Failure Of Small Scale Business In Nigeria: Causes And Solutions

Project and Seminar Material for Business Administration and Management BAM

Failure Of Small Scale Business In Nigeria: Causes And Solutions


Abstract


This study is set to investigate the causes of failure in small scale enterprises in Nigeria, with a view to proffer solutions. In every economy there are simple system as well as complex one. At the simple stage of organization, ownership of business is not always distinct form management; this means that supervision of the business is in the hand of the owner. When the scope of business organization increases, it becomes very difficult for one person to co-ordinate, direct and control. At this point, that ownership and management becomes differentiated. Therefore, it becomes very difficult for the owner to supervise the business enterprise. It will be easier here for management to pursue goals that are different from the objectives set by the owner; which brings about conflicting objectives that can result in business failure. In Nigeria, it will be difficult to believe that a small-scale business enterprise that is owned and managed by the owner can collapse within a twinkle of an eye. Is it as a result of finance, management inefficiency or government policies? This is what the research work is set to uncover. Based on the findings, the researcher concluded that the failure of government in providing a conducive business environment has affected the performance of small scale business also poor management of resources in no small measure has equally affected the growth of small scale business in Nigeria. Therefore, the researcher recommends that government should try as much as possible to provide a stable and conducive environment and hence organization’s should ensure that both human, capital and material resources are effectively utilized.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) are the backbone of virtually all economies of the world because of their role in employment creation and provision of personalized services (Wattanapruttipaisan, 2003). SMEs have strong influence on the sustainable development process of less developed as much as developed countries because they foster economic growth and alleviate poverty (Ayyagari, Beck and Demirguc-Kunt, 2003). Udechukwu (2003) asserts that the development of SMEs is an essential element in the growth strategy of most economies and holds particular significance for developing countries like Nigeria.

The best performing economies in Asia are heavily based on SMEs which are major sources of dynamism in economic development. The requirements for SMEs to access the global market and upgrade their position within the international market as a result of trade liberalization are becoming increasingly difficult due to competition (Abonyi, 2003). Berry (2002) suggests that the increasing prevalence of flexibility and specialization of SMEs has persuaded many business analysts to believe in the strategic role SMEs play in the industrial structure of any developing nation. But he noted that SMEs are quite vulnerable to external shocks due to the global competition from the liberalization of trade. There is reasonable assurance that given favorable policy environment, SMEs can successfully compete in the global market (Briggs, 2007).

Most governments, especially in Less Developed Countries (LDCs) now recognize the need to formulate policies that create conducive atmosphere for the establishment and operationof SMEs. The new emphasis by various governments in LDCs on SME development can be linked with the current global trend of economic liberalization and the need to bridge the development gap that hitherto exists between them and industrialized countries. Governments in developing countries, especially in Nigeria, provide a wide variety of programs to develop and assist SMEs. Despite these programs, it has been observed that their impact on the performance of SMEs has been less than satisfactory (Manbula, 2002). This can be attributed to some factors that governments and policy makers in developing countries have failed to put into consideration in the design and implementation of SME development programs.

Most SMEs either remain small, moribund or shut down within few years of operation due to some constraints that hinder their growth, especially finance (Rodriguez and Berry, 2002). There is no available evidence in Nigeria that the situation has improved with economic liberalization (trade and financial market) that brought about stiff competition from well established Multinational Corporations (MNCs). The proponents of economic liberalization claim that it improves the situation of SMEs by giving them better access to finance and encourages competition which will in turn reduce poverty (Tagoe, Nyarko and Anuwa-Amarh, 2005). This paper focuses on the manufacturing SMEs in Nigeria and the programs designed by the Nigerian government for the development of SMEs.

It develops the argument that government programs for SMEs development are not properly implemented which has hindered SMEs competitiveness. The institutional

structures upon which these programs can function effectively are either not in place or insufficient. This has resulted in a biased economic environment for SMEs to compete with well established MNCs under a liberalized trade environment.

This research work on “The failure of small-scale Business in Nigeria; Its causes and solutions” with a study of selected companies in Enugu State is conducted to proffer solutions by way of recommendations to the problems of small scale business.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

There are a lot of problems which this research work seeks to address. It is in agreement with certain experiences that the inability of the management of the small scale businesses to determine causes of failure may have led to unproductively. Also it is perceived that the inability of the management to develop policies for solving the problem of small scale businesses may have reduced the profitability of such enterprises. Indeed, nothing weakens organization more than when management develops poor attitude to personnel training. Experiences show that the poor attitude of the government to creation of conducive environments for business may have reduced the chances of survival of small scale enterprises. The inability of works to implement management policies just as experiences have shown, may have led to unproductivity.

Again poor financial management strategies may have aggravated the situation just as the perceived inability of management to employ competent personnel may have led to unproductivity. Above all, the poor marketing strategies of most organizations just as experience can show may not have helped matters. It is in view of this problem that this research work is conducted.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

This work is conducted to achieve the following goals or objective

  1. To determine the causes of failure of small scale businesses.
  2. To find out whether government creates a conducive environment for small scale businesses.
  3. To determine whether workers do not implement management policies in small scale businesses.
  4. To evaluate if finance options affect small scale businesses.
  5. To determine whether the employment of incompetent hands leads to small scale business failure.

1.4 Research Questions

In order to address the above stated problem, the following research are essential, hence they are reflected in the questionnaire.

  1. What are the causes of small scale business failure in Nigeria?
  2. Does the government provide conducive environment for Small Scale business?
  3. Do workers implement management policies?
  4. Does finance options affect small scale business?
  5. Does the employment of incompetent hands lead to the failure ofmsmall scale business ?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

The hypotheses stated earlier in this research work are:

  1. Ho: The causes of Small scale business failure is low
    HI: The cause of Small scale business failure is high
  2. Ho: There is no proof that government can create a condusive environment for Small scale business.
    H2: There is proof that government can create a condusive environment for Small scale business.
  3. Ho: There is no evidence to show that workers implement management policies in small scale business.
    H3: There is evidence to show that workers implement management policies in small scale business.
  4. Ho: There is no significant relationship to show that finance option can affect Small scale business.
    H4: There is a significant relationship to show that finance option can affect Small scale business.
  5. Ho: There is no evidence to show that the employment of incompetent hands lead to the failure of small scale business.
    H5: There is evidence to show that the employment of incompetent hands leads to the failure of small scale business.

1.6 Scope of the Study

It is the desire of the researcher to investigate into the causes and solutions to the failure of small scale businesses in Nigeria as it affects all organization. But/due to time and financial constraints, the researcher has chosen Nourisher Bakery, Tasco investment, Ozo Ekwem furniture, Nelo Tailors, Francis foods and Nucon Ventures as case study firms. It cannot also be said that it is only the factors or points given in this work that will cause the failure of small scale businesses in Nigeria.


1.7 Significance of the Study

Information gathered from the study could be used by Managers of Small and medium Scale Enterprises for planning appropriate measures for business growth and survival as well as the effective allocation of resources. To students in every higher institution of learning , it will provide them with some vital information concerning strategies for small scale business survival. Also, it will provide basis for which further research could be conducted. Finally, it is believed that this research study will be of great use to general public by expanding their knowledge on small scale business.


1.8 Limitations of the Study

A lot of constraints were encountered in the course of carrying out this research work. The researcher lacked sufficient resources to face the challenges of this research work. It was not easy to source for the adequate material to be used to carry out this research. I need the researcher found it difficult to collect certain information from the management staff of the organization and it was quite uneasy to educate the respondents on the best ways of filling the questionnaire.


1.9 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

  • Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations

5.1 Summary of Findings

A lot of findings were made in the course of carrying out this research work. And they are summarized thus; that poor management affects the growth of small scale enterprises and that management determines the causes of the failure of the small scale business in Nigeria and that lack of implementation of management policies

also poses a failure of small scale businesses. It can also be summarized that sometimes, management marketing strategies and the profitability of the organization have been improved because of the competent hands that handle business activities in the organisation.


5.2 Implications

The findings made in the course of carrying out this work have a lot of implications. The fact that poor management affects the growth of small-scale enterprises implies enterprises in Nigeria are bound to collapse.

Also, the fact that management determines the causes of the failure of small scale business in Nigeria implies that the problems of such enterprises are half solved. Given that management develops policies for solving the problem of the small scale enterprises, it implies that most of the enterprises will be properly guided in the pursuit of their goals. The fact that management sometimes has poor attitude to training implies that the organization’s human resources has to wake up in the performance of their duties.


5.3 Conclusions

It is hereby concluded that:

  1. Poor management affects the growth of small scale enterprise.
  2. Management determines the cause of failure of small scale business in Nigeria.
  3. Organisation have poor attitude to training
  4. Government does not always create conducive environment for small scale businesses.
  5. Workers sometime implement management policies
  6. Management develops policies for solving the problems of small scale enterprises.
  7. Competent hands are sometimes involved in business strategies.
  8. Management does not always have financial management strategies.
  9. The profitability of small scale organizations have not greatly improved.
  10. Marketing strategies and financial strategies are not strong enough to run the business.

5.4 Recommendations

The researcher therefore recommends the following:

  1. That poor management of business resources should be avoided.
  2. Organizations should have good attitude to training.
  3. Management should always determine the causes of failure of small scale business in Nigeria.
  4. Government should try as much as possible to provide/create a conducive environment for business activities.
  5. Workers should ensure that they abide by the rules, regulations, policies laid down by the management.
  6. Management should have a good financial strategies which encompasses revenue generation and how it should be spent.
  7. Organizations should always strive hard in order to make sure that the organizations profit base is increased.
  8. Management should have a viable marketing strategy.
  9. Their should be a laid down procedure on how to solve problems facing small scale enterprises.

5.5 Suggestions for Future Research

The researcher hereby suggests that future researchers should delve into; The Impact of Training and Development on the performance of small-scale Enterprises and: The Role of Motivation on Strategic Management.


Get Complete Project Material

5,000 5000

The Complete Material Will Be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make Payment (Through Transfer) of ₦5,000 to the Account Below

Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card


FOR STUDENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Purchase Material ($15)

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  1. Payment Details

  2. TOPIC: Failure Of Small Scale Business In Nigeria: Causes And Solutions

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To You On WhatsApp After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


Need a Different Topic? Perform a Quick Search



List of Related Works

Click on Any Topic to Preview the Content

samphina.academy

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.