Farm Settlement For Igosun Community Oyun Local Government In Kwara State
Agriculture has been the topmost priority of every successive administration Nigeria. This is due to the fact that the extent of development of a nation is also measured interims of the quality and quantity of food available to her people. Though the struggle at improving food status has been on course before intendance. It reminds us of 1959, when the western government grated agriculture land mark and sent a representative to Israel who brought the form settlement scheme modeled after the Israel Mosheim. As a result other regional government embraced the idea and established form settlement various part of their region. But due to the discovery of crude oil that led to the temporary abandonment of primary production of food by the government there was a negative attitude toward farming and rapid pursuit of quick money led to drastic drop in production, there Nigeria stated importing foods from developed countries which brought a great set back to over economy. The factor that led to the fall of farm facilities such as improper construction of residential, lack of maintains culture.
Farm Settlement is modern village where building were erected for farmer with different infrastructural amenities such electricity, school, Hospital for purpose of agriculture.
The board aim of farm settlement embraces all the productive occupations of man in which he works with nature s in order to make his plant and animal grow better , so that they may products, which he harvests.
A farmer plants his crops at the beginning of the rainy season and lets than grow with the rains, but he may plant tree to check the fprce of the wind or build shed to protect his animals from harsh weather conditions, a farmer grows his plants and animals with the express purposed of harvesting them. It is clean from the above that any treatment of farming should including growing crops and rearing livestock.
1.1 Background of the Study
Something collect the farm settlement Revolution, was the world’s first historically verifiable revolution in agriculture. It was the wide scale transition of many human cultures from a life style of hunting and gathering to one of agriculture and settlement which supported an increasingly large population.
However the revolution involved far more than the adoption of a limited set of food producing techniques during the next millennia it would Trans form the small and mobile groups of hunter gathers that had hither to dominate. Sedentary societies based in built up villages and towns, which radically modified their natural environment by means of specialized food crop cultivated (e.g. irrigation and food storage technologies that allowed expensive surplus food production.)
Problem of State Facing Farm Settlement
There are many problem facing farm settlement today’s world these problem include:
The migrations of young people which can leave the area in question with an ageing population, which can infect harm the area because the area can deteriorate without the input of new generations. Farm settlement.
In many farm settlement area, there is very high dependence of agriculture most of the terms as their main source of income and this can also be attributed to the low level of basic and manufacturing industry.
Finally a very important problem facing farm settlement is the lack of investment being put into these areas without investment many farms and business can die and this would leave the town community in an even worse states.
The motivation behind investment in research and development come from a commitment to the development of a world leading, sustainable and profitable aquaculture industry injecting in as well as the families commitment to the social and economic welfare of their community significant contribution rural sector investment.
It refined packaging developing an innovation and successful.
Agriculture had been abandon since time age but the government thought of it recently in july ,2003 and came up with a programmed called “BACK TO FARM SCHEME” with the purpose of reviving agriculture . As a result, this project(Farm Settlement} was chose to support and complement government ‘s effort in the development of agriculture. Such as increasing food production and ensuring food sufficiency for all, providing gainful employment for teeming unemployment youths engaged in anti-social activates e.t.c
1.3 Aim and Objective
Aim of the Project
To design a standard farm settlement to efficiently accommodate the required livestock and human begins.
- To design a settlement that will create human and animal comfortability.
- To design stable structure that will enhance easy maintenance culture.
- Cattle clinic
- Cattle shed
- Ante natal
- Administrative block
- Marketing unit
- Milk parlour
- Milk factory
1.5 Limitation of Study
In the farm settlement design, there is a limit to some extent within my scope and limitation there are some other thing which cannot be include in order to avoid high cost in erecting the project due to high cost of material.
Expected Contribution to the Body of Knowledge
The Nigerian livestock industry is performing below expectation in its role of providing adequate animal protein for the grow thing population while annual population growth rate is about 3.0% estimate annual growth rate of the output of the major livestock product is nearly stagnant also the contribution of the livestock subsection of the gross domestic product (GDP) has been declining
1.6 Research Methodology
In order to have a well functioning farm settlement that people will appreciate it is necessary to know what the people especially the farmer want and what is require of a farm settlement this is done in this way.
To interview a number of people in the state to know what is expected of farm settlement people to be interview range from sub section farmer to commercial farmer this will help a lot in the design of the project.
Visiting the existing one to know what is required and their merit and demerit.
Consultation of some architecture text book in order to know what is expected of farm building or farm house. among the books are ARCHITECT DATA by Ernst neuter farm building by john wale poultry production in warm wet climate by J A oluyemi and FA Roberts and the complete book of raising live stock and poultry by katie tear and for Alistair teaser
Conclusively, more than this, these are the need to evolve a new design guideline that would ensure formational as well as appropriate from settlement. This been the thrust of the research aspect of this work.
Ludwig Mies Vander Rohe described very succinctly the valve of Architectural his famous pronouncement that in Architecture “less is more” is demonstrated in his design which as simple and have exposed structural simple and have exposed structural element serving as aesthetic as well as a functional purpose, it is believed that the design consideration allowed would ensure that the design achieved and the final design for the proposed project would thoroughly befit what Mis Vander Role would “less is more”
1.10 Literature Review and Case Studies
It is important to know about crops which the Nigerian farmers grows, the condition under which they are grown and their important in the economy but, only oblique reference were made to the methods a farmer uses, and a little was said of the problems he encounters, the local method of farming in Nigeria was little variation from what obtains in other parts of Africa.
They derive raw materials from agriculture conducted for the most part by peasants cultivators.
A peasant cultivator is a person who depends on his labour to assist him put such hired labour is of minor importance in the economy.
Mostly, peasants farmer depends on hoe and cutlass for practically all the farm operations. These tools vary in shape and size from place. In the high forest zone of the country, the small farmers must clear thick push every three or four years. Each year he must clear prepare heaps for yams and ridges for crops like maize, groundnut, cassava, guinea corn and this is done with the aid of hoe.
During harvest the crude tools are used. The work involved is hard, demanding and relatively unproductive when compared with mechanized system of farming.
5.1 Construction Methodology and Materials
FOUNDATION: 900mm deep solid. found should support the building 300mm Laterite filling with a layer of damp proof membrane should be used oversize concrete of 150mm thickness will be laid on top of DPM.
WALL: The use of 225mm block will be the external wall which will carry the load of the roof, while 150mm could be good for internal partition. In case brick wall is considered very expensive, a stabilized laterite brick may be used as wall.
ROOF: The roofing materials are made up of well-seasoned hard wood timber as members. This will enhance a durable roof. Corrugated iron sheet is used as roof coverage while a partied board is used as ceiling materials.
DOORS AND WINDOWS: All the doors in the residential building should be made of timber fixed to a timber frame. While the Naco frame louver blade fixed into a frame. These go a long way to reduce the cost of construction.
Similarly, except the entrance door of the three bedrooms made chital with steel frame. Other doors are timber. Garage door is pattern door fixed to timber frame.
LIGHTING & VENTILATION: The use of window in a building have two major roles to perform. Firstly ventilation is required for every building, especially in the rain forest zone where we experience both the hot and cool season. Window should face the north and south direction as this guarantees dazzle freeze and even directional daylight. This window opening can be fully enjoyed when there is a shading to break down the unwanted weather condition. For instance it provides shade and window when sun or rain strikes the building. There is various type of shading device; they are on the drawings below.
Though adequate power supply is guaranteed from the public power line, it is consider necessary in poultry unit where the chicks need enough heat to survive.
When the use of air conditions becomes necessary. Unit air conditions will be installed for effective control and economy.
There is tap water supply from the main water supply. This is generated from the river at Igosun Township. case there is no supply from the main, borehole water project sink will take care of the inadequate supply. Tankers will be provided for supply of water from the reservoir.
Adequate security devices will be provided the settlement. This includes fire out break and means escape, precaution against flooding and most importantly security against thief in this respect, the strong fence provided round the environment leaving a wide gate for in and out flows of traffic.
The farm settlement scheme being the most out standing agricultural project undertaking by the western and Easter region government.
Today there is the need for full concentration and attention from the government to support and encourage the project as a whole such as the
- Adequate supply of farm inputs to farmers at the right time and affordable price.
- The Creation of extension service that is the recruitment of extension agents to complete not the existing one.
This will assist farmers to follow agronomic practices that could guarantee a good yield.
The farm settlement are face some problems which are inadequate rainfall, poor and often eroded soils the smallness of farms, difficulties of using machines, pest and diseases inadequate transport facilities and deficiency in the quantity and quality of the food stuff produced these problems are pertinent, and a realization of their magnitudes and their urgency will enable us to tackle them methodologically so that we can produce enough food for every one and a surplus for us to export.
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