Factors That Influence Primary School Teachers Job Performance

Primary Education Project and Semina Material

Factors That Influence Primary School Teachers Job Performance


Abstract


The purpose of this study was to find out whether primary school teachers in Enugu-South Local Government area have the public opinion blame on their attitude to work in Enugu South Local Government Area, the researchers was moved to investigate and find out how reliable this public opinion is through testing the teachers’ attitude to work. To carry out this research, five (5) research questions were formulated. In order to test these questions, a twenty-five-item questionnaire was administrated to the sample respondents. Fifty (50) head mistresses’ special class were randomly selected in order to obtain the data required.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

The ultimate realization of education depends on the teacher as he will ultimately be responsible for translating policy into action and principle into practice in his interactions with students. Teachers have critical role to play in education reform. For meaningful and effective actualization of education therefore, good instructional strategies are required, work and devotedness to duty.

In virtually all works of life today, be it in the business, public service or the profession, morality and conscious have been neglected. Greed, selfishness and deceit, have become the order of the day. Nothing goes by the proper or excepted channels of behavior to work to achieve their means of livelihood.

People’s attitude to work and even to one another has becomes so enetic and poised only towards the mass acquisition of materials health the issue of job satisfaction or services to humanity has become to many purely secondary and not to be reckoned with. This development of lack of real interest, business and dedication to work in the average Nigerians of today is treatable. Therefore, the teacher’s attitude towards work had been a major concern. According to Bello and Awalu (2008), Nigeria schools have failed in their role in developing functional skill in the students. The increase in the rate of unemployment among school graduates is a clear indication of the nature of the product of our teachers. It is the general opinion that no educational system can rise above the quality of its teachers.

In other words, the teacher’s quality is an index of the educational development of any nation, Alhaji Shehu Shagari, at the convocation ceremony of the University of Nigeria, Nsukka on March 7, (1982) said, among other things that; “the attitude of Nigerians to work is the worst in the world, if only every Nigerian is prepared to do an honest day’s work, Nigerian world achieve wonders”.

Pathetically, this national sickness trends to make an in-road into the teaching profession – a noble profession, since after the civil war, the average man in the street laments pathetically over the apparent fallen of standard of Education in our society.

Public opinion lames the situation on the attitudes of teachers’ toward work. This ugly situation seems to the researcher, indeferable in the present circumstance of ever increasing number of trained and qualified teachers in our schools. President Shehu Shagari said that; “Reflecting on the quality of Education given to our children, one is tempted to believe that teacher attitude to work needs critical re-appraisal. Against this background, the researcher wishes to investigate the attitude of the teachers to work in primary schools in Enugu Local Government Area of Enugu State.


1.2 Statement of Problems

Our country cannot be truly great unless teachers are selfless, dedicated, sections and consistent in daily discharge of their duties. Primary school is the first step in the educational upbringing of the child, the teacher’s attitude to duty should be very significant. Teachers who come to school late and fail to attend morning assembly and functions, are indirectly telling the pupils not to grow discipline, punctuality and orderliness to the duty. Worst still, they constitute a challenge to the authority and have lost the right attitude to work. Would the teachers who leaves in place of work for another part time engagement be regarded as competent and dedicated personality who knows his responsibility to the country in general?.


1.3 Purpose of Study

The purpose of this works is to investigate the attitude of primary school teachers towards work in Enugu-South Local Government Area.

Specifically, the study seeks:

  1. To find out whether teachers in Enugu –South are punctual to their work.
  2. To find out whether they attend school regularly
  3. To find out whether teachers in Enugu South are competent in their area of study.
  4. Whether they engage in other private activities to the detriment of their class work.
  5. To find out whether the teachers show interest in the individuals effort in the class.

1.3 Significance of the Study:

It is hoped that this study will create an awareness to the teacher’s in primary school in Enugu South L.G.A Government and the society at large. The awareness of the situation will undoubtedly stimulate through and ideas that could bring about desired change. Teachers with negative attitude will reflect in their role and probably change,

The awareness to the government will result in the complete reappraisal of rules and regulations made to govern the teaching profession, with a view of modifying, straightening and relaxing areas of tension for teachers. It is also hoped that if a conducive atmosphere is created for all teachers, and they co-operate in themselves, the case of primary school teacher shall have been adequately taken care of.


1.4 The Scope of Study:

This study was limited only to primary school teachers in Enugu –South Local Government Area. It is centered mostly on investigating the teachers attitude to work in Primary Schools of Enugu-South Local Government Area.


1.6 Researcher Question:

The study will attempt to answer the following question.

  1. To what extent do teachers in Enugu South attend school punctually?
  2. To what extent do teachers in Enugu South attend school regularly?
  3. To what extent do teachers in Enugu-South are competent in their area of study
  4. To what extent do teachers in Enugu South engage in other private activities to the detriment of the class work?
  5. To what extent do teacher in Enugu South show interest in their individual class effort in the class?

Chapter Five


Discussion, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Discussion and Interpretation of Results

In this chapter the researcher discussed the result as shown in chapter four. In table 1 the researcher questioned “Do teachers in Enugu –South Local Government Area Attend School punctually? This was answered in the affirmative.

Only 8% and 2% of the Headmistresses indicated that teachers were poor and very poor respectively.

This means then, that only 10% of the total number of Headmistresses said that teachers do not attend school punctually, while a total of 90% held the view that teachers are punctual to work.

In table 90% of the sampled headmistresses indicated that teachers attend school regularly in the area of study, while only 4%, indicated that teachers” attendance are not regular. This then answers the research Questions: do teachers in Enugu-South L.G.A Attend school regularly”

Judging from the result shown in table 3, teachers in the area of study do well in the actual classroom lacking. The entire sampled Headmistress confirmed this as more of them indicated poor or very poor. Eight percent (8%) of them held the view that teachers are very good at classroom teaching; 52% said they are good, while 40% indicated that teachers are on the Average performance.

According to result shown in table 4, teachers in the Area of study are equally good at classroom management only 8% of the sampled headmistresses held are view that teachers are poor at classroom management, 6% said that they are very good, 14% said that they are good, while 72% were of the opinion that teachers are average at classroom management.

In table 5, the result shows that teachers are also good at giving classroom exercise and assignment. None rated item very good but only 8% of the Headmistresses rated them “poor” t giving classroom assignments and exercise while only 4% are “poor”

In table 11, the result shows that opinions are divided, none of the Headmistresses rated teachers “very Good” at helping to enforce school rules. Twenty percent rated them “Good”, 14% indicated that they are just Average at enforcing school rules. Sixteen percent (16%) and 10% respectively rated them poor and very poor.

This resent clearly shows that teachers do not care much about enforcing school rules and regulation.

Table 13 shows almost the same result as table II did. Teachers do not encourage the observation of school rules and regulation on the parts of their pupils. Twenty percent of the sampled Headmistresses indicated Averages, 18% indicated good, while 4% indicated very Good. Fifty percent (50%) of the Headmistresses held the view that teachers are poor, while 8% were of the opinion that teachers are very poor.

From the result shown in table 14, teachers generally prepare their note of lesson. Only 4% of the headmistresses expressed the view that teachers do not prepare their notes lesson ninety-six percent (96%) held the opinion that teachers prepares their lesson notes.

Twenty percent (20%) rated the teachers very good, 58% rated them “Good” while 18% rated them Average.
In table 15, the result clearly shows that teachers rarely use Audio-visual Aids and improvisation when teaching the pupils none of the sampled headmistresses rated teachers very good or good here.

Only 10% rated them Average, while 50% rated them poor and 40% rated them very poor. Shows that teachers use little or no Audio-visual Aids or improvisation at all.

In table 16, the result of the study shows that teachers are not all that interested in their work.

Only 4% of the sample headmistresses were of the view that teachers show enough interest in their work, 68% indicated clearly that showing general enthusian by teachers is just Average, while 28% indicated that they “poor”.

This goes to answer the research question No3 “D” teachers in the Area of study show enough interest in their work the result as in this table indicates that teachers really do not show enough interest in their work in Enugu-South local government Area of Enugu State.

In table 17, the result shows that teachers, on the Average, keep accurate records of pupil’s performance.
Sixty-six percent (66%) of the sampled headmistresses expressed this view, 16% held the view that teachers are good of keeping accurate records of pupils performance while 10% and 8% of them held the opinion that teachers poor and very poor respectively in this respects.

In table 18, the result shows conflicting result as 50% of the sampled headmistresses. Held the opinion that teachers on the Average do not leave their places of work until schools is over, 26% indicate that teachers are good at thus, while why 4% scored the teachers very good. Fourteen percent 914%) of them expressed the opinion that teachers are poor at staying in school until work is over, while 6% indicated that they are very poor.

A total of 20% of the sampled headmistresses held the opinion that teachers do not stay.

In table 19, the result shows that the headmistresses had different view they are really not decided four percent (4%) and 26% of them held the view that teachers are poor at keeping them classroom and surroundings cleans the table 20, the result shows that teachers, in Average, are really dedicated to their duty sixty-six percent (66%) of the sampled headmistresses held the view, 12% of them indicated that teachers are good, none indicated that day are very good, while 18% and 4% of the sampled headmistresses expressed the view that teachers are not dedicated to their duty.

In table 21, the study shows that teachers on the Average accept responsibilities without criticisms or blame. Fifty four percent (54%) of the sampled Headmistresses held this opinion, while 8% and 14% of them held the view that teachers accept responsibilities whole heartedly without first grumbling and cruising.

In table 22, the result clearly shows that already all the teachers in the Area of study are not willing to give any extra classes after school hours without pay. Seventy-four percent (74%) of the sampled Headmistresses said teachers are really very poor at this, 24% said they are poor, while only 2% of them indicated that teachers are on the Average. Thus table, therefore shows that teachers do not give any extra classes after school hours without pay.

In table 23, the result also shows that the sampled Headmistresses has different opinion. Whereas 20% indicated that teachers are they good at looking and doing quasi-business during schools, 14% of them held a different opinion.

They indicated that teachers just good at looking and doing quasi-business doing school hours. Twenty percent (20%) held the view that teachers are on the Average while 26% and 38% of then agreed that teachers do not loiter or do any quasi-business during school hours.

In table 24, the result also shows that the sampled Headmistresses difference in their views. Sixteen percent (16%) held the view that teachers are more concerned with their personal appearance than actual classroom teaching, while 26% say teachers are in the Average in this aspect buts total of 58% of the sampled Headmistresses held the view that teachers are not more concerned with their personal appearance. If there are any such teachers at all, it is only very few of them.

In table 25, the result shows that 54% of the sampled Headmistresses held the view that teachers wait for the final bell, but to different degree. Ten percent (10%) said teachers are very good of waiting for the final bell, 14% rated teachers just good, while 30% rated them on the Average on the other hand, 46% of the sampled Headmistresses opposed the above views of the 54% Headmistresses. Eighteen percent (18%) out of the said 46%held the view that teachers as poor in this respect while 28% indicated that teachers do not in any way wait for the final bell.

So far, the results of this investigation shows that teachers, attitude to work is undoubtedly not encouraging.
If the findings of this study is strictly tackled by the government and the school Authorities, it will serve useful stops toward making teachers become more aware of their gross responsibilities to the pupils and the country in general.


5.2 Conclusion:

From the investigation carried out so far, the results of the findings shows that the attitude to work of primary school teachers in Enugu –South local Government Area is just “Average”

The study established the following facts about teachers attitudes to work on the Area.

  1. More than half of the teachers attend school punctually and regularly too.
  2. Their records of work are not kept properly.
  3. Teachers do not use Audio-visual Aids when teaching. They also do not make any effort in making improvised teaching aids.
  4. Teachers do not show enough interest in their work.
  5. Very few of the teachers are dedicated to duty.
  6. 98% of teachers in the Area of study do not give few extra classes after school hours without pay (just like almost all Nigeria, nothing goes without pay).
  7. Teachers do not show enough interest in giving and making home assignments.
  8. Few of them do private business to the department of their classroom work.
  9. Teachers do not participate much in any extracurricular activities.

5.3 Recommendation

In view of the educational implication is therefore discussed in this study, the researcher is making the following recommendation.

  1. School supervisor and inspectors should visit the school regularly. This will make the teachers to sit up.
  2. Headmaster / Headmistresses should record the education of their teachers normally and send reports to the education officers in charge.
  3. Attendance and movement register should be strictly kept in the school by the Headmaster/ Headmistresses at the end of every week.
  4. Weekly records kept by the teachers should be checked and marked by the Headmaster/Headmistresses at the end of every week.
  5. Headmaster/Headmistresses should occasionally visit teachers in their classes to watch their classroom work as at goes on.
  6. Government on her own part should try to pay teachers salaries regularly as at when due.
  7. Government should provide teachers with teaching equipments such provide teachers with teaching equipment such as chalk, blackboard, chairs, table, cardboard sheets and enough accommodation for the children.
  8. Entry qualification for admission into teachers training institution should be raised and should not be below West African school certificate.
  9. All grade II teachers should, within five years of obtaining their grade II certificate, proceed to a college of education.
  10. Refresher courses for teachers should be better planed, taken more seriously and made compulsory for various grades of teachers.
  11. Parents, on their own part, should provide their wards with the materials needed in the school so that teacher’s efforts will not be jeopardized.

5.4 Education Implications

In view of the findings made in the course of this study the researcher took notice of some of the problem influencing teachings attitude to work.

  1. The teaching profession is no longer looked upon as a noble profession. It now appear to be an all corners profession, it equip market women and house boys with just elementary six certificate goes into the profession, thus polluting it.
  2. Lack of business on the part of teachers means case seriousness on the part of pupils, thus drop in the standard and quality of education.
  3. Since teachers take little pains in encouraging and enforcing school discipline, pupils will goes up to be undisciplined, and disrespectful and the society will be filled with lawless citizens.
  4. None payment of teachers salaries also hinders their attitudes to work as they would be forced to do some business even during classes so as to find money. It is the children who suffer when teachers leave them unoccupied.

5.5 Suggestion for Further Studies

The following suggestion are made by the researcher for further studies.

  1. The same study could be carried out in another local government Area.
  2. Public opinion in the attitude to work of primary school teachers.
  3. The effects of non-payment of teachers salaries on their attitudes to work.

To carry out the investigation the following research questions were formulated.

  1. Do teachers in Enugu-South Local Government Area attend school regularly?
  2. Do they attend school punctually?
  3. Do teachers in Enugu-South Local Government Area show enough interest in their work?
  4. Do teachers in the Area of study take interest in extra-curricular activities?
  5. Do they engage in other private activities to the detriment of their class work?
  6. How well do teachers keep school records?
  7. Do they show interest in the individual class pupils outside the school?

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