Factors Affecting The Learning Of Social Studies Among Students: A Case Study Of Selected Secondary Schools In Oredo Local Government Area Of Edo State 

Social Studies Project Topic

Factors Affecting The Learning Of Social Studies Among Students: A Case Study Of Selected Secondary Schools In Oredo Local Government Area Of Edo State 


Abstract


This research is concerned with the factors affecting the learning of social studies in some selected secondary school in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State. Five secondary schools were selected in Benin City for this study. This research was carried out to ascertain the differences in attitude of students towards the learning of social studies. To bring out this, a questionnaire was administered to the students and teachers of the five selected schools in Benin City. The questionnaires were carefully drawn to elicit the exact responses necessary to the questions formulated. The responses were analyzed using simple percentages table and statistics. Recommendations were made based on the analysis of the research findings.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Social studies is one of the subject taught in primary and secondary schools today because of its usefulness to everyday life. According to Adeyoyin (1982) social studies is the study of man and his totality (the study covers) where he lives, his activities in the past and present his culture, frame of mind and how he relates to others in the society.

According to Wronki (1981) social studies are those common learning of man’s interaction with his social and physical environment, a way of life of how man influences his environment and in turn how environment influences man.

Importance of Social Studies

Social studies teach culture, so it enables students to know their norms, culture, believe and rules in the society.

It enables people to understand the relationship between human beings and social and physical environment in the past and present.

Social studies help individuals to develop the capacity to learn and acquire certain basic skills such as listening, speaking, reading, writing, calculating, observing, analyzing, and inference which are essential in the formation of sound social, economic and political judgement.

Social studies enable students to understand the environment with its man made, natural, cultural and spiritual resources and the conservation of these resources for development.

Social studies is taught in primary and secondary schools in order for them to know what they ought to do as members of the society. in some secondary schools some students are not ready to learn due to some circumstances, some believes that social studies is difficult as a result there is lack of interest in the subject which results to a negative attitudes towards the learning of social studies. As a subject that studies man and his totality, social studies should be encouraged at all levels of learning.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Social studies is one of the subject that teaches man his environment, it enables him to know his norms, cultures, beliefs, and rules in the society. therefore the importance of social studies to man cannot be overemphasized. It is therefore very necessary that man learns about this subject. A lot of difficulties is been faced by man in learning this subject. This study therefore seeks to investigate into the factors affecting the learning of social studies.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The study seeks to investigate the following:

  1. The factors affecting the learning of social studies
  2. The difficulties encountered in the learning of social studies
  3. To seek ways that will motivate students to have interest in the subjects.

1.4 Significance of the Study

The study will present the factors affecting the learning of social studies among students. The study would also be significant to parents, educationist, social studies association who would be able to motivate the right attitudes to the learning of social studies. It may also serve as a basis for other researchers.


1.5 Scope of the Study

This study will cover some selected secondary school in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State. It will also determine the factors affecting the learning of social studies.


1.6 Research Questions

The following research questions have been formulated to guide the research.

  1. What are the factors affecting the learning of social studies?
  2. What are the effect of the difficulty in learning social studies?
  3. My parents do not encourage me to read at home.
  4. I don’t like my social studies teacher.
  5. Social studies is an interesting subject.

1.7 Definition of Terms

Attitude:

Is a way of feeling, thinking and behaving

Interest:

An activity or a subject that you enjoy and that you spend your free time doing or studying.

Instructional Materials:

Are those teaching aids that make teaching and learning to be effective.

Learning:

Is defines as a relative permanent change in behaviour resulting from practice or experience.

Social Studies:

Is the study of man and his physical environment.

Teacher:

Is an experience person who impact knowledge to an inexperienced person.


Chapter Five


Summary, Findings, Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1 Summary

This study is to find out the factors affecting the learning of social studies among some secondary school students in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State. The different factors include home background, teachers personality, students teachers relationship and so on. The methodology was random sampling; it was used to select five secondary schools in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State. 100 questionnaires were administered to students chosen randomly in the various schools.


5.2 Findings

From the data collected, the analysis showed that:

  1. Teacher’s method of teaching affects the learning of social studies.
  2. The interest of the students and the motivation received from his teachers affect the learning of social studies
  3. Home background of students contribute to the learning of social studies
  4. The use of instructional material during lesson affect the learning of social studies

5.3 Recommendations

  1. The teacher should use the method of teaching that is suitable for any topic he/she wants to teach.
  2. There should be a sufficient and qualified social studies teachers with good attitude.
  3. The students should work hard to develop a positive attitude towards social studies.
  4. The teachers should maintain good relationship with their students
  5. Teachers and parents should encourage students in academic work
  6. The teachers should also provide instructional materials when teaching in order for effective learning to take place.

5.4 Conclusion

The following obtained from the study is as follows:

  1. The method of teaching
  2. Interest and motivation
  3. Use of instructional materials
  4. Home background are factors affecting the learning of social studies

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Frequently Asked Questions


What are the factors that influence students’ learning?

This factor includes personality-related variables like disciplined behaviour, maintaining a good relationship with friends, teachers & family and socializing/ networking skills. · · Factor 4: Study Habits The next factor comprises of three variables related to study habits of students.

What are the factors that affect academic performance?

The quality of academic performance of students is affected by various factors, such as teaching effectiveness, student’s study habits, distraction factors, family environment, etc. The study of academic performance of students may be helpful for the parents of the students as well as the policymakers of colleges.

What is the importance of Social Studies in society?

Social studies teach culture, so it enables students to know their norms, culture, believe and rules in the society. It enables people to understand the relationship between human beings and social and physical environment in the past and present.

What are the factors that influence the choice of teachers?

In this regard, different factors were highlighted. Most important factors were income factor, mother and father education, family size, regularity of teachers, interest created by the teachers in the subject and interest of the students in the co-curricular activities. 

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