Factors That Influence Choice Of Career Among Secondary School Students

Project and Seminar Material for Guidance and Counselling

Factors That Influence Choice Of Career Among Secondary School Students


This study is aimed at identifying the factors affecting career choice among senior secondary schools students in Onisha Local Government Area. The instrument used for collection of data or information in this research is mainly the questionnaires. The questionnaires were distributed to four selected secondary schools in Onisha Local Government Area. To test the validity of the stated research questions from their respondents it was discovered that many of the option career choice education should be introduced in senior secondary schools in Onisha Local Government Area.. Some findings were also made in this research, which will be of great benefit to the students in the need to establish guidance and counselling facilities centres in senior secondary schools.

Chapter One


1.1 Background of the study

Career development for most people is a lifelong process of engaging the work world through choosing among career choices made available to them. Paslorelli, [2001] stressed that individuals undertaking the process is influenced by many factors, including the context in which they live their personal aptitudes, and educational attainment.

Rapid changes in information and communication technologies, increasing globalization and greater competition are contributing to dramatic change in working life, which do not have anything to do with an individual career, the concept of a job for life is no longer a reality. Young people are now looking for work life balance in their lives. They want to maintain the best balance between the hours they spent in paid work and the time devoted to other roles in their lives such as leisure, home and family life. Gordon (1997) stressed on the significance of early, career interaction in secondary school. She added that three are a lot of concern about personal counseling but much less concern are paid to helping students to the process of making vocationally choices. According to Hansen, (1996) everyone seems to have a story to tell regarding their career paths. For instance an adult is ask about their career development, the answer will be that he just get into that job or he was in the right place at the right time or he wanted to engage the other job before I change my mind to join the other job. However it is worthy of note to state that it is easy to elicit an answer from a group of enthusiastic children when asked what they want to become when they group up, through if similar question is posed to secondary school students, some will carefully provide an answer, while others may say, that they were not yet sure of what to be in future. Hayes, (1997) stressed that the uncertainty of career choice confusion among the secondary school students remains a constant challenge therefore it would be seem natural that an important component of early career development intervention during those exploratory and transitional stages would be fully investigated to determine those factors that determined the choice of a career among secondary school students. The American counseling association. (ACA) 1998 stated the importance of secondary school students been preferred for the world of work as they enter a period of transition from secondary school career guidance programme should be based in assisting the students in career choice. Heir(1995) added that secondary school students are really influenced by external forces. It was also suggested by the counselors that there are internal factors such as personal identity, self-esteem, decision making, style, as well as the development tasks to be accomplished. Hartung, (1995) stressed on the importance of both early instructions and the continued efforts in the career choice, the point here is not for the secondary school students to only make a decision a particular job they would like to join after schooling, but it is to fully participate in a process that would assist in preparing a foundation that could promote bright future. Kapes(1998) presents the steps or stages of introducing career choice which he summed up as follows, introducing career awareness activities in elementary grades, and career exploration in middle grade and career preparation in secondary schools. Since choosing a career has an important role to play is one’s life, there are needs to encompass the processes involved in better choice of career in secondary schools to enable the secondary school students to lay useful foundations for the future.

1.2 Statement of the Problem

A major turning point in adolescent lives involves the career choice they make while in secondary school. Frequently, it is viewed by family and community as a mere start to work place readiness, however, this decision plays a major role in establishing youth in a career path that opens as well as close opportunities.

1.3 Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study is the attempt to find out the factors that influence choice of career among secondary school students in Onisha Local Government Area. Specifically, the study aims at finding out whether:

  1. The attitude of parents towards their occupation influences the career choice of students in Onisha Local Government Area.
  2. The level of formal education of teachers influences the career choice of students in Onisha Local Government Area.
  3. The peer group influences the career choice of students in Onisha Local Government Area.

1.4 Research Questions

The following research questions are formulated to guide the study:

  1. To what Extent do parents role influence the choice of career among the secondary school students.
  2. To what Extent do the teacher’s role influence the student’s career choice?
  3. To what Extent do inadequacy of career counseling affect the choice of career among the secondary school students?
  4. To what Extent do peer group influence the choice among secondary school students

1.5 Significance of Study

This study is going to be of benefit of the following sets of people:

1) The Government:

It will enable the government to understand the importance of posting a career counsellor to the secondary schools.

2) The Students:

The study will help the students adjust to better career choice if they have chosen a wrong one, and also enable the students to know the impact of making a correct career choice decision in secondary schools level.

3) The Parents:

The study will enable the parents encompass career choice while teaching their children because formal education starts from the parents.

4) The Teachers:

The study will enable the teachers to know roles they are to play in student lives as regard career choice.

1.6 Scope of the Study

This research work covers the secondary schools in Onitsha South Local Government Area, Anambra State. Thus, there are total numbers of fifteen approved secondary schools (both and public and secondary schools).
In the course of the research, some limitations were encountered.

One of them is that time frame of the work was quite short. Secondary school, it was not easily to obtain all the information necessary for the work. It was as a result of insufficient finances needed for the work as well as the lack of documentation of some basic information.

This notwithstanding, the researcher was able to obtain information covering five secondary schools, which is enough for reliable estimate using randomization method.

These schools are as follows

  1. Urban Boys Secondary school, Onitsha
  2. Urban Girls Secondary School, Onitsha
  3. Christ the King College, Onitsha
  4. Chukwurah High School, Onitsha
  5. Metu Boys Secondary Schools, Onitsha

The research study took time involving movement from one place to another together information; it was time consuming and boring straining of metal capacity sleeplessness etc. the financial embodiment is enormous in terms of transportation materials, etc seeking of information from one institution to another was a huge task.

The research work actually impeded my homework in an attempt to give more consideration to school work.

1.7 Definition of Terms


A chosen pursuit or course of business activity or enterprise, especially one’s professional life or employment that offers advancement and honour.


To produce a change in somebody or something.


The power that somebody or something has a mark somebody or something behind a particular way of the influence a parents on choice of career of their children.


The chances of being successful good job/employment/career prospect.


The school is a place where children need to be educated. The process of learning in a school; the time during your life when you go to school.


A formal written spoken or practical test, especially at school or colleges to see how much you know about a subject or what you can do to take an exam (forma) to sit for an exam to pass so fat an exam.

Chapter Five

Summary, Recommendation and Conclusion

5.1 Summary

This study concerns the factors that influence choice of career among secondary students in Onisha Local Government Area. The researcher draws up conclusion based on the findings, recommends possible solutions to the findings and gives some suggestions that will help future study. From the above, it is believed that there are many factors affecting career students in Onisha Local Government Area. This is not supposed to be so because studying of career choice should begin from junior secondary schools that is (JSS III) to enable the students have basic foundation and be able to overcome problems of career choice in senior secondary school.

Another point is that students should be encouraged to study subject that will lead them to their area of will lead them to their area of specialization. Moreover, it is very vital to established guidance and counselling facilities in school as this will enable both parents and children with the help of a school counsellor to understand themselves betters, some parents find it difficult to understand their children career problems or feelings. A school counsellor will enable them to overcome their career problem.

5.2 Conclusion

In the study, the researcher has attempted career choice among senior secondary schools in Onisha Local Government Area. Studying of factors affecting career choice among senior secondary schools is of a great benefit to the students in order to enable them understand and solve their career problems.

5.3 Recommendation

Having highlighted the factors affecting career choice among secondary school students the researcher has made the following recommendations:

  1. In the academic performance of a child, his best subjects should be encouraged his parents and his class teacher in order to achieve a desired goal.
  2. On no account should a parent compel a child to a professional course while the child is not good at.
  3. Students should be encouraged to study science subjects.
  4. Government should encourage all senior secondary schools to have guidance and counselling facilities centres. This is in terms of having assessed to expect advice as well as good counselling service.

5.4 Suggestion for Further Studies

As a result of the various limitations associated with the study, the researcher suggests that further studies be carried out in other local government area. In other to ascertain the opinions of their people on the factors affecting choice of career among senior secondary school students.

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