Impact Of Administrative Conflict On Athletes Performance Among Team Game Athletes In Rivers State Sports Council

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Impact Of Administrative Conflict On Athletes Performance Among Team Game Athletes In Rivers State Sports Council


Abstract


This paper examined the impact of administrative conflict on athletes’ performance among team game athletes in Rivers State sports council. In conducting this research, relevant literatures were consulted from textbooks, journals, magazines, and retrievals from the internet. Descriptive research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised of one hundred and ten athletes (110) from Rivers State sports council. A self-developed questionnaire was adopted for the study. The purposive sampling technique was used to select subjects for the study. The data collected were analysed using one sample t-test of independence. The decision to accept and reject the null hypothesis was set at 0 .05 alpha level of significance. The findings from the study revealed that group conflict had significant positive influence on performance of athletes in tertiary institutions in the South-Eastern part of Nigeria. Based on the findings from the study, it was recommended that Coaches or athletic trainers should view conflict from its functional perspective and stop avoiding it in totality as it has the potential of improving athletes’ performance. Also, when conflict arises in an athletic team, coaches should be fair enough to allow the parties involved to air their views and opinions to avoid dysfunctional conflicts.

 


Table Of Content


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title Page
  • Declaration
  • Approval
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of Content

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background To The Study
  • 1.2 Statement Of The Problem
  • 1.3 Research Objectives
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance Of The Study
  • 1.7 Operational Definition Of Terms
  • 1.8 Organization Of Study

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Conceptual Review
  • 2.2 Types Of Conflict
  • 2.3 Reasons For Conflict
  • 2.4 Concept Of Conflict Management
  • 2.5 Empirical Review
  • 2.6 Theoretical Review

Chapter Three

3.0 Methodology

  • 3.1 Design
  • 3.2 Target Population
  • 3.3 Instruments For Data Collection
  • 3.4 Method Of Data Collection
  • 3.5 Method Of Data Analysis

Chapter Four

4.0 Results And Discussion

  • 4.1 Results
  • 4.2 Discussion

Chapter Five

5.0 Conclusion And Recommendation

  • 5.1 Conclusion
  • 5.2 Recommendation
  • References
  • Appendix

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background To The Study

The definition of the term ‘conflict’ has been approached from various perspectives by researchers in various disciplines and there has been transitions by different schools of thoughts in an attempt to come out with a consensus regarding what conflict is and how significant it can be in any organization. One school of thought (traditional view), argued that conflict must be avoided- that it indicates a malfunctioning within the group (Slocum & Hellriegel, 2011). Conflict was viewed negatively, and it was used synonymously with such term as violence, destruction, and irrationality to reinforce its negative connotation. Conflict was also seen as a dysfunctional outcome, resulting from poor communication, a lack of openness and trust between people, and failure of managers to be responsive to the needs and aspirations of their employees. Another school of thought, the human relations view, argues that conflict is a natural and inevitable outcome in any group and that it need not be evil, but rather has the potential to be a positive force in determining group performance. Since conflict was inevitable, the human relations school advocated acceptance of conflict. Proponents rationalized its existence: It cannot be eliminated, and there are even times when conflict may benefit a group’s performance. The human relations view dominated conflict theory from the late 1940s through the mid-1970s (Jehn & Mannix, 2001). The third and most recent perspective proposes not only that conflict can be a positive force in a group but explicitly argues that some conflict are absolutely necessary for a group to perform effectively. This third school is labeled the interactionist approach. This approach encouraged conflict on the ground that a harmonious, peaceful, tranquil, and cooperative group is prone to becoming static, apathetic, and non-responsive to the need from change and innovation (De Dreu & Van de Vilert, 2003). The major contribution of the interactionist approach therefore, is in encouraging group leaders to maintain an ongoing minimum level of conflict enough to keep the group viable, self-critical, and creative. Given the interctionist view, it becomes evident to say that conflict is not all good and neither is it all bad. Whether it is good or bad is dependent on the type of conflict. The interactionist view does not suppose that all conflicts are good, rather, some conflicts support the goals of the group and improve its performance: these are functional or constructive forms of conflict. In addition, there are conflicts that hinder group performance; those are dysfunctional or destructive forms of conflict. These two forms of conflicts were briefly explained.


1.2 Statement Of The Problem

Records on the performance of athletes from tertiary institutions in South-Eastern, Nigeria, in the Nigerian University Games Association (NUGA) competitions as indicated in Ladani (2008) have not been encouraging. For instance, from 2001 to 2007 NUGA competitions, these institutions have been far on the medal tables. University of Nigeria, Nsukka (UNN), in 2001 had three (3) gold medals to put the institution’s name at the 11th position, Michael Opara Federal University of Agriculture, Umudike in the same year, had two (2) bronze medals, with the 27th position, while others were not on the medal tables. In 2007 NUGA competitions, only Federal University of Technology, Owerri (FUTO) made it to the medal table with just one (1) gold medal at the 33rd position. Also, from observations and interactions with some of these athletes, the researcher noticed that there seems to be the problem of misunderstanding among team members on various issues. As a result, some athletes find it difficult to relate properly with teammates, while others in trying to make effort to contribute to the success of their teams end up getting discouraged by the reactions they get, either from their teammates or coaches and trainers. Could these problems emanating from the athletic team affect positively or negatively their performance? It is in the quest to find an answer to this question, that the researchers undertook this study to investigate the impact of administrative conflict on athletes’ performance among team game athletes in Rivers State sports council.


1.3 Research Objectives

The main objective of this study is to assess the impact of administrative conflict on athletes’ performance among team game athletes in Rivers State sports council. The specific objectives are as follows;

  1. To find out the causes and reasons of administrative conflicts in Rivers State sports council
  2. To ascertain the most effective management strategies used for minimizing administrative conflict in Rivers State sports council
  3. To determine the consequences of administrative conflicts on athletes’ performance among team game athletes in Rivers State sports council

1.4 Research Questions

  1. What are the causes and reasons of administrative conflicts in Rivers State sports council?
  2. What are the most effective management strategies used for minimizing administrative conflict in Rivers State sports council?
  3. What are the consequences of administrative conflicts on athletes’ performance among team game athletes in Rivers State sports council?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

HO1: There is no significant influence of group conflict on the performance of athletes in Rivers State sports council.


1.6 Significance Of The Study

The results and findings of this study would be valuable to the stakeholders in the formation of policies concerning sports participation. The study of administrative and social determinants of sports participation can assist the school administrators, games masters/mistresses and physical education teachers to design quality sports progammes and activities that could motivate the students to participate in sports. The findings of the study would be published and made available to the Rivers State Ministries of Sports and Education, and this would be of value to the ministry officials when formulating policies concerning sports and athletic events. The study would add to the existing body of knowledge in the area of administrative conflict and athletes’ performance. The study may stimulate further research in the areas not covered by this study thereby serving as a reference point.


1.7 Operational Definition Of Terms

Athlete:

Is a person who competes in one or more sports that involve physical strength, speed or endurance.

Conflict:

Refers to a clash of interest. The basis of conflict may vary but, it is always a part of society. It could be on the basis of personal, racial, class, caste, political and international systems or levels. Conflict in groups often follows a specific course and particular issue.

Sport:

This refers to physical activities engaged in for direct and immediate end run, pleasure and social interaction


1.8 Organization Of Study

The study comprises of 5 chapters. In chapter one, the concepts are introduced and the problem of the study is established with the research objectives and questions. Chapter two presents the literature review while chapter three presents the research methodology. The fourth chapter presents the results and discussion, and the last chapter presents the conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


5.0 Conclusion And Recommendation

5.1 Conclusion

This study investigated the perceived impact of administrative conflict on athletes’ performance among team game athletes in Rivers State sports council. Over the years, the fund from the Government has proved to be inadequate, considering the magnitude of the sporting activities being organized by the sports council. This inadequacy has affected the sports festivals, local and national competitions. Expenses in these areas should normally cover camping, competition and provision of consumable sport equipment. The major area of constraint in the council’s operation is the inadequate modern sport facilities and equipment. It seems obvious that, without the provision of equipment for the training of state athletes, it would be difficult to compete favourably with other sister states in the federation. Therefore, the provision of these equipment would enable the athletes to train, compete and win laurels for the state. The study concluded that administrative conflict has a significant positive influence on performance of athletes in Rivers State sports council, Nigeria.


5.2 Recommendation

Based on the findings of this study and its limitations, the researcher recommends that, Coaches or athletic trainers should view conflict from its functional perspective and stop avoiding it in totality as it has the potential of improving athletes’ performance.

Also, when conflict arises in an athletic team, coaches should be fair enough to allow the parties involved to air their views and opinions to avoid dysfunctional conflicts.

Coaches should be able to build trust and confidence among team members in other to reduce communication problems which often brings about dysfunctional conflicts.


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