Fisheries Resources Of Nigeria Waters And Their Economic Importance

Project and Seminar Material for Fishery and Aquaculture

Fisheries Resources Of Nigeria Waters And Their Economic Importance


Abstract


This study was carried out on the fisheries resources of Nigeria waters and their economic importance. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprised of residents of Akuku-Toru Local Government Area of Rivers State. In determining the sample size, the researcher purposefully selected 147 respondents and 141 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables, and mean scores. The result of the findings reveals that Fisheries resources have contributed to the generation of employment opportunities in Nigeria. Furthermore, the study revealed that Fisheries resources have contributed to the livelihood of poor communities in Nigeria. And Fisheries resources have a significant impact on growth of Nigeria economy. Therefore, since Fisheries resources contribute to national development and economic growth, there is need for government, non-governmental organizations, donor agencies and all those concerned to seriously look into the poverty condition of small Fishing communities by providing credit facilities to enable them purchase modern fishing inputs like improved nets and fishing gears. To mention but a few.


Table of Content


Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Significance of the Study
  • 1.6 Scope of the Study
  • 1.7 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.8 Definition of Terms
  • 1.9 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Fisheries resources are fishery products or output that arises from capture fishery and Aquaculture or Fish farming. Capture fishery comprises resources caught from open Water bodies like Rivers, Lakes, Reservoirs or Dams and Oceans, while Aquaculture or Fish farming is the rearing of fish in an enclosed environment (like Tanks, Ponds, Reservoirs, Dams etc.) which allows free movement, feeding, breeding, and harvesting of fish in a well planned manner. Fisheries resources include familiar finned fish species like Cod, Flounder, Salmon, Ray, Catfish, Tilapia and Gold fish. Others include Mollusk (Oysters and Squid), Crustaceans (Shrimps and Crabs), Echinoderms (Sea Urchins and Star fishes), Jelly fish and sharks.

Notably, more than 120 million People throughout the World are estimated to depend on fish for all or part of their income (http;/wif.Jcs.net/icst 2006/jsp files/wif/home.jsp.2006), thereby ensuring food security and raising the protein level of the Nation’s populace, and improving their welfare. Fisheries resources are also known to serve for recreation and international trade aiding foreign exchange and increasing revenue of a country (Godwin, and James, 1990). Although fishery resources are known to play vital roles in national development, a lot of constraints militate against the fishery subsector. The Nigerian fishing industry comprises of three major sub sectors namely the artisanal, industrial and aquaculture of which awareness on the potential of aquaculture to contribute to domestic fish production has continued to increase in the country (Adewuyi, Phillip, Ayinde & Akerele, 2010).

Despite the myriads of information on the integral role of the fishery sub-sector to the nation’s economy, there exists a dearth of empirical information on the linkage between fishery production and its contributions to the growth of Nigeria economy, as well as its perspective for sustainable economic development which ought to form the basis for policy formulation towards enhancing the fishery sub-sector. Therefore, there is the need to fill the existing gap in literature by providing empirical information on the contributions of Nigeria fisheries resources on the growth of the economy.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Fisheries resources in Nigeria waters has played a significant role in the economic growth and development. Fishery products of finned Fish species such as Cod, Flounder, Salmon, Catfish, Goldfish, Sea urchins, Shrimps, King crab, Halibut, Mollusk and Echinoderms that come from both capture Fisheries and Aquaculture provide employment, food security, improves welfare, nutrition and a healthy population. In addition, Nigeria fishery resources serve for international trade and foreign exchange in goods like Leather and polishing materials that come from the skin of Cartilagenous Fishes. According to Ade(2012), ice fish, dried and canned fishery products, salmon roe (egg) and fish oil used for the manufacture of Soap and Medicinal Oils like the Cod Liver Oil are also other economic benefits of Nigeria waters. However, the he growth of the Fishery Subsector is faced with some constraints such as by catch, improper funding, poor input facilities, poverty in fishing communities, water barriers, effect of climate change and lack of comprehensive man power development and training programmes. Having know the significance of the fishery sector, the government ensure that those challenges are mitigated so as to promote the growth of Nigeria economy through its fishery resources. From the foregoing, this study seek to assess the fisheries resources of Nigeria and their economic importance.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The overall aim of this study is to critically examine the fisheries resources of Nigeria waters and their economic importance. Hence, the study will be channeled to the following specific objectives;

  1. Ascertain whether fisheries resources have contributed to the generation of employment opportunities in Nigeria.
  2. Ascertain whether fisheries resources have contributed to the livelihood of poor communities in Nigeria.
  3. Ascertain whether fisheries resources have contributed to food security in Nigeria.
  4. Ascertain whether fisheries resources have contributed to the improvement of the nutritional and health status people in Nigeria.
  5. Determine whether Nigeria fisheries resources have a significant impact on growth of Nigeria economy.

1.4 Research Question

The study will be guided by the following questions;

  1. Has fisheries resources contributed to the generation of employment opportunities in Nigeria?
  2. Has fisheries resources contributed to the livelihood of poor communities in Nigeria?
  3. Has fisheries resources contributed to food security in Nigeria?
  4. Has fisheries resources contributed to the improvement of the nutritional and health status people in Nigeria?
  5. Does Nigeria fisheries resources have a significant impact on growth of Nigeria economy?

1.5 Significance of the Study

Nigeria has a high potential to develop fish farming to absorb a substantial fraction of its fish product deficit. The country has an adequate national infrastructure; there is a high demand for fish and its sale price is favourable. What is needed is a more dynamic approach to implement the available knowledge while exploring ways to ameliorate the performance of the industry. The contribution of the fisheries sector to the national economy is largely positive. Significant progress could occur in national fisheries development, which could result in the consolidation of small industrial base, growing export receipts resulting to a positive trade balance. The major challenge for the fisheries sectors is meeting the current levels of consumption. This would require significant efforts towards improving the management of fish production systems and supporting the development of aquaculture.


1.6 Scope of the Study

This study is structured to generally examine the fisheries resources of Nigeria and their economic importance. However, the study will further highlight the challenges of the fisheries subsector. This study will be conducted in Akuku-Toru Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria.


1.7 Limitation of the Study

Like in every human endeavour, the researcher encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. Insufficient funds tend to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection, which is why the researcher resorted to a limited choice of sample size. More so, the researcher simultaneously engaged in this study with other academic work. As a result, the amount of time spent on research will be reduced.

Moreover, the case study method utilized in the study posed some challenges to the investigator including the possibility of biases and poor judgment of issues. However, the investigator relied on respect for the general principles of procedures, justice, fairness, objectivity in observation and recording, and weighing of evidence to overcome the challenges.


1.8 Definition of Terms

Fish

The term “fish” most precisely describes any non-tetrapod craniate (i.e. an animal with a skull and in most cases a backbone) that has gills throughout life and whose limbs, if any, are in the shape of fins.

Fisheries

Fisheries resources are fishery products or output that comes from fishing and aquaculture

Aquaculture

Aquaculture is the rearing of aquatic products under controlled environment.

Artisanal Fishery

Artisanal fishery is referred to as traditional or small-scale fishing which is characterized by those fishery activities which are mainly nonmechanized, but with low level of production.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings into the fisheries resources of Nigeria waters and their economic importance. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was to examine the fisheries resources of Nigeria waters and their economic importance. The study specifically was aimed at ascertaining whether fisheries resources have contributed to the generation of employment opportunities in Nigeria; ascertaining whether fisheries resources have contributed to the livelihood of poor communities in Nigeria; ascertaining whether fisheries resources have contributed to food security in Nigeria; ascertaining whether fisheries resources have contributed to the improvement of the nutritional and health status people in Nigeria; and determining whether Nigeria fisheries resources have a significant impact on growth of Nigeria economy.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 141 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondents are residents of Akuku-Toru Local Government Area of Rivers State.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher made the following conclusion.

  1. Fisheries resources have contributed to the generation of employment opportunities in Nigeria.
  2. Fisheries resources have contributed to the livelihood of poor communities in Nigeria.
  3. Fisheries resources have contributed to food security in Nigeria.
  4. Fisheries resources have contributed to the improvement of the nutritional and health status people in Nigeria.
  5. Fisheries resources have a significant impact on growth of Nigeria economy.

5.4 Recommendations

Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations are proffered.

  1. Since Fisheries resources contribute to national development and economic growth, there is need for government, non-governmental organizations, donor agencies and all those concerned to seriously look into the poverty condition of small Fishing communities by providing credit facilities to enable them purchase modern fishing inputs like improved nets and fishing gears. This will also improve their educational levels and their living conditions. Government and those concerned should intensify effort to provide manpower development and training programmes for all cadre since the skills needed in fish farming are multidisciplinary.
  2. Even as fishery resources contribute immensely to regional and international trade, it is difficult for international trade statistics to distinguish between wild fishery and farmed fishery. Therefore the need for producer association of countries to keep proper records in response to new environmental and labeling requirements that distinguish between farmed and wild products is paramount. Barriers across rivers and fishing communities should also be broken through proper construction of transportation systems to enable communication between fishing communities and market. There is also need for extension workers to enlighten and train our local populace to embark on fish farming. Backyard ponds or stagnant water bodies which serve as breeding ground for vectors could be turned into fish farms or ponds for better productivity.
  3. Government should enact laws and by-laws, adopt policies to reduce indiscriminate and unauthorized fishing which leads to over exploitation and extinction of our aquatic species.

Fisheries Resources Of Nigeria Waters And Their Economic Importance


Project Material Download


₦5,000


The complete material will be sent to you in just 2 steps.

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make payment of ₦5,000: through USSD Transfer, Bank Mobile App, ATM Transfer, or POS Transfer to:

Access Bank PlcAccount No.: 0811003731
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current

Or Click Here to pay with Debit Card

FOR CLIENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA:
Click Here to pay with Debit Card ($30)
GHANA – Make Payment of 120 GHS to MTN MoMo, 0553978005, Douglas Osabutey 

  PAY WITH CRYPTOCURRENCY


Step Two Purchase

Send the following details through Text Message or WhatsApp Messenger | 08143831497

  • Payment Details 
  • Email Address 
  • Fisheries Resources Of Nigeria Waters And Their Economic Importance

The complete material will be sent to your email address after receiving your payment information | T & C Apply

  Contact Our Help Desk


You may also like:

⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search



Get A Complete Business Plan For Any Business In Nigeria

Business Plan for Businesses in Nigeria

  Business Plans in Nigeria


Disclaimer


This research material “Fisheries Resources Of Nigeria Waters And Their Economic Importance” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as samphina.com.ng will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”.

samphina.com.ng is only providing this material “Fisheries Resources Of Nigeria Waters And Their Economic Importance” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.