Farm Power Sources And Utilization

Project and Seminar Material for Agricultural Engineering AE

Farm Power Sources And Utilization


Abstract


Evaluation of power sources helps to know the power available for agricultural. Thesis necessary to know, because power input to agriculture affects the volume of agricultural production. In view of this, the farm power sources available in Igbo-Etiti Local Government Area of Enugu State were evaluated and it was found that human power internal combustion and energy from the sun were available.


Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background of Study

Power is required to develop and execute the activities involved in agricultural production. In every part of the world power supply is almost directly proportional to agricultural production.

In view of the above facts, an appraisal of farm power sources available to Igbo-Etiti Local Government Area of Enugu State was nursed. An articulated evaluation will help to highlight power needs of agricultural activities that will lead to improved food and fibre production.


1.2 Statement of Problem

Very little or no work had been earlier on this study in the local government area, thus documentation on farm power sources and utilization in the local government area has been minimal. This study therefore attempts to solve this problem by identifying, analyzing and appraising. The various sources of farm power available and how they are put to use in Igbo-Etiti Local Government Area of Enugu State.


1.3 Objective of Study

This work has the objective of providing valid in formation on the different farm power sources available in Igbo-Etiti Local Government Area of Enugu State.

Secondly, to make known the best possible way of utilizing or applying available power.

Thirdly, it is meant to help determine the best application of available power in Igbo-Etiti Local Government Area of Enugu State at a minimal cost.

The study wills also increasing agricultural production along side with the processing of agricultural produce through the efficient utilization of available power.


1.4 Justification of Study

  1. To determine the amount of energy available from the various farm power sources with a view to suggesting ways of improvement.
  2. To identify the stages agricultural or other human activities where the farm sources are mostly utilized and to prepared ground for further research.

1.5 Research Questions

  1. What is the demographic distribution of the farmers?
  2. What are the sources of farm power in Igbo-Etiti Local Government Area of Enugu State ?
  3. What is the Level of Utilization of the available farm power in Igbo-Etiti Local Government Area of Enugu State ?
  4. What is the best application of available power in Igbo-Etiti Local Government Area of Enugu State at a minimal cost?

1.6 Scope of the Study

This research work is on farm power sources and utilization in Enugu state, using Igbo-Etiti Local Government Area of Enugu State as a case study. The study could not cover other Local Governments due to in-adequate disclosures in the farm power sources and utilization from the farmers.


1.7 Limitation of the Study

In the process of carrying out this study, the following problems were encountered by the researcher, this includes:

Time Factor:

The time within which this work must be completed and submitted for appraisal stood as an impediment tothis project work.

Financial Resources:

Due to lack of finance at the disposal of the researcher, affected the quality of this work, cause my sponsor(parents) prefers to spend money on my younger once admission into the University recently (2019/2020) academic session) rather than devoting huge financial resources on this study that will be of economic and academic importance in years to come.


1.8 Definition of Terms

For the clarity of this study, some basic terms have to be defined in the context, they are used in this study, they are:

Farm Power

Farm power is used for operating different types of machinery like tillage, planting, plant protection, harvesting and threshing machinery, and other stationary jobs like operating irrigation equipment, threshers/ sellers/ cleaners/ graders

Power Source

The source is the origin of incoming electricity. In most cases, the electricity source is an outlet, battery, or generator. The power supply works to convert the power from the source into the correct format and voltage

Utilisation

The act of using; “he warned against the use of narcotic drugs”; “skilled in the utilization of computers” usage, use, utilization, exercise, employment. activity – any specific behavior; “they avoided all recreational activity


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the farm power sources and utilization in Igbo-Etiti local government area of, Enugu state as case study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was on the farm power sources and utilization in Igbo-Etiti local government area of, Enugu state as case study as case study. This work has the specific objectives of providing valid in formation on the different farm power sources available in Igbo-Etiti Local Government Area of Enugu State.

Secondly, to make known the best possible way of utilizing or applying available power.

Thirdly, it is meant to help determine the best application of available power in Igbo-Etiti Local Government Area of Enugu State at a minimal cost.

The study wills also increasing agricultural production along side with the processing of agricultural produce through the efficient utilization of available power.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 80responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are all farmers in in Igbo-Etiti Local Government Area of Enugu State.


5.3 Conclusions

With respect to the analysis and the findings of this study, the following conclusions emerged;

  1. That Farm power is used for operating different types of machinery like tillage, planting, plant protection, harvesting and threshing machinery, and other stationary jobs like operating irrigation equipment, threshers/ sellers/ cleaners/ graders, etc
  2. That the sources of farm power in Igbo-Etiti in Enugu state, these includes; Human Power, Animal Power, Mechanical Power, Wind Power, Solar Power, Electrical Power, Water Power, Biogas. Human power which is the human being as a source of energy for doing farm work is the most available source of farm power in Enugu state.
  3. That the best application of available power in Igbo-Etiti Local Government Area of Enugu State at a minimal cost: It can handle more areas per unit of time, It works faster and more efficient, It reduces cost of labor and total cost of production, It is not affected by disease, It can perform a wide range of operation.

5.4 Recommendation

Based on the findings the researcher recommends that;

  1. Farmers should explore the Human power as it is the power provided by human being and it is the most common source of power in farm operations. Man through his intelligence can perform activities in the farm like land clearing, stumping, ploughing, harrowing, ridging planting, harvesting, weeding, storage and food processing.
  2. They should improve on the Animal power since it is power derived from farm animals which are used to perform some farm operations. Bulls are used for pulling ploughs, harrows, planters, ridgersetc while camels, horse and donkeys are used for transportation of farm produce.
  3. Farmers and Government should invest more on Mechnical power which is machine engines like planter, harrows, harvester, ploughers ridges, processing etc. They are needed for large scale production
  4. Government should work on providing electricity so that farmers can manke use of farm electrical power.

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