Farmer’s Perception Of The Effect Of Crude Oil Spillage On Agricultural Farm Land

Project and Seminar Material for Agricultural Engineering AE

Farmer’s Perception Of The Effect Of Crude Oil Spillage On Agricultural Farm Land


The study assessed the farmers perception of the effect of oil spillage on agricultural land of farmers in Udu Local Government of Delta State. The specific objectives of the work are to: Identify causes of oil spillage in the area and ascertain farmers’ perceived problem of oil spillage on their environment and agricultural activities, among others. A multi-stage random sampling technique was used to select 60 contact farmers for the study. Data were collected by the use of questionnaire. Data collected were analyzed using, frequency distribution, percentages mean and likert type technique.

The major finding of the research shows that a larger proportion of the people in the study area are engaged in crop production fishing and trading. It was equally discovered that often oil spill, through ocean surge and tidal flows, and spill from corroded pipelines are serious environmental problems plaguing the area which have led to impoverishment of the people. Base on the findings, it was recommended the government and the various agencies connected with oil production should establish a direct efficient communication channel for the public to report oil spill incidents to relevant authorities for urgent response and attention, among others.

Table Of Contents

  • Title page i
  • Certification ii
  • Dedication iii
  • Acknowledgement iv
  • Abstract v
  • Table of content vi
  • List of tables viii

Chapter One:


  • 1.1 Background of the study 1
  • 1.2 Statement of problem 3
  • 1.3 Objective of the study 5
  • 1.4 Justification of the study 5

Chapter Two:

Literature Review

  • 2.1 An overview of oil spillage in Nigeria 8
  • 2.2 The effect of crude oil spillage 13
  • 2.3 Causes of oil spillage 16
  • 2.4 Nigeria economy and the petroleum industry 18

Chapter Three:


  • 3.1 Area of study 29
  • 3.2 Sampling procedure 30
  • 3.3 Instrument of data collection 30
  • 3.4 Method of data analysis 30

Chapter Four:

Results And Discussions

  • 4.1 Socio-economics characteristics of farmers 33
  • 4.2 Agricultural and related activities 39
  • 4.3 Causes of oil spillage 42
  • 4.4 Effects of oil spillage on environment and
  • Agricultural activities 43

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion And Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary of findings 45
  • 5.2 Recommendations 46
  • References 48
  • Appendix 51

List Of Tables

  • Table 1 Age distribution of farmers. 33
  • Table 2 Distribution of respondents according to marital status 35
  • Table 4 Distribution of farmers household size 35
  • Table 5 Educational status of farmers 36
  • Table 6 Sex distribution of respondents 37
  • Table 7 Farming experience of farmers 38
  • Table 8 Distribution of farmers Years of farming
  • Table 9 Agricultural and related activities 39
  • Table 10 Estimate size of respondents’ farmland 40
  • Table 11 Distribution of respondents according to Agricultural and related enterprise 41
  • Table 12 Farmers’ response on causes of oil spillage.

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