The Use Of ICT In The Learning Of Integrated Science Among Student-Teachers

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The Use Of ICT In The Learning Of Integrated Science Among Student-Teachers


Abstract


This study is to investigate the use of ICT in the learning of integrated science among students teachers in the College of Education, Ekiadolor, Benin City. Four research questions were developed to capture the topic and questionnaire was designed to elicit information from the respondents which comprises of the students of College of Education, Ekiadolor, Benin City. 100 students-teachers were randomly selected from the four schools in the College. Percentage and frequency distribution were used to present the result of the information gathered. The findings revealed that the contribution of ICT facilities to teaching and learning process; the usage level of ICT facilities; problem militating against the use of ICT facilities in the study area.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

Communication is the livelihood of today’s business. Electronic data communication is becoming the industry standard of transaction media and widely used in such areas as education, payment of bills, video conferencing, and group work collaboration, etc through tele-education and tele-medicines, as already practiced in many developed countries such as South Africa, India and China, education and health can be brought to the door step of the rural and deprived urban cities in all countries in Africa.

Tertiary education occupies the apex of education endeavours in Nigeria. Tertiary education is offered after secondary education in universities, colleges of education, polytechnic, and monotechnics, among others. The goals of tertiary education as noted in the national policy on education (FRN, 2004) include the contribution to national development through high level manpower training, development and inculcation of proper values for the survival of Nigerian society and individuals development of the individual intellectual capabilities so as to understand their immediate and local environment, and provide opportunities for the acquisition of physical and intellectual skills necessary for individuals to be self-reliant and be useful member of the society. It is also meant to promote and encourage scholarship and community service forge and promote national unity, and the promotion of national and international understanding.

Information and communication technology (ICT) is defined as computer based tools used by people to work with the information and communication processing needs of an organization. It is widely acknowledged that ICTs can be used to improve the quality of teaching and learning in any tertiary institution. the prevalence and rapid development of information and communication technologies (ICTs) has transformed human society from the information technology age to the knowledge age (Galbreath, 2000). Moursund and Bielefeldts (1999) identified three major ways of using ICT for teaching and learning. These are information technology (IT) assisted learning, technology as a tool and computer and information science. Information technology (IT) assisted learning was divided into;

  1. Computer-assisted learning, which is the interaction between a student and a computer system designed to help the students learn to drill and practice, tutorial, simulation and virtual realities.
  2. Computer assisted research implies where ICT is used as an aid to doing library and empirical research. This is enhanced through the growth of world wide web which has created virtual library that can only be accessed by the technological literate.
  3. Distance learning, which is the use of telecommunication, designed to facilitate students learning through e-mail, interactive web sites and two-way audio/video teleconferencing.

Information and communication technology (ICT) should be used as a pedagogically powerful tool for the construction and modeling of knowledge. Inspite of ICT recognized potentials; their integration in teaching learning process will be dependent on teaching. Empirical findings have indicated that even teachers who have competence in the use of ICT do not integrated them in their t4eaching. For instance, Moursund and Bielefeld (1999) report on now teachers use of information technology indicated that;

  1. The technology skills of teacher education faculty were comparable to the skills of the student they teach and that
  2. Most teacher educators did not model the use of technology in their teaching. Thus, lectures need to be induced not only to be competent in using ICT but also in integrating them in instruction.

1.2 Statement Of The Problem

The improvement in the development of ICT facilities usage has been of a great deal. It is believed that this improvement has not been felt in the area of academic. Most studnet4s around the world knows how to operate this so called ICT facilities but it contribution to learning and teaching process has not been analyzed which is why this study is been set up to investigate the use of ICT in the learning of integrated science among students teachers in College of Education, Ekiadolor-Benin City.


1.3 Research Questions

  1. How do student teachers use ICT to solve problems in their everyday lives?
  2. What conditions do constrain or enable utilization of ICT in student teachers learning?
  3. How do student teachers collaborate to address ICT based constraints encountered in their everyday learning practice?

1.4 Objectives Of The Study

  1. To determine the extent at which students teachers make use of ICT in their learning process.
  2. To determine what constraints hinders the use of ICT in the study area.
  3. To suggest solutions to the constraints that hinders the use of ICT in the study area.

1.5 Significance Of The Study

This study is embarked upon to determine the use of ICT in the learning of integrated science among student’s teachers in the College of Education, Ekiadolor, Benin City. Knowing the contribution of the use of ICT facilities will encourage the authority on how to make this facility more available to the students and also educate the available to the students and also educate the novice among the students the importance of using ICT.


The Use Of ICT In The Learning Of Integrated Science Among Student-Teachers


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Frequently Asked Questions


What is the role of ICT in teaching and learning?

Information and communication technology (ICT) has become an important component of initial teacher education (ITE) in Europe and in the continuous professional development of practicing teachers. The development of professional digital competence (PDC) is emerging as an essential part of teacher education.

Is there a baseline knowledge of student teachers’ competence in ICT?

Our study revealed that there are variations in the samples from the two countries, which implies that baseline knowledge of student teachers’ competence in the responsible use of ICT is necessary to identify what to prioritise in local contexts.

Is responsible use of ICT internationally relevant?

The study addresses issues that appear to be internationally relevant. Responsible use of ICT is included in sub-scales of the ICILS ( Fraillon, Schulz, & Ainley, 2013, 2019) and in the European Union’s Digital Competence Framework ( Ferrari, 2013) and is seen as an aspect of digital citizenship ( Heath, 2018; Choi, 2016 ).

Why do students and teachers need digital competence?

Student teachers and teachers alike need digital competence to use ICT as part of their learning and teaching process, but they also need digital competence to participate in and sustain a democratic society. Misleading information, fake news, bullying, threats and the irresponsible use of personal information can jeopardise democratic processes. 

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