The Health Information Need And Seeking Strategies Of New Students (A Case Study Of Federal Polytechnic Nekede, Owerri)

Project and Seminar Material for Library and Information Science

The Health Information Need And Seeking Strategies Of New Students (A Case Study Of Federal Polytechnic Nekede, Owerri)


Abstract


This empirical study X-rayed the survey research was used. The population of the study comprises of 1000 students drawn from both the regular, evening and week end programmes in Federal Polytechnic Nekede. Questionnaire was used to collect data which were presented and analyzed using frequency tables and percentages.

The findings showed that new students actually need health information which they seek from clinic/hospitals, chemists, colleagues. The challenges to new students, access to the health information they need is poor research skill and poor organization of health records.

It recommended periodic awareness about health information available and proper organization of health records, as the possible solutions to the challenges of accessing health information by the new students.


Table Of Contents


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Approval page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of contents

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background to the study
  • 1.2 Background of Federal Polytechnic Nekede Owerri
  • 1.3 Statement of the problem
  • 1.4 Objective of the study
  • 1.5 Research questions
  • 1.6 Scope of the study
  • 1.7 Significance of the study
  • 1.8 Definition of operational basic terms

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Kinds of health information needed by new students
  • 2.3 Behaviours of new students
  • 2.4 Strategies adopted by new students
  • 2.5 Challenges of the accessing health information
  • 2.6 Solutions to the challenges

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Research design
  • 3.3 Population of the study
  • 3.4 Sample size and sampling technique
  • 3.5 Instrument of data collection
  • 3.5.1 Questionnaires
  • 3.6 Validation of the instrument
  • 3.7 Procedure for data collection
  • 3.8 Method of data analysis

Chapter Four

4.0 Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Distribution and return of questionnaire

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary of Findings, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary of findings
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendations
  • Reference
  • Appendix
  • Questionnaires

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

Healthy living is a national human right (Shabi, ND). This implies that everybody is entitled to be healthy. In the words of Ediong (2000), good health should be placed first in the priorities of everyman, as it determines the extent to which an individual can strongly compete for a share of the natural resources, job and exploring of talents and potentials.

Complete physical, social and mental balance, are foundations for good health. This is why the World Health Organization WHO (1992), describes health as: not just the absence of disease or infirmity, but the state of complete mental, social and physical well – being.

Apart from balance diet and adherence to safety precautions, another important thing that promote healthy living is, access to health information.

Health information, according Roliason (1998) is the information and continuum between health education and health promotion. Health information can also be seen as the information relating to the general well-being of individuals.

Undergraduate’s students are not ostracized from health information needs. According to Nwezeh (2008), the first year students of the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, need health information such as those on emotiona health, personal hygiene, mental health promotion, reproductive health. She emphasized that the reproductive health information needs of those students relate to sexuality and students unwanted pregnancy, abortions and infertility.

Students may need information on diseases prevention, infections, feeding and diets/ healthy information, pertaining eating. These health information are sourced from hospitals, private clinics, friends, patents, relations, radios and personal studies (Nwezeh , 2008:5).

Access to the health information needs of students may be challenged by poor access to clinics and private hospitals, lack of awareness of current information materials and information and communication facilities ( Nwezeh 2008:14) Having X – rayed the health information needs of students generally, it is pertinent to examination, the health information needs of the new students in Federal Polytechnic Nekede, Owerri.


1.2 Background Of Federal Polytechnic Nekede, Owerri

Imo state Edict-No 16 of April 1976 established the Federal polytechnic Nekede, Owerri. Among other things the edict empowered the polytechnic to erect, provides equipment and maintain a library.

In response to this, a chief librarian was appointed on March 1798, by the time the polytechnic open on the 5th December 1978 a clerk typist and a messenger had appointed to assist the chief librarian. By the time the polytechnic was still operating at a temporary site at the government technical college Owerri it was exactly on this date that the library started operating with an initial collection of 300 volumes including serials titles, newspapers, periodicals etc. Which were organized and consulted by users in a separate segment of the library.

Today, the polytechnic moved to its permanent site in Nekede in November 1980, with the library occupying one room in the engineering block with a separate portion for serials in January 1983, the library moved to the classroom complex where it occupied more rooms.

The polytechnic purpose built a befitting academic library which occupies a two storey building, which was constructed under the region of the former Rector, in the person of Dr C.I Osuji.
The polytechnic new college library was commissioned on May 19, 2001. By Prof. A.B, Borishade and opened to the members of the polytechnic Nekede (staff and students) in January 2002.


1.3 Statement Of The Problem

The Federal Polytechnic Nekede, new students are expected to extend lectures, do their assignments, write term papers, carry out researches and write quizzes/examinations. These are expected to contribute to their academic excellence.

Recent observations shows that the students of Federal Polytechnic Nekede, have generated the appalling habits of poor attendance to lectures and lateness to class. Observation has also proved that the library has become a dormant building to students they barely attend or visit the library to read, because they now consider it irrelevant. Submission of assignments and studying has become a major problem for most students.

These have snowballed to withdraws, repeats, high rate of carry overs, files of applications in HOD offices and poor academic performances. These have been contributed to the health status of the new students who are far away from home. They have not really accessed the health information they need and their strategies of seeking these varied information are not yet known.

It is against this backdrop that the study is proposed to examine the health information needs and seeking strategies of new students.


1.4 Objective Of The Study

The main objective of this study is to examine the Health Information needs and seeking strategies of new students.
The specific objectives are:

  1. To examine the kinds of Health information needed by new students of Federal Polytechnic Nekede, Owerri.
  2. To examine the strategies used by new students, when seeking health information needs.
  3. To examine the challenges encountered by new students when seeking health information needs
  4. To examine how new students access to health information can be improved on.

1.5 Research Questions

The researcher will be guided by the following research question?

  1. What kinds of health information are needed by new students of Federal Polytechnic Nekede, Owerri?
  2. What strategies are used by these new students when seeking health information needs?
  3. What are the challenges encountered by new students, when seeking health information needs?
  4. How can new student’s access to health information be improved upon?

1.6 Scope Of The Study

The study focuses on the health information needs and seeking strategies by new students of Federal Polytechnic Nekede, Owerri it will shed light on the kinds of health information needed by new students, their health information seeking strategies the challenges to accessing health information and how the access to health information can be improved upon.


1.7 Significance Of The Study

The benefits derivable from this study include:

  1. It will furnish data on the kinds of health information needed by new students in the polytechnic Nekede.
  2. Again, the study will shed light on the health information seeking strategies of these new students. This knowledge will assist them to access better health information.
  3. The challenges to accessing health information will also be exposed and solutions proffered.
  4. Finally, the study report will add to the quantum of documents on health information in library profession.

1.8 Definition Of Operational Basic Terms

The operational basic terms are:

Health Information:

These information that help new students to maintain a healthy living.

Health Information Needs:

This refers to a group in the information needed for healthy living and those available to new students.

Health Information Seeking Strategies:

This refers to how new students conduct themselves when working for health information they need.

New Students:

This refers to all the students in National Diploma (ND1) and Higher National Diploma (HND)


Chapter Five


Summary Of Findings, Conclusions And Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

This chapter will discuss the following sub headings:

  • Summary of findings
  • Conclusion
  • Recommendations

5.2 Summary Of Findings

The findings of this study according to the tables are:

  1. There are more female students in the study than male respondents.
  2. All new students in Federal polytechnic Nekede, need health information
  3. New students mainly need health information to avoid breaking down during examinations, to stop anti-social behaviours and befit from their studies.
  4. Health information on STD’s, abortion, disease prevention, infection and drug/alcohol are the major health information needed by new students.
  5. New students seek health information from clinics/hospitals, their colleagues, lecturers, parents, older siblings, chemist and herbalists.
  6. The main challenges encountered by new students when seeking health information includes: poor search skill, lack of fund and lack of health information.

5.3 Conclusion

The health information needs and seeking behaviours of new students have been examined and from the findings, it may be concluded that the new students in federal polytechnic Nekede, really need health information which they actually seek.

The health information needs of these students have not been fully accessed.


5.4 Recommendations

In view of the findings, the following are recommended by the researcher:

  1. Periodic orientation of new students on how to go about accessing health information which they need.
  2. Periodic awareness about available health records available in the community for students.
  3. Provision of more current health records in the library
  4. Integrating ICT in the library, so that the students will access the health records in the library from anywhere.

The Health Information Need And Seeking Strategies Of New Students (A Case Study Of Federal Polytechnic Nekede, Owerri)


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