The Impact Of Application Of E-Learning To The Teaching And Learning Of Agriculture In Secondary Schools
Education today has embraced e-learning to make the learner more personalized/individualized in his studies. It has brought changes that are very convenient and flexible to the learner as well as helped to develop skills and competencies needed in the 21st century to ensure that learners have the digital literacy skills required in their discipline. To this effect, the researcher decided to apply the method of e-learning in four selected secondary schools.
A sample of 150 SSS students in Lagos State was selected and grouped into two experimental and control classes. The students in each group were categorized into three categories above average, average and below average according to their performances.
This has the implication of transforming the educational standards by providing unlimited access to knowledge and information to teachers and learners.
1.1 Background of the Study
Today, the society is witnessing a major change in all aspects of life which has affected our houses, businesses and our educational system. Technology has emerged with our curriculum to create a learning atmosphere that allows learners to become more responsible and individualized/personalized in their studies.
The continuous societal changes denoted a need for the educational system to embrace these changes. According to Igwe (2005) “development in everyday language refers to qualitative improvement which is a continuous activity among human beings” The societal changes have affected the schools, the teachers, the learners and the disciplines or subjects taught in schools and this have resulted in the overall curriculum change. All these changes have made it necessary for educators and learners to adopt in other to meet up with the demands of the modern society. Therefore the educational system should move along with the rest of the world as it is a change agent.
Today, it is necessary for someone to have a basic knowledge of the computer in other to function properly. This has brought modernization into our educational system and part of this is the electronic learning.
The launch of the World Wide Web (www) in 1999 brought a surge of interest in the possibilities of electronic learning (e-learning). According to Okeke (2007) “The use of the web as an educational medium was hailed as a major change in the educational sector. It has given rise to a major form of delivery of education or as a combined approach with the old conventional method of classroom based teaching.
E- Learning is computer enhanced and applies to online lectures, tutorial, performance support system stimulations. It is an approach to facilitate and enhance learning through both computers and communication technology. Devices such as personal computers (pc), CD Roms, televisions, Mp3 players and mobile phones are used. Communication technology enables the use of the internet and e-mail discussions.
Lee (2004) noted that the increasing use of internet improved technologies as well as web based applications, the uses of e-learning in the educational sector are of immense benefits. As written by Ajelabi (2005), it motives students to operate modern teaching equipments like microcomputers and other teaching aids like projectors (overhead and opaque) slides, films etc).
By now, over a decade of it launch, it is expected that the concept of e-learning should be clearly defined. Due to attitudinal problems in the use of e-learning for teaching and learning of disciplines in the school curriculum, there is yet to be a consensus about what it actually represents. It is important that the method of teaching and learning should also change to meet with the changing societal needs.
Based on the above background, the task before the researcher is to find out the impact of the application of e-learning on the teaching and learning of Agricultural science among the senior secondary school students in Okota Isolo / Oshodi Local Government Area and Ejigbo Development Area of Lagos State.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The school curriculum has to be responsive to changing societal needs. The students also have to adapt to these needs and often the effects are noticed on the performance of students who are usually the receivers.
In today’s world, technology has made it necessary to use the various forms of computer delivered instruction in teaching and learning. It becomes necessary to study the impact of e-learning on the teaching e-learning learning of Agricultural science.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study is for the researcher to achieve experimentally the following objectives:-
- Establish the impact of e-learning on teaching and learning of Agricultural science in secondary schools in Oshodi L.G.A. in Lagos State.
- Examine the roles of Government and Private sector on the development of E-Learning in senior secondary schools in Oshodi L.G.A. in Lagos State.
- Determine the impact of e-learning on the improvement of the quality of education of Agricultural science students’ in Oshodi L.G.A. in Lagos State.
- Ascertain ICT as a key factor for assessing teaching and learning.
1.4 Research Questions
- What is the impact of E-Learning on the teaching and learning of Agricultural science in secondary schools in Oshodi L.G.A. in Lagos State.
- What are the roles of Government and Private sector in the development of E-Learning in senior secondary schools in Oshodi L.G.A. in Lagos State?
- What is the impact of E-learning on the improvement of the quality of education of Agricultural science in Oshodi L.G.A. in Lagos State?
- Why is ICT a key factor in assessing students’ teaching and learning?
1.5 Significance of the Study
The study is significant in that it gives an insight into the knowledge of using software packages and its workability on the educational system.
The result will encourage the teachers to know the benefit of using the alternative method of teaching to achieve an improved performance. It will create an awareness to the teacher and the student on the possibility of using e-learning approach.
1.6 Scope of the Study
For the purpose of this research and the successful application of the e-learning facilities, the scope is one hundred and forty eight (148) SS1 students made up of forty (40) each from Ostra Heights school and Hopebay College, both in Okota, Isolo/ OShodi Local Government Area of Lagos State while thirty five (35) students came from Kings Palace school and thirty three (33) students came from Hill Crest college both in Ejigbo Development Council.
1.7 Limitations of the Study
The researcher was limited by finance both for transportation to the schools and production of the instructional package. Also time for the study was limited.
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
This research work attempts to answer questions on the roles of ICT on teaching and learning of students, the limitations and the challenges of its integration in education systems. Information communication technologies are influencing all aspects of life including education. They are promoting changes in working conditions, handling and exchanging of information, teaching-learning approaches and so on. One area in which the impacts of ICT is significant, is education. ICT is making major differences in the teaching approaches and the ways students are learning. ICT-enhanced learning environment facilitates active, collaborative, creative, integrative, and evaluative learning as an advantage over the traditional method. In other words, ICT is becoming more appropriate in the realization and implementation of the emerging pedagogy of constructivism that gives greater responsibility of learning for students. Several surveys are showing that ICT use in education systems of developed nations has comparatively advanced than ICT use in education systems of developing nations.
In addition, the major promises of ICTs use in education systems of developing countries focus on training teachers and students in new skills and introducing innovative pedagogies into the classrooms, investing on ICT infrastructure for schools and creating networks among educational institutes, improving overall standard of education by reducing the gap in quality of education between schools in urban and rural areas, initiation of smart school with objectives to foster self-paced, self-assessed, and self-directed learning through the applications of ICTs, and developing ICT policy for education and training. On the other hand, this article discusses the major limitations of ICT use in education as teacher related, student related, and technology related.
The role of ICTs in the education is recurring and unavoidable. Rapid changes in the technologies are indicating that the role of ICT in future will grow tremendously in the education sector.
- By observing current activities and practices in the education, we can say the development of ICTs within education has strongly affected on a. What is learned? b. How it is learned? c. When & where learning takes place d. Who is learning and who is teaching.
- ICT also focuses modification of the role of teachers. In addition to classroom teaching, they will have other skills and responsibilities. Teachers will act as virtual guides for students who use electronic media.
- Ultimately, the use of ICT will enhance the learning experiences of students. Also it helps them to think independently and communicate creatively. It also helps students for building successful careers and lives, in an increasingly technological world.
- We advise that both the teachers and the students should develop personal interest in the use of ICT.
- For sustainable integration of ICT in education, funding and other infrastructural issues should also be addressed
- ICT should be made compulsory in institutions and the educators should be given proper training on the effective use of ICT.
- ICT should be promoted all over the country and be made available and affordable to the people especially the educators and educational institutions.
- A stable power supply should be made available for the effective use of ICT in Nigeria.
- Teachers in the training institutions should be imbued with the skills and abilities of ICT literacy and sensibilities so that the knowledge and attitude acquired will cascade onto the learners that they come in contact with in the classrooms when they begin to practice.
- There is need to create an enabling environment for teacher education programs to strive toward producing highly qualified ICT literate teachers and teacher educators that would assist in making the integration and usage of ICT in schools a success.
- Nigeria also the need to develop a specific policy for ICT in education- a national policy for ICT in education will help to locate Nigeria in the emerging global knowledge based economy, coupled with strategic investment in education to enable greater productivity in the workforce and thus increased national competitiveness.
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Frequently Asked Questions
What is the impact of e-learning on education?
The impact of e-learning is increasingly dominating the current educational system as the impact of technology continuously dominates our day to day activities worldwide (Bass 2006).
Is electronic learning the future of tertiary education in Nigeria?
For this, science and technology education is the primary target in which case tertiary education will come to the front. Electronic learning which is often regarded as the fundamental tool for education is then the basic primary element which needs a very serious support during the teaching-learning process in Nigerian tertiary institutions.
Is e-learning better than face to face learning?
It has been found that students in higher educational institutions that engaged in E-Learning, generally performed better than those in face-to-face courses. (Holley, 2002) found that students who participate in online/ E-Learning achieve better grades than students who studied traditional approach.
What are the benefits of the study of teaching and learning?
The study will provide improved performance in terms of teaching and learning abilities of undergraduates and students of Tertiary institutions.