Impact Assessment Of Western Films On Teenagers (A Case Study Of Federal Polytechnic Nekede)

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Project and Seminar Material for Mass Communication

Project and Seminar Material for Mass Communication


Dedication


This project is dedicated to God Almighty who made this work a huge success and for His grace which is sufficient for us.


Acknowledgement


We give God Almighty all glory for making this project work possible. Any project of this magnitude requires the assistance of many people. Our H.O.D and also our supervisor were particularly helpful with their keen eye and questioning attitude that sharpened each chapter of this work. Our supervisorā€™s invaluable sound academic guidance gave a clear direction that made this project writing most rewarding.

We are most grateful to our beloved parents, for their prayers, encouragement, love, finance to ensure our educational success. We canā€™t find enough words to express our appreciation. God bless you all.


Abstract


This study examines the impact of western films on teenagers as it affects on federal polytechnic Nekede Students. Much after the independence across African continent, one of the major preoccupations African leaders had to contend with is the restoration of African cultures in their pristine forms which were arguably polluted or collapsed by the colonial masters during their reign. No doubt, teenagers and youth generally, are vital segment of the society who could be instrumental promoting African cultures.

But unfortunately, the mentality and lifestyle of the teenagers in African societies have been grossly affected by exposure to western films to such an extent that rather than promoting African cultures, they have become hardened acolytes and promoters of western cultures.

The study therefore examines this situation with particular reference to Nigeria adopting both qualitative and quantitative research methods and at the end find out that western films exert great impact on the teenagers in Nigerian society thereby creating cultural gap to the native cultures. The study then concludes by prescribing way forward towards the restoration and promotion of African cultures as it affects teenagers with particular reference to Nigerian society.


Table Of Contents


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of Content

Chapter One:General Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of Study
  • 1.2 Statement of Problem
  • 1.3 Objectives of the Study
  • 1.4 Significance of the study
  • 1.5 Research Questions
  • 1.6 Scope of the Study
  • 1.7 Limitation of the study
  • 1.8 Delimitation of the study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms

Chapter Two:Literature Review

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 The impact of films on teenagers
  • 2.3 The impact of western film on teenagers
  • 2.4 Theoretical framework

Chapter Three:Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Research Design
  • 3.3 Area of the study
  • 3.4 Population of Study
  • 3.5 Research sample and sampling procedure
  • 3.6 Sources of data
  • 3.7 Instrument of Data collection
  • 3.8 Validity and reliability of instrument
  • 3.9 Administration of instrument
  • 3.10 method of data analysis

Chapter Four:Data Presentation And Analysis

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Analysis of data
  • 4.3 Findings

Chapter Five:Findings, Conclusion And Recommendation

  • 5.0 Introduction
  • 5.1 Conclusion
  • 5.2 Recommendation
  • 5.3 Suggestions for further study
  • Reference
  • Questionnaire

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

Considerations about the effects of films can be traced back to the 1920s. At that time, the earliest coordinated social scientific research or investigation into the impact of these effects began in the Western countries. It was intended at studying the harmful impacts of films on societies.

The development of this medium as a common mass entertainment and information source during the 1950s encountered similar concerns about potential harms, especially in connection with young audiences (Gunter, 1994). Nowadays, many concerns have been raised about the kinds of values and attitudes that may be inculcated by exposure to certain kinds of media contents, especially enculturation and violence in movies (Kubey and Larson, 2005).

The most important concern in the debate about violent film has been whether or not it promotes aggressive behavior among viewers most especially the young ones (Evra 1990). Researchers have also shown that heavy exposure to screen violence can cause problems in other domains of social behavior.

For example, it can make people become both fearful of the world around them and accepting violence in the real life as displayed by others (Ibid). Violence is one of the global concerns today in all segments of the world. Antisocial behavior in human beings is accepted to be associated to a number of physiological, psychological, domestic and cultural aspects.

The learning environments which a child is exposed to are also assumed to contribute to the increase of aggressive behaviors and attitudes as well as his inclinations to customs, values and norms of the society (Berkowitz, 2001).

The media, as one of the specific learning condition is believed to be a potential contributor to the growth of antisocial attitudes and behavior in children and teenagers (Ibid). While social scientists work on determining the major causation of violence, such as social environments, cultural factors, family instruction, and group membership parents, teachers, politicians and school administrators continue to blame the media for increased cultural alienation and attitudinal change among adolescents (Fraser and Staub, 1996).

For instance, school principals, mothers, and young people were surveyed for their perceptions of factors influencing home cultures among youth. The results showed that violent messages in rap music and violence in the movies are perceived as the factor among others, influencing the formative process of the teenagers (Kandakai, Price and Telljohann, 1999). Also and importantly, the question of cultural promotion in the developing world has been hampered by blind acceptance and practice of western cultures by the young ones.

Findings however show that film as a medium of mass communication is one the major contributors. Nowadays, the teenagers in Nigeria and Africa as a whole watch western films with impunity or without caution. This shapes their thoughts, attitudes, associations, behaviors and general ways of life.


1.2 Statement Of Research Problem

The impact of western films on teenagers is wider in scope even more than the ordinary world. Many things happening around can be attributed to it. It was reported that western films have reshaped Nigerian teenagersā€™ thoughts, attitudes, associations, behaviors and their general ways of life.

The impact of Western films on teenagers have been said to be a serious problem facing Nigerians. Some of these problems are:

  1. Inadequate policy to guard the youths towards Western Films/ Programmes.
  2. There is an erosion of the cultural values.
  3. The imitation of Western cultures especially the American cultures.
  4. The Nigerian youths are faced with brain wash.

Therefore, if the above problems are not been taking care off, it will lead to a total destruction of the Nigerians culture.


1.3 Objectives Of The Study

The researcherā€™s objective is to assess the impact of western films on teenagers with an insight to determine its implication to the cultural values of Nigerian youths are:

  1. To show how the contents of Western films affect Nigerian Polytechnic students.
  2. To assess its pervasive impact on the cultural values of Nigerian Polytechnic students.
  3. To know how to isolate ugly Western films that have negative impact on teenagers from Nigeria.
  4. Another objective of this study is to know the efforts of the film censorship Commission in finding a lasting solution to the problem of western film violence on the teenagers.

1.4 Significance Of The Study

  1. The research will help in possible dilution, domination and finally absorption of the African/Nigerian culture which until the present has been characterized with good neighbourliness, respect for elders, virtuousness, community orientation and collectivism.
  2. It will enable the government and policy makers to put adequate measures in place to check the movement of Western films into Nigeria.
  3. It will help remove the idea of imitating Western cultures or ways of life from Nigeria.

The conduct of this research will enable the government to know what role the movie industry can play in the development of a country and therefore, harness the movie industry in the democratic process and development process in general.


1.5 Research Questions

The study answered these pertinent questions in order to fulfill the overall goal.

  1. Do western films shape the attitudes, behaviors and general lifestyles of the teenagers in Nigeria?
  2. Do Nigerian teenagers accept and practice western cultures exposed to through western films at the expense of Nigerian cultures?
  3. At what degree do Nigerian teenagers resist foreign or western cultures exposed to through western films?

1.6 Scope Of The Study

The scope of this is to assess how the Western Films affect the teenagers using Federal Polytechnic Nekede as a case study.

The institution is been noted for a constant influence of Western films on their cultural values. Hence, the need for choosing the institution as a case study commenced.

In the cause of the research, oral interview were consulted on both staff and students of the institution. But the research depends more on the questionnaire which were distributed to students and staffs and were completed and returned. The researcher also consulted some textbooks, Newspapers and journals which provided a lot of information pertaining to the study.


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How to nail it on the head during your project defence


You are through with writing that project. Now what?

You have found yourself at that point where you have to defend what you have written. Of course you have to stand in front of your supervisor and other literary personalities to prove that you know what you wrote in your project paper. Unfortunately, the more you think about it, the more it looks like you are about to face a legion. It is not a war. But the emotion of dread welling up inside of you makes it look like one. So now you are asking yourself questions.

  • How am I going to start?
  • I hope I will do well enough to get an A.

You really want to nail it, but you need to come to terms with exactly how to get everything in perfect control. Especially your emotions of fear that seem to make a wreck of you every time you think about public speaking.
So here is the deal. I want to help you avoid that feeling that would ruin your precious moment if you dare to let it. And we are going to do it together.

I am going to highlight some very important tips to help you get in control for you to be comfortable enough to move from that feeling of DREAD to CONFIDENT; and making an awesome Impression for that great rating your supervisors should be giving to you so freely.

Consider these tips as you prepare for your defence. We will be taking them one after the other so here we go.


Watch Your Body Language And Keep It Confident:

Can you tell that a person is falling apart if they look confident? … If I can second guess you rightly, am sure you answered no to that question. Remind yourself that you need to come out that way. Now this might seem like a huge big deal when you are dealing with the foreboding. Maintaining a poise of confidence is very important. So find your most comfortable position, sitting or standing and draw up your body. You must exude confidence. It is something you need to do for yourself. People can only see what you allow your body language to show. So you must endeavour to put that out. Remember the story of David and Goliath? … At the end of your defence day, you want to be David.


Dress In Your Most Comfortable And Impressive:

Am sure this one is a no brainer. However I must highlight that you choose comfortable pieces. You donā€™t want to look so good and yet look like you were forced to wear something that does not belong to you. Itā€™s great to ensure that as impressive as your clothes are on you, that they are also very comfortable.


Speak With Authority:

Going hand to hand with that aura of confidence is your most powerful asset:your words. If you look that confident, your words must not come out like whimpers. To be able to pull this off, you definitely need to speak as deliberately as possible in expressing yourself. Let them also hear what they see.


Use, Your Gestures:

I have often found this to come to my rescue in dealing with shyness and conveying my confidence. Usually it gives you an edge to also drive home your point. You must, however, ensure that you do not over use it. It doesnā€™t mean that your hands should be flying all over the place. That would be absolutely unnecessary. If you do this well, after a while you will realize that you are not as self-conscious as you used to be at the very start. For most situations, it would have completely disappeared altogether; leaving a really confident you talking.


Have A Good Opening And Closing Line:

Make sure you have perfected a good opening line. You should also be armed with a good closing line too. Try and rehearse it to a friend. If for the first time you presented it, your friend does not say ā€œwow, thatā€™s beautifulā€ or something like that; just know you need to keep refining it until you get the perfect line. Both opening and closing lines will go a long way in how impressed your panel gets to rate you high.


Make Sure You Know Your Work:

Certainly you should understand how important it is to know your own work from start to finish. Not having in-depth knowledge of your own work is tantamount to a suicide mission. Why should you kill yourself?
When all is said and done, this is what you came to defend in the first place. You should know your work from A to Z.


Prepare For The Questions:

Now this part is truly essential. You must be sure you do not floor all the good work you did on your presentation by not answering correctly. You must pay attention to the questions you are asked to be sure you will give the right answer. Many people get it wrong at this stage and spoil their good presentation. When you do not understand any question do endeavour to ask the person to expatiate what they mean before you answer.


These tips are by no means exhaustive, but applying these tips will give you some necessary advantage you need for a great outcome. Of course that outcome would mean that you eventually earn all your points on this project.


The structure of a good project work


Undergraduate projects in Nigeria is a prerequisite for graduation amongst Nigerian tertiary students who will which to obtain bachelors degree in their respective courses of study such as accounting, banking and finance, business administration and a host of others. Writing an undergraduate project in Nigeria for final year students entails a lot both financially and otherwise. Being able to develop any final year project depends on getting a researchable topic whether it is Accounting Undergraduate project topics, Banking and Finance research topics or banking and financeĀ project topics and materials and it all requires diligent hard work of students who are willing to develop best undergraduate projects in Nigeria and graduate in flying colors.

A typical Undergraduate project in Nigerian tertiary institutions can be said to be divided into five or six chapters depending on the format of the school and course of study which are


1. Introduction

The introduction of an undergraduate project states the main research problem and research argument. What precisely the study is all about and why it is important. It looks at the originality of the research work and how it will fill the gap in other studies. Justification for a research undergraduate topic should not be lengthy before it has been explicitly stated.

Below are the contents in chapter one of an undergraduate research project which includes;

  • Background of the study,
  • Statement of the problem,
  • Objectives or aims of the study,
  • The research questions,
  • Research hypothesis,
  • Significance of the study,
  • Scope of the study,
  • Limitations of the study and
  • Operational definition of terms.

2. Literature review

Literature review of any undergraduate research work, be it business administrationĀ project topics or Economics project topics just to mention a few is very critical to securing a high grade in oneā€™s project work. The literature review of a research process uncovers what other writers have written about the studentā€™s topic. A studentā€™s undergraduate research work should include a discussion or review of what is known about the subject and how that knowledge was acquired. The review could conclude with a brief summary of the literature and its implications. The contents of the literature review are the theoretical review, conceptual framework, empirical review and summary of literature review.

3. Research Methodology

This section includes a description of theĀ research methods used in the undergraduate research work such as the sample size,Ā data collection methods,Ā measurement instruments,Ā research data analysis procedures and the population from which the sample was selected.Ā Ā This section also describes the method used in selecting the sample or samples, validation and reliability of the instruments used in the research work.Ā There are different research statistical techniques used in undergraduate research work such as SPSS, e-views etc.


4. Results & Discussion

This section presents and discusses the data analysis results used in an undergraduate research work, theĀ results of each analysis is beingĀ summarized, tabulated, and then discussed for each research question.Ā Ā Then for each research hypothesis, the statistical test of significance selected and applied to the data is briefly described, followed by a statement indicating whether the hypothesis was supported or not supported.Ā Ā In presenting the result analyses/summary in an undergraduate project tables and figures and or graph are used to add clarity to the presentation.


5. Summary, Conclusions And Recommendations

This section summarizes the findings of the study in an easy to understand manner.Ā  It also explains the practical implications of those findings, and points to recommended directions for future research in that area.


References:

This is where every source cited in the undergraduate research work is being included. Every undergraduate research work must be properly referenced for its authenticity.

SAMPHINA ACADEMY

SAMPHINA ACADEMY

Samuel Obiora Blessed is the CEO and founder of Samphina Academy (samphina.com.ng) a.k.a Nigeria Students Media, the youngest engineering graduate of Federal Polytechnic Nekede in 2017 and the engine brain behind this great platform. He is the man behind the scene, filled with many potentials, a musician as well as a pro developer with the interest of Nigerian students at heart.

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