Factors Affecting The Performance Of Social Studies Students In Junior Secondary Schools

Social Studies Project Topic

Factors Affecting The Performance Of Social Studies Students In Junior Secondary Schools


Abstract


The aim of this project is to find out the factors affecting the performance of social studies students in junior secondary schools. The methodology adopted by the researcher to accomplish this study are sample techniques and data collection through questionnaires, as well as personal interview of the student. Data was analyzed by means of simple frequencies and percentages.

The findings of the study discloses that; Non-challant attitude of the students affects their performance; Lack of quality teachers with negative attitude to work have a great effect on the poor academic performances of the students. Lack of instructional materials and teaching aid have effect on the academic performance of the students; Over population or an overcrowded classroom also contribute to students poor performance; Parent regular movement from one place to another have bearing with the poor academic performance of the students among other.

The study therefore recommends that the segment of the Nigerian Government responsible for regulating schools should ensure the employment of quality and qualified teachers should. More so should ensure adequate provision of teaching aids and other infrastructure need by secondary schools to enhance students academic performance.


Table of Content


Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of the problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the study
  • 1.4 Research questions
  • 1.5 Significance of the study
  • 1.6 Scope of the study
  • 1.7 Limitation of the study
  • 1.8 Definition of terms
  • 1.9 Organizations of the study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the study
  • 3.3 Sample size determination
  • 3.4 Sample size selection technique and procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of data collection
  • 3.7 Method of data analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the study
  • 3.10 Ethical consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Interpretation of Result

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

The secondary school education is the foundation of all the formal education to come. According to Friedrich Emelin (1995), it is the most important level of education in an educational system because it forms the basis or background for learning. Academic performance in all stages of education is very important. In this course of study, we shall examine the junior secondary school academics.

The children of today constitute the leaders of tomorrow, they therefore becomes the focal point of this research. This course of study is worth studying considering the importance of this level of education to the growth and development of the students. Leopoid (2000) remarked that the brilliant performance of any child motivates him/her to focus on his area of specialization and do more.

He also remarked that failure on the part of any student to perform better in the academic usually affects such a child psychologically in their next attempts. This forms the concern of teachers, parents and the government.
There is need of survey into the study of poor academic performance among junior secondary school student in Egor local government area of Edo state. Education is a tool for development area of any country in the world including Nigerian. It is this background that most modern state government usually pay much attention to education sector and allocate larger sum of money and resources in the annual budget to government effort can be supported by parent to send their children to school promptly and for the children to develop the interest to learn, so that they will become the future leader. More so, children should not pay luck worm attitude to their study, so that the aim of education will be achieved.

Therefore the junior secondary school aim is an important education which determine the performance of the child there after the policy on JSS M.P.E book. It is against this basis that the project work aimed at the study of poor academic performance among junior secondary school student in J.S.S examination. A case study of Egor Local Government Area of Edo State. the school are Edo Boys Junior Secondary High School, Uwelu Junior Secondary School and Ohonre Junior Secondary School. According to Hadelo (1979), the learner must be psychologically, physical and physiologically ready to receive instruction from the teacher.

Hove (1993) see learning as a change of behaviour which is more or less permanent in nature and which result from activity, training or observation. Gsgne, (1987), state that learning include matter but also that of habit, attitudes adjustment, preference interest, social adjustment, still of many type and ideas the first definition was limited and ideas the first definition was to capability developed, through practice or experience. The second definition is more committing because it include change in human behaviour resulting from actual experience, which may lead to attitude formation perception preference and interest. Learning also lead to social adjustment development of still and ideas. The major concept have reference to human being living in an environment other than their own. Permanently, in the above example of the road side machine the learned experience has more or less occupies a permanent state in the life of machine.

Education is described, as the total large imparted faculties, trained and skill developed. The school is only an agency in which education is provided. There are other agencies of education, such as the home, the extended, churches or religion body and soon. The matter become clear when we recognized the range from in which education is provides. a study of the factors affecting the performance of social studies students in junior secondary schools a case study of Egor Local Government Area of Edo State.


1.2 Statement of Problem

Academic performances in all stages of education are very important and so much emphasis is being made on the academic performances of students. As regards the performances of students in junior secondary school. It is nothing to write home about due to the adverse effect of the attitude of student.

  1. Hence the researcher prompted the following reasons;
  2. Non-challant attitude of students to learning,
  3. Incompetence or poor teacher’s performance in accomplishing teaching task as well as their negative attitude to work and poor teaching habits.
  4. Lack of instructional materials and teaching aids.
  5. Over population or overcrowded classroom.
  6. Regular movement of parent from one geographical area to another as a result of work transfer.

This course of study addresses these issues and offers recommendations.


1.3 Purpose of the Study

The aim of this research is to;

  1. Determine to what extent the junior secondary school students are aware of factors responsible for the poor academic performance of students.
  2. Inform and suggest possible recommendations to readdress these issues.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. 1. Does the non-challant attitude of the students affect their performance in social studies?
  2. 2. Does lack of quality teachers with negative attitude to work have any effect on the poor academic performances of the students in social studies?
  3. 3. Does lack of instructional materials and teaching aid have any effect on the academic performance of the students in social studies?
  4. 4. Does over population or an overcrowded classroom contribute to students poor performance in social studies?
  5. 5. Does parent regular movement from one place to another have any bearing with the poor academic performance of the students in social studies?

1.5 Significance of the Study

This attempt to make enquires of investigation of students performance, the benefit derived in investigation is as follows:

  1. It is very useful to teachers, supervisor’s government policy makers and to all the students who will write in details on this topic in the future.
  2. It contributes towards better academic performance in junior secondary schools.
  3. It helps school authority to know the causes of poor academic performances of students and remedies to the problem.

1.6 Scope of the Study

The scope of this research is limited to two secondary schools in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State. This study will examine just two schools. The time allowed by the study was not enough to cover other schools.


1.7 Limitation of the Study

The researcher encountered problems during the course of carrying out this research; such problems were as a result of selected respondents who refused to accept and participate and also encountered difficulty in acquiring relevant materials and items. The attitude of selected subjects to fill the questionnaire to time so as not to delay the result of the research also posed a problem. However, the researcher appealed to the participants through persuasive means


1.8 Definition of Terms

Students can define social studies as the study of man and his social and physical environment. It is also how man influences the environment and how the environment in turn influences mankind.

Attitude:

Can be defined as a relatively enduring organization of beliefs around an object, person, ideas or events, predisposing one to respond to some professional manner which could be either negative or positive.

Factors:

Is when one of several things that cause or influence something e.g. education factor.
Poor academic performance: poor means not good of a quality that is low or lower than expected.

Academics:

In education connected with education especially studying in schools and universities.
Performance: means the act or way a person performs well in a play, concert or in education etc.

Diagnosing:

The act of discovering or identifying the exact cause of an illness or a problem.

Cognitive:

Connected with mental processes of understanding.

Affective:

Producing strong feelings of sadness and sympathy.

Personality:

The various aspect of a person’s character that combine to make them different from other people.

Tremendous:

Mean very great or extremely good.

Emancipation:

Means to be free from somebody, especially from legal, political or social restrictions.


1.9 Organizations of the Study

The chapter one consist of the introductory part of the study which includes the study background, the statement of the research problem, the study objective and scope of the study.

The second chapter is a critical review of other literatures relevant to the study and its objectives including the theoretical framework for the study. While the third chapter is methods of data collection, sampling and data analysis used in conducting the study. The fourth chapter centres around the research findings including an analysis of how it relates to previous findings. The fifth chapter consists of the summary of findings, conclusion and recommendations base on the study objectives.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings into the factors affecting the performance of social studies students in junior secondary schools using two selected secondary schools in Egor Local Government Area Of Edo State as case study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was to examine the factors affecting the performance of social studies students in junior secondary schools using two selected secondary schools in Egor Local Government Area Of Edo State as case study.

The study specifically was aimed at determining the extent the junior secondary school students are aware of factors responsible for the poor academic performance of students and Inform and suggest possible recommendations to readdress these issues.

The study adopted the descriptive survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 30 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondents are active teachers of two selected secondary schools in Egor local Government area, Edo State.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher made the following conclusion;

  1. Non-challant attitude of the students affects their performance.
  2. Lack of quality teachers with negative attitude to work have a great effect on the poor academic performances of the students.
  3. Lack of instructional materials and teaching aid have effect on the academic performance of the students.
  4. Over population or an overcrowded classroom also contribute to students poor performance.
  5. Parent regular movement from one place to another have bearing with the poor academic performance of the students.

5.4 Recommendations

  1. Parents and teachers should put in their best to change the mentality of students with non-challant attitudes, this will enable students of such behaviour to concentrate more to their studies.
  2. The segment of the Nigerian Government responsible for regulating schools should ensure the employment of quality and qualified teachers should. More so should ensure adequate provision of teaching aids and other infrastructure need by secondary schools to enhance students academic performance.

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Frequently Asked Questions


Does teaching social studies in junior secondary school affect student’s performance?

Many authors have written on the causes of student’s poor academic performance in teaching social studies in junior secondary school, a case study of in Amagunze Nkanu East local government area of Enugu state. These authors thought social studies as catalyst for engineering desire social change.

What is the current study on social factors in education?

The current study is equally meant to examine social factors in relation to teaching and learning which form part of educational processes. Mia and Marija (2014) examined individual and social factors related to students’ academic achievement and motivation for learning.

What are the external factors that affect student performance?

External classroom factors include extracurricular activities, family problems, work and financial, social and other problems. Research studies show that students’ performance depends on many factors such as learning facilities, age and gender differences and many other factors that can affect student performance.

What are the social factors that affect the nature of school?

The nature of school a child attends depends largely on lots of socially related issues. Social factors are things that affect lifestyle, such as religion, family or wealth. These can change over time. Social factor entails the facts and experiences that influence individuals’ personality, attitudes, education and lifestyle. 

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