aims of the study,
- The research questions,
- Research hypothesis,
- Significance of the study,
- Scope of the study,
- Limitations of the study and
- Operational definition of terms.
2. Literature review
Literature review of any undergraduate research work, be it business administration project topics or Economics project topics just to mention a few is very critical to securing a high grade in one’s project work. The literature review of a research process uncovers what other writers have written about the student’s topic. A student’s undergraduate research work should include a discussion or review of what is known about the subject and how that knowledge was acquired. The review could conclude with a brief summary of the literature and its implications. The contents of the literature review are the theoretical review, conceptual framework, empirical review and summary of literature review.
3. Research Methodology
This section includes a description of the research methods used in the undergraduate research work such as the sample size, data collection methods, measurement instruments, research data analysis procedures and the population from which the sample was selected. This section also describes the method used in selecting the sample or samples, validation and reliability of the instruments used in the research work. There are different research statistical techniques used in undergraduate research work such as SPSS, e-views etc.
4. Results & Discussion
This section presents and discusses the data analysis results used in an undergraduate research work, the results of each analysis is being summarized, tabulated, and then discussed for each research question. Then for each research hypothesis, the statistical test of significance selected and applied to the data is briefly described, followed by a statement indicating whether the hypothesis was supported or not supported. In presenting the result analyses/summary in an undergraduate project tables and figures and or graph are used to add clarity to the presentation.
5. Summary, Conclusions And Recommendations
This section summarizes the findings of the study in an easy to understand manner. It also explains the practical implications of those findings, and points to recommended directions for future research in that area.
This is where every source cited in the undergraduate research work is being included. Every undergraduate research work must be properly referenced for its authenticity.
Choosing A Good Project / Research Topic
Students in Nigerian universities these days wish to choose a very simple project topic/material. There is no issue choosing a simple project topic; the only problem is your ability to choose a good project or research topic that your supervisor will easily approve for you.
Most project supervisors really want to see how good his or her project student understands his or her surrounding through the kind of topic he or she chooses for their project work.
There are some project topic that are not reject-able; for instance in Nigeria of today; what do you think is the major issue on ground now?
If a project student can choose or craft a topic on the effect of dollar increment on the economy of Nigeria. Such project topic will be very interesting to write on.
Now what are the qualities of a good project topic?
- The materials for the project topic must be easily assessable.
- The project topic itself must be meaningful.
- The variables must be able to give a clear aim of the project topic.
What do I mean by variable?
Well I am deriving my point from the area of ; the variables here are those main words in the project topic.
Like the above project topic; the effect of dollar increment on the economy of Nigeria. You can see the main variables that really define this project topic are:dollar, increment and economy.
Before you present your topic to your project supervisor, first of all understand your project topic, and then secondly try to do some research for your topic to see if at least you can get up to 60% of what you need to write the complete project.
I said that above because you might have a very nice topic that the materials are not available online and there are no books as regard the topic; in this case the project topic becomes difficult for you even though the topic is catchy.
What do I mean by your topic being assessable?
Well what I mean is very simple and easy to understand. Simply pick your project topic, type it on google and see if you will have at least a good background for the topic you are writing on.
If you can have a good background for your project topic and you can understand the problem associated with the project topic, then I believe the aim of the project is not far-fetched.
Structure of a Seminar Paper
I feel like there is a lot of stress out there among grad students about writing seminar papers, especially when we’re told that our goal should be to make an original contribution to the field. That idea can be quite intimidating when we’re just starting out. It feels like you’ve asked us to jump off the deep end of the pool and we don’t know how to swim.
I think part of the problem is that we’re still working out how to structure seminar papers.** Each paper we write is another step closer to a successful, effective, and effective paper; however, we’re still flailing our arms (and other miscellaneous body parts) around because we’re uncertain of exactly how to go about it. I realize, of course, that there is no one right answer. However, below is my suggestion at sticking your toes in the water.
Section #1 — Introduction
Provide a little bit (or a lot) of motivation for the reader to read your entire paper. Failing that, your reader should know what the paper is going to be about by reading your introduction.
Paragraph #1 — Get some attention.
- Provide a context by citing a recent text in the field — the point that is cited may or may not be the main point of the text — it is what jumped out at you.
- Set-up broader context of what you’re going to do
Paragraph #2-?? — Define issue and the gap.
- Define issue and any key terms
- Limit scope as necessary
- Establish significance of issue
- State problem by defining the gap
- Explain how present research attempts to fill the gap
- Outline contributions (readers will see lit review for more detail.)
- End with thesis and preview organization of the rest of the paper
Section #2 — Literature Review
Give some credit where credit is due.
- Indicate the current state of the issue/problem/topic
- Define or qualify terms
- Engage sources in conversation with each other (don’t just copy in annotated bib)
Section #3 — Argument / Discussion
As stated in the Allyn & Bacon Guide to Writing:wallow in those complexities!!
- Examine issue
- Argue how issue can be mitigated, mediated, or mashed
- Provide evidence and support
- Make some lively commentary along the way
Section #4 — Conclusion
We’re almost done. Don’t quit now.
- Summarize research question
- Qualify argument/discussion if you need to
- Explain where we go now
- End well
Section #5 — Works Cited
Is everything listed on the works cited?
Tips: it’s ok to use sub-headings to keep yourself organized.
Tips On How To Know What Your Supervisor Is Looking Out For In Your Project
Apparently all schools/colleges ask their undergraduates especially the final students to write their final year project before they are certified to be graduates. These projects are mostly discovery activities geared towards problems solving or basically to make new discoveries or better still have a better understanding of a problem with the aim of proffering better solutions.
With this assigned task an undergraduate will need an advisor, a counselor or a supervisor to guide and direct this activity for a desired result and a successful ending and of course, in return the supervisor have factors to look out for in a student project, so that the aim of the project writing will not be defeated.
As a final year student planning to write your final year project, there are some factors you need to consider when trying to have a good working relationship with your supervisor and you must have the below tips at your fingertips to know what your supervisor look at for in your project.
Selecting the right topic or title:
The supervisor would want to know how knowledgeable one is, in a chosen topic and how far one can go with the topic by asking one diverse questions which could be simple or a bit tough. So one thing is to choose a right topic and another thing is to be knowledgeable about the said topic.
The relevancy of the project topic to the degree course:
This is one of the important things a supervisor looks out for in a project. A final year project must have a purpose and objectives and most importantly be problem solving and must be related to the course of study. So a project topic should be relevant and interesting.
The realistic plan for the project:
A project supervisor will always look at how realistic a project topic is. Will the project aims be achieved and at the specified time. If it will outlived the specified time such topic might be dropped and a new topic adopted to run the set time and fulfill its purpose.
Quality of research materials available:
Another factor a supervisor will consider in project writing by a student is the quality of the materials available for research on the chosen project topic, can materials and information be readily available and are those materials of high standard and convincing not just bogus and fictitious analysis but materials that research has be carried out by scholars related to course of study. So a source of materials used for a project is very important and most supervisors look out for this.
The funding channels:
Almost all project writing needs a good amount of funding to achieved the desired aim, A supervisor would always want to find out how the project will be funded, so as not to have hitches when the project is on. So to have a smooth working relationship with ones project supervisor, the funding of the project must be considered and revisited from time to time. Because a supervisor will look out for this aspect too.