Impact Of Biology Laboratory For Effective Teaching And Learning Of Biology In Senior Secondary School In Enugu North LGA

Biology Education Project Material

Impact Of Biology Laboratory For Effective Teaching And Learning Of Biology In Senior Secondary School In Enugu North LGA (Charles)


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine the impact of biology laboratory for effective teaching and learning of biology in senior secondary school in Enugu North LGA. The study was specifically set to ascertain whether there is an adequate availability of biology laboratory for effective teaching and learning of biology in senior secondary school in Enugu North LGA, ascertain whether the use of biology laboratory apparatus facilitate the effective teaching and learning of biology in senior secondary school in Enugu North LGA, determine whether biology laboratory activities enhances students learning outcome in biology in senior secondary schools in Enugu North LGA, and determine whether the use of biology laboratory apparatus for teaching/learning of biology promotes students academic performance in Enugu North LGA. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprises biology teachers and students of some selected senior secondary schools in Enugu North LGA, Enugu State. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 200 respondents while 150 were received and validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables. The result of the findings reveals that there is no adequate availability of biology laboratory for effective teaching and learning of biology in senior secondary school in Enugu North LGA. Furthermore, the result of the findings reveals that the use of biology laboratory apparatus for teaching/learning of biology promotes students academic performance in Enugu North LGA. In regard to the findings, the study recommends that science teachers should be more resourceful by providing support apparatus for science teaching and learning so that students learn by doing, develop thinking skills, and attempt innovations. To mention but few.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Science is doing and involves regular hands on practical work for learners to develop scientific literacy to face global challenges. Aleyideino (2000) opined that sound science education is accepted worldwide as bedrock of human development and progress, and also maintained that no educational system can rise above the quality of its teachers, and no nation can rise above the level of its teaching staff. For science teachers to play their roles in teaching science, laboratory apparatus must be available and must be used appropriately to improve the performance of students.

The National Policy on Education (FME, 2004) states that science education shall emphasize the teaching of science process and principle. This will lead to fundamental and applied research in science at all levels of education. When laboratory apparatus are appropriately utilized, they bring about more effectiveness in teaching and learning process, but this depends on teachers’ ability to use such apparatus effectively (Ughamadu; 1992). In the study of Biology as an integral branch of science, the apparatus and equipment’s which students were exposed to remain crucial to the achievement made by them? The apparatus and equipment here referred to infrastructures, manpower and laboratory equipment, all of which make learning fruitful and rewarding.

For the past three decades, there has been tremendous increase in the number of students’ enrolment in biology when compared to other science subjects (Milgwa,2000). This is because Biology is seen to be directly relevant to students’ everyday life On the other hand, it could be observed that students performance in both Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination (SSCE) and the General Certificate in Education (GCE) have constantly been poor. This poor performance has been attributed to students’ inability to tackle biology practical questions (Nworgu, 1999). According to Ogunkola and Olatoye (2004) practical work is the back-bone of effective science teaching and learning. It has been repeatedly emphasized that scientific enterprise is an activity packed one, involving continuous exploration and verification of facts. Science is learnt by doing, so the different school curricula should adequately provide facilities for practical work at every stage of learning experiences. Alebiosu cited in Ogunkola and Olatoye (2004) opined that science is experimentation and its teaching specially focuses on making students learn through the working of hands, brain and the heart. Various studies on the methodology of science teaching such as inquiry, discovery and process approach have shown that students learn more from science lesson by doing rather than by observation. According to Ogunkola and Olatoye (2004) enhancing better understanding of products and process of science cannot be overemphasized and also added that the practical nature of biology is commonly regarded as an important source of students motivation.
Nworgu (1999) said that teaching of biology involves three major domains of educational objectives namely cognitive, affective and psychomotor. He said teachers of biology mostly emphasize on cognitive domain at the expense of the other two domains. The development of psychomotor domain involves practical activities which require laboratory apparatus and equipment.

Mustapha (2002) stated that practical work in school science provides learners with opportunities to use scientific equipment to develop basic manipulative or inquiry activities and develop problem-solving attitudes needed for future work in science. Etukudo (2004) opined that laboratory method of teaching is presumed to be capable of fully involving the individual learner in the learning and teaching activities as well as helps to remove individual differences and absent mindedness. He added that laboratory offers singular privilege of manipulating apparatus or teaching aids to every student to obtain a desirable result. Also he said that the use of instructional materials which laboratory techniques offer, enhance better understanding of the curriculum content. Etukudo (2004) said that experimentation and laboratory teaching are good pedagogy for discovery learning and mastering of abstract skills as well as building up of low ability learners. The teacher must also know to get the apparatus/facilities and the situations where they can effectively be put to use. However, Ivowi (1999), observed that lack of science teaching apparatus in our laboratories is one of the major problems facing science teaching in Nigeria. Based on the nature of biology and the teaching of the subject. Abdulrahman ( 2009) believes that practicing biology teachers who are not trained within the scientifically rich environments or moderately rich biology environment do not have the capacity to utilize any available resources or improvise in the absence of such resources.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Many secondary schools claim to offer science subjects, but a visit to these schools reveals that some of them only offer science subjects but they have no laboratories not to talk of laboratory apparatus. In addition to this, the available laboratories in some of these secondary schools are ill-equipped to teach science subjects. According to Abdulrahaman (2009) secondary school laboratories are sparsely furnished and unused by science teachers to the extent that spiders and other insects have taken over the laboratories and their facilities. This may be due to negligence, lack of manpower or unqualified teachers to handle the facilities. The problem of non-availability of laboratory apparatus for effective teaching of Biology in our secondary schools persists thereby giving rise to poor academic performances, as discussion and lecture methods of teaching have been dominating the teaching and learning activities where students need to do practical work (Abdulrahaman, 2009). Based on this, he opined that students always perform very poor in the practical part of their examination thereby leading to poor academic performance in science courses. Thus the focus of this study is to investigate the impact of biology laboratory for effective teaching and learning of biology in senior secondary school in Enugu North LGA.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The study’s overall purpose is to examine the impact of biology laboratory for effective teaching and learning of biology in senior secondary school in Enugu North LGA. The study, on the other hand, was focused on achieving these precise goals.

  1. To ascertain whether there is an adequate availability of biology laboratory for effective teaching and learning of biology in senior secondary school in Enugu North LGA.
  2. Ascertain whether the use of biology laboratory apparatus facilitate the effective teaching and learning of biology in senior secondary school in Enugu North LGA.
  3. Determine whether biology laboratory activities enhances students learning outcome in biology in senior secondary schools in Enugu North LGA.
  4. Determine whether the use of biology laboratory apparatus for teaching/learning of biology promotes students academic performance in Enugu North LGA.

1.4 Research Questions

The following questions guided the study:

  1. Is there adequate availability of biology laboratory for effective teaching and learning of biology in senior secondary school in Enugu North LGA?
  2. Does the use of biology laboratory apparatus facilitate the effective teaching and learning of biology in senior secondary school in Enugu North LGA?
  3. Does biology laboratory activities enhances students learning outcome in biology in senior secondary schools in Enugu North LGA?
  4. Does the use of biology laboratory apparatus for teaching/learning of biology promotes students academic performance in Enugu North LGA?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

  • Ho: The use of biology laboratory does not promotes effective teaching and learning of biology in senior secondary school in Enugu North LGA.
  • Ha: The use of biology laboratory promotes effective teaching and learning of biology in senior secondary school in Enugu North LGA.

1.6 Significance of Study

Findings from the study will be relevant to government, teachers, parents and the academia. It will also make the government through the ministry of education to realize the need for provision of laboratory facilities thereby exposing the students to laboratory activities posting of qualified science teachers, technicians and technologists to secondary schools. It will motivate parents to through the avenue of the PTA make requirements of practical lesson(s) for their children in secondary schools and also this convince the science teachers that practical lessons are mostly essential for effective teaching especially in Biology. Finally, the study would contribute empirically to the body of existing literature and it would serve as a reference source to students or other researchers who might want to carry out their research on the similar topic.


1.7 Scope of the Study

This study will be focusing on impact of biology laboratory for effective teaching and learning of biology in senior secondary school in Enugu North LGA. The study will be delimited to some selected senior secondary schools in Enugu North LGA, Enugu State.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

Like in every human endeavour, the researcher encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. Insufficient funds tend to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection, which is why the researcher resorted to a limited choice of sample size. More so, the researcher simultaneously engaged in this study with other academic work. As a result, the amount of time spent on research will be reduced.

Moreover, the case study method utilized in the study posed some challenges to the investigator including the possibility of biases and poor judgment of issues. However, the investigator relied on respect for the general principles of procedures, justice, fairness, objectivity in observation and recording, and weighing of evidence to overcome the challenges.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Laboratory:

A laboratory is a facility that provides controlled conditions in which scientific or technological research, experiments, and measurement may be performed.

Practical:

Of or concerned with the actual doing or use of something rather than with theory and ideas.

Academic Performance:

Academic achievement represents performance outcomes that indicate the extent to which a person has accomplished specific goals that were the focus of activities in instructional environments, specifically in school, college, and university.


1.10 Organizations of the Study

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the impact of biology laboratory for effective teaching and learning of biology in senior secondary school in Enugu North LGA. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was to examine the impact of biology laboratory for effective teaching and learning of biology in senior secondary school in Enugu North LGA. The study was specifically set to ascertain whether there is an adequate availability of biology laboratory for effective teaching and learning of biology in senior secondary school in Enugu North LGA, ascertain whether the use of biology laboratory apparatus facilitate the effective teaching and learning of biology in senior secondary school in Enugu North LGA, determine whether biology laboratory activities enhances students learning outcome in biology in senior secondary schools in Enugu North LGA, and determine whether the use of biology laboratory apparatus for teaching/learning of biology promotes students academic performance in Enugu North LGA.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 150 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are biology teachers and students of some selected senior secondary schools in Enugu North LGA, Enugu State.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher made the following conclusion.

  1. There is no adequate availability of biology laboratory for effective teaching and learning of biology in senior secondary school in Enugu North LGA.
  2. The use of biology laboratory apparatus facilitate the effective teaching and learning of biology in senior secondary school in Enugu North LGA.
  3. Biology laboratory activities enhances students learning outcome in biology in senior secondary schools in Enugu North LGA.
  4. The use of biology laboratory apparatus for teaching/learning of biology promotes students academic performance in Enugu North LGA.

5.4 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. It is evident that availability of biology laboratory facilities promote learning of the subjects. Therefore government and all other stakeholders of education should as a matter of priority make available these facilities in the schools.
  2. It is important that resources are made available for establishing laboratories with adequate facilities in schools. Hence, the Nigerian government should include practical activities in science as a part of the formal assessment procedures and take immediate steps to equip/set up science laboratories for the effective teaching and learning of science.
  3. Science teachers should be more resourceful by providing support materials for science teaching and learning so that students learn by doing, develop thinking skills, and attempt innovations.

Project Material Download

6,000 Naira

The Complete Material Will Be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make Payment (Through Transfer) of ₦6,500 to Any of the Account Below

Access Bank PlcAcc No: 0811003731
Samphina Academy
Current Account
Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card


FOR STUDENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Purchase Material ($25)
FOR GHANIAN STUDENTS
Make Payment of 200 GHS to 0553978005 | Douglas Cloud Osabutey | MTN MoMo

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  1. Payment Details

  2. TOPIC: Impact Of Biology Laboratory For Effective Teaching And Learning Of Biology In Senior Secondary School In Enugu North LGA

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To You On WhatsApp After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


Need a Different Topic? Perform a Quick Search



List of Related Works

Click on Any Topic to Preview the Content

samphina.academy

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.