Impact Of Biology Education Towards Achieving Sustainable National Development

Biology Education Project Material

Impact Of Biology Education Towards Achieving Sustainable National Development


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine the impact of biology education in the development of Nigeria. Specifically the study was set out to ascertain whether there is any significant relationship between biology education and sustainable national development, determine whether the effective implementation of biology education promotes national development in Nigeria, and find out the problems militating against biology education development in Nigeria. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprise of biology teachers of some selected secondary schools in Ikeja, Lagos State. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 41 respondents and 35 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables and mean scores. While the hypotheses were tested using Pearson correlation statistical tool, SPSS v23. The result of the findings reveals that there is a significant relationship between biology education and the sustainable national development. The study also revealed that the problems militating against biology education development in Nigeria includes: poor funding, corruption, lack of qualified teachers , and methods of teaching. Therefore, it is recommended that curriculum innovators should emphasize on providing a proper curriculum for biology education. To mention but a few.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

The progress in science and technology during the last few decades has conclusively changed our conception of the significance of various scientific disciplines (Akindutire, 2012). The increasing chemicalization of the knowledge is related to the fact that, the progress of learning does not only widens the scope of our knowledge but deepens it and make it more exact(Olorode, 2016). Science education is the field concerned with sharing scientific knowledge, and methods with people not considered part of scientific community.

Furthermore, science education deals with sharing of science content and process with individuals who are not considered traditionally to be member of the scientific community; the individuals could be students, farmers, market women or a whole community(Asodike, 2012). Science education in Nigeria concentrates on the teaching of science concepts, method of teaching and addressing misconceptions held by learners regarding science concepts (Bamidele, 2016).

Science education comprises three subjects namely biology, chemistry and physics which are combined with education and over the year there has been low enrolment of these courses in our institutions as identified by Aina(2012); causes of this low enrolment include society disdain, mockery of teacher and low prestige of teachers(Okebukola, 2009).

Science education is very important to the development of any nation that is why every nation must take it very serious in all institutions of learning. Many of the developed worlds were able to achieve so much in science and technology because of science education.

In Nigeria, science education has been identified as one of the major bedrock for the sustainable development of the country, which is seen as knowledge or ideas acquisition relevant to science, and is concerned with important of knowledge on environment, as well as others. Baba (2017), opined that no nation can develop without science education. Science is therefore receiving much emphasis in education because of its significance and relevance to life and society.

Biology as a branch of science and the pre-requisite subject for many field of learning contributes immensely to technological growth of the nation. Biology is the scientific study of life. According to Maduabum (2006), science (Biology) is the backbone of national development since it encompasses all human activities that entail organized understanding of natural events. It simply means that science is the methodical study of nature with the goal of amassing an ordered body of matter, its interactions, and effects. According to Omiko (2011), science is a method of learning about natural facts and theories. This understanding of facts and hypotheses, he claims, fosters attitudes of reality, objectivity, curiosity, self-examination, and the pursuit of truth. The study of biology both in tertiary and senior secondary schools can equip the learners with useful concepts, principles and theories that will enable them face challenges before and after graduation. The importance of biology and biology education for sustainable national development cannot be overemphasized as it finds its way into agriculture, pharmacy, ethnobotany, medicine, biotechnology, and other related fields. This study intends to examine the role of biology education for sustainable national development.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Biology education is very important to the development of any nation that is why every nation must take it very serious in all institutions of learning. Many of the developed worlds were able to achieve so much in science and technology because of biology education. According to Charlse (2013), biology teachers in Nigeria have numerous challenges. These issues at this level had caused a plethora of other concerns that were harming the students’ success in the subject. According to Udofia (2019), many students consider biology to be a challenging subject in secondary school due to their negative attitude toward it, while others find it difficult to read Biology materials due to their reading laxity.

This, together with other issues, has resulted in widespread failure of students in biology exams. According to Juso (2017), these causes include students’, schools’, and government’s lack of ambition, as well as a lack of appropriate materials and a weak curriculum. There has been low enrolment of these biology education in our institutions as identified by [2]; causes of this low enrolment include society disdain, mockery of teacher and low prestige of teachers [19]. Interestingly, as important as these courses are, students’ performance has not been encouraging in them and this is worrisome and called for investigation [13]. Despite all the great things biology education can accomplished in the national development of a nation there are many problems militating against it especially in Nigeria. Therefore this study focused on the impact of biology education towards achieving sustainable national development


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The primary objective of this study is to examine the impact of biology education in the development of Nigeria. Specifically but not limited to, other objectives of this study are:

  1. Ascertain whether there is any significant relationship between biology education and sustainable national development.
  2. Determine whether the effective implementation of biology education promotes national development in Nigeria
  3. Find out the problems militating against biology education development in Nigeria.

1.4 Research Questions

The following research questions will be answered in this study:

  1. Is there any significant relationship between biology education and the sustainable national development?
  2. Does effective implementation of biology education promotes national development in Nigeria?
  3. What are the problems militating against biology education development in Nigeria?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

  • Ho: There is no significant relationship between biology education and sustainable national development.
  • Ha: There is a significant relationship between biology education and sustainable national development.

1.6 Significance of the Study

The study’s conclusions will be extremely beneficial to students, teachers, curriculum developers, the government, and even researchers.
It will also aid in the comprehension of some problems militating against biology education development in Nigeria as well as alternative solutions. It will assist biology teachers in identifying ways to make biology teaching and learning more straightforward, entertaining, and relevant to the requirements of society.

The outcomes of this study will assist biology curriculum planners in understanding the instrument with which society can promote worthwhile ideas and values that will allow them to gradually reach those social and economic goals as they apply to an individual’s academic advancement.

For the government, it will result in long-term development and improvement in the teaching and learning of biology education in schools, as well as good student achievement in the Secondary School Certificate Biology Examination.

Finally, it will be useful as reference material for researchers.


1.7 Scope of the Study

This study will focus on examining the impact of biology education towards achieving sustainable national development. Specifically the study will ascertain whether there is any significant relationship between biology education and sustainable development of Nigeria, determine whether the effective implementation of biology education promotes national development in Nigeria, and find out the problems militating against biology education development in Nigeria. However the respondent for this study will be obtained from biology teachers of some selected secondary schools in Ikeja, Lagos State .


1.8 Limitations of the Study

As every human endeavor is once faced with a constraint, the same was tenable during the period of this study. In the course of carrying out this study, the researcher experienced some constraints, which included time constraints, financial constraints, language barriers, and the attitude of the respondents. In addition, there was the element of researcher bias. Here, the researcher possessed some biases that may have been reflected in the way the data was collected, the type of people interviewed or sampled, and how the data gathered was interpreted thereafter. The potential for all this to influence the findings and conclusions could not be downplayed.  More so, the findings of this study are limited to the sample population in the study area, hence they may not be suitable for use in comparison to other tertiary institutions in other , states, and other countries in the world.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Biology:

Biology is the scientific study of life. It is a natural science with a broad scope but has several unifying themes that tie it together as a single, coherent field. For instance, all organisms are made up of cells that process hereditary information encoded in genes, which can be transmitted to future generations.

Sustainable Development:

This is an organizing principle that aims to meet human development goals while also enabling natural systems to provide necessary natural resources and ecosystem services to humans.


1.10 Organization of the Studies

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the impact of biology education in the development of Nigeria. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was to examine the impact of biology education in the development of Nigeria. The study was specifically carried out to ascertain whether there is any significant relationship between biology education and sustainable national development, determine whether the effective implementation of biology education promotes national development in Nigeria, and find out the problems militating against biology education development in Nigeria.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 35 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent were biology teachers of some selected secondary schools in Ikeja, Lagos State.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher concluded that;

  1. There is a significant relationship between biology education and the sustainable national development.
  2. Effective implementation of biology education promotes national development in Nigeria.
  3. The problems militating against biology education development in Nigeria includes: poor funding, corruption, lack of qualified teachers , and methods of teaching.

5.4 Recommendation

Based on the findings the researcher recommends that;

  1. Curriculum innovators should emphasize on providing a proper curriculum for biology education.
  2. Government at all levels, should provide adequate instructional materials and laboratory equipments, and other facilities.
  3. Government should only recruit competent and qualified teachers who can teach biology effectively.
  4. Biology teachers should try as much as possible to improve their methods of teaching through innovation.
  5. Excursion, demonstration and practical methods of teaching should be given much emphasis.
  6. Learners should be motivated and be made to draw their attention into learning the subjects.

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