Impact Of Agricultural Extension Agent In The Development Of Agriculture In Egor Local Government Area Of Edo State

Agricultural Education Project and Seminar Material

Impact Of Agricultural Extension Agent In The Development Of Agriculture In Egor Local Government Area Of Edo State


Abstract


This project work is brought up to investigate the impact played by agricultural extension agent in the development of agriculture in the nation using Egor Local Government Area of Edo State as a case study. Four research questions were raise to capture the impacts played by agricultural extension agents and questionnaires is used to elicit information from the respondents which are farmers in the study area. the questionnaire is divided into two part, part A and B. the part A was set up to ask questions on the personal information of the respondents while section B was to ask questions that will answer the research questions asked in chapter one of this project. Multistage random sampling is used to select the respondents. Hundred (100) respondents are randomly selected and used for the study. The questionnaire was given to the project supervisor to proof read before administering it. The questionnaire was collated and simple percentage method was used to analyze the collated questionnaires and the results were presented in chapter four of the project. The recommendation made are, the agricultural extension agents to farmers ratio should be work upon. There should be considerable number of assigned farmer to agricultural extension agents so as to foster, learning or there should be more employment of specialist to carryout agricultural extension service, more time should be allocated to training or teaching of farmers as some of the farmers are late adopters, time of visitation should be more frequent so as to instigate encouragement from the agricultural extension agents to the farmers. If this is worked upon, it will be very hard for the farmer to forget what they have been taught.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

Agricultural extension has often been conceptualized as an education process, which promotes learning it uses the combined findings of biological sciences and the principles of social science to bring about changes in knowledge, skill attitude and practices in and out of school setting (Ileubaoje 2004). Eremie (2005) postulated that an agricultural extension services has a lot play in ensuring that Nigeria achieves the million development goals.

It was these perceived important roles of agricultural extension that informed the establishment of the agricultural development programme (ADPs). With the re-organization and strengthening of the extension agent of the ADPS, along training and visits line in 2006, a number of activities were initiated so as to ensure that the seven features of the trainings and visits are implemented. These have led to a change in the roles performed by the extension workers thereby resulting in some level of satisfaction among both extension workers and their clients (Ajuwon 2006). It is also worth noting that despite the tremendous achievements of the agricultural sector in Nigeria, the ADPs have been besotted by a myriad of problems, especially with the terminal end of the counterpart funding by the World Bank. These problems range from the Nona rail ability of facilities necessary for effective implementation and functioning of extension workers to poorly motivated staff resulting in low morale, low level of role perception and poor performance of extension workers (Banmeke and Ajayi 2005) Chikwendu et al, (2007) noted that in recent years, there have been indications of ineffectiveness in the extension agent of the ADPs.

The goal of every manager is to increase production and efficiency to obtain maximum result for the organization motivation for better performance depends on job satisfaction, achievement, recognition and professional growth (Adeniyi, 2001). The rural area is the predominant food and fibre producing sector of the Nigeria society and all natural resources which constitute the wealth of a nation are obtained of the rural areas. The importance of the rural in Nigeria also his in the mere fact that over 70% of the people live and derive their livelihood from there. The state of the rural areas in Nigeria’s is determined by a combination of methods which include available social, physical and institutional infrastructures as well as the people’s level of living including their levels of perceived deprivation and satisfaction with current level of living.

The rural areas in Nigeria is characterized by lack of public infrastructure, sub-standard education, poor health services and low agricultural productivity leading to poor standard of living for the majority. The agricultural extension agent in recent years has however played a significant role in improving agricultural production in Nigeria through advisory agent and adequate access to information on improved techniques of production agricultural extension plays a pivotal role in ensuring the awareness and subsequent adoption of the contemporary methods of agricultural management various extension teaching methods have been employed to make sure that the technologies get to the end users prominent among there is the training and visit system of the agricultural development programme. The central principle or idea of the extension strategy is to produce competent and well- informed extension agents who will frequently and regularly visit farmers with relevant technical messages and bring farmers problems to research. The system of extension entails that each extension agent is required to regularly visit the farmers/farmer’s group with relevant messages that are specific to the farm practices taking place in the field at that point in time.

Feed back is also taken by the extension agents from farmers to the research station. The extension agent operates from the back drop belief that increased agricultural productivity depends primarily upon acceptance of improved cultural and technological change at the rural farm level and that peasant farmers can achieve improved production only if they adopt recommended to agricultural practices in place of traditional over. Successful adoption of improved agricultural practices is predicated upon rural farmer’s acquiring the required knowledge and understanding of these technologies. This will improve productivity and rais4e the living standards of the farmers who are the beneficences of the agent (Lawal, Bodo Toriminobia Makanjuola (2006) the efficiency of technologies generated and disseminated however, depends on effective adoption of the technologies by the end-users.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The failure of the various extension delivery approaches in developing counties to effectively engineer significant and sustainable agricultural growth has become a major concern to all stakeholders, including the donor community.

The concerns have been fueled lately by the wave of pluralism, market liberalization and globalization sweeping across the world and giving rise to initiatives that will enhance efficiency and effectiveness of not only the sub-components of extension delivery but the entire system of technology generation, dissemination and use. With a rapidly expending population, environmental degradation, political instability, economies failure and the declining budget, re-thinking the way agricultural technology is delivered to farmers has become necessary. This re-thinking engineered the way we have to investigate the impact of agricultural extension agent in the development of agricultural in Egor local government of Edo-state.


1.3 Purpose Of The Study

This study is set up to investigate the impact played by agricultural extension in the development of agriculture in the nation using Egor Local Government Area of Edo State as a case study.


1.4 Significance of the Study

Knowing the impact played by agriculture it will go a long way to encourage both the individual, government and NGO’s to see reason why they have to give more attention to agricultural extension in the country. Also, in an attempt to evaluate the impact of agricultural extension, problems faced by agricultural extension will be look into and possible solution will be suggested which if duly followed will heap in educating and alerting existing agricultural extension agents as a result new agents on what to expect as an extension agent.


1.5 Research Question

  1. What is people’s Understanding about agricultural extension?
  2. Have you been visited by extension agent?
  3. What impact does this visit plays in your agricultural life style?
  4. What are the problems militating the best usage of agricultural extension?

1.6 Scope of the Study

This study will look into the impact of agricultural extension on the development of agricultural in the country and the case is Egor Local Government Area of Edo-state. The populations for this study comprise of the farmers in the local government as well as agricultural extension agents.


Chapter Five


5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

This study is set up to investigate the impact played by agricultural extension in the development of agriculture in the nation using Egor Local Government Area of Edo State as a case study


5.1 Summary of Findings

From the responses of the respondents we were able to find out that:

  1. The introduction of Agricultural extension agent has significant impact on the agricultural development in egor local government area of Edo state.
  2. There are problems militating the best usage of agricultural extension in egor local government area of edo state.
  3. Agricultural extension agent has significant effect on the standard of living of the inhabitants of egor local government area.
  4. The practice of agriculture has increased overtime in Edo state.

5.2 Conclusion

From the finding and the result of the data analysis, we therefore conclude that the introduction of agricultural extension agent has significant impact on the development of agriculture in egor local government area of Edo state.


5.3 Recommendation

We therefore recommend that:

  1. The federal government of Nigeria should encourage farmers in Egor local government area of Edo state by sending more agricultural extension agent and officer to this local government area.
  2. The federal government of Nigeria should also make provision of fertilizers and other farm machineries to this area.
  3. The agricultural extension agents should also tell the inhabitant of Egor local government area the importance of agriculture.

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Frequently Asked Questions


Can agricultural extension boost the productivity and livelihood of farmers?

The impact of agricultural extension is positively associated with technical efficiency, suggesting that agricultural extension services can boost the participants’ productivity and livelihood by educating farmers on their proper resource utilization ( i.e. , inputs and technology) ( Athukorala, 2017 ).

Do agricultural extension services increase rice production?

Also relevant to this, Feder and Slade (1986) found that while extension services had no significant impact on rice production, they provided a rate of economic return of more than 15% for wheat areas.

Do visits from agricultural technicians increase crop production?

Owens et al. (2003) studied the impact of the visits from agricultural technicians over crop production in Zimbabwe by using fixed effects on farmers. The authors found that these type of services increased crop production by about 15 percent.

How effective are training and visit agricultural extension programs in Sub-Saharan Africa?

Agricultural extension programs based on the Training and Visit (T&V) system are operating in some thirty-one Sub-Saharan African countries. Evidence from Kenya and Burkina Faso shows that T&V management enhances the effectiveness of extension and that such programs support agricultural growth and produce high returns on investments. 

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